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gain no intelligence of him who was the object of his search.
From Chatham he made the best of his way to Portsmouth-harbour. A very formidable task presented itself here ; but the master's boats were ready for him, and he continued his pursuit. On boarding the Pegase, on the second day, he discovered a very respectable person in the gunner of that ship. His name was George Millar. He had been on board the Canterbury slave-ship at the dreadful inassacre at Calabar. He was the only disins terested evidence living, of whom Mr. C. had yet heard. He expressed his willingness to give his testimony, if his presence should be thought necessary in London. Mr. C. then continued his pursuit for the remainder of the day, On the next day he resumed and finished it for this quara ter. He had now examined the different persons in more than a hundred vessels in this harbour; but he had not discovered the person he went to seek.
Matters now began to look rather disheartening, as far as this grand object was concerned. There was but one other port left, and this was between two and three hundred miles distant. He determined, however, to go to Plymouth. He had already been more successful in this tour, with respect to obtaining general evidence, than in any other of the same length; and the probability was, that as he should continue to move among the same kind of people, his success would be in a similar proportion, according to the number visited. These were great encouragements to him to proceed. At length he arrived at the place of his last hope. On his first day's expedition he boarded forty vessels, but found no one in these who had been on the coast of Africa in the slave trade. One or two had been there in King's ships; but they had never been on shore. Things were now drawing near to a close ; and notwithstanding his success, as to general evidence, in this journey, his heart began to beat. He was restless and uneasy during the night. The next morning he felt agitated again between the alternate pressure of hope and fear; and in this state he entered his ! oat. The fifty-seventh vessel he boarded was the Melampus frigate. One person belonging to it, on examining him in the captain's cabin, said he had been two voyages to Africa; and Mr. C. had not long discoursed with hiin, before he found, to his inexpressible joy, that he was the man. He found, too, that he unravelled the
question in dispute precisely as inferences had deters mined it. He had been two expeditions up the river Ca. labar in the canoes of the natives. In the first of these, they came within a certain distance of a village: they then concealed themselves under the bushes, which hung over the water from the banks. In this position they res mained during the daylight; but at night they went up to it armed, and seized all the inhabitants, who had not time to make their escape. They obtained forty-five persons in this manner. In the second, they were out eight or nine days, when they made a similar attempt, and with nearly similar success. They seized men, women, and children, as they could find them in the huts. They then bound their arms, and drove them before them to the canoes. The name of the person thus discovered on board the Melampus was Isaac Parker. On inquiring into his character from the master of the division, Mr. C. found it highly respectable. He found also afterwards that he had sailed with Captain Cook, with great credit to himself, round the world.
He returned now in triumph. He had been out only three weeks, and he had found out this extraordinary person, and five respectable witnesses besides. These, added to the three discovered in the last journey, and to those provided before, made the abolitionists more formi. dable than at any former period ; so that the delay of their opponents, which they had looked upon as so great an evil, proved in the end truly serviceable to the cause.
The fate of the several motionsin the House of Commons, in consequence of the partial encouragement the measure met with from the ministry, though supported by Mr. Pitt's eloquence, at length disheartened the committee for the abolition, who, says Mr. G. were reduced to this “ either they must exert themselves without hope, or they must wait till some change should take place in their favour. As far as I myself was concerned, all exertion was then over. The nervous system was almost shattered to pieces. Both my memory and my hearing failed me ;. sudden dizzinesses seized my head ; a confused singing in the ears followed me wherever I went. On going to bed the very stairs seemed to dance up and down under me, so that, misplacing my foot, I sometimes fell. Talking too, if it continued but for half an hour, exhausted me so, that profuse perspirations followed; and the same effect was produced even by an active exertion of the mind
for the liketime. These disorders had been brought on by degrees, in consequence of the severe labours necessarilyattached to the promotion of the cause. For seven years I had à correspondence to maintain with 400 persons with my own band. I had some book or other annually to write on behalf of the cause. In this period, I had travelled more than thirty-five thousand miles in search of evidence, and a great part of these journeys in the night. All this time my mind had been on the stretch. It had hren bent, too, to this one subject; for I had not even leisure to attend to my own concerns. The various instances of barbarity, which had come successively to my knowledge within this period, had vexed, barassed, and afflicted it. The wound, which these had produced, was rendered still deeper by those cruel disappointments before related, which arose from the reiterated refusal of persons to give their testimony, after I had travelled hundreds of miles in quest of them. But the severest stroke was that inflicted by the persecution, begun and pursued by persons interested in the continuance of the trade, of such witnesses as had been examined against them, and whom, on account of their dependent situation in life, it was most easy to oppress. As I had been the means of bringing them forward on these occasions, they naturally came to me, when thus persecuted, as the author of their miseries and their ruin. From their supplications and wants it would have been ungenerous and ungrateful to have fled. These different circumstances, by acting together, had at length brought me into the situation just mentioned ; and I was therefore obliged, though very reluctantly, to be borne out of the field, where I had placed the great honour and glory of my life.”
Mr. Clarkson retired into the country, and by degrees bis health was restored ; and now, having lived to witness the long-desired ABOLITION, he waits only, like old Simeon, to depart in peace, and receive the reward reserved for so good and faithful a servant. Lives of British Statesmen. By John Macdiarmid, Esq*
Author of an Inquiry into the System of National Dea fence in Great Britain, and of an Inquiry into the Principles of Subordination. 4to. 21. 24. Longman, 1807.
The indefatigable compiler of these memoirs lived only to complete the biography of Sir Thomas Mora, Lord Burleigh, Lord Strafford, and Hyde, Earl of Cla
rendon. Though, in point of composition, there is not much to admire in what he has done, he has collected so many curious and interesting facts concerning those eminent statesmen, that it is to be laniented he had not proceeded further.
Mr. M, has thus explained bis plan, and the motives for his adopting it.
“ Of the men who have guided the councils of our country, and attained distinguished political eminence, we are desirous to learn many particulars, which would be mise placed in the general annals of a nation, The skilful his torian may seize the prominent features of their character, and describe the most important of their public trang ections: but numerous anecdotes, both of their publie and private life, however interesting, he must leave uprecorded, while a whole people demand his attention, We are solicitous to know the steps by which they ascended to power, the arts by which they retained their stations, the incidents by which they terminated their exalted career, We are pleased to observe them in the more private intercourse of hfe; to follow them into their families and clo sets : and to discover how the men, who govern empires, conduct themselves amidst the cares and duties which are common to the humble and exalted.
“ Nor is our curiosity alone interested by such information. To those who prepare to tread the same paths, and to gratify their ambition in the discharge of public functions, the progress and transactions of their illustrious predecessors must be the volume in which they are to read the most important lessons. But it is not the statesman by profession who is alone called upon to ob. serve the results of political experience, In this country, where public opinion is possessed of so much sway, the voice even of private individuals may þave some in. fluence on the national councils,
“ The moral lessons afforded by the career of states. men demand not less attention, Every one is interested to learn, from such eminent examples, that the lustre of the highest station is derived from the same virtues which embellish private life; and that happiness is most attain. able, as well as most secure, when our condition excites not the jealous passions of mankind.
« Such are the views which have guided the author in delineating the Lives of British Statesmen. He has been angious to derive his information from the most authentie
sources; and to exhibit virtues and defects equally with
« The day of Strafford's execution threw a brighter
actions might have been misinterpreted, his intentions had ; ; always been upright; that he loved parliaments, that he