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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. Works recently published, in the press, or in preparation. ' BIOGRAPHY. Biographical Peerage of the Empire of Great Britain. Original Anecdotes of Cromwell, by Mr. Stace.

DRAMA. Music Mad; by Mr. Hook. Juvenile Dra. mas; by the Author of Summer Rambles.

TRAVELS. Tour in Scotland; by Sir John Carr. Tra. vels in the North of Europe ; by Louis de Boisgelin, Knight of Malta.

HISTORY. The Chronicles of Holioshed (reprinted) with an Index. Anuals of George III. by W. Green, A. M.

NATURAL HISTORY. Lectures on Natural History, as delivered at the Leverian Museum, and at the Royal Institution, Albemarle Street, by George Shaw, M. D. F. R. S. A Translation of Pliny's Natural History, with Notes and Illustrations, a Life of the Author, and a preliminary Dissertation on the Origin and Pregress of Natural History, &c. by Dr. Forbes, of Edinburgh.

Novels. Belisaire, by Mad. de Genlis. Theodore, or the Peruvians : from the Freuch of Le Brun, after the manner of Paul and Virginia.

Poetry. Cumberland Ballads, by Mr. Anderson. Latin and Italian Poems of Milton, translated into English Verse, and a Fragment of a Commentary on Paradise Lost, by the late William Cowper, Esq. Translation, in English Verse, of the Remains of Hesiod; with a Dissertation on the Poetry and Mythology, the Life and Era of Hesiod; by Mr. C. A. Elton. Petrarch translated, in a Selection of his Sonnets and Odes, accompanied with Notes, and the original Italian, by the Translator of Catullus.

THEOLOGY. Attempt to prove the Truth of Christianity, in a Series of Discourses preached before the University of Oxford, in 1808, at the Bampton Lecture, By John Penrose, A. M.

MISCELLANEOUS. Letter from Sir R. Phillips to the Livery of London, on the Constitutional Duties of a Sheriff, and on the Circumstances which have attended his Execution of them. Picture of Madrid, taken on the Spot; translated from the German of C. A. Fischer. Meinoirs of Mrs. Cuyler; by Mrs. Grant, Author of Letters from the Mountains. History of the Life of Christ, as related by the Four Evangelists; interweaving their several Accounts into one continued Narrative.

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This gentleman is the younger son of an eminent ata torney, who was under sheriff to Mr. Wilkes, at the most popular period of his history. He was also solicitor to the illustrious Lord Chatham.

Young Reynolds was educated at Westminster School, and being intended by his father for the Bar, was afterwards entered of the Middle Temple, where, like the niajority of students there, he learnt every thing but law ; and though he kept all his terms, that is, took his due proportion of roast beef and plum-pudding, he never had any serious intention of assuming the barrister's wig and gown, having already fixed his affections on the gayer amusements of the stage.

His first play, Werter, was brought out at Buth, and afterwards at Covent Garden, which had refused it in the first instance; and from the popularity of the subject, and the ingenuity with which it was treated, its attraction was very great. Holman and Miss Brunton, then in the height of their popularity, were the Werter and Char. totte at the latter theatre.

The profits of the piece, great as they were, went however entirely to the manager, it being then, and we believe is now, one of the despotic regulations of the theatre, that an author should receive no money for á piéce adopted from another stage.

Tom. IV,


Young writers usually attach themselves to the mourn. ful Muse. The success of Werter had gratified his literary pride, though it had not filled his pockets. He tried again, and produced Eloisa, another tragedy from a subject equally interesting. But here he was less fortunate. The piece went but three nights, and brought him only eight pounds!

This was enough for Reynolds ; he loved Melpomene well, but he loved money better. He therefore turned short round, and paid his addresses to her sister Thalia, who not only received his advances more favourably, but taught him how to grow rich. His first comedy, however, and decidedly his best, was the Dramatist, which still lives on the stage, and will live there as long as there shall be any comedian to play the eccentric and admirable character of Vapid. This piece found its way to the stage through Mrs. Wells, who took it for her benefit, after it had been refused by the manager; and its merit was recognized so forcibly by the town, that it was instantly and gladly seized by Mr. Harris, who allowed the author his just emoluments, and the run of the piece was immense.

The theatre was now at his command. Other pieces followed in annual succession. All of them succeeded greatly; and his reputation as a comic writer was fully established.

We have not the titles of his numerous plays at hand; . but they amount, we believe, to about forty. It may be said, and has indeed often been idly objected, that his comedies perish with the season which produces them. This detracts nothing from their deserts. He wrote them for the season. It being his design to shoot folly as it flies, he “caught the manners living as they rose;"?. and with these fleeting follies, and temporary manners, the plays which satirized them, not with the strong coarse pen of the misanthrope, but the brisk playful humour of a dramatist who looked at the world to laugh at it, necessarily slipped by and were forgotten. Reynolds has done what he intended : and he has done it well, ingeniously, originally, and with infinite comic facility and address. His plan was altogether his own; and though many have followed, and some may have a little improved upon it, his at last must be the principal merit.

His opera now announced for representation at the

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