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made with four wheels, wherein he would sit, and by turning a windlass about, he could make it carry him around the house where he pleased. Sir Isaac and she being thus brought up together, 'tis said that he entertained a love for her; nor does she deny it: but her portion being not considerable, and he being a fellow of a college, it was incompatible with his fortunes to marry ; perhaps his studies too. 'Tis certain he always had a kindness for her, visited her whenever in the country, in both her husbands' days, and gave her forty shillings, upon a time, whenever it was of service to her. She is a little woman, but we may with ease discern that she has been very handsome.
* Mr. Clark tells me that the room where Sir Isaac lodged was his lodging room too when a lad, and that the whole wall was still full of the drawings he had made upon it with charcoal, and so remained till pulled down about sixteen years ago, as I said before. There were birds, beasts, men, ships, and mathematical schemes, and very well designed..
« We must understand all this while that his mother had left Wolsthorp, and lived with her second husband at North Witham. But upon his death, after she had three children by hiin, she returned to her own house, which likewise, it ought to be remembered, was rebuilt by him. She upon this was for saving expenses as much as she could, and recalled her son Isaac from school, intending to make him serviceable in managing of the farm and country business at Wolsthorp, and I doubt not but she thought it would turn more to his own account than being a scholar. Accordingly we must suppose him attending the tillage, grazing, and the like. And they tell us that he frequently came on Saturdays to Grantham market, with corn and other commodities to sell, and to carry home what necessaries were proper to be bought at a market town for a family ; but being young, his mother usually sent a trusty old servant along with him, to put him into the way of business. Their inn was at the Saracen's Head in Westgate, where, as soon as they had set up their horses, Isaac generally left the man to manage the marketings, and retired instantly to Mr. Clark's garret, where he used to lodge, near where lay a parcel of old books of Mr. Clark's, which he entertained himself with, whilst it was time to go home again ; or else he would stop by the way between home and
Grantham, and lye under a hedge studying whilst the man went to town and did the business, and called for him in his return. No doubt the man made remonstrances of this to his mother. Likewise, when at home, if his mother ordered him into the fields, to look after the sheep, the corn, or upon any other rural employment, it went on very heavily through his manage. His chief de light was to sit under a tree, with a book in his hands, or to busy himself with his knife in cutting wood for models of somewhat or other that struck his fancy: or he would get to a stream and make mill-wheels."
Though it is impossible to raise the character of Sir Isaac Newton by any information that may be collected concerning him, yet it is always desirable to know under what circumstances great men have risen to eminence, and how far their employments in early life may have given that bias to their future pursuits which has immortalized their naine, and endeared their memory to posterity.
Old Nick's Pocket-Book; or, Hints for “a ryghte
pedantique ande mangleinge" Publication, to be called « My Pocket-Book."-By Himself, 12mo. 45. --Sherwood and Co.
This is the retort courteous, by a writer, who thinks Sir John Carr has been unfairly handled by Old Nick in bis travesty of The Stranger in Ireland, under the title of My Pocket-Book, which has been so recently the subject of an action in the Court of King's Bench. « With this work (vide Advertisement) the author has taken the trouble. to compare The Stranger in Ireland, page by page; and although the following result of that comparison may be quite sufficient to convince the reader of the great want of candour which is betrayed in erery one of the travester's insinuations, the greater want of truth which is discovered in every one of his quotations, and the unworthy use of ridicule which pervades his whole work; yet no one, who has not actually gone through that comparison, can judge of the far greater portion of perversions, mutilations, mis-quotations, and false attributions, which still remain behind.”
To shew how easy it is to turn into ridicule that which is not ridiculous, and to rescue Sir John Carr's amusing
volume from the unmerciful claws of Old Nick, he Author of this Pocket-Book furnishes the followng Hints :
Now let me see how I can ridicule all description. “ On the right was the rugged hill of Howth, with its rocky bays,” says my author. On the RIGHT, was it ?. strange that it should be on the right! It was there as usual? more strange that it should not disappear when my author arrived there! “ Its rocky bays also ?” strangest of all, that it should not have tumbled down and filled up its bays! Thus, by presuming that every part of a description is related as a matter of surprise, and not of fact, I get rid of all description at once. Shakspeare, Milton, Cowper, and the rest of our accurate descriptive poets, pondered over the preciseness and utility of every word in vain. Let me see if I can't ridicule their best descriptions. Firstly, Shakspeare's Dover Cliff:
“ The crows and chougbs that wing the mid-way air
Wonderful that distance should diminish to the sight!
" Half-way down
Most astonishing that an useful herb should be gathered, and that it should be gathered too, of all places, in that where it was likely to be found ! “ Dreadful trade !” No; it's like writing ridiculous descriptions, nothing when you're used to it, Mr. Shakspeare,
“ Methinks he seems no bigger than his head.” If Mr. Shakspeare here means, that, on account of the distance, the whole man looked no bigger than his head would have looked when it was close to him, it is a sapient reflection obscurely expressed; but if he ineans, that since, from the point of view the cliff afforded, the man's head was looked down upon and the rest of his body foreshortened, the wonderment of the observation is about of a piece with the author's general progress in the scene of perspective. Then follow some more im, portant remarks deduced from the wonderful effect of
distance upon sight, a discovery which it must be supposed Mr. Shakspeare had just made; and the description concludes ;
The murmuring surge,
How did Mr. Shakspeare know that the surge murmured, if it “ could not be heard so high Very strange that the pebbles on a sea-shore should not have been numbered! Why is not this task included in the acts of parliament for reckoning the population of the country? « Idle pebbles," too! oh, they ought to be made to work. 2dly, a passage from Milton's L'Allegro.
« Right against the eastern gate,
So, the sun rises in the east ! nay, more, he is “ great," mark that!
« Rob'd in flames, and amber light,
" Rob'd in flames and amber light ?” ay, like a lady with a yellow gown, and an amber necklace! The “ thousand liv'ries” may not be useless to keep up the “ state" Mr. Milton talks of.
" While the ploughman near at hand,
" While” all this is doing? Why could not the sun wait till they were all done! So strange, too, that a ploughman should whistle, a milk-maid sing, a mower's scythe want whetting, and a shepherd tell a tale. But only think of all the shepherds telling their tales under one hawthorn in one dale! What a crowd and a hubbub there must be ! 3dly, a passage from Cowper's “ Task.”
“ Her Ouse, slow winding thro’a level plain
• Ouse was here as usual ;" the “ level plain of spa cious meads also.” Strange that cattle should be found in meadows! Here a river takes the eye by its lash, and wafts it down the stream, “delighted !” Strange sport!
There, fast-rooted, in their bank, “ Stand, never overlook'd, our fav'rite elms,
“ That screen the herdsman's solitary hut.” Now change sides. To be even with the “ here." "6 there" are Mr. Cowper's “ fav'rite elms;" “ fastrooted in their bank,” too! Strange that! considering that Mr. Cowper knew them to Le old friends, and that they were large enough to “ screen a hut." ".
Your author says, that “ the Hill of Howth wants only a volcano to resemble Vesuvius :" it is very clear that the word wants here is used in the Latin sense of caret, and not the English one of wishes to have : but any fool can catch the most obvious meaning of a word; take the most remote: say, it would resemble Vesuvius, $ if it could get what it wants."
So much for this Battle of Books.-Sir John Carr, in the mean time, is continuing his literary career, and we doubt not will pursue it successfully. The errors (what author is free from them ?) which have been pointed out in his former volumes he will of course be anxious to avoid, and unmerited censure he ought to know how to laugh at and despise. At any rate if he again seeks a remedy from a Lord Chief Justice, we presume he will not go to Law. There is a Dedication to the worshipful Company of Butchers; and a caricature representing some jolly knights of the cleaver in the act of offering the freedom of the Butchers' Company to the author of “ My Pocket-Book.”
Poems. By Matilda Betham. 8vo. 48. Hatchard.
A correct taste, smooth versification, and a general neatness of expression, are the distinguishing characteristics of these poems, They have pretensions occasionallyto elegance, but discover little fancy, or any of the lofty qualities of poetry. No one, however, can get up from the perusal without a very favourable opinion of Miss Betham's good sense, and literary capabilities,