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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

Works recently published, in the press, or in preparation.

Biography. The Life of St. Neol, the eldest Brother of Alfred the Great, by the Rev. John Whitaker, Rector of Ruan Langhorne, Cornwall. Life of Abraham Newland, Esq. Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Bourn, for many Years one of the Pastors of the United Congregation of the New Meeting in Birmingham; by Joshua Toulmin, D. D.

History, Travels, 4cc. Travels in Lower and Upper Canada, by Mr. E. A. Kendal, of New York. Letters from Barbary, France, Spain, Portugal, &c. by an English Officer. History of Brazil, by Dr. Andrew Grant, recently returned from South America.

Poetry. Fingal, an Epic Poem, by Ossian. Ren-, dered into Verse, by Archibald M'Donald. The Minor Minstrel, a Volume of familiar and descriptive Poetry, by Mr. Holloway.

Novels, &c. Leicestershire Tales; by Miss Mary Lin wood. ,

Miscellaneous. A Picture of Madrid, taken on the Spot, translated from the German of C. A Fischer.Advice to Young Ladies on the Improvement of the Mind and Conduct in Life, by Thomas Broadhurst. Illustrations of Don Quixote, by Mr. Belfour, tending, to confirm and elucidate several real Events related in that ingenious Novel; to convey Intelligence of Authors and of Books therein cited; to discover the Sources) whence Cervantes has adopted various Stories and Adventures, improved by the Glow of his own fertile Imagination; to disclose his continual Allusions to Works of. Chivalry and Romance; and develope the Satire he employs to correct the Vices and Follies of the Spanish Nation; with occasional Reflections on certain Doctrines and Opinions which he advances or supports. The Witticisms of Mr. Joseph Miller, of facetious Memory; consisting of a faithful Copy of the old Joe Miller, and two Volumes of Modem Classic Wit, selected from ther best Authorities of all Countries; by James Banuant.ne, Esq.

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THE

CABINET;

sR, MONTHLY REPORT OF

POLITE LITERATURE.

DECEMBER, 1808.

JOSEPH ADD1SON.

This very great ornament to the age he lived in, his own country in particular, and to the cause of polite literature in general, was son of the Rev. Dr. Launcelot Addison, who afterwards became Dean of Lichfield and Coventry, but, at the time of this son's birth, Rector of Mileston, near Amb -osbury, Wilts, at which place the subject of our present consideration received his vital breath, on the 1st day of May, 1672. He was very early sent to school to Ambrosbury, being put under the care of the Rev. Mr. Naish, then master of that school; from thence, «s soon as he had received the first rudiments of literature, he was removed to Salisbury school, taught by the Rev. Mr. Taylor, and after that to the Charter-house, where he was under the tuition of the learned Dr. Ellis.— Here he first contracted an intimacy with Mr. Steele, afterwards Sir Richard, which continued almost till his death.—At about fifteen years of age he was entered of Queen's College, Oxford; and in about two years afterwards, through the interest of Dr. Lancaster, Dean of Magdalen, elected into that college, and admitted to the degrees of Bachelor and Master of Art?.

While he was at the university, he was repeatedly •solicited by his father and other friends to enter into holy orders, which, although from his extreme modesty and natural diffidence he would gladly have declined, yet, . JV. 3 A

in compliance with his father's desires, he was once ferj near concluding on; when having, through Mr. Cougreve's means, become a great favourite with that universal pntrou of poetry and the polite arts, the famous Lord Halifax, that nobleman, who had frequently regretted that so few men of liberal education and great abilities applied themselves to affairs of public business, jn which their country might reap the advantage of their talents, earnestly persuaded him to lay aside tins design; and as an encouragement for him so to do, and an indulgence to an inclination for travel, which.shewed itself in Mr. Addison, procured him an annual pension of 3001. from the crown, to enable him to make the tour of France and Italy.

.On this tour then he set out at the latter end of the year 169!), and did his country great honour by Ins extraordmary abilities, receiving m his turn every mark of esteemthat con Id be shewn to a man of exalti-d genius particularly from M. Boileau, the famous French poet, and the Abbe Salvini, Professor of the Greek tongue in the University of Florence, the former of whom declared that he first conceived an opinion of the English genius for poetry from Mr. Adtlisou's Latin Poems, printed in the Musae Anglic-ana-, and the latter translated into elegant Italian verse his Epistolary Poem to Lord Halifax, which is esteemed a master-piece in its kind. •

In the year 1702, as he waa about to return home, he was informed from his friends in England, by letter, that King William intended him the post of Secretary to attend the Army under PrmceF.ugene m Italy.—This was an office that would have been extremely acceptable to Mr. Addison; but his Majesty's death, which happened before lie could get his appointment, put a stop to that, together with his pension.—This news came to him at Geneva; he therefore chose to make the tour of Germany in his way home, and at Vienna composed his Treatise on Medals, which, however, did uot make its appearance until after his death.

A different set of ministers coming to the manage* ment of aflairs in the beginning of Queen Anne's reign, and consequently the inteiest of Mr. Addison's friends being considerably weakened, he continued unemployed and in obscurity Until 1704, uhen an accident culled dim again into notice.

Tim amazing victory gained by the great Duke of

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