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trưe history of that affecting affair. Her ladyship feels, most severely, that she was the cause of his going; but, as she loved his glory, she could not resist giving him such advice. It is, however, the general opinion of those who best knew his lordship, that he would, in all probability, have fretted himself to death had he not undertaken this expedition.

THE ARTS.

No. XVIII.

ANECDOTES AND ECCENTRICITIES OF PAINTERS.

MARCO ANTONIO FRANCIABIGIO. This master paint, ed a grand picture for the cloister of the nunziata at Florence. On its being uncovered by the monks, before it had received the ultimate finish, the painter, in a fit of. shame or rage, gave it some blows with a hammer, nor ever after could be induced to terminate it.

WILLIAM KAY, Kay's reputation was so well esta-, blished at Antwerp, that the Duke of Alva sat to him for his portrait; but whilst he worked on the picture, the judge-criminal and other officers waited on the Duke to receive his determinate orders, in regard to the Counts Egmont and Hoorn. The Duke, with a terrible austerity of countenance, ordered their immediate execution, and Kay, who understood the language in which they conversed, and also loved the nobility of his country, was so violently affected by the piercing look and peremptory command of Alva, that he went home, fell sick, and died, through the 'terror impressed upon his mind by the transaction. Some authors (and Sandrart in particular), to render that incident more surprising, or perhaps with, strict adherence to truth, assert, that he died on the same day those noblemen were executed; others affirm that he was struck with such terror ogly by looking at the enraged and fiery visage of the Duke, that he died immediately.

John VAN KUIck. This artist having indiscreetly given some slight offence to the Jesuits at Dort, they persecuted him with a most unremitting severity, accus-, ing him of heresy, and prevailed so far as to have him imprisoned. He was kept in irons for a long time, although John Van Bondewinze, the chief justice, took all

possible pains to procure his enlargement; and Kúicky out of gratitude, painted a picture for that inagistrate, representing the Judgment of Solomon, in which he des signed the portrait of his benefactor, for the head of the principal figure, as a particular compliment.

That picture having been finished during the confines ment of the painter, it gave new offence to that unfors giving tribe, the Jesuits, who daily contrived means to increase the miseries of his imprisonment, and never ceased their persecution of him till they extorted a final sentence froin the judge, condemning him to death. That sentence the Jesuits and Monks took care to have immediately executed ; and they caused him to be burned alive, to the inexpressible concern of all protestants, who dreaded the tyranny and persecuting spirit of the church of Rome, and to the universal regret of all the lovers of the art of painting.

John De MABUSE. This painter is censured by all writers for his immoderate love of drinking; and it is confidently said, that having received, by order of the Marquis of Veren, a piece of brocade for a dress to appear in before the Emperor Charles V. he sold it at a tavern, and painted a paper suit so exceedingly like it, that the Emperor could not be convinced of the deception, till he felt the paper, and examined every part with his own hands.

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- THE MODERN ATHENIANS. The Athenians have perhaps to this day more vivacity, more genius, and a politer address, than any other people in the Turkish dominions. Oppressed as they are at present, they all oppose with great courage and wonderful sayacity, every addition to their burden, which an avaa: ricious or cruel governor may attempt to lay upon them. During our stay, they by their intrigues, drove away three of their governors, for extortion and mal-adminia stration ; two of whom were imprisoned, and reduced to the greatest distress. They want not fur artful speakers , and busy politicians, so far as relates to the affairs of their own city; and it is remarkable enough, that the coffeehouse, which this species of men frequent, stands within the precincts of the ancient Poikil. Some of their priests have the reputation of being learned men, and excellent preachers; and the most admired of them in our time, was.

the abbot of St. Cyrianée, a convent on Mount Hymettus; he is a man of great reading, and delivers himself with becoming gesture, and a pleasing fluency of elocution. Here are two or three persons who practise painting; but whatever genius we may be tempted to allow thein, they have indeed very little science; they seem never to have heard of anatomy, or of the effect of light and shade; though they still retain some imperfect notions of perspective and of proportion. The Athenians. are great lovers of music, and generally play on an instrument, which they call a lyra, though it is not made like an ancient lyre, but rather like a guitar, or mandola. This they accompany with the voice, and very free quently with extempore verses, which they have a ready faculty at composing

There is great sprightliness and expression in the countenance of both sexes, and their persons are well proportioned. The men have a due mixture of strength aud agility, without the least appearance of heaviness. The women have a peculiar elegance of form and of manner; they excel in embroidery and all kind of needle-work..

The air of Attica is extreinely healthy.

The articles of commerce which this country produces are chiefly corn, oil, honey, wax, rosin, some silk, cheese, and a sort of acorns, called velanede by the Italians and the French, but written Behavions by the Greeks: these acorns are used by the dyers and leather-dressers. The principal manufactures are soap and leather. Of these cominodities, the honey, soap, cheese and leather, and part of the oil, are sent to Constantinople; the others are chiefly bought by the French, of which nation they reckon that seven or eight ships are freighted here every year.

The Turkish governor of Athens is called Vaiwode. He is either changed or renewed in his office every year the beginning of March. The Athenians say, he brings the cranes with him, for these birds likewise make their first appearance here about that time; they breed, and when the young ones receive sufficient strength, which is some time in August, they all fly away together, and are seen no more till the March following.

Besides the Vaiwode, there is a Cadie, or chief man of the law. His business is to administer justice, terminate the disputes which arise between man and man, and to punish offenders. There is also a Mudeeréese Effendi. who presides over the religious affairs of the Mohamme. dans here ; and those who are designed to officiate in the

moscheas, are by him instructed in the Mohammedan ritual. The Disdár Agá is the governor of the fortress of Athens, which was anciently called the Acropolis ; and the Azáp Agá is an officer who commands a few soldiers in that fortress.

DUKE OF MEDINA CELI. · In consequence of the defeat at Saragossa, and the very low state to which France was reduced, Philip * apprehended he should be obliged to relinquish his pretensions to the throne of Spain. Amongst others, it was suspected, that the Duke of Medina Celi was in the interest of his competitor, Charles. To render so powerful a prince inactive, would be almost equal to a victory; but the method to effect it seemed difficult, especially in the exhausted state to which Philip was reduced. Sir Patrick Lawless, an Irish gentleman, then a colonel in the French service, charged himself singly to secure the person of the Duke. Having previously concerted all his measures, he repaired to the ducal palace, as charged with a special commission from Philip. He invited the Duke to take a walk on a fine terrace, in order to converse the more freely. As the conversation was interesting, they insensibly rambled to a considerable distance from the suite of the Duke, until they came to a passage which led to the high road, where the Colonel had a carriage in waiting. Lawless in a few words told his Highness, that he must directly, and without the least appearance of coustraint, take a seat in the coach ; as he had engaged, at the hazard of his head, to bring him to Madrid, where he would find Philip ready to receive him with open arms. The determined tone with which these words were uttered, the appearance of the man, and above all, his character for resolution and bravery, induced the Duke to resort to the only alternative. They soon arrived at Madrid, where he met with a most gracious reception. The battle of Alinanza, which happened some time after, made the Duke deer his visitor, his preserver, as well as that of his immense estate. Lawless was raised in a short time to the rank of Lieutenant-general, and governor of Majorca, and in the course of a few years, Philip appointed him his ambassador to the court of Versailles.

* Philip V.

THE ADVANTAGES OF A PROFESSION. MR. Williams was the school-fellow, the confidena tial friend, and afterwards, the private secretary, of Richard West, Esq. Keeper of the seals in Ireland, in the reign of George the first. **

This gentleman is mentioned for the sake of introduca ing part of a letter well worth recording, which, in the anxiety of real friendship, he wrote to the widow of his patron, on the subject of her son, Mr. Richard West, à young inan of lively imagination and elegant manners; who, vibrating between a love of literary leisure, and the severity of professional study, incurred the risk of sinking into sordid supineness. :

A tendency to this inglorious ease is the misfortune of the age, the natural effect of morbid refinernent on an immense population, from which, and from the circumstance of genteel employments, sufficiently numerous, not offering, our coffee-houses are filled with listless loun: gers, and our jails with wretched prisoners, the unhappy victims of pride and vanitý

The lady to whom the letter is addressed, was a daugh: ter of Bishop Burnet; and the young man, who is the subject of it, was in the habits of the closest intimacy with Mr. Gray, a man scrupulously nice in the choice of his associates. Several of his letters are preserved by Mr. Mason, and his Ode to May, deserved and obtained the praise of Dr. Johrison.

Lyons, Jar. 12, 1739. ' "I often think of my friend Dick, and write on purpose that you may communicate what I say to him. You have not spoke of him a great while; from whence I conclude two things, that he is pretty well, but does liot study the law; if he did, your satisfaction and his, would soon make me hear of it.

“ Young people do not see far, and, what is worse, do not care to be advised by those who can. They will not be the better for our experience. What would I not undertake, were I twenty years of age, and with my prea sent kpowledge of the world! It is at his service.

" I have often considered his aversion to the law, and lament it, because it is a natural, and almost a sure me. thod of advancing himself. His father's name so much esteemed, his friends and mine, with his own parts,

VOL. IV.

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