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givé one previous to some observation on a singular passage in the odes.
« Infamis Helena. Stesichorus was the poet, who in his verses exposed Helen to infamy. His reward was the loss of his eyes, which, on his singing a Palinodia, were restored to him. The infamy of Helen seems to be a little softened down by Coluthus Lycopolites, a Theban poet, when he calls his poem, The Rape of Helen. On this title, however, as I learn from a commentator on the work, Sir Edward Sherburne, makes the following, not unpleasant remark :- The word rape must not be taken in the common acceptation of the expression. For Paris was more courtly than to offer, and Helen more kind hearted than to suffer such a violence. The annotator continues to observe, “ that Virgil, in the first book of the Æneid, says, Pergama cum peteret; and the word peteret implies, that the quitting of her country and going with Paris was an act she desired as well as consented to; and thus much the poem itself makes good.
" The beginning of the Palinodia of Stesichorus is preserved by Plato; and there we find this phrase, så 'κεο Περγαμα Tρoιης, which contradicts the assertion of the Roman poet; and from a line quoted by the Scholiast on Lycophron, Stesichorus would make us believe that the Trojans only took away her picture. Infidels, on the subject of Troy and all its concerns, will consult Mr. Bryant with great satisfaction.” Lib. v. od. 27. v. 42. The passage just now alluded to is in lib. xi. od. 20.
Non ego, pauperum
Nec Stygiâ cohibebor undå. Dr. F. reads quem vocant, and we have here a most ingenious comment by Mr. Fowke of Calcutta, furnished to Mr. D. by Sir Philip Francis, to prove that quem vocas is the true reading; and to this reading he gives an interpretation never before thought of. Oinitting much of the illustration, we shall give the substance briefly.
“ The poet supposes himself changed into a bird, and mounting into the skies. Cycnum-in altos nubium tractus. Cann. I. iv. 2. with Mæcenas anxiously looking up and calling after him: “whoin you call,"que vous rappellez.
Siste gradum, teque aspectu ne subtrahe nostro.
Æn. lib. vi.
" Joseph Fowke told Mr. Francis" (now Sir Philip « that he had mentioned this criticism many years ago to Şamuel Johnson, who, after rolling himself about suo more, said, “Sir, you are right !” Mr. Wakefield also şaid “ that there could be no doubt of it."
New and very ingenious as this is, with all the above authority at its back, it does not quite satisfy us, though it leads us to something which may. That quem vocas is the true reading we have no doubt. All the MSS. run so
but when we reject Mr. Fowke's interpretation we are by no means led by the ambiguity of the collocation to fall in with the common one, quem vocas dilecte, i.e. tibi dilectum, but to submit a construction, which we think preferable to both.
Horace had before applied the epithet of Cycnus Dircæus to Pindar: and had contrasted his own various but humbler flights by comparing them to those of a Bee:
Multa Dircæum levat aura Cycnum,
Carmina fingo. Lib. iv. 2. Now we know that Mæcenas was not only a man of taste and literature, a lover of poetry and a friend to poets, but that, in 'some degree at least, he cultivated poetry himself. He probably was charmed with the numbers and lyric spirit of Horace, and had complimented him as the Ausonian Swan, with a friendly censure on his modesty in claiming no other character than that of a bee. We suppose then that Horace replies in this ascribed character. And this at the same time takes off from the apparent arrogance of the assumption. Non ego quem vocas, that is, quem vocas Cycnum, óv Kurkov xahsis ; as in Homer, óv Bercepew rahe801 801, I whom you call a swan shall indeed become so. I shall, as such be known and revered by posterity. Every river of the habitable earth will recognize me! This, we venture to confess, appears to us the most probable interpretation. It is certainly as easy to supply Cycnum, if this were any answer to a little poem, in which Mæcenas had so called him, as to supply pauperum sanguis parentum, or any other expression, which is included in the elliptic
expression quem vocas or quem vocant, according to the general construction; and which indeed must be included, unless Mr. Fowke's conjecture should be the truth. Now tho'xchew and vocare are both occasionally used as inclamare, yet when nothing further appears in the context, their more obvious construction is appellare hoc vel illud. Sed de his et omnibus suuin cuique liberum esto judicium.-We can spare no more space than will afford us room to say, that the new note present an abundance of entertaininent as well as instruction, and that this edition of Horace, its arrangement and correctness are highly honorable to the elegant and learned author of the Wreath.
Travelling Recreations, By William Parsons, Esq.
12mo. Longman, 1807. Mr. Parsons, who we believe has not ventured before the public since the Baviad's stinging notice of his one ode, three sonnets, and an epigram, is not ainbitious of being separated from the mob of gentlemen who write with ease: with these humble pretentions, he has afforded us a very agreeable amusement, and that our readers may participate in the pleasure we have received froin the perusal of this collection, we shall extract the following song, for a dinner given when the author was studying CHEMISTRY at Edinburgh in the year 1800.
" A student I am, and a chemist I'll live,
Galoric's a fluid repulsive, they say;
For wine is attractive--and makes the heart gay!
His sytem is good, and no fault I detect;
That good wine is a cause--and good mirth an effect ?
* The Chemical Professor. + The Mathematical Professor.
I The Professor of Moral Philosophy,
From Dalzel || I learn, by his erudite pow'rs
As the Scots so renown'd are sor wisdom and knowledge,
I came hither, some further improvements to seek;
Compotatio's good latin-EYMIIOEION good greek !
To puzzle their nobs with such new ways to dine,
But let him save our coals we will not save our wine !'.
Memoirs of the Rev. John Newton, late Rector of the
United Parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, Lombard-street; with yeneral Remarks on his Life, Connections, and Character. 2nd edit. corrected. By Richard Cecil, A. M. Minister of St. John's, Bedford Row, 12mo. 45. Hatchard, 1808.
The extraordinary history of Mr. Newton, previously, to his entering into the ministry ; the irregularities of his youth, his sufferings on board different vessels, his cruel treatment, when in the service of a trader on the coast of Africa, and the perils he encountered while niaster of a slave ship in several voyages to Guinea, with his miraculous escape from various dangers both on shore and at sea ; form such a combination of occurrences as cannot fail to render his Memoirs peculiarly interesting. But we do not recommend this volume merely as a Narrative of singular facts. As a moral and religious character, Mr. Newton was as eminently distinguished after he arrived at maturity, as he was in the yonnger part of his life, remarkable for profligacy and infidelity. The manner in which so important a change in his principles and conduct was effected is fully detailed, and we think no reader can pass over this part of the work without instruction and improvement. Most of the leading circumstances of his life are extracted from the narrative, published several years ago by Mr. Newton himself, and
* The Greek Professor.
from the letters to his wife, a publication, which, tho' it shews the honest and amiable simplicity of his character, might and we think ought to have been kept from the public eye.
The following account of that truly benevolent and noble minded gentleman, the late John Thornton, Esq. will no doubt be acceptable to our readers. ." It is said of Solomon, that the Lord gave himn largeness of heart, even as the sand on the sea shore: such a peculiar disposition for whatever was good and benevolent was also bestowed on Mr. Thornton. He differed as much from rich men of ordinary bounty, as they do from others that are parsimonious. Nor was this bounty the result of occasional impulse, like a summer shower, violent and short ; on the contrary, it proceeded like a river, pouring its waters through various countries, copious and inexhaustible. Nor could those obstructions of imposture and ingratitude, which have often been advanced as the cause of damming up other streams, prevent or retard the course of this. The generosity of Mr. Thornton, indeed, frequently met with such hinderances, and led him to increasing discrimination, but the stream of his bounty never ceased to hold its course. Deep, silent, and overwhelming, it still rolled on, nor ended even with his life.
66 But the fountain from whence this beneficence flowed, and by which its permanency and direction were maintained, must not be concealed. Mr. Thornton was a Christian. Let no one, however, so mistake me here, as to suppose that I mean nothing more by the term Christian, than the state of one who, convinced of the truth of revelation, gives assent to its doctrines-regularly attends its ordinances and maintains an external, moral, and religious deportment. Such a one may have a name to live while he is dead; he may have a form of godliness without the power of it he may even be found denying and ridiculing that power-till at length, he can only be convinced of his error at an infallible tribunal; where a widow, that gives but a mite, or a publican, that smites on his breast, shall be preferred before him.
“ Mr. Thornton was a Christian indeed, that is, he was alive to God by a spiritual regeneration. With this God he was daily and earnestly transacting that infinitely momentous affair, the salvation of his own soul ; and
Vol. IV. .