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for such thoughts now. The savage who was knocked down recovered himself so far as to sit up on the ground, and I perceived that my savage began to be afraid ; but when I saw that, I raised my other gun at the 5 man, as if I would shoot him. Upon this my savage made a motion to me to lend him my sword, which hung naked in a belt by my side; so I did. He no sooner had it than he ran to his enemy, and, at one

blow, cut off his head. This I thought very strange 10 for one who, I had reason to believe, never saw a sword

in his life before, except their own wooden swords. However, it seems, as I learned afterwards, they made their wooden swords so sharp, so heavy, and the wood

is so hard, that they will cut off heads even with them, 15 ay, and arms, and that at one blow too. When he

had done this, he came laughing to me in sign of triumph, and brought me the sword again, and with many gestures, which I did not understand, laid it

down, with the head of the savage that he had killed, 20 just before me.

But that which astonished him most was to know how I had killed the other Indian so far off. Pointing to him, he made signs to me to let him go to him; so

I bade him go, as well as I could. When he came to 25 him, he stood like one amazed, looking at him, turned

him first on one side, then on the other, looked at the wound the bullet had made, which, it seems, was just in his breast. Then he took up his bow and arrows, and came back; so I turned to go away, and beckoned to him to follow me, making signs to him that more might come after them.

Upon this he signed to me that he should bury them 5 with sand that they might not be seen by the rest if they followed; and I made signs again to him to do so. He fell to work, and in an instant he had scraped a hole in the sand with his hands, big enough to bury the first in, and then dragged him into it, and covered 10 him, and did so also by the other. I believe he had buried them both in a quarter of an hour. Then calling him away,

I carried him to my cave. Here I gave him bread and a bunch of raisins to eat, and a draft of water, which I found he was indeed in 15 great distress for; and having refreshed him, I made signs for him to go lie down and sleep, pointing to a place where I had laid a great parcel of rice straw, and a blanket upon it, which I used to sleep upon myself sometimes; so the poor creature lay down, and went to sleep. 20

After he had slept about half an hour, he waked again, and came out of the cave to me, for I had been milking my goats, which I had in the inclosure just by. When he espied me, he came running to me, laying himself down again upon the ground, with all the 25 possible signs of thankfulness. At last he laid his head flat upon the ground, close to my foot, and set my other

foot upon his head, as he had done before, to let me know how he would serve me as long as he lived. I understood him in many things, and let him know I was very well pleased with him. In a little time I 5 began to speak to him and teach him to speak to me; and, first, I made him know his name should be Friday, which was the day I saved his life. I likewise taught him to say “master," and then let him know that was

to be my name. I likewise taught him to say “yes” 10 and “no,” and to know the meaning of them.

DANIEL DEFOE: Robinson Crusoe.


This story is taken from Robinson Crusoe, a book that has delighted young and old ever since it was written. Although it is not a true story, it seems to us true while we are reading it. It has been translated into many languages, and it has made many a boy and girl long to be cast upon a desert island where they might have a chance to use their minds and their eyes and hands as Robinson Crusoe did.

1. Tell the story in your own words. 2. What do you know about Crusoe's castle? 3. How does Crusoe feel when he sees the savage running towards him? 4. Why does he save a cannibal ? 5. How long has it been since he heard a human voice? 6. In what different ways does Friday show his unusual strength ? 7. How do you know that he is intelligent? that he is grateful ? 8. What else do you know about Robinson Crusoe?

For Study with the Glossary: single-handed, hallooing, stockstill, stunned.


This description of Juan Fernandez is taken from Two Years Before the Mast, a delightful and true sea-story. The author began to love the ocean when he was a small boy. As his eyes were too weak to let him go on with his studies at Harvard College, he decided to give them a rest and he went to sea as a common sailor. For two years he cruised about in the Pacific Ocean. One of the most interesting places he visited was Juan Fernandez.

Many years before Dana made this visit, a Scottish sailor who had quarreled with his captain was put ashore at Juan Fernandez. His name was Alexander Selkirk. He lived alone on the island for more than four years before he was rescued by a passing ship. Accounts of his adventures were read by Daniel Defoe and gave him the idea of writing a story about a sailor cast ashore on a desert island. The result was Robinson Crusoe.

Tuesday, November 25th, at daylight we saw the island of Juan Fernandez directly ahead, rising like a deep blue cloud out of the sea. We were then probably nearly seventy miles from it; and so high and so blue did it appear that I mistook it for a cloud, 5 resting over the island under it, until it gradually turned to a deader and greener color, and I could mark the inequalities upon its surface. At length we could distinguish trees and rocks; and by the afternoon this beautiful island lay fairly before us, and we directed 10 our course to the only harbor. Arriving at the en


trance soon after sundown, we found a Chilian manof-war brig, the only vessel coming out. She hailed us, and an officer on board, whom we supposed to be an American, advised us to run in before night, and 5 said that they were bound to Valparaiso. We ran immediately for the anchorage, but, owing to the winds which drew about the mountains and came to us in flaws from every point of the compass, we did not come

to an anchor until nearly midnight. We had a boat 10 ahead all the time that we were working in, and those

aboard were continually bracing the yards about for every puff that struck us, until about twelve o'clock, when we came to in forty fathoms water, and our an

chor struck bottom for the first time since we left 15 Boston — one hundred and three days. We were

then divided into three watches, and thus stood out the remainder of the night.

I was called on deck to stand my watch at about three in the morning, and I shall never forget the 20 peculiar sensation which I experienced on finding

myself once more surrounded by land, feeling the night breeze coming from off shore, and hearing the frogs and crickets. The mountains seemed almost

to hang over us, and apparently from the very heart 25 of them there came out, at regular intervals, a loud

echoing sound, which affected me as hardly human. We saw no lights, and could hardly account for the

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