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stituted for the study of the works and creatures of God, ii. 99,
the true state of it, ii. 111, the several employments and offices
in it
ii. 119, 120
Solon compares the people to the sea, ii. 417, wept for his son's
death, ii. 439, his saying to Croesus, ii. 443, what remarkable in
his laws
. iv. 377
Somerset, Robert Car, earl of, letter from him to Sir Thomas Over-
bury, vi. 69, questions of Sir Francis Bacon relating to his case,
vi. 94, heads of the charge against him, vi. 97, charged with trea-
sons and plots with Spain, vi. 102, delivered out of the Tower, vi.
304, pardoned, and to be allowed to sit in parliament vi. 383
Somerset, countess of, charge against her for poisoning of Overbury,
iv. 457, a charge against the earl for the same fact, iv. 472, he is
criminally in love with the countess of Essex, iv. 478, his behaviour
at, and after the time of Overbury's being poisoned, iv. 481, some
farther account of his treason, v. 387, 388, 389, some things relat-
ing to his examination, v. 390, several cases put to the king about
his trial, confession, &c. v. 395, concerning his arraignment and
examination, v. 400, &c. See Overbury.

Somerset, countess of, questions to the judges relating to her case,
vi. 94. Dr. Whiting ordered to preach before her, vi. 102, charge
prepared by Francis Bacon against her, in case she pleaded guilty,
vi. 104, delivered out of the Tower

Soot, a good compost

Soporiferous medicines.

vi. 304

i. 392, 446
ii. 69

Sorrel, i. 470, the root thereof sometimes three cubits deep ibid.
Sovereign. See King.

Soul of man was first breathed into him by God, ii. 483, of good
men how disposed of after death, ii. 488, of idiots and wise men
the same

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Soul, doctrine of the human soul

Soul of the world.

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ii. 475

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i. 294

Sounds musical and immusical
Sounds, why more apt to procure sleep than tones, i. 297, nature of
sounds not sufficiently inquired, i. 299, motions, great, in nature
without sounds, ibid. nullity and entity of sounds, i. 299, et. seq.
swiftness of motion may make sounds inaudible, i. 300. Sound
not an elision of the air, i. 303, the reasons thereof, i. 303,
304. Sounds not produced without some local motion of the
medium, i. 304, yet distinction to be made betwixt the
motion of the air, and the sounds themselves, ibid. great
sounds without great motions in the air, from other bo-
dies, i. 305, have rarified the air much, ibid. have caused deaf-
ness, ibid. inclosure of sounds preserveth them, i. 306. Sounds
partly inclosed, and partly in open air, ibid. better heard from
without than within, ibid. a semiconcave will convey sound better
than open air, ibid. any long pole will do the like, i. 306, 307,
trial to be made in a crooked concave, i. 307. Sounds may be
created without air, ibid. difference of sounds in different vessels
filled with water, ibid. Sound within a flame, ibid. Sound upon a
barrel emptier or fuller, i. 307, 308. Sound not created betwixt
the bow and the string but betwixt the string and the air, i. 308,

the majoration of sounds, i. 311, soft bodies damps ounds, i. 313,
mixture of sounds, ibid. magnitude of sounds, i. 308, i. 314, in a
trunk, i. 306, in a hunter's horn bigger at the lower end, i. 308,
in a vault under the earth, i. 309, in hawk's bells rather than upon
a piece of brass in the open air, ibid. in a drum, ibid. farther
heard by night than by day, why, ibid. increased by the con-
current reflection, ibid. increased by the sound-board in instru-
ments, i. 310, in an Irish harp, ibid. in a virginal the lid shut,
ibid. in a concave within a wall, ibid. in a bow-string, the horn
of the bow laid to the ear, ibid. the like in a rod of iron or brass,
i. 311, the like conveyed by a pillar of wood from an upper cham-
ber to a lower, ibid. the like from the bottom of a well, ibid. five
ways of majoration of sounds, i. 311, exility of sounds through
any porous bodies, i. 312, through water, ibid. strings stopped
short, i. 313, damping of sounds with a soft body ibid. iron hot
not so sounding as cold, i. 313, water warm not so sounding in the
fall, as cold, ibid. loudness and softness of sound differ from mag-
nitude and exility i. 314, loudness of sounds, whence, ibid.
communication of sounds, i. 315, inequality of sounds, i. 316, un-
equal sounds ingrate, ibid, grateful sounds, ibid. musical and im-
musical, at pleasure, only in men and birds, i. 317, humming of
bees, an unequal sound, ibid. metals quenched give a hissing
sound, ibid. base and treble sounds, i. 318, two causes of treble
in strings, ibid. proportion of the air percussed in treble and base,
ibid. trial hereof to be made in the winding up of a string, i. 319,
difference of sounds from the difference of frets, i. 320, in the
bores of wind instruments, ibid. interior and exterior sounds, i. 321,
their difference, ibid. several kinds of each, i. 321, 322, interior
sound rather a concussion than a section of the air, i. 321, sounds
by suction, i. 322, articulation of sounds, ibid. articulate sounds
in every part of the air, ibid. winds hinder not the articulation,
ibid. distance hindereth, i. 322, 323, speaking under water hin-
dereth it not, i. 323, articulation requireth a mediocrity of sound,
ibid. confounded in a room over an arched vault, ibid. notions of
the instruments of speech towards the forming of letters, i. 323, in-
struments of voice which they are, i. 324, inarticulate voices and
inanimate sounds have a similitude with divers letters, ibid. mo-
tions of sounds, i. 325, they move in round, ibid. may move in an
arched line, ibid. supposed that sounds move better downwards
than upwards, i. 326, trial of it, ibid. lasting of sounds, ibid. sounds
continue not, but renew, ibid. great sounds heard at far distance, i.
227, not in the instant of the sound, but long after, ibid. object of
sight quicker than sound, i. 328, sounds vanish by degrees, which
the objects of sight do not, whence, ibid. passage of sounds through
other bodies, ibid. the body intercepting must not be very thick,
ibid. the spirits of the body intercepting, whether they co-operate
in the sound, i. 329, sound not heard in a long downright arch,
ibid. passeth easily through foraminous bodies, ibid. whether di-
minished in the passage through small crannies, ibid. medium of
sounds, i. 330, air the best medium, i. 330, thin air not so good
as thick air, ibid. whether flame a fit medium, ibid. whether
other liquors beside water, ibid. figures of pipes or con-
caves that conduce to the difference of sounds, i. 330, seve-

ral trials of them, i. 331, 332, mixture of sounds, i. 332, audi-
bles mingle in the medium, which visibles do not, ibid. the cause
thereof, ibid. mixture without distinction makes the best harmony,
ibid. qualities in the air have no operation upon sounds, i. 333,
sounds in the air alter one another, ibid. two sounds of like loudness
will not be heard as far again as one, why, ibid. melioration of
sounds, ibid. polished bodies creating sounds meliorate them, i.
333, 334, wet on the inside of a pipe doth the like, ibid.
frosty weather causeth the same, ibid. mingling of open air
with pent air doth the same, ibid. from a body equal sounds
better, ibid. intention of the sense of hearing meliorateth them,
i. 335, imitation of sounds, ibid. the wonder thereof in children
and birds, ibid. reflexion of sounds, i. 357, its several kinds, ibid.
no refraction in sounds observed, i. 340, sympathy and antipathy
of sounds, i. 346, concords and discords in music are sympathies
and antipathies of sounds, ibid. strings that best agree in consort,
ibid. strings tuned to a unison or diapason shew a sympathy,
ibid. sympathy conceived to cause no report, ibid. experiment of
sympathy to be transferred to wind-instruments, i. 347, essence
of sounds spiritual, i. 348, sounds not impressions of the air, ibid.
causes of the sudden generation and perishing of sounds, i. 348,
349, conclusion touching sounds

Sour things, why they provoke appetite
Sourness in fruits and liquors, its cause
Souring of liquors in the sun

i. 249

ii. 9

ii. 28

ii. 40

Southampton, his confession of Essex's design, iii. 147, 148, is made
general of the horse in Ireland by Essex, contrary to the queen's
command, iii. 149, his trial, with lord Essex's, iii. 168, his defence,
iii. 171, an answer to his defence, iii. 173, he is found guilty of
treason, iii. 176, his examinations and confessions at and after ar-
raignment, iii. 205, some farther account of him
v. 281
South-winds dispose men's bodies to heaviness, i. 383, south-winds
hurtful to fruit blossoming, i. 467, south-winds without rain breed
pestilence, with rain not, whence, i. 520, on the sea-coast not so,

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i. 393

South-east sun better than south-west for ripening fruit
Spain, its subjection formerly to several kingdoms, iii. 303, union of
its kingdoms, iii. 259, sets fire to its Indian fleet, iii. 238, success
of our English arms against them, ibid. a report of their injuries to
us, as represented by the merchants, iii. 330, 331, 332, some ex-
tenuations of their injuries to us, iii. 335, 336, concerning the
trade thither, iii. 336, we are not to transport any commodities
of the Low-countries thither, iii. 336, its state considered, iii. 57,
its enterprise upon England, with the invincible armada, and the
ignoble return, iii. 63, 64, is not to be feared by us, iii. 64, king
thereof, compared with Philip of Macedon, iii. 76, aims at univer-
sal monarchy, ibid. his ambition, how crossed, iii. 78, the de-
signs thereof upon several nations, ibid. &c. is hindered in his in-
tended conquests, by the wars in the Low-countries, iii. 79, their
proceedings with several other states, iii. 80, their ill treatment of
our merchants, iii. 87, 88, they lay aside thoughts of meddling
with England, and attack France, iii. 106, the intentions of the
king against queen Elizabeth, ibid. he designs to poison her, iii.

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107, a match proposed with Spain, but king James is advised
against it, unless all his council agree in it
v. 467, 468
Spain has but two enemies, all the world and its own ministers,

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iii. 534

Spain, notes of a speech concerning a war with Spain, iii. 493, et
seq. considerations of war with it
Spalato, archbishop of

Spanish Montera

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iii. 499
ii. 432, 433

ii. 109

Spaniards and Spartans of small dispatch, ii. 312. Spaniards seem
wiser than they are, ii. 313, the wonder how they hold such
large dominions with so few natural Spaniards, ii. 326, have had a
veteran army for six score years, ii. 329, no such giants as some
think, iii. 499, accessions to their monarchy recounted, iii. 509,
twice invaded England and Ireland, iii. 510, no overmatch for
England, iii. 513, armada intended for an utter conquest, iii. 517
Sparta was jealous of naturalizing persons, the fatal consequences
of it to them

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iii. 303
Spartans, the cause of their ruin, ii. 326, the patience of the Spartan

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Sparkling woods by sudden breaking
Species visible and spiritual

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ii. 349

i. 463

i. 509, ii. 47

ii. 348

Speech always with expulsion of breath, i. 304, wonderful imitation
of it in children and birds, i. 335, discretion of speech better
than eloquence, ii. 334, 335, how influenced
Speech about recovering drowned mineral works
ii. 208
Speech, a report of the earls of Salisbury's and Northampton's, upon
the merchants' petition relating to the Spanish grievances, iii. 330,
to the king, upon presenting to him from the parliament an ac-
count of some grievances, iii. 357, to obtain liberty of the king to
treat upon compounding for tenures, iii. 359, concerning the par-
liament's manner of receiving messages from the king, iii. 369,
one in behalf of a supply to be given to the king, iii. 382, about
a set of men in parliament called undertakers, iii. 395, upon re-
ceiving the great seal, iv. 486, before the summer circuits, iv.
497, upon making Sir William Jones lord chief justice of Ireland,
iv. 501, upon Denham's being made baron of the exchequer, iv.
504, upon making Hutton one of the judges of the common pleas,
iv. 507, upon Richardson's excusing himself to be speaker of the
house of commons

Speeches, an appendix of history

iii. 404

Spencer, Hugh, his banishment, iv. 351, his dangerous assertion
concerning the homage of the subject

i. 89


Spencer, Alderman, left his vast fortune to his daughter, who mar-
ried lord Compton

vi. 3

ii. 487

Spirit, the Holy, how it is ordinarily dispensed
Spirits of wine cold to the touch.

i. 278

Spirits in bodies scarce known, i. 289, several opinions of them,
ibid. they are natural bodies rarefied, i. 290, causes of most of the
effects in nature, ibid. they have six differing operations, i. 363.
Spirit of wine, several experiments about it, i. 378,379. Spirits in
bodies, i. 449, 450, how they differ in animate and inanimate, ibid.
how in plants and living creatures, i. 451, motion of the spirits ex-

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cited by the moon, ii. 40, the strengthening of them prohibiteth
i. 369
Spirits of men fly upon odious objects, i. 522, the transmission of
spirits, ii. 44, et seq. transmission of them from the minds of men,
ii. 56, et seq. such things as comfort the spirits by sympathy,
ii. 65, 66, the strife of the spirits best helped by arresting them
for a time
ii. 68
Spoils in war, like water spilt on the ground, not to be gotten up,

Springs of water made by art
Spring-water on the top of hills best
Sprouting of plants with water only

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Spunge draws up water higher than the surface
Spunges, the place and manner of their growth
Spur of birds is but a nail

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Squill, good to set kernels or plumb-stones in
Squinting, whence it proceeds

Squire, Edward, executed for treason

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v. 139, 140

i. 254

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i. 388

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i. 462

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i. 281, ii. 36

i. 486

i. 504

i. 403

ii. 30

vi. 41

Staffords, Humphry and Thomas, take arms against Henry VII. v.

18, fly for sanctuary to Colnham, v. 19. Humphry executed,
and the younger pardoned


Stafford, Edward, eldest son of the Duke of Buckingham, v. 16, re-
stored by Henry VII. to his dignities and fortunes
Stag's-horn, ivy said to grow out of one
Stag's-heart, with a bone in it

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Stanley, William, puts a crown on Henry VII. in the field, v. 8,
Sir William favours Perkin, v. 98, is lord chamberlain, v. 105,
impeached by Clifford, v. 106, one of the richest subjects, v. 107,
condemned and beheaded
Stanley, Thomas lord, made earl of Derby at the coronation of
Henry VII. v. 12, being the king's father-in-law, ibid. brother
to Sir William

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Stanley, imprisoned in the Tower
Stars lesser obscured, a sign of tempest
Star-chamber confirmed by parliament in certain cases, v. 54, one of
the sagest institutions in the kingdom
Statim, its meaning explained by several cases
Statute laws the great number of them censured, iv. 366, they want
most correcting of any, iv. 367, more doubts arise upon them than
upon the common law, iv. 369, the method of reforming them,
iv. 373, of 27th of Henry VIII. concerning a use, its advantage
and extent, iv. 120, &c. this statute takes away all uses, and re-
duces the law to the ancient form of conveyance of land by feoff-
ment, fine, and recovery, iv. 123, of 39 of Elizabeth, concerning
the explanation of the word marches, iv. 278, of 2 Edward VI. for
the same, ibid of 32 of Henry VIII. for the same, ibid. of 37 of
Henry VIII. for the same, ibid. of 4 of Edward IV. for the same

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