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charges of this plantation should be considered first by experi
enced men, ibid. considerations touching the reducing thereof to
peace and government, v. 264, all relics of the war there to be
extinguished, ibid. the hearts of the people to be won over, and
by what methods, v. 266, occasions of new troubles to be re-
moved, v. 268, 269, farther considerations touching the manage-
ment of the plantations and buildings there, v. 269, 270, safety
of it recommended
vi. 362, 363

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ii. 349
Irish rebel, his petition to be hanged in a with
Iron, hot, sounds less than cold, i. 313. Iron sharpens iron, how
ii. 380
Iron instruments hurtful for wounds, i. 520, whether it can be in-
corporated with flint, ii. 187, may be dissolved by common wa-
ter, if calcified with sulphur

ii. 205

Isabella, queen, what she said of good forms, ii. 377, see v. 85, an
honour of her sex and times, dies, v. 173. See Ferdinando.
Islanders bodies

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Isocrates long-lived.

i. 384

ii. 56

Israel and Judah united under David, iii. 266, they again separate,

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Italy, the state of affairs there considered

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iii. 56


iv. 92

Judges of assize, their origin, iv. 91, they succeed the ancient
judges in eyre
Judges of the circuits sit by five commissions, which are reckoned
up, with the authority they each give
Judges of gaol delivery, their manner of proceeding, iv. 93, several
excellent rules relating to the duty of judges, iv. 507, 508, some
directions to them in their circuits, iv. 497, &c. the portraiture
and duty of a good judge, iv. 507, 508, the nature of their au-
Judges to interpret, not make or give law, ii. 382, should be more
learned than witty, ii. 383, their office extends to their parties,
advocates, clerks, and sovereign, ibid. four branches of their of-
ii. 382, 383
fice, ii. 384, essential qualifications of judges
Judgment of the last day, ii. 488, no change of things after that,

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Judicature, ii. 382, sour and bitter
Jugglers, i. 415, their binding in the imagination, and inforcing a

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Juices of fruit, fit for drinks, i. 458, unfit for them, ibid. the cause
of each

Julius III.

Julius II. summons Henry VII. to the holy war
Jura, how many kinds thereof among the Romans
Jurisdictions of courts without jarring •

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Juris placita, et juris regulæ, their difference, iv. 50, the Juris regu
le are never to be violated, ibid, the placita are to be often, ibid.
Jury, may supply the defect of evidence out of their own know-
ledge, but are not compellable thereto, iv. 31, 32, the care of our
iv. 382
laws about them, iv. 184, of the verge, their duty
Jus in re, et jus in rem, the difference between them stated, iv. 161

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Jus connubii, civitatis, suffragii, et petitionis, how these corre-
iii. 265
spond to our freedoms.
Justice, king James's administration of it commended, iv. 435, em-
ploys the three other cardinal virtues in her service, iv. 447, in
chancery to be administered speedily, the corruption of it com-
plained of, iii. 70, lord Bacon's saying upon the perverting of it,

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v. 409

Justices of assize, their authority lessened by the court of common
iv. 91, 92
Justices in eyre, dealt in private masters only, iv. 91, their autho-
rity translated to justices of assize
Justices of the peace, their origin, iv. 88, they succeed the conser-
vators, and are delegated to the chancellor, ibid. their authority,
iv. 89,.are to attend the judges in their county, iv. 97, their of-
fice farther declared, iv. 316, itinerants in Wales, their jurisdic-
tion, iv. 315, of the quorum, who are so, iv. 316, how called so,
ibid. are appointed by the lord keeper
Justinian, by commissioners forms the civil law, iv. 368, his saying
upon that work

Justs and tourneys

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Ivy growing out of a stag's horn, scarce credible

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iv. 378

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ii. 347

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KATHARINE, daughter of Edward IV. married to William
Courtney, earl of Devonshire

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v. 169

Katharine of Spain, her marriage to prince Arthur, v. 156, made in
blood, ibid. fourth daughter of Ferdinando, king of Spain,

Kelly, the alchemist

Kemp, Mr. Robert, a letter from Mr. Bacon to him
Kendal, prior of St. John's.

v. 162

ii. 431


vi. 7
v. 127

ii. 67

Kernels of grapes applied to the roots of vines, make them more
early and prosperous, i. 261. Kernels put into a squill come up
earlier, i. 402, 403, some fruits come up more happily from the
kernel than the graft, i. 404. Kernels of apples will produce
i. 404, 405
Kildare, deputy of Ireland, v. 111, seized, acquitted, and replaced,

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Killing of others, the several degrees and manners of it, with the
punishment due to each

King a description of one.

iv. 414
ii. 97, 98, iii. 486

King, an essay of one, ii. 393, 394, 395. God doth most for kings,
and they least for him, ii. 393, the fountain of honour, which
should not run with a waste pipe, ii. 394, a prodigal one next a
tyrant, ibid. ought to have five things under his special care, ii.

395, have few things to desire, and many to fear, ii. 296, with
whom they have to deal, ii. 297, the value they set upon friend-
ship, ii. 315, should not side with factions, ii. 376, his proper
title in our laws, iv. 326, ought to be called natural liege sove-
reign, in opposition to rightful or lawful sovereign, ibid. his natu-
ral politic capacity should not be confounded, iv. 348, his natural
person different from those of his subjects, iv. 349, privileges be-
longing to his person and crown, ibid. offences committed against
his person, how punishable, iv. 388, 389. King takes to him
and his heirs, and not to his successors, iv. 350, his natural per-
son operates not only on his wife, &c. but also on his subjects,
ibid. five acts of parliament explained, relating to a distinction
that homage followeth the crown, rather than the person of the
king, iv. 351, perilous consequences of this distinction, ibid. pre-
cedents examined relating to the same, iv. 354, how often he has
other dominions united by descent of blood, ibid. when he ob-
tains a country by war, to which he hath right by birth, he holdeth
it by this latter, iv. 356, his person represented in three things,
iv. 388, the great heinousness of conspiring against their lives,
iv. 442, his sovereignty to be held sacred, iii. 371. James I. the
sum of his charge to Sir Francis Bacon, upon delivery of the
great seal to him, iv. 486, enumeration of those kings whose
reigns have been most happy, iii. 48, 49, why they administer by
their judges, when they themselves are supreme judges, ii. 534.
Kings are distinguished in hell, by Menippus in Lucian, only by
their louder cries, &c. ii. 474, there are four ways by which the
death of the king is said to be compassed .
Kingdoms, the foundations of them are of two sorts
King's-bench, first instituted by William the Conqueror, iv. 84, 91,
its jurisdiction, ibid. dealt formerly only in crown matters,

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v. 346

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iii. 317

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iv. 91

iii. 323

Kinsale taken by the English.
iii. 525, 526
Knighthood, a new order to be erected upon the union of England
and Scotland, iii. 277, to be conferred with some difference and
precedence upon the planting of Ireland
Knights of the Bath
• v. 105, 106
Knight's-service in capite first instituted, what reservations the con-
queror kept to himself in the institution of this tenure, iv. 102,
tenants by this service vowed homage and fealty to the king, iv.
104, every heir succeeding his ancestors, paid one year's profit
of the land to the king, ibid. it is a tenure, de persona regis, ibid.
tenures held this way cannot be alienated by the tenant without
licence of the king, iv. 105, a tenant to a lord by it, why first
instituted, iv. 106, a tenant to a lord by this service is not such
of the person of the lord, but of his manor

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ii. 135

Knights of the shire were required to be milites gladio cincti, iv. 236
Knowd, his confession relating to Essex's treason iii. 143, 146
Knowledge, its limits and ends, ii. 127, impediments.
Knowledge, when indigested, ii. 15, discourse in praise of it, ii. 123
Knowledge ought to be purged of two things

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v. 207


LACEDÆMONIANS, ii, 436, besieged by the Athenians, ibid.
causes of their wars


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ii. 328

iii. 455

Lake, Sir Thomas, some account of him, v. 361, secretary of state,
vi. 92, 118, sworn of the council of Scotland
Lake, lady, her submission

Lamia, the courtezan

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Lambert Simnel, the impostor. See Simnel.

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vi. 155, 233
vi. 232

ii. 416

Lamps of sundry sorts, i. 379, 381, burn a long time in tombs, i. 382
ii. 352
Land, the value of it sunk by usury
Lands, all in England were in the hands of the conqueror, except
religious and church lands, and what belonged to the men of Kent,
iv. 97, left by the sea are the king's, iv. 98, are all holden of the
crown, iv. 102, in what cases only a man is attainted to lose them,
iv. 108, that are entailed, escheat to the king by treason, iv. 110,
when forfeited to the lord, and when to the crown, ibid. not
passed from one to another upon payment of money, unless there
be a deed indented and inrolled, iv. 120, how many ways con-
veyed, iv. 117, settle according to the intent of the parties upon
fines, feoffments, recoveries, ibid. held in capite or socage, can
be devised only two parts of the whole, iv. 123, the rest descends
to the heir, and for what uses, ibid. the whole may be conveyed
by act, executed in the life-time of the party, iv. 124, entailed,
are reckoned part of the third, ibid. how a supply is to be made,
when the heir has not the full thirds, ibid. the power of the tes-
tator in this case, iv. 124, 125, no lands are charged by way of
tribute, but all by way of tenure, iv. 234, were by the common
law formerly not devisable.

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Language, the being of one language a mark of union
Lanthony, prior of, made chancellor of Ireland.
Lard put to waste taketh away warts

Larrey, Monsieur de, his history commended.

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iv. 173

iii. 490

Lassitude, why remedied by anointing and warm water
Lasting trees and herbs, i. 440, designation to make plants
lasting than ordinary

Late flowers and plants.

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Latimer, bishop, his way to enrich the king

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Laughing, a continued expulsion of the breath, i, 493, is always
preceded by a conceit of something ridiculous, i. 494, whence
its several effects proceed


Laws like cob-webs, ii. 454, tortured, the worst of tortures, ii. 383,
of Henry VII. v. 54, 60, breaches of the law of nature and
nations, iii. 485, 486, of England, second to none in the Christian
. . iii. 438

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Laws penal, Sir Stephen Proctor's project relating to them,
iii. 348, et seq.

Lawgivers much commended, iv. 375, 379, were long after kings,
iv. 326

Laws of England, a proposal for amending them, iv. 363, com-
mended, iv. 366, are made up of customs of several nations, iv.
365, are not to be altered as to the matter, so much as the mauner
of them, iv. 365, the dignity of such a performance, iv. 364, and
the convenience of it, ibid. the inconveniences of our laws, iv.
366, what sort of them want most amending, ibid. a good direc-
tion concerning any doubts that happen in the law, ibid. whether
the form of statute or common law be best, iv. 369, the advan-
tage of good laws, iv. 375, ours commended as to the matter of
them, iv. 379, the civilians' saying, that law intends no wrong, iv.
26, whether a man may not control the intendment of the law
by particular express words, iv. 67, the use of law, which con-
sists in three things chiefly-to secure men's persons from death
and violence, to dispose the property of their goods and lauds,
and for the preservation of their good names from shame and in-
famy, iv. 82, very much favour life, liberty, and dower, iv. 186,
345, what effects they have upon the king, iv. 325, they operate
in foreign parts, iv. 331, are not superinduced upon any country
by conquest, iv. 340, all national ones that abridge the law of na-
ture, are to be construed strictly, iv. 345, of England and Scot-
land are diverse and several, this is urged as an objection against
the naturalization of the Scots, and answered, iv. 339, 344, are
rather figura reipublicæ than forma, iii. 298, our common laws are
not in force in Guernsey and Jersey, ibid. statute ones are not in
force in Ireland, ibid. do not alter the nature of climates, iii. 299,
the wisdom of them in the distribution of benefits and protections
suitable to the conditions of persons, iii. 300, &c. a review of our
laws much recommended, 311, those of Scotland have the same
ground as of England, iii. 310, in general, may be divided into
three kinds, iii. 265, how they are to be ordered upon the union of
England and Scotland, iii. 280, 281, are divided into criminal
and civil, iii. 281, criminal ones are divided into capital and pe-
nal, ibid. were well maintained by king James, iv. 436, the rigour
of them complained of by foreigners, relating to traffic, iii. 338,
of nations, not to be violated by wars, iii. 40, of God, obscurely
known by the light of nature, but more fully discovered by re-
velation, ii. 484. See Case.

Law-suits, most frequent in times of peace, with the reason of it,

iv. 7
Lawyers and popes, ii. 432, the study of lawyers' cases recommend-
ed, ii. 375. Lawyers and clergymen more obsequious to their
prince in employments, v. 189, civil lawyers should not be dis-

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iii. 444
Lead will multiply and grow, i. 524, an observation on mixing it
with silver
i. 525, ii. 197
Leagues within the state pernicious to monarchies, ii. 376. League
with the Hollanders for mutual strength
Leaning long upon any part, why it causeth numbness

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iii. 452

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i. 499

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