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authors who have published discourses of practical divinity. I no sooner saw this venerable man in the pulpit but I very much approved of my friend's insisting upon the

qualifications of a good aspect and a clear voice ; for I 5 was so charmed with the gracefulness of his figure and

delivery, as well as with the discourses he pronounced, that I think I never passed any time more to my satisfaction. A sermon repeated after this manner is like the composition of a poet in the mouth of a graceful actor.

I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example ; and instead of wasting their spirits in laborious compositions of their own, would endeavor after a handsome elocution, and all those other

talents that are proper to enforce what has been penned 15 by greater masters. This would not only be more easy to

themselves, but more edifying to the people. L.



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The reception, manner of attendance, undisturbed free dom and quiet, which I meet with here in the country, has

confirmed me in the opinion I always had, that the general 20 corruption of manners in servants is owing to the conduct

of masters. The aspect of every one in the family carries so much satisfaction that it appears he knows the happy lot which has befallen him in being a member of it. There

is one particular which I have seldom seen but at Sir 25 Roger's : it is usual in all other places that servants fly

from the parts of the house through which their master is passing ; on the contrary, here, they industriously place themselves in his way; and it is on both sides, as it were, understood as a visit, when the servants appear without calling. This proceeds from the humane and equal temper of the man of the house, who also perfectly well knows 5 how to enjoy a great estate with such economy as ever to be. much beforehand. This makes his own mind untroubled, and consequently unapt to vent peevish expressions, or give passionate or inconsistent orders to those about him. Thus respect and love go together; and a certain cheer- 10 fulness in performance of their duty is the particular distinction of the lower part of this family. When a servant is called before his master, he does not come with an expectation to hear himself rated for some trivial fault, threatened to be stripped, or used with any other unbecoming 15 language, which mean masters often give to worthy servants : but it is often to know what road he took that he came so readily back according to order; whether he passed by such a ground; if the old man who rents it is in good health ; or whether he gave Sir Roger's love 20 to him, or the like.

A man who preserves a respect founded on his benevolence to his dependants lives rather like a prince than a master in his family, his orders are received as favors, rather than duties; and the distinction of approaching 25 him is part of the reward for executing what is commanded by him.

There is another circumstance in which my friend excels in his management, which is the manner of rewarding his servants. He has ever been of opinion that giving his 30 cast clothes to be worn by valets has a very ill effect upon little minds, and creates a silly sense of equality between the parties, in persons affected only with outward things. I have heard him often pleasant on this occasion, and

describe a young gentleman abusing his man in that coat which a month or two before was the most pleasing distinction he was conscious of in himself. He would turn

his discourse still more pleasantly upon the ladies' boun5 ties of this kind; and I have heard him say he knew a

fine woman who distributed rewards and punishments in giving becoming or unbecoming dresses to her maids.

But my good friend is above these little instances of good-will, in bestowing only trifles on his servants; a 10 good servant to him is sure of having it in his choice very

soon of being no servant at all. As I before observed, he is so good an husband, and knows so thoroughly that the skill of the purse is the cardinal virtue of this life,

*I say, he knows so well that frugality is the support of 15 generosity, that he can often spare a large fine when a

tenement falls, and give that settlement to a good servant who has a mind to go into the world, or make a stranger pay the fine to that servant, for his more comfortable maintenance, if he stays in his service. )

A man of honor and generosity considers it would be miserable to himself to have no will but that of another, though it were of the best person breathing, and for that reason goes on as fast as he is able to put his servants

into independent livelihoods. The greatest part of Sir 25 Roger's estate is tenanted by persons who have served

himself or his ancestors. It was to me extremely pleasant to observe the visitants from several parts to welcome his arrival into the country; and all the difference that I

could take notice of between the late servants who came 30 to see him and those who stayed in the family, was that

these latter were looked upon as finer gentlemen and better courtiers.

This manumission and placing them in a way of livelihood I look upon as only what is due to a good servant,


persons in all

which encouragement will make his successor be as diligent, as humble, and as ready as he was. There is something wonderful in the narrowness of those minds which can be pleased, and be barren of bounty to those who please them.

5 One might, on this occasion, recount the sense that great


have had of the merit of their dependants, and the heroic services which men have done their masters in the extremity of their fortunes, and shown to their undone patrons that fortune was all the difference 10 between them ; but as I design this my speculation only

l as a gentle admonition to thankless masters, I shall not go out of the occurrences of common life, but assert it, as a general observation, that I never saw, but in Sir Roger's family and one or two more, good servants treated as they 15 ought to be. Sir Roger's kindness extends to their chil

. dren's children, and this very morning he sent his coachman's grandson to prentice. I shall conclude this paper with an account of a picture in his gallery, where there are many which will deserve my future observation.

At the very upper end of this handsome structure I saw the portraiture of two young men standing in a river, — the one naked, the other in a livery. The person supported seemed half dead, but still so much alive as to show in his face exquisite joy and love towards the other. 25 I thought the fainting figure resembled my friend Sir Roger; and, looking at the butler, who stood by me, for an account of it, he informed me that the person in the livery was a servant of Sir Roger's, who stood on the shore while his master was swimming, and observing him taken 30 with some sudden illness, and sink under water, jumped in and saved him. He told me Sir Roger took off the dress he was in as soon as he came home, and by a great bounty at that time, followed by his favor ever since, had


made him master of that pretty seat which we saw at a distance as we came to this house. I remembered indeed Sir Roger said there lived a very worthy gentleman, to

whom he was highly obliged, without mentioning anything 5 further. Upon my looking a little dissatisfied at some part of the picture, my attendant informed me that it was against Sir Roger's will, and at the earnest request of the gentleman himself, that he was drawn in the habit in which he had saved his master.


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10 As I was yesterday morning walking with Sir Roger

before his house, a country fellow brought him a huge fish, which, he told him, Mr. William Wimble had caught that very morning; and that he presented it with his ser

vice to him, and intended to come and dine with him. At 15 the same time he delivered a which


friend read to me as soon as the messenger left him.

“Sir Roger, “I desire you to accept of a jack, which is the best I have caught this season. I intend to come and stay with 20 you a week, and see how the perch bite in the Black River.

I observed with some concern, the last time I saw you upon the bowling green, that your whip wanted a lash to it; I will bring half a dozen with me that I twisted last

week, which I hope will serve you all the time you are in 25 the country. I have not been out of the saddle for six

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