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a very lovely woman. She has been a widow for two or three years, and being unfortunate in her first marriage, has taken a resolution never to venture upon a second. She has no children to take care of, and leaves the management of her estate to my good friend Sir Roger. But s as the mind naturally sinks into a kind of lethargy, and falls asleep, that is not agitated by some favorite pleasures and pursuits, Leonora has turned all the passions of her sex into a love of books and retirement. She converses chiefly with men, as she has often said herself, — but 10 it is only in their writings ; and admits of very few male visitants except my friend Sir Roger, whom she hears with great pleasure and without scandal.

As her reading has lain very much among romances, it has given her a very particular turn of thinking, and 15 discovers itself even in her house, her gardens, and her furniture. Sir Roger has entertained me an hour together with a description of her country seat, which is situated in. a kind of wilderness, about an hundred miles distant from London,

and looks like a little enchanted palace. The 20 rocks about her

are shaped into artificial grottoes covered with woodbines and jessamines. The woods are cut into shady walks, twisted into bowers, and filled with cages of turtles. The springs are made to run among pebbles, and by that means taught to murmur very agreeably. 25 They are likewise collected into a beautiful lake that is inhabited by a couple of swans, and empties itself by a little rivulet which runs through a green meadow, and is known in the family by the name of the Purling Stream

The knight likewise tells me that this lady preserves 30 her game better than any of the gentlemen in the country. “Not,” says Sir Roger, " that she sets so great a value upon

her partridges and pheasants, as upon her larks and nightingales : for she says that every bird which is killed

in her ground will spoil a consort, and that she shall certainly miss him the next year."

When I think how oddly this lady is improved by learning, I look upon her with a mixture of admiration and. 5 pity. Amidst these innocent entertainments which she

has formed to herself, how much more valuable does she appear than those of her sex who employ themselves in diversions that are less reasonable, though more in fashion.

What improvements would a woman have made, who is so 10 susceptible of impressions from what she reads, had she

been guided to such books as have a tendency to enlighten the understanding and rectify the passions, as well as to those which are of little more use than to divert the

imagination. 15 But the manner of a lady's employing herself usefully

in reading shall be the subject of another paper, in which I design to recommend such particular books as may be proper for the improvement of the sex. And as this

is a subject of a very nice nature, I shall desire my 20 correspondents to give me their thoughts upon it. C.


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HAVING often received an invitation from my friend Sir Roger de Coverley to pass away a nonth with him in the country, I last week accompanied him thither, and am

settled with him for some time at his country house, where 25 I intend to form several of my ersuing speculations. Sir

Roger, who is very well acquainted with my humor, lets

me rise and go to bed when I please, dine at his own table or in my chamber, as I think fit, sit still and say nothing without bidding me be merry. When the gentlemen of the country come to see him, he only shows me at a distance. As I have been walking in his fields I have 5 observed them stealing a sight of me over an hedge, and have heard the knight desiring them not to let me see them, for that I hated to be stared at.

I am the more at ease in Sir Roger's family because it consists of sober and staid persons ; for, as the knight is to the best master in the world, he seldom changes his servants; and as he is beloved by all about him, his servants

; never care for leaving him ; by this means his domestics are all in years, and grown old with their master. You would take his valet de chambre for his brother, his butler 15 is gray-headed, his groom is one of the gravest men that I have ever seen, and his coachman has the looks of a privy counsellor. You see the goodness of the master even in the old house dog, and in gray pad that is kept in the stable with great care and tenderness out of regard 20 to his past services, though he has been useless for several years.

I could not but observe with a great deal of pleasure the joy that appeared in the countenances of these ancient domestics upon my friend's arrival at his country seat. 25 Some of them could not refrain from tears at the sight of their old master ; every one of them pressed forward to do something for him, and seemed discouraged if they were not employed. At the same time the good old knight, with a mixture of the father and the master of 30 the family, tempered the inquiries after his own affairs with several kind questions relating to themselves. This humanity and good nature engages everybody to him, so that when he is pleasant upon any of them, all his family

are in good humor, and none so much as the person whom he diverts himself with ; on the contrary, if he coughs, or

l betrays any infirmity of old age, it is easy for a stander-by

to observe a secret concern in the looks of all of his 5 servants.

My worthy friend has put me under the particular care of his butler, who is a very prudent man, and, as well as the rest of his fellow-servants, wonderfully desirous of

pleasing me, because they have often heard their master 10 talk of me as of his particular friend.

My chief companion, when Sir Roger is diverting himself in the woods or the fields, is a very venerable man who is ever with Sir Roger, and has lived at his house in

the nature of a chaplain above thirty years. This gentle15 man is a person of good sense and some learning, of a very regular life and obliging conversation ; he heartily

| ; loves Sir Roger, and knows that he is very much in the old knight's esteem, so that he lives in the family rather as a relation than a dependant.

I have observed in several of my papers, that my friend Sir Roger, amidst all his good qualities, is something of an humorist, and that his virtues as well as imperfections are, as it were, tinged by a certain extravagance which

makes them particularly his, and distinguishes them from 25 those of other men. This cast of mind, as it is gener

ally very innocent in itself, so it renders his conversation highly agreeable, and more delightful than the same degree of sense and virtue would appear in their common

and ordinary colors. As I was walking with him last 30 night, he asked me how I liked the good man whom I

have just now mentioned; and without staying for my answer, told me that he was afraid of being insulted with Latin and Greek at his own table, for which reason he desired a particular friend of his at the university to find


him out a clergyman, rather of plain sense than much learning, of a good aspect, a clear voice, a sociable temper, and, if possible, a man that understood a little of backgammon. “My friend,” says Sir Roger, "found me out this gentleman, who, besides the endowments required 5 of him, is, they tell me, a good scholar, though he does not show it. I have given him the parsonage of the parish, and, because I know his value, have settled upon him a good annuity for life. If he outlives me, he shall find that he was higher in my esteem than perhaps he 10 thinks he is. He has now been with me thirty years, and though he does not know I have taken notice of it, has never in all that time asked anything of me for himself, though he is every day soliciting me for something in behalf of one or other of my tenants, his parish- 15 ioners. There has not been a lawsuit in the parish since he has lived among them : if any dispute arises they apply themselves to him for the decision; if they do not acquiesce in his judgment, — which I think never happened above once or twice at most, — they appeal to me. At his 20 first settling with me, I made him a present of all the good sermons which have been printed in English, and only begged of him that every Sunday he would pronounce one of them in the pulpit. Accordingly he has digested them into such a series that they follow one another nat- 25 urally, and make a continued system of practical divinity.

As Sir Roger was going on in his story, the gentleman we were talking of came up to us ; and upon the knight's asking him who preached to-morrow (for it was Saturday night), told us the Bishop of St. Asaph in the morning 30 and Dr. South in the afternoon. He then showed us his list of preachers for the whole year, where I saw, with a great deal of pleasure, Archbishop Tillotson, Bishop Saunderson, Dr. Barrow, Dr. Calamy, with several living

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