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Aum. Who sets me else? by heaven, I'll throw
at all : I have a thousand spirits in one breast?, To answer twenty thousand such as you.
Surrey. My Lord Fitzwater, I do remember well The very time Aumerle and
did talk. Fitz. 'Tis very true: you were in presence then; And you can witness with me, this is true.
Surrey. As false, by heaven, as heaven itself is true.
Dishonourable boy !
Fitz. How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse!
he lies, And lies, and lies: there is my bond of faith, To tie thee to my strong correction.As I intend to thrive in this new world, Aumerle is guilty of my true appeal: probably means ' I lay the burthen of my pledge upon the earth to the like purpose,' accompanying the words by throwing his mailed glove to the ground. Some of the quartos read take. 7. A thousand hearts are great within my bosom.”
King Richard III. 8 I dare meet him where no help can be had by me against him. So in Macbeth :
or be alive again, And dare me to the desert with thy sword.' Thus also in The Lover's Progress, by Beaumont and Fletcher:
• Maintain thy treason with thy sword ? with what
I durst encounter it.' 9 i. e, in this world, where I have just begun to be an actor. Surrey has just called him boy.
Besides, I heard the banish’d Norfolk say,
Aum. Some honest Christian trust me with a gage,
Boling. These differences shall all rest under gage,
Car. That honourable day shall ne'er be seen.“
Boling. Why, bishop, is Norfolk dead?
Enter YORK, attended.
10 Holinshed says that on this occasion he threw down a hood that he had borrowed.
" This is not historically true. The duke of Norfolk's death did not take place till after Richard's murder.
To the possession of thy royal band :
12 Hume gives the words that Henry actually spoke on this occasion, which he copied from Knyghton, and accompanies them by a very ingenious commentary.--Hist. of Eng. 4to ed. vol. ix.
13 i.e. nobleness; a word now obsolete, but common in Shakspeare's time.
14 This speech, which contains in the most express terms the doctrine of passive obedience, is founded upon Holinshed's account. The sentiments would not in the reign of Elizabeth or James have been regarded as novel or unconstitutional. It is observable that usurpers are as ready to avail themselves of divine right as lawful sovereigns; to dwell upon the sacredness of their persons, and the sanctity of their character. Even that 'catpurse of the empire, Claudius, in Hamlet, affects to believe that
such divinity doth hedge a king.' 15 The quarto reads forfend. VOL. V.
Should show so heinous, black, obscene a deed !
Boling. Fetch hither Richard, thatin common view
surrender; so we shall proceed Without suspicion.
16 The quarto reads raise.
17 i. e. grandchildren. Pope altered it to‘children's children,' and was followed by others. The old copies read, ' Lest child, childs children.'
18 What follows, almost to the end of the act, is not found in the first two quartos. The addition was made in the quarto of 1608. In the quarto, 1597, after the words ‘his day of trial,' the scene thus closes :
* Bol. Let it be so: and lo! on Wednesday next
I will be his conduct 19. [Exit. Boling. Lords, you that are here under our arrest, Procure your sureties for
your days of answer :Little are we beholden to your love, [To CAR. And little look'd for at your helping hands. Re-enter YORK, with KING RICHARD, and Officers
bearing the Crown, 8c. K. Rich. Alack, why am I sent for to a king, Before I have shook off the regal thoughts Wherewith I reign'd? I hardly yet have learn'd To insinuate, fatter, bow, and bend
knee 20 : Give sorrow leave a while to tutor me To this submission. Yet I well remember The favours 21 of these men: Were they not mine? Did they not sometime cry, all hail! to me? So Judas did to Christ: but he, in twelve, Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand,
God save the king !—Will no man say, amen?
York. To do that office, of thine own good will,
seize the crown; On this side, my hand; and on that side, yours. Now is this golden crown like a deep well,
22 two buckets filling one another;
19 i. e, conductor. So in King Henry VI. Part 11. :
Although thou hast been conduct of my shame.' 20 The quarto reads limbs. 2 Countenances, features.