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For 'twere no charity : yet, to wash your blood
sinful hours, Made a divorce betwixt his
and him ;
1 i. e. quite, completely. Thus in Shakspeare's seventy-fifth Sonnet:
• And by and by clean starved for a look.' • Quite and cleane to take awaye an opinion from one. Excutere opinionem radicitus.'-Baret.
2 There seems to be no authority for this. Isabel, Richard's second queen, was but nine years old at this period ; his first queen, Anne, died in 1392, and he was very fond of her.
3 To dispark signifies to divest a park of its name and character, by destroying the enclosures, and the vert (or whatever bears green leaves, whether wood or underwood), and the beasts of the chase therein; laying it open.
4 The impress was a device, or motto. Ferne, in his Blazon of Gentry, 1588, observes that the arms, &c. of traitors and rebels may be defaced and removed wheresoever they are fixed or set.' For the punishment of a base knight see Spenser's Faerie Queen, b. v. c. iii. st. 37.
To show the world I am a gentleman,
Bushy. More welcome is the stroke of death to me, Than Bolingbroke to England.-Lords, farewell. Green. My comfort is,—that heaven will take our
souls, And plague injustice with the pains of hell. Boling. My Lord Northumberland, see them
despatch'd. [Exeunt NORTHUMBERAND and Others, with
house; For heaven's sake, fairly let her be entreated : Tell her, I send to her my
kind commends 5; Take special care my greetings be deliver’d.
York. A gentleman of mine I have despatch'd With letters of your love to her at large.
Boling. Thanks, gentle uncle.-Come, lords,away: To fight with Glendower and his complices; Awhile to work, and, after, holiday. [Exeunt.
RICHARD, Bishop of Carlisle, AUMERLE, and
Aum. Y ea,my lord: How brooks your grace the air, After your late tossing on the breaking seas?
K. Rich. Needs must I like it well; I weep for joy,
here may be properly inserted the last scene of the second act.'
| The quarto of 1597 reads they.
To stand upon my kingdom once again.-
Aum. He means, my lord, that we are too remiss; Whilst Bolingbroke, through our security, Grows strong and great, in substance, and in friends.
K.Rich. Discomfortable cousin! know'st thou not, That when the searching eye of heaven is hid Behind the globe, and lights the lower world,
2 The old copies read • that lights,' &c. The alteration was made by Johnson.
Then thieves and robbers range abroad unseen, In murders, and in outrage, bloody here; But when, from under this terrestrial ball, He fires the proud tops of the eastern pines, And darts his light through every guilty hole, Then murders, treasons, and detested sins, The cloak of night being pluck'd from off their backs, Stand bare and naked, trembling at themselves? So when this thief, this traitor, Bolingbroke,Who all this while hath revelld in the night, Whilst we were wand'ring with the antipodes,Shall see us rising in our throne the east, His treasons will sit blushing in his face, Not able to endure the sight of day. But, self-affrighted, tremble at his sin. Not all the water in the rough rude sea Can wash the balm from an anointed king : The breath of worldly men cannot depose The deputy elected by the Lord 4 : For every man that Bolingbroke hath press’d, To lift shrewd steel against our golden crown, God for his Richard hath in heavenly pay A glorious angel : then, if angels fight, Weak men must fall; for heaven still guards the right.
Enter SALISBURY. Welcome, my lord; How far off lies your powerS?
Sal. Nor near, nor further off, my gracious lord, 3 • It is not easy (says Steevens) to point out an image more striking and beautiful than this in any poet, ancient or modern.'
4 Here is the doctrine of the divine right of kings, and of the passive obedience of subjects, expressed in the strongest terms. Johnson observes that it has been the fashion to impute the original of every tenet which we have been taught to think false or foolish to the reign of King James I. But this doctrine was never carried further in any country, than in this island, while the house of Tudor sat on the throne.
5 Force, VOL. V.
Than this weak arm: Discomfort guides my tongue,
so pale? K. Rich. But now, the blood of twenty thousand
Did triumph in my face, and they are fled; And, till so much blood thither come again,
Have I not reason to look pale and dead? All souls that will be fe,
side; For time hath set a blot upon my pride.
Aun. Comfort, my liege: remember who you are.
K. Rich. I had forgot myself: Am I not king ? Awake, thou sluggardo majesty! thou sleep'st. Is not the king's name forty thousand names 7 ? Arm, arm, my name! a puny subject strikes At thy great glory.—Look not to the ground, Ye favourites of a king; Are we not high? High be our thoughts: I know, my uncle York Hath power enough to serve our turn. But who Comes here?
Enter SCROOP. Scroop. More health and happiness betide my liege, Than can my care-tun’d tongue deliver him.
6 The first quarto reads' coward majesty.' 7 So in King Richard III.:
• Besides the king's name is a tower of strength.' See a speech of Antigonus, in Plutarch, of this kind. Vol. ii. 4to. p. 199, Gr.