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Which live like venom, where no venom else,
But only they, hath privilege to live 20.
And for these great affairs do ask some charge,
Towards our assistance, we do seize to us
The plate, coin, revenues, and moveables,
Whereof our uncle Gaunt did stand possess’d.

York. How long shall I be patient? Ah, how long
Shall tender duty make me suffer wrong?
Not Gloster's death, nor Hereford's banishment,
Not Gaunt's rebukes, nor England's private wrongs,
Nor the prevention of poor Bolingbroke
About his marriage 21, nor my own disgrace,
Have ever made me sour my patient cheek,
Or bend one wrinkle on my sovereign's face.-
I am the last of noble Edward's sons,
Of whom thy father, prince of Wales, was first;
In war, was never lion rag'd more fierce,

peace was never gentle lamb more mild,
Than was that young and princely gentleman:
His face thou hast, for even so look'd he,
Accomplish'd with the number of thy hours ;
But, when he frown’d, it was against the French,
And not against his friends: his noble hand
Did win what he did spend, and spent not that
Which his triumphant father's hand had won:
His hands were guilty of no kindred's blood,

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foot soldier, according to Stanhihurst; kerne (kigheyren) signi fieth a shower of hell, because they are taken for no better than rake hells, or the devil's black-garde.'-Description of Ireland, ch. 8, fol. 28.

20 Alluding to the idea that no venomous reptiles live in Ireland.

21. When the duke of Hereford went into France, after his banishment, he was honourably entertained at that court, and would have obtained in marriage the only daughter of the duke of Berry, uncle to the French king, had not Richard prevented the match.

22 j. e. when he was of thy age.

But bloody with the enemies of his kin.
0, Richard! York is too far gone with grief,
Or else he never would compare between.

K. Rich. Why, uncle, what's the matter?

O, my liege,
Pardon me, if you please; if not, I, pleas'd
Not to be pardon'd, am content withal.
Seek you to seize, and gripe into your hands,
The royalties and rights of banish'd Hereford ?
Is not Gaunt dead? and doth not Hereford live?
Was not Gaunt just? and is not Harry true ?
Did not the one deserve to have an heir ?
Is not his heir a well deserving son ?
Take Hereford's rights away, and take from time
His charters, and his customary rights;
Let not to-morrow then ensue to-day;
Be not thyself, for how art thou a king,
But by fair sequence and succession?
Now, afore God (God forbid, I say true!)
If you do wrongfully seize Hereford's rights,
Call in the letters patents that he hath
By his attornies-general to sue
His livery 23, and deny his offer'd homage,
You pluck a thousand dangers on your head,
You lose a thousand well disposed hearts,
And prick my tender patience to those thoughts
Which honour and allegiance cannot think.
K. Rich. Think what you will; we seize in

hands His plate, his goods, his money, and his lands.


23 On the death of every person who held by knight's service, his heir, if under age, became a ward of the king's; but if of age, he had a right to sue out a writ of ouster le main, i, e. livery, that the king's hand might be taken off, and the land delivered to him. To deny his offer'd homage' was to refuse to admit the homage by which he was to hold his lands.

York. I'll not be by the while: My liege, farewell :
What will ensue hereof, there's none can tell;
But by bad courses may be understood,
That their events can never fall out good. [Erit.
K. Rich. Go, Bushy, to the earl of Wiltshire

Bid him repair to us to Ely-house,
To see this business: To-morrow next
We will for Ireland; and 'tis time, I trow;
And we create, in absence of ourself,
Our uncle York lord governor of England,
For he is just, and always lov'd us well.-
Come on, our queen: to-morrow must we part;

for our time of stay is short. [Flourish.
[Exeunt King, Queen, Bushy, AUMERLE,

GREEN, and Bagot.
North. Well, lords, the duke of Lancaster is dead.
Ross. And living too; for now his son is duke.
Willo. Barely in title, not in revenue.
North. Richly in both, if justice had her right.
Ross. My heart is great; but it must break with

Ere't be disburden'd with a liberal R4 tongue.
North. Nay, speak thy mind; and let him ne'er

speak more, That speaks thy words again, to do thee harm! Willo. Tends that thou would'st speak, to the duke

of Hereford ?
If it be so, out with it boldly, man;
Quick is mine ear to hear of good towards him.

Ross. No good at all, that I can do for him;
Unless you call it good to pity him,
Bereft and gelded of his patrimony.
North. Now, afore heaven, 'tis shame, such wrongs

are borne,

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24 Free.


In him a royal prince, and many more
Of noble blood in this declining land.
The king is not himself, but basely led
By flatterers; and what they will inform,
Merely in hate 'gainst any of us all,
That will the king severely prosecute
'Gainst us, our lives, our children, and our heirs.
Ross. The commons hath he pill’d 25 with grievou

taxes, And quite lost their hearts: the nobles hath he fin'd For ancient quarrels, and quite lost their hearts,

Willo. And daily new exactions are devis’d;
As blanks 26, benevolences, and I wot not what:
But what, o'God's name, doth become of this?
North. Wars have not wasted it, for warr'd he

hath not,
But basely yielded upon compromise
That which his ancestors achiev'd with blows:
More hath he spent in peace, than they in wars.

Ross. The earl of Wiltshire hath the realm in farm.
Willo. The king's grown bankrupt, like a broken


North. Reproach, and dissolution, hangeth over

him. Ross. He hath not money for these Irish wars, His burdenous taxations notwithstanding, But by the robbing of the banish'd duke.

North. His noble kinsman; most degenerate king ! But, lords, we hear this fearful tempest sing,

25 Pillaged.

26 Stow records that Richard II. ‘compelled all the religious, gentlemen, and commons, to set their seales to blankes, to the end he might, if it pleased him, oppress them severally, or all at once : some of the commons paid him 1000 marks, some 1000 pounds, &c. 27 So in the Tempest:

another storm brewing; I hear it sing in the wind.'

h 28

Yet seek no shelter to avoid the storm:
We see the wind sit sore upon our sails,
And yet we strike not, but securely perish

Ross. We see the very wreck that we must suffer;
And unavoided is the danger now,
For suffering so the causes of our wreck.
North. Not so; even through the hollow eyes of

death, I spy life peering; but I dare not say How near the tidings of our comfort is. Willo. Nay, let us share thy thoughts, as thou

dost ours. Ross. Be confident to speak, Northumberland: We three are but thyself; and, speaking so, Thy words are but as thoughts; therefore, be bold. North. Then thus :-[ have from Port le Blanc,

a bay In Brittany, receiv'd intelligence, That Harry Hereford, Reignold Lord Cobham, [The son of Richard earl of Arundel]°9,

28 . And yet we strike not our sails, but perish by too great confidence in our security: this is another Latinism. Securely is used in the sense of securus.

29 The line in brackets, which was necessary to complete the sense, has been supplied upon the authority of Holinshed. Something of a similar import must have been omitted by accident in the old copies. The passages in Holinshed relative to this matter run thus:- Aboute the same time the earle of Arundel's sonne, named Thomas, which was kept in the duke of Exeter's house, escaped out of the realme, by meanes of one William Scot,' &c. • Duke Henry, chiefly through the earnest persuasion of Thomas Arundell, late archbishop of Canterburie (who, as you have before heard, had been removed from his see, and banished the realme by King Richard's means), got him down to Britaine: and when all his provision was made ready, he tooke the sea, together with the said archbishoppe of Canterburie, and his nephew Thomas Arundelle, son and heyre to the late earle of Arundelle, beheaded on Tower-bill. There were also with him Regenalde Lord Cobham, Sir Thomas Erpingham,' &c.-Holinshed, p. 1105, ed. 1577.

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