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licked his sores : and such as, indeed, were never soldiers; but discarded unjust serving-men, younger sons to younger brothers, revolted tapsters, and ostlers trade-fallen; the cankers of a calm world, and a long peace; ten times more dishonourable ragged than an old fạced ancient * : and such have I, to fill up the rooms of them that have bought out their services, that you would think, that I had a hundred and fifty tattered prodigals, lately come from swine keeping, from eating draff and husks. A mad fellow met me on the way, and told me, I had unloaded all the gibbets, and pressed the dead bodies. No eye hath seen such scare-crows. I'll not march through Coventry with them, that's flat:

- Nay, and the villains march wide betwixt the legs, as if they had gives on ; for indeed, I had the most of them out of prison. There's but a shirt and a half in all my company: and the half-shirt is two napkins, tacked together, and thrown over the shoulders like a herald's coat without sleeves; and the shirt, to say the truth, stolen from my host at Saint Albans, or the red-nose inn-keeper of Daintry. But that's all one; they'll find linen enough on every hedge. Enter PRINCE HENRY and WESTMORELAND. P. Hen. How now, blown Jack? how now, quilt?

Fal. What, Hal? How now, mad wag ? what a devil dost thou in Warwickshire?-My good lord

4 • An old faced ancient is an old patched standard. To face a garment was to line or trim it. Thus in the present play:

To face the garment of rebellion

With some fine colour.' In the Puritan, a Comedy, 1607, we have 'full of holes like a shot ancient.' Dishonourable for dishonourably, is in Shakspeare's manner, who often uses adjectives adverbially. 5 Fetters.

6 Daventry.

of Westmoreland, I cry you mercy; I thought, your honour had already been at Shrewsbury.

West. 'Faith, Sir John, 'tis more than time that I were there, and you too; but my powers are there already: The king, I can tell you, looks for us all: we must away all night.

Fal. Tut, never fear me; I am as vigilant as a cat to steal cream.

P. Hen. I think, to steal cream indeed; for thy theft hath already made thee butter. But tell me, Jack; Whose fellows are these that come after?

Fal. Mine, Hal, mine.

P. Hen. I did never see such pitiful rascals. * Fal. Tut, tut; good enough to toss; food for powder, food for powder; they'll fill a pit, as well as better: tush, man, mortal men, mortal men.

West. Ay, but, Sir John, methinks they are exceeling poor and bare; too beggarly.

Fal. 'Faith, for their poverty,- I know not where they had that: and for their bareness,-I am sure, they never learned that of me. P. Hen. No, I'll be


call three fingers on the ribs, bare. But, sirrah, make haste; Percy is already in the field.

Fal. What, is the king encamped ?
West. Heis, Sir John; I fear, we shall stay too long.

Fal. Well,
To the latter end of a fray, and the beginning of a feast,
Fits a dull fighter, and a keen guest. [Exeunt.

sworn; unless

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SCENE III. The Rebel Camp near Shrewsbury:

Hot. We'll fight with him to-night.


not be. Doug. You give him then advantage.


Not a whit. Hot. Why say you so ? looks he not for supply? Ver. So do we. Hot.

His is certain, ours is doubtful. Wor. Good cousin, be advis’d; stir not to-night. Ver. Do not,


lord. Doug.

You do not counsel well;
You speak it out of fear, and cold heart.
Ver. Do me no slander, Douglas: by my

(And I dare well maintain it with my life),
If well-respected honour bid me on,
I hold as little counsel with weak fear,
As you, my lord, or any Scot that lives! :-
Let it be seen to-morrow in the battle,
Which of us fears.

Yea, or to-night.

Hot. To-night, say I.

Come, come,


not be.
I wonder much, being men of such great leading”,
That you foresee not what impediments
Drag back our expedition : Certain horse
Of my cousin Vernon's are not yet come up:
Your uncle Worcester's horse came but to-day;
And now their pride and mettle is asleep,
Their courage with hard labour tame and dull,
That not a horse is half the half of himself.

Hot. So are the horses of the enemy
In general, journey-bated, and brought low;
The better part of ours is full of rest.

Wor. The number of the king exceedeth ours: For God's sake, cousin, stay till all come in.

[The trumpet sounds a parley. 1 The old copies read' that this day lives ;' but the words, as Mason observes, weaken the sense and destroy the measure.

? Leading is experience in the conduct of armies. The old copies have 'sach leading as you are;? but the superfluous words serve only to destroy the metre.


Enter SIR WALTER BLUNT. Blunt. I come with gracious offers from the king, If you

vouchsafe me hearing, and respect. Hot. Welcome, Sir Walter Blunt; And 'would

to God,
You were of our determination !
Some of us love you well : and even those some
Envy your great deserving, and good name;
Because you are not of our quality 3,
But stand against us like an enemy.

Blunt. And God defend, but still I should stand so,
So long as, out of limit, and true rule,
You stand against anointed majesty!
But, to my charge. The king hath sent to know
The nature of your griefs *; and whereupon
You conjure from the breast of civil
Such bold hostility, teaching his duteous land
Audacious cruelty: If that the king
Have any way your good deserts forgot,-
Which he confesseth to be manifold,-
He bids you name your griefs; and, with all speed,
You shall have your desires, with interest;
And pardon absolute for yourself, and these,
Herein misled by your suggestion.

Hot. The king is kind; and, well we know, the king Knows at what time to promise, when to pay. My father, and my uncle, and myself, Did give him that same royalty he wears : And, when he was not six and twenty strong, Sick in the world's regard, wretched and low, A poor unminded outlaw sneaking home,My father gave him welcome to the shore:

3 Quality, in its general sense, anciently signified profession, occupation. Shakspeare here gives it metaphorically for one of the same fraternity or fellowship. Vide note on Hamlet, Act ii, Sc. 2. In The Tempest we have · Ariel and all bis quality.'

4 Grievances.

And,----when he heard him swear, and vow to God,
He came but to be duke of Lancaster,
To sue his livery 5, and beg his peace;
With tears of innocency, and terms of zeal,-
My father, in kind heart and pity mov’d,
Swore him assistance, and perform'd it too.
Now, when the lords, and barons of the realm
Perceiv'd Northumberland did lean to him,
The more and less 6 came in with


and knee;
Met him in boroughs, cities, villages;
Attended him on bridges, stood in lanes,
Laid gifts before him, proffer'd him their oaths,
Gave him their heirs as pages; follow'd him,
Even at the heels, in golden multitudes.
He presently,--as greatness knows itself, -
Steps me a little higher than his vow
Made to my father, while his blood was poor,
Upon the naked shore at Ravenspurg?:

forsooth, takes on him to reform
Some certain edicts, and some strait decrees,
That lie too heavy on the commonwealth:
Cries out upon abuses, seems to weep
Over his country's wrongs; and, by this face,
This seeming brow of justice, did he win
The hearts of all that he did angle for.
Proceeded further; cut me off the heads
Of all the favourites, that the absent king
In deputation left behind him here,
When he was personal in the Irish war.

Blunt. Tut, I came not to hear this,

Then, to the point.-

5 That is, to sue out the delivery or possession of his lands. This law term has been already explained in King Richard II. Act ii, Sc. 1, p. 32.

6 The greater and the less.

7 The whole of this speech alludes to passages in King Richard II.

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