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Education, religious, its value, 44

Egg, Rum, Muck and Canna, Scottish

Isles, notice of, 88

Egotism, remark on, 53
Emigration from the Highlands, 250
Eugland, Reslections of an American
Traveller on a Voyage to, 6

Eve's Apple-tree, 90

Example and Imitation, 54

Example and Precept, remark on, 4
Experimental Science, Familiar Illus-
trations of:-
II. Indestructibility of Mattor, 13

III. Divisibility of Matter, 55

IV. Hent, Temperature, Radiation,

Conduction, 95

W. Heat, &c. continued, 118
VI. Heat, Expansion, 245

Fable of the Tortoise, Frog, and
Duck, 79
— the North Wind, the Sun,
and the Traveller, 143
the Caterpillar, Chrysalis,
and Butterfly, o
— the Swan and Donkey, 196
Fairy Rings, 200
Falls of Niagara, destruction of an
Indian and his canoe at the, lll
Fidelity, remarkable instance of, in a
Negro servant, 158
rio ater, and Fame, an apologue,

Gardiner, Colonel, anecdote of, 23
Gibbet-law of Halifax, 32
Glenco, Massacre in the Vale of, 25
Globe Volvox, 243
Gloomy presages, method of fortifying
the soul against, 235
Glory and excellence only acquired by
care and labour,
Goldau, in Switzerland, fall of a moun-
tain at, 119
Gooch, Sir William, instance of his
humility, 80

Good example, remark on, by Boyle, 62
Good Works, remark on, 13
Grass-tree, (or lilack Boy), brief de-
scription of 150
Great Numbers; 1. Numbers descrip-
tive of Magnitude, 139
Grecian Architecture. 147
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, anec.
dote of, 23

Guy, Thomas, biographical notice of, 42

Gymnotus, or Electrical Eel, 108

Habit, Power of, 150

Habits, remarks on their influence, 91

Half-way Island, in the Indian Sea, 182

Halifax Gibbet-law, 32

Hall, Bishop, extracts from, 4, 110,

115, 132, 150, 171, 182, 230

Happiness, how attained, 158
– how produced, 175
Hart and Hind, the, 248
Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James
I., biographical notice of, 93
Herbert, Lines by, on self-examina-
tion, 28
IIereford Cathedral, 74
IIeresy, test of in the time of IIenry
p :
IIervey, remark by, $38 -
Highlanders, attachment of, to Charles
Edward, 234
Hindoo Music, specimen of 228
Hofwyl, account of M. Fellenberg's
Schools at, 234
Hogarth, anecdote of by Bishop Sand.
ford, 71

Honey-Guide, description of 112

IIood, Sir Samuel, anecdote of, 223

IIorne. Bishop, extracts from, 58,230

Huo. animal, remark on, by Paley,

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Naturalist's Autumnal Walk, 140

Natural History, remark on the study

of, 171

Natural Phenomena, Familiar Illus.

trations of:—

XII. Water, 103

XIII. Water, in its solid state, 149
XIV. Water in a fluid state, 336
Nature and Art, the works of, com-
pared, l 12
Nature, remarks on, by Sir Humphry
Davy, 150

Navigation, Commerce, and Discovery,

| listory of: l'art I, 22; Part II.

43; Part III., 173

Needle-making, art of, when intro-

duced into England,

Needle Rocks, the, 172

Nelson, Horatio, Lord, biographical

notice of, 157

North Cape, account of, 47
Notes from a Traveller's Scrap-book,20
Nothing, Sonnet on, by Porson, 62

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Paley, extracts from, 58, 90

Palm-tree, Wild, 146

Papyrus Plant, 138

Passious, unrestrained, their evil ef.
fects, 94
Peasants, Himalayan, singular use of
water by, 14
Persia, barbarous modes of Punish-
ment in, 112
Persian Story, 134
Persoual Property, forms to be observed
in making Wills of 18, 78, 110,221
Petersburgh, St., some account of the
City of,210—its streets and palaces,
212—its houses, and mode of warm-
§ of *...; buildings,
213—state of religion in, 214–
principal churches of 215–com.
merce of 216
Philosopher, Religious, an exalted cha-
racter, 182

Philo; modern literary, remark

on, 1,

Plains and Deserts of the Globe, some

account of, 33

Plantain, Ribwort, its uses, 56

Pleasure and Pain, 147

Pool, Cardinal, anecdote of, 8
Popular Superstitions, notice of 28, 69
Prayer, the gift and grace of, 111
Precept and Example, 110
Prepossessions, remark on, 224
Presence of mind in a Highlander, 58
Pride, remark on, by Dr. Johnson, 208
Pico of Vegetation, reflections on,
132

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Scripture sentences, remark on their
misapplication, 71
Secrets, remark on, 51
Seulis Cathedral, 242
Sensibility, remarks on, by Bishop
Sandford, 67
Sheep-eater of Hindoostan, 57
Silk, remarks on, 10.
Skelton, remarks by, 8, 187
Sky, Isle of, account of, 255
Sleat, celebration of the Sacrament at,

ov
so Hans, biographical notice
of, 12
Society, effects of the conduct of a
Miser on, 102
Socrates, remark of, on improvement
in Virtue, ll
aphorism of 53
Somah Wallah ( or itinerant
smith) of Hindoostan. 170
Sorrows and Pleasures, indifference to
them recommended, 171
South America, Llanos of, 34
Animals and Vege-
tables of 35
Pampas of 38
Southern Hebrides, ancient sorests of,
254

southey, remarks by. 71, 136,823, 247

Gold-

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS,

Splugen Pass, description of the, 29

Square of the Little Pillar, in Lisbon,
l

218
Staffa, Isle of, 83
St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, 52
Steam-boat, anecdote concerning the
first in the West Indies, 14
Strasburgh Cathedral, 202
Strontian, smuggling at, 252

Subterranean Works of a Mine, 180
Sugar, its beneficial effects as Food for
Animals, 158
Sunday, its proper use defined, 75
surgluon". popular, notice of 28,

Superstition, 200
Surat, Hospital for Animals at, l 15
Swan and Donkey, Fable of the, 196

Talapát Palm of Ceylon, Description
of, 186
Talbot, Miss, remark by, 13
Taylor, Jeremy, remarks by, ll, 67,
102, 136,138
Temperance, remark on, ll
Temperance Societies, beneficial ef.
ects of,
Temple, Sir W., aphorism of 14
Tensy (in South Wales), description

ol, I
Teneriffe, Island of, 130
Thames and Medway Canal, account

of, 231
Thankfulness for Mercies, 132
There is a Tougue in every Leas, 30
Tiger, curious anecdote of,
Time, Lines on, 181
value of, 203
verses on, by Knox, 46
Tipula, Natural history of 56
Tongue, restraint of, its necessity and

wisdom, 182
Tortoise, Frog, and Duck; a fable, 79
Toulouse, the Entry into, 207
Trade, Fluctuations of, 132
Truth, its indestructibility, 171
remark on, 203
and Prejudice, remark on, 8

Fairy Rings, 200
Fan-Palm, 36

Georgian mode of cleaning Cotton, 69
Glenco, the Vale of 249
Goldau, Switzerland, Church and
Buildings on its site, 120
Guy, Thomas, Statue of, 41

Halifax Gibbet, 32
Henry Prince of Wales, son of James

Hereford Cathedral, 73
Hofwyl, View of M. Fellenberg's

chief School at, 233
Honey Guide, 112

India, Itinerant Musicians of, 225
Inhabitants of the Steppes of Asiatic
Tartary, 40
Iona, Ruins of 84
Inverlochy Castle and Ben Nevis, 253
Isfahan, General View of, 161
Private Palace in the Chahar
Bagh, 165
, Front View of a Palace at."168
Itinerant Musicians of India, 225

Lighthouse on the Scilly Islands, 242
Lisbon, Square of Little Pillar in, 217
Llandaff Cathedral, 113
Louvain, Town-hall and Church at, 17
Luminous Insects, 204, 205

Machine for separating the Cotton
Pods, 68
Man in the Iron Mask, 105
Madagascar, Natives of, 21
Melon Cactus, 36
Military Costume of Edward the Black

Priuce, 121
of the fifteenth cen-
tury, 128

Mine, first shaft of 76
Mining, diagram illustrative of its
operations, 180, 181

Natives of Madagascar preparing
13 read from the Manioc Root, 21

Needles, Isle of Wight, View of, 173

North Cape, View of, 48

Orleans Cathedral, in France, 137

Palm, wild, of the Desert, 145
Peak of Teneriffe, Crater of the, 136
Petersburgh, St, Marble Palace at, 209
New Exchange at, 2.13
Statue of peter the Great

at, 214
, English Quay at, 216
l'olgooth Tin Mine, interior of, 224
Protestant Cemetery at Caraccas, 152

Reculver Church, 24
Rheims Cathedral, in France, 1
Rhinwald, Walley of the, 29

Salisbury Cathedral, 153
Sand-storm in the Desert of Sahara,

Scilly Islands, Lighthouse on, 242
Senlis Cathedral, 241
Sheep-eater of Hindoostan and his
Guru, 57
Sloane, Sir Hans, monument of, 12
Soldiers and Caunon of the fourteenth
and fifteenth centuries, 124
Sonah Wallah, or itinerant Goldsmith
of India, 169
Staffa, Isle of, 81
St. Dunstan's in the West, Fleet-
street, 97
St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, 52
Chair,

Strasburgh Cathedral, 201

Tunnels, account of 231
Tunny Fishery, account of, 10
Turbaco, Air Volcanoes of, 71

Vegetables, structure and growth, of 116
Vegetable World, Providential arrange-
ment in the, 222
Virtues, remark of Xenophon on their
practice, 48
Wittoria, account of the Battle of 59

Walton, Izaak, extracts from, 54, 136
Warwick, St. Mary's Church and the
County Hall at, 188
Watch-making in Switzerland, 62
Water Lily, remarks on, 191
Waterspouts, 159
Wealth, remark on, Walton, 136
Wellington Shield, 5, 59, 141, 2
— Dukedom of, conferred, 238
What is Time? an answer to, 203
Whirlwinds and Waterspouts, 159
White Owl, remarks on its habits, 120
Wight, the Isle of, No. III., 109; No.

IV., 172
Wild Ass of the Desert, 183
Wild Palm-tree, 146
Wills, Directions for making, 18, 78,
— the mode of revoking, 19
Wine-store, Spanish, 187
Words like Leaves, 208
Worldly Happiness, La Harpe on, 44
Writing, ancient mode of, 51

Yak of Thibet, the, 143
Youth, on virtuous habits in, 94

Zeal, Christian, remark on, \\5

Talapát Palm of Ceylon, 185
Tartary, Inhabitants of, 40
Tellipally, Christian Church of 220
Temperature, illustrations of an expe- -
riment on, 119
Tenby (Pembrokeshire), View of, 177
Tenerisle, Island and Peak of, 129
Thibet, Yak of, 143
Town-hall, Louvain, 17
Tunnel of the Thames and Medway
Canal, 202
Tunny, mode of fishing for, 9
the common, and diagram of
the tonnaro, 19
Turbaco, Air Wolcanoes of, 72

Vegetable Physiology, Illustrations of,

116,
Valley of the Rhinwald, in the Snowy
Alps, 29

Walmer Castle, Kent, 16
Warwick, View of St. Mary's Church
and the Town-hall, 188
Water, Diagrams to illustrate the mode
of conveying, 236, 237
Waterspout, dispersion of, at sea, 160
Wellington Shield, sixth compartment,5

, seventh compart-
ment, 60 ightl po
—-———, eighth compart-
ment, 14l § pa
, ninth compartment,
208
, tenth compartment,
240

Wild Ass of the Desert, 184
Wild loar of Germany, skeleton of 80

Yak of Thibet, 143

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION,
APPOINTED BY THE sociFTY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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THE CATHEDRAL OF RHEIMS.

REIMs, or Rheims, is a large and ancient city, in the north-east of the kingdom of France, in the department of the Marne. It is situated on the right bank of the little river Wesle, in the midst of a large plain, which is bounded at a distance by a chain of low vine-covered hills.

The Cathedral, which is more particularly the subject of our present notice, is a noble Gothic edifice of the twelfth century, and one of the finest specimens of that kind of architecture in France. It is said to have been founded in 818 by the Archbishop Ebon, afterwards Pope Eugenius the Fourth, in the reign of Louis the First, surnamed Le Débonnaire. The accounts which are given of the edifice then erected, its paintings and sculptures, its marbles and mosaics, its tapestries, and splendid windows, seem to indicate that it was of great importance. But doubts have been expressed, whether the early structure thus spoken of was really one occupying the site of the present Cathedral, and not the church of St. Remi. However, this building was burnt down in 1210, together with a portion of the city itself. But this disaster was soon repaired; for the age was one in which the people felt strongly the influence of religion, and contributed largely to works which had for their object its support and diffusion. Accordingly, the piety of individuals, the liberality of princes, and the zeal of the clergy, soon caused a sum to be amassed, sufficient to replace the ancient Cathedral of Rheims by a nobler and more splendid edifice; and the year after the destruction of the old building, the first stone of the new one was laid. The work proceeded with great rapidity; the altar was dedicated on the 18th of October, 1213, and twenty-seven years afterwards, the body of the church was finished; the whole time occupied in the erection being only thirty years, and but one architect being engaged throughout that period. It is to this circumstance, probably, that we are to attribute that unity of style and design which in a great measure distinguish this Cathedral.

“In the richness and magnificence of the external architecture," says Mr. Woods, “Rheims is superior to every other Cathedral I have seen, and probably to any which has ever been erected.” The principal, or western front is the great object of attraction; it is frequently considered as the finest work of its kind in existence, and, according to a common saying in France, is one of the four parts, the union of which is necessary to the composition of a perfect Cathedral; the other three being the spire of Chartres, the nave of Amiens, and the choir of Beauvais. The lower part of this front is divided into three porches or doorways. This arrangement, which is to be seen in some of our Cathedrals, is very generally observable in the larger religious edifices of France; and we are told that these three entrances corresponded to three internal divisions, each of which was reserved for a special use; the middle one being for the clergy, that on the right for the men, and that on the left for the women.

The central porch is divided into two parts by a pilaster, (a disposition very common in France.) which is adorned by an image of the Virgin, to whom the Cathedral is consecrated. The sides of the three porches are decorated with a row of colossal statues, thirty-five in number, representing patriarchs, prophets, kings, bishops, virgins, and martyrs. The arches above and the pediments which surmount them, present an elaborate composition in sculpture, in which, according to a French writer, the artist has given full range to his genius. Our readers will

obtain a correct motion of the richness and magnificence of this front. Above the porches, and a little thrown back, rises the remainder of this beautiful front. Above the central one, is the great rose window, the workmanship of which is remarkably rich, and very carefully executed. Over the right porch is a lofty opening for a window, but not filled with glass; and over the left door-way is a similar one. The space occupied by these windows is broken into three divisions, by four projecting piers, ornamented each with a statue, and terminating in small octagonal turrets. Higher still is the gallery of kings, an elegant colonnade, decorated with forty-two statues of the kings of France, from Clovis to Charles the Sixth; and this is surmounted by two towers, which complete this magnificent front. The interior of this Cathedral corresponds with its exterior. It is vast and noble; and its appearance has much that is imposing. The obscurity of the nave, contrasted with the light of the aisles, has a

very curious effect; in the former, the coloured glass

has been preserved, while in the latter it has very little colour. The whole length of the building is 466 feet, and its breadth upwards of 90; the height of the nave is 121 feet, and that of the aisles about 54. The plan of the edifice is a Latin cross. The choir occupies nearly one half of its length.

The chancel, which is situated at the middle of the cross-aisle, raised upon several steps, is remarkable for its beautiful mosaic pavement, which formerly belonged to the church of the ancient Abbey of St. Nicaise, and was removed to the Cathedral in 1791, when that church was pulled down. The altar, which is of modern construction, is of variegated marble, and ornamented with gilt bronze. It is a beautiful piece of workmanship, and was the gift of a rich canon, who, by his economy, frugality, and above all, his peculiar skill in the cultivation of vines, was enabled to amass a considerable fortune, which he devoted entirely to the embellishment of this Cathedral, to the relief of the poor, and to the promotion of objects of a public nature. Unfortunately, the canon's liberality was scarcely equalled by his good taste and discernment; the old altar, which had existed from the earliest years of the church, was displaced in 1747, to make room for his new present, and the church was thus deprived of an extremely rare and valuable specimen of the kind of monuments used as altars in the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries.

Behind the choir, so called, is what the French denominate the arrière-cha-ur. It occupies the space usually devoted to the chancel, and does not seem to be ever used for any definite purpose. In former times, it was the depositary of the treasure of the Cathedral, of all the many rich and valuable gifts, which kings, prelates, and pious individuals of various classes and conditions, had offered as an earnest of their zeal and devotion. The immense wealth which was brought together in this treasury, rendered it one of the richest in France. It contained a vast number of works, executed in the precious metals, gold and silver vases, chalices, sets of all the various utensils employed in the service of the church, which were not less valuable for the richness of their materials than for the beauty and finish of the workmanship. Of nearly all these, however, the Cathedral was despoiled in 1791; they were confiscated by a decree of the National Assembly, and coined into money for the service of the State. The few that remained were destroyed during the revolutionary frenzy of 1793.

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