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Addison, remark by, 233

Cinque Ports, account of, 15

Good example, remark on, by Boyle, G2 Michael's, St., Orange-plantations of,

Adversity, remarks on, 158, 171 Cities of Old, 54

Good Works, remark on, 138

237

Affliction, 72

Civilization, its tendency to prolong Grass-tree, (or Black Loy), brief de- Milton's opinion of Books, 14

Africa, Great Desert of, 39

life, 238

scription of, 150

Mines of Great Britain, No. 111., 76;

Ahmed, the Cobbler; a Persian story, Clergy, remarks on their beneficial in- Great Numbers; I. Numbers descrip- No. IV., 180; No. V, 223.

131

Nience, 58

tive of Magnitude, 139

Moderation, remarks on, by Bishop

Air Vulcanoes of Turba 20, 71

Coleridge, address of, to a Godchill, 79 Grecian Architecture. 147

Hall, 230

Albat oss, the Wandering, description

extracts from, 138, 171, 191 Gustavus Allolphus of Sweden, nnec- Moral Discipline, remarks on, 233

of, 197

Collingwood, Lord, his remarks on dote of, 23

More, Hannah, Letters of, 205

Alexis St. Martin, singular case of, 238 Education, 54

Guy, Thomas, biographical notice of, 42

Remarks by, 171, 187,

Alligator-Hunt in Ceylon, 192

Common Sense, remarks on, 136 Gymnotus, or Electrical Eel, 108

230

Amiens, history of its Cathedral, 50 Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, 45

Mull, Isle of, 83, 250

Amusements of Life, 203

Conscience, 71

Habit, Power of, 150

Ancient Church in Dover Castle, 132 Contentment, 58

Habits, remarks on their influence, 91 Naturalist's Autumnal Walk, 140

Animals, structure of, 80

Contrition, remark on, by Middleton, Half-way Island, in the Indian Sea, 182 Natural History, remark on the study

Ants, ravages of, in the Wost Indies, 75

Halifax Gibbet-law, 32

of, 171

203

Cornwall, St. Michael's Mount, 52 Hall, Bishop, extracts from, 4, 110, Natural Phenomena, Familiar Illus.

Aphorisms, 24, 31, 53, 62, 77, 80, 112

Chair, 53

115, 132, 150, 171, 182, 230

trations of :-

Archery and Arms, 126

Cotton, cultivation of, 69

Happiness, how attained, 158

XII. Water, 103

Architecture, Grecian, 147

its manufacture, 100

how produced, 175

XIII. Water, in its solid state, 143

Arisaig, Isle uf, described, 84-Ferry Crosraquet, Abbot of, remark by, 67 Hart and Hind, ile, 243

XIV. Water in a fluid state, 236

Croydon Palace, its history, 63

Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James Nature and Art, the works of, com.

Aristotle's opinion of Books, 203 Curfew, Iuquiry into its Origin, 7

1., biographical notice of, 93

pared, 112

Armadale, accommodations of the Inn

Herbert, Lines by, on self-examina. Nature, remarks on, by Sir Ilumphry

Daisy, Address to, in India, 95

tion, 98

Dary, 150

Armles, ancient British and Saxon, 122 Dary, Sir Humphry, extracts from,

llereford Cathedral, 74

Navigation, Commerce, and Discorery,

of the Middle Ages--Feudal 62, 132, 150

Ileresy, test of in the time of llenry llistory of; Part I, 22; Part II.,

System, 122

Diligence, remark on, by Dr. Johnson,

VIII, 73

43; Part III., 173

Armour, and ancient military customs,

13

Hervey, remark by. *33

Needle-making. art of, when intro-

123

Discontented, a word of advice to Highlanders, attachment of, to Charles duced into England, 77

Asbestos, and incombustible Cloth, 23 the, 115

Edward, 354

Necdle Rocks, the, 172

Asia, Central, Table Land of. 40 Discovery of Mineral Veins, 76 Hindoo Music, specimen of, 228 Nelson, Horatio, Lord, biographical

Ass; the Wild, account of, 183 Dog, remarkable instance of sagacity Hofwyl, account or M. Pellenberg's notice of, 157

in, 99

Schools at, 234

North Cape, account of, 47

Bacon, remarks by, 44, 197, 208 Dover Castle, ancient Church in, 132 Hogarth, avecdote of, by Bishop Sand. Notes from a Trareller's Scrap-book, 29

Barrow, on the contemplation of the Dunstan, St., Church of, in Fleet. ford, 71

Nothing, Sonnet on, by Porson, 62

works of Nature, 4

street, its history, 98

Honey-Guide, description of, 112

Bat, the Wing of, 53

Dwight, extract from, 94

llood, Sir Samuel, anecdote of, 223 Oaks, remarks on planting of, by Lord

Bee, Common, account of, 91

Horne. Bishop, extracts from, 38, 230 Collingwood, 14

Benares, description of, 194

Early Inhabitants of Britain, remarks Human animal, remark on, by Paley, Observation, remark on by Bacon, 197

Ben Jonson, remark by, 62

on, by Hollingshed, 64

58

Ocean, lines on, 67

Bernard, St., remark by, 200

Earth, changes of temperature in, 108

heart, its weakness, 67

Ore, mode of working, in Mines, 923

Beveridge, Bishop, quotation from, 59

East India Stations-No. V., Benares,

life, its uncertainty, 99

Orleans, the Cathedral of, 138

Beza, aphorism by, 115

194

| Our Country and our llome, lines on,

Bible, the, a celestial messenger, 94 Education, religious, its value, 44 Ice, its beneficial effects, 149

191

Black-Gang Chine, 109

Egg, Rum, Muck and Canna, Scottish Immortality, remark on, by Sir Him.

Blood, use of, in regulating the animal Isles, notice of, 88

phry Davy, 62

Paley, extracts from, 58, 90

functions, 98

Egotism, remark on, 53

India, liinerant Musieians er, 226 Palm-tree, Wild, 146

Borrodalo, the Pretender's Asylum at, Emigration from the Highlands, 250 Indolence, its miseries, 14

Papyrus Plant, 138

254

England, Reflections of an American Iona, insular Churches of, 82

Passious, unrestrained, their evil ef-

Bowles, Rev. W. L., Lines by. on Chil- Traveller on a Voyage to, 6

Iron Mask, the Man in, 105

fects, 94

dren gathering flowers in the Ca- Ere's Apple-tree, 90

Isfahan, some account of the City of, Peasants, Himalayan, singular use of

thedral Churchyard, 27

Example and Imitation, 54

169—its Early History, 162—its water by, 14

tho Poor | Example and Precept, remark on, 4

Situation and Extent, 163-its In. Persia, barbarous modes of Punish-

Blind Man of Salisbury Cathe- | Experimental Science, Familiar Illus.

habitants and their Religion, 165— ment in, 112

dral, 156

trations of:

its Commerce and Manufactures, Persian Story, 134

Epitaph by, 230 II. Indestructibility of Mattor, 13

168

Personal Property, forms to be observed

Boyle, Extracts from, 62, 80, 98, 99, III. Divisibility of Matter, 55 Italy, Volcanic Regions of, 3

in making Wills of, 18,78, 110, 221

159, 171

IV. Hent, Temperature, Radiation, Itinerant Musiciaus of India, 226 Petersburgh, St., some account of the

British Army, some account of its rise Conduction, 95

City of, 210—its streets and palaces,

and progress, 121

V. Heat, &c, continued, 118

Jebb, Bishop, extract from, 247

212-its houses, and mode of warm-

British Museum, its founder, 12

VI. Heat, Expansion, 245

Jesse, extracts from, 148, 159, 171, 176 ing them, 212-public buildings,

British Officer, adventures of a, during

Johnson, Dr., Last Days and Thoughts 213—state of religion in, 214-

the Peninsular war, 190

Fable of the Tortoise, Frog, and

principal churches of, 215_com.

Browne, Sir T., remark by. 71

Duck, 79

Selections from, 13, 71, merce of, 216

Buller, Judge, anecdote of, 99

the North Wind, the Sun, 112, 150, 182, 187, 197, 208

Philosopher, Religious, an exalted cha-

Burke, remarks by, 90, 115

and the Traveller, 143

Jones of Nayland, remarks by, ll, racter, 182

the Caterpillar, Chrysalis, 182, 230

Philosophy, modern literary, remark

Cacrnarvon Castle, North Wales, 64 and Butterfly, 179

Jonson, Ben, extracts from, 51, 62, 72

Canary Bird, account of the, 218

the Swan and Donkey, 196 Juvenil. Humanity, pleasing instance Plains and Deserts of the Globe, some

Canary, or Fortunate, Islands, 130 Fairy Rings, 200

of, 108

account of, 33

Caraccas, New Protestant Chapel and Falls of Niagara, destruction of an

Plantain, Ribwort, its uses, 56

Burial-ground at, 151

Indian and his canoe at the, 111 Ken, Rishop, Epitaph for, 230

Pleasure and Pain, 147

Caribito, or Blood-fish, description of, Fidelity, remarkable instance of, in a King, Mrs. remark by, 94

Pool, Cardinal, anecdote of, 8

112

Negro servant, 158

Klopstock, remark by, 62

Popular Superstitions, notice of, 28, 69

Caterpillar, Chrysalis, and Butterfly; Fire, Water, and Fame, an apologue, Knowledge productive of Happiness, Prayer, the gift and grace of, 111

a Fable ; 179

53

182

Precept and Example, 110

Caterpillars, curious tribe of, 243 Firmness, its efficacy in overcoming

Prepossessions, remark on, 224

Cathedrals described :Rheims, 2- difficulties, 235

La Harpe, remark by, 44

Presence of mind in a Highlander, 58

Chichester, 26--Amiens,50—Here. First Impressions, 54

Last Days and Thoughts of Dr. Jolin. Pride, remark on, by Dr. Johusoo, 208

ford, 74-Llandaff, 114-Orleans, Flesh-fly, its utility, 99

Progress of Vegetation, reflections on,

133-Salisbury; 154—Strasburghi, Flowers, scent of,' Reflections on the, Lion, extraordinary story of, 206

132

202-Senlis, 941

182

Hunt in South America, 146 Prosperity and Adrersity – Soutley,

Cathedral Churchyard, lines written in, Forbidden Fruit, or Eve's Apple-tree Lisbon, Square of the Little Pillar at, 136

27

of Ceylon, 90

218

Proverbs, 61

Ceylon, Christianity in, 220

Fort William, account of, 253

Llandaff Cathedral, 114

Providence, beneficence of, 140-beau-

Chalmers, extracts from, 147, 150, 200, Fountain-tree of Ferro, 131

Lobster, remarks on the periodical tiful illustration of, 148

235

Fretfulness, remark on, by Sir Henry casting of its shell, 229

Providence, remark on, by Hall, 14

Chapone, Mrs., her reason for early at. ! Sidney, 77

Loch Leven, beautiful scenery of, 253 Pyrenees, Battles of, 141

tendance at Church, 90

Future state, remarks on preparation Loch Sunart, 251

Pythagoras, Lord Chatham's approval

Cheerfulness of Heart, 147

for, 71

Louvain, the town of, described, 18

of his injunction, 60

Cheerfulness, remark on, by Miss Tal.

Luminous Appearance of the Sea, 204

bot, 23

Gardiner, Colonel, anecdote of, 23

Quarles, extracts from, 181, 182

Chichester Cathedral, description of, 26 Gibbet-law of Halifax, 32

Madagascar, island of, its history, 20

Children, their instruction in religion Glenco, Massacre in the Vale of, 2:3 Man in the Iron Mask, 105

Raren Oak, the, 232

the first duty of a parent. 23 Globe Volvox, 243

Mant, Bishop, extracts from, 44,113, 132 Keason, aphorism on, 56

Chinese Sage, aphorism of,

Gloomy presages, method of fortifying Mathematics, on the study of, 196 Reculver, account of, 24

Cholula (in Mexico), its Pyramid, 175 the soul against, 235

Matter, its Indestructibility, 13-divi. Redbreast, nestling of, 103

Christian Charity, remark ou, by Burke, Glory and excellence only acquired by sibility of, 55

Reflections on sitting at ease in a coach

90

care and labour, 30

Menl-hours, Remarks on the changes that went very fast, 159

Christian Virtues, the diguity of, 179 Goldau, in Switzerland, fall of a moun- in, 16

on the Beauties of a Calm

Christianity in Ceylon, 220

tain at, 119

Mental Recreation, remarks on, 24

Clear Night, 159

Christianity, remark on, by Rose, 23 Gooch, Sir William, instance of his Merino Sheep and their Migrations, 181

on viewing an old Lutheran

Churches, Primitive Christian, 198 humility, 80

Mexican Bees, 51

Church, 159

Religion, its importance, 90

Scripture sentences, remark on their | Subterranean Works of a Mine, 180 Tunnels, account of, 231
influence of, 132
misapplication, 71

Sugar, its beneficial effects as Food for Tunny Fishery, acconnt of, 10
its use in alleviating human Secrets, remark on, 51

Animals, 158

Turbaco, Air Volcanoes of, 71
misery, 197
Seulis Cathedral, 242

Sunday, its proper use defined, 75
Resurrection, remark on, by Sir T. Sensibility, remarks on, by Bishop Superstitions, popular, notice of, 28. Vegetables, structure and growth, of, 116
Browne, 71
Sandlord, 67

69

Vegetable World, Providential arrange-
Retirement, advantages of, 31
Sheep-eater of Hindoostan, 57
Superstition, 200

ment in the, 222
Revelation, its truth confirmed, 176 Silk, remarks on, 103

Surat, Hospital for Animals at, 115 Virtues, remark of Xenophon on their
Rheims Cathedral, History and De- Skelton, remarks by, 8. 187

Swan and Donkey, Fable of the, 196 practice, 48
scription of, 2
Sky, Isle of, account of, 255

Vittoria, account of the Battle of, 59
Rhinwald, Valley of, described, 29 Sleat, celebration of the Sacrament at, Talapát Palm of Ceylon, Description
Riches and Contentment, remark on, 255

of, 186

Walton, Izaak, extracts from, 54, 136
138
Sloane, Sir Hans, biographical notice Talbot, Miss, remark by, 13

Warwick, St. Mary's Church and the
remark on, by Bacon, 44
of, 12

Taylor, Jeremy, remarks by, 11, 67, County Hall at, 188
Rumours, the art of spreading, 143 Society, effects of the conduct of a 102, 136,138

Watch-making in Switzerland, 62
Miser on, 102
Temperance, remark on, 11

Water Lily, remarks on, 191
Sabbath, Lines on the, by C. Crocker, Socrates, remark of, on improvement Temperance Societies, beneficial ef- Waterspouts, 159
199
in Virtue, 11

fects of, 30

Wealth, remark on, Walton, 136
Salamanca, the Victory of, 5

- aphorism of, 53

Temple, Sir W., aphorism of, 14 Wellington Shield, 5, 59, 141, 207
Salisbury Cathedral, "history and de- Sonah Wallah (or itinerant Gold. Tenby (in South Wales), description

Dukedom of, conferred, 239
scription of, 154
smith) of Hindoostan, 170

of, 178

What is Time ? an answer to, 203
Lines on the Poor Sorrows and Pleasures, indifference to Teneriffe, Island of, 130

Whirlwinds and Waterspouts, 159
Blind Man of, by the Rev. W. L. them recommended, 171

Thames and Medway Canal, account White Owl, remarks on its habits, 120
Bowles, 156
South America, Llanos of, 34

of, 231

Wight, the Isle of, No. III., 109; No.
Sancroft, Archbishop, his opinion of
Animals and Vege- Thankfulness for Mercies, 132

IV., 172
worldly glory, 44

tables of, 35

There is a Tougue in every Leaf, 30 Wild Ass of the Desert, 183
Sandford, Bishop, extracts from, 67, 71

Pampas of, 38
Tiger, curious anecdote of, 67

Wild Palm-tree, 146
Sarcopugus, Alabaster, Lines ad. Southern Hebrides, ancient forests of,' Time, Lines on, 181

Wills, Directions for making, 18, 78,
dressed to, 11
25+

value of, 203

110, 221
Satan's Footsteps, 200
Southey, remarks by, 71, 136, 223, 247 verses on, by Knox, 46

the mode of revoking, 19
Scepticism, remarks on,

54
Splugen Pass, description of the. 29 Tipula, Natural history of, 56

Wine-store, Spanish, 187
Scilly Islands, 243

Square of the Little Pillar, in Lisbon, Tongue, restraint of, its necessity and Words like Leaves, 208
Scotland, Highlands and Islands of, 218

wisdom, 182

Worldly Happiness, La Harpe on, 46
80, 250
Staffa, Isle of, 83

Tortoise, Frog. and Duck; a fable, 79 Writing, ancient mode of, 51
Scott, Sir Walter, extracts from, 82, St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, 52 Toulouse, the Entry into, 207
203
Steam-boat, anecdote concerning the Trade, Fluctuations of, 132

Yak of Thibet, the, 143
Scriptures, their beauty and impres- first in the West Indies, 14

Truth, its indestructibility, 171

Youth, on virtuous habits in, 94
siveness, 75
Strasburgh Cathedral, 202

remark on, 203
their beneficial influence, 115 Strontian, smuggling at, 252

and Prejudice, remark on, 8 Zeal, Christian, remark on, .1 15

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS,

Air Volcanoes of Turbaco, 72
Albatross, Wandering, 197
Antelope, Hart, and Hind, 248
Amiens Cathedral, France, 49
Architecture, illustrations of the Or.

ders of, 148
Armadillo, 35
Artillery-soldiers and War-machines

of the fifteenth century, 125
Ass, Wild, of the Desert, 184
Baldwus preaching to the Natives of

Ceylon, 221
Benare's, View of a Ghaut or Landing-

place at, 193
Black-Gang Chine, Isle of Wight, 103
Boar, Wild of, Germany, 80
Caernarvon Castle, North Wales, 65
Caraccas, Protestant Cemetery at, 152
Castio of Armadale, Isle of Sky, 256
Chichester Cathedral, 25
Cholwa (in Mexico), Pyramid 0, 176
Church, Primitive Christian, ground.

plan of, 198
Cliff, Mineral Vein in, and mode of

working, 77
Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, 45
Cotton-manufacture, illustrations of,

100, 101

Plant, Cultivation of the, 68,
Cotton, Georgian mode of cleaning, 69
Croydun Palace, interior of its Hall, 64
Curlew, representation of, 8
Diagrams to illustrate Experiments on

the Temperature of Water, 104
Dover Castle, ancient Church in, 133
Egg, Scuir of, 88
Ethiopian Boar, head of, 80
Eve's Apple, or the Forbidden Fruit, 89

, Fruit, and Flowers of, 96

Fairy Rings, 200
Fan-Palm, 36
Georgian mode of cleaning Cotton, 69
Glenco, the Vale of, 249
Goldau, Switzerland, Church and

Buildings on its site, 120
Guy, Thomas, Statue of, 41
Halifax Gibbet, 32
Heury Prince of Wales, son of James

I., 93
Hereford Cathedral, 73
Hofwyl, View of M. Pellenberg's

chief School at, 233
Honey Guide, 112
India, Itinerant Musicians of, 225
Inhabitants of the Steppes of Asiatic

Tartary, 40
lopa, Ruins of, 84
Inverlochy Castle and Ben Nevis, 253
Isfahan, General View of, 161

Private Palace in the Chahar
Bagh, 163

Front View of a Palace at.'169
Itinerant Musicians of India, 225
Lighthouse on the Scilly Islands, 242
Lisbon, Square of Little Pillar in, 217
Llandaff Cathedral, 113
Louvain, Town- hall and Church at, 17
Luminous Insects, 204, 205
Machine for separating the Cotton

Pods, 68
Man in the Iron Mask, 105
Madagascar, Natives of, 21
Melon Cactus, 36
Military Costume of Edward the Black
Prince, 121

of the fifteenth cen.

Mine, first shaft of, 76

Talapát Palm of Ceylon, 185
Mining, diagram illustrative of its Tartary, Inhabitants of, 40
operations, 180, 181

Tellipally, Christian Church of, 220

Temperature, illustrations of an expe.
Natives of Madagascar preparing riment on, 119

Bread from the Manioc Rooi, 21 Tenby (Pembrokeshire), View of, 177
Needles, Isle of Wight, View of, 173 Tenerifle, Island and Peak of, 129
North Cape, View of, 48

Thibet, Yak of, 143

Town-hall, Louvain, 17
Orleans Cathedral, in France, 137 Tunnel of the Thames and Medway

Canal, 202
Palm, wild, of the Desert, 145

Tunny, mode of fishing for, 9
Peak of Tenerifle, Crater of the, 136

the common, and diagram of
Petersburgh, St., Marble Palace at, 209 the tonnaro, 19

New Exchange at, 213 Turbaco, Air Volcanoes of, 79

Statue of Peter the Great
at, 214

Vegetable Physiology, Illustrations of,
English Quay at, 216

116, 117
L'olgooth Tin Míne, interior of, 224 Valley of the Rhinwald, in the Snowy
Protestant Cemetery at Caraccas, 152

Alps, 29
Reculver Church, 24

Walmer Castle, Kent, 16
Rheims Cathedral, in France, 1 Warwick, View of St. Mary's Church
Rhinwald, Valley of the, 29

and the Town-hall, 188

Water, Diagrams to illustrate the mode
Salisbury Cathedral, 153

of conveying, 236, 237
Sand-storm in the Desert of Sahara, Waterspout, dispersion of, at sea, 160
33

Wellington Shield, sixth compartment, 5
Scilly Islands, Lighthouse on, 242

seventh compart-
Senlis Cathedral, 241
Sheep-eater of Hindoostan and his

eiglith compart-
Guru, 57

ment, 141
Sloane, Sir Hans, monument of, 12

ninth compartment,
Soldiers and Caunon of the fourteenth 208
and fifteenth centuries, 124

tenth compartment,
Sonah Wallah, or itinerant Goldsmith 240
of ludia, 169

Wild Ass of the Desert, 181
Staffa, Isle of, 81

Wild Boar of Germany, skeleton of, 80
St. Dunstan's in the West, Fleet-
street, 97

Yak of Thibet, 143
St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, 52

Chair, 53
Strasburgh Cathedral, 201

ment, 60

tury, 128

TH

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EDUCATION

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION,

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEI)GE.

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THE CATHEDRAL OF RHEIMS.

obtain a correct notion of the richness and magniReims, or Rheims, is a large and ancient city, in the ficence of this front. north-east of the kingdom of France, in the depart- Above the porches, and a little thrown back, rises ment of the Marne. It is situated on the right bank the remainder of this beautiful front. Above the of the little river Vesle, in the midst of a large plain, central one, is the great rose window, the workmanwhich is bounded at a distance by a chain of low ship of which is remarkably rich, and very carefully vine-covered hills.

executed. Over the right porch is a lofty opening The Cathedral, which is more particularly the for a window, but not filled with glass; and over the subject of our present notice, is a noble Gothic left door-way is a similar one. The space occupied edifice of the twelfth century, and one of the finest by these windows is broken into three divisions, by specimens of that kind of architecture in France. | four projecting piers, ornamented each with a statue, It is said to have been founded in 818 by the Arch- and terminating in small octagonal turrets. Higher bishop Ebon, afterwards Pope Eugenius the Fourth, still is the gallery of kings, an elegant colonnade, in the reign of Louis the First, surnamed Le Débon- decorated with forty-two statues of the kings of naire. The accounts which are given of the edifice France, from Clovis to Charles the Sixth; and this then erected, its paintings and sculptures, its is surmounted by two towers, which complete this marbles and mosaics, its tapestries, and splendid magnificent front. windows, seem to indicate that it was of great The interior of this Cathedral corresponds with importance. But doubts have been expressed, whe- its exterior. It is vast and noble; and its appearance ther the early structure thus spoken of was really has much that is imposing. The obscurity of the one occupying the site of the present Cathedral, and nave, contrasted with the light of the aisles, has a not the church of St. Remi. However, this building very curious effect; in the former, the coloured glass was burnt down in 1210, together with a portion of has been preserved, while in the latter it has very the city itself. But this disaster was soon repaired; little colour. The whole length of the building is for the age was one in which the people felt strongly 466 feet, and its breadth upwards of 90; the height the influence of religion, and contributed largely to of the nave is 121 feet, and that of the aisles about works which had for their object its support and 54. The plan of the edifice is a Latin cross. The diffusion. Accordingly, the piety of individuals, the choir occupies nearly one half of its length. liberality of princes, and the zeal of the clergy, soon The chancel, which is situated at the middle of the caused a sum to be amassed, sufficient to replace the cross-aisle, raised upon several steps, is remarkable ancient Cathedral of Rheims by a nobler and more for its beautiful mosaic pavement, which formerly splendid edifice; and the year after the destruction belonged to the church of the ancient Abbey of St. of the old building, the first stone of the new one Nicaise, and was removed to the Cathedral in 1791, was laid. The work proceeded with great rapidity; when that church was pulled down. The altar, the altar was dedicated on the 18th of October, 1213, which is of modern construction, is of variegated and twenty-seven years afterwards, the body of the marble, and ornamented with gilt bronze.

It is a church was finished; the whole time occupied in the beautiful piece of workmanship, and was the gift of erection being only thirty years, and but one archi- a rich canon, who, by his economy, frugality, and tect being engaged throughout that period. It is to above all, his peculiar skill in the cultivation of this circumstance, probably, that we are to attribute vines, was enabled to amass a considerable fortune, that unity of style and design which in a great mea- which he devoted entirely to the embellishment of sure distinguish this Cathedral.

this Cathedral, to the relief of the poor, and to the “ In the richness and magnificence of the external promotion of objects of a public nature. Unfortuarchitecture," says Mr. Woods, “ Rheims is superior nately, the canon's liberality was scarcely equalled to every other Cathedral I have seen, and probably to by his good taste and discernment; the old altar, any which has ever been erected." The principal, or which had existed from the earliest years of the western front is the great object of attraction; it is church, was displaced in 1747, to make room for his frequently considered as the finest work of its kind new present, and the church was thus deprived of in existence, and, according to a common saying in an extremely rare and valuable specimen of the France, is one of the four parts, the union of which kind of monuments used as altars in the twelfth, is necessary to the composition of a perfect Cathe- thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries. dral; the other three being the spire of Chartres, Behind the choir, so called, is what the French the nave of Amiens, and the choir of Beauvais. denominate the arrière-chæur. It occupies the space The lower part of this front is divided into three usually devoted to the chancel, and does not seem to porches or doorways. This arrangement, which is to be ever used for any definite purpose. In former be seen in some of our Cathedrals, is very generally times, it was the depositary of the treasure of the observable in the larger religious edifices of France; Cathedral, of all the many rich and valuable gifts, and we are told that these three entrances corre- which kings, prelates, and pious individuals of sponded to three internal divisions, each of which was various classes and conditions, had offered as an reserved for a special use; the middle one being for earnest of their zeal and devotion. The immense the clergy, that on the right for the men, and that wealth which was brought together in this treasury, on the left for the women.

rendered it one of the richest in France. It conThe central porch is divided into two parts by a tained a vast number of works, executed in the precious pilaster, (a disposition very common in France) metals, gold and silver vases, chalices, sets of all the which is adorned by an image of the Virgin, to various utensils employed in the service of the whom the Cathedral is consecrated. The sides of church, which were not less valuable for the richness the three porches are decorated with a row of colossal of their materials than for the beauty and finish of statues, thirty-five in number, representing patriarchs, the workmanship. Of nearly all these, however, the prophets, kings, bishops, virgins, and martyrs. The Cathedral was despoiled in 1791 ; they were confisarches above and the pediments which surmount cated by a decree of the National Assembly, and them, present an elaborate composition in sculpture, coined into money for the service of the State. The in which, according to a French writer, the artist has few that remained were destroyed during the revogiven full range to his genius. Our readers will lutionary frenzy of 1793.

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