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upon that which''is possessed upon earth, but upon that which is expected in heaven."

Hassan, upon whose mind the angel of instruction impreffed the counsel of Omar, hastened to prostrate himself in the temple of the prophet. Peace dawned upon his mind, like the radiance of the morning; he returned to his labour with cheerfulness; his devotion became fervent and habitual ; and the latter days of Hassan were happier than the first.


SECTION II. The vision of Mirza; exhibiting a picture of human life. On the fifth day of the moon, which according to the custom of my forefathers, I always keep holy, after having washed myself, and offered up my morning devotions, 1 afcended the high hills of Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of the day in meditation and prayer. As I was here refreshing myself on the tops of the mountains, I fell into a profound contemplation on the vanity of human'life ; and paffing from one thought to another, Surely, said I, man is but a shadow, and life a dream. Whilft I was thus mus. ing, I cast my eyes towards the summit of a rock that was not far from me, where I discovered one in the habit of a shepherd, but who was in reality a being of fuperior nature. I drew near with profound reverence, and fell down at his feet. The genius smiled upon me with a look of compaflion and affability, that familiarized him to my imagination, and at once dispelled all the fears and apprehensions with which I approached him. He lifted me from the ground, and taking me by the hand, Mirza, faid he, I have heard thee in thy soliloquies ; follow me.

He then led me to the highest pinnacle of the rock: and placing me on the top of it, Caft thy eyes ealt ward, said he, and tell me what thou feeft. I see, said I, a huge val. ley, and a prodigious ride of water rolling through it. The valley that thou feeft, faid he, is the vale of misery; and the tide of water that thou seest is part of the great tide of eternity. What is the reason, said I, that the tide I see rises out of a thick mit át one end, and again loses it. self in a thick milt at the other? What thou feeft, faid he, is that portion of eternity which is called Time, measured out by the sun, and reaching from the beginning of the world to its consummation. Examine now, said he, this sea! that is bounded with darkness at both ends, and tell me

what thou discoverest in it. I fee a bridge, said I, standing in the midst of the tide. The bridge thou seest, said he, is human life; consider it attentively. Upon a more leisurely survey of it, I found that it conlisted of threescore and ten entire arches, with several broken arches, which, added to those that were entire, made up the, number a. bout a hundred. As I was counting the arches, the genius told me that this bridge consisted at first of a thousand; but that a great flood swept away the rest, and lefc the bridge in the ruinous condition I now beheld it. But tell me further, said he, what thou discoverest on it. I see multitudes of people passing over it, said I, and a black cloud hanging on each end of it. As I looked more attentively, I saw several of the passengers dropping through the bridge into the great tide that flowed underneath it: and upon further examination perceived there were innumerable trap-doors that lay concealed in the bridge, which the passengers no sooner trod upon, than they fell through them into the tide, and immediately disappeared. These hidden pitfalls were set very thick at the entrance of the bridge, fo that throngs of people no fooner broke through the cloud than many fell into them. They grew thinner towards the middle, but multiplied and lay closer together towards the end of the arches that were entire.

There were indeed some persons, but their number was very small, that continued a kind of hobbling march on the broken arches, but fell through one after another, being quite tired and spent with so long a walk.

I passed some time in the contemplation of this wonderful fructure, and the great variety of objects which it prefented. My heart was filled with a deep melancholy, to see several dropping unexpectedly in the midst of mirth and jollity, and catching at every thing that stood by them, to fave themselves. Some were looking up towards the heav. ens in a thoughtful posture, and in the midst of a speculation, Itumbled and fell out of sight. Multitudes were very busy in the pursuit of bubbles, that glittered in their eyes, and danced before them; but often, when they thought themselves within the reach of them, their footing failed, and down they funk. In this confusion of objects, I observed fome with scimitars in their hands, and others, with urinals, who ran to and fro upon the bridge, thrusting several persons on trap-doors which did not seem to lie in their way, and which they might have escaped had they not been thus forced upon them.


The genius feeing me indulge myself in this melancholy profpect, told me i had dwelt long enough upon it. Take thine eyes off the bridge, said he, and tell me if thou seest any thing thou dost not comprehend. Upon looking up, What mean, faid 1, those great flights of birds that are perperually hovering about the bridge, and settling upon it from time to time? I see vultures, harpies, ravens, cormorants, and, among many other feathered creatures, several little winged boys that perch in great numbers upon the middle arches. These, said the genius, are envy, avarice, fuperstition, despair, love, with the like cares and passions that infest human life.

I here fetched a deep figh. Alas, said I, man made in vain! how is he given away to misery and more tality! tortured in life, and swallowed up in death! The genius, being moved with compassion towards me, bid me quit so uncomfortable a prospect. Look no more, faid he, on man in the first stage of his existence, in his setting out for eternity ; but cast thine eye on that thick milf into which the tide bears the several generations of mortals that fall into it I directed my sight as I was ordered, and (whether or not the good genius strengthened it with any fupernatural force, or diffipated part of the mist that was before too thick for the eye to penetrate) I saw the valley opening at the farther end, and spreading forth into ar im. mense ocean, that had a huge rock of adamant running through the midst of it, and dividing it into two equal parts. The clouds still rested on one half of it, infomuch that I could discover nothing in it; but the other appeared to mę a vast ocean, planted with innumerable islands, that were covered with fruits and flowers, and interwoven with a thousand little shining seas that ran among them. I could fee perfons dressed in glorious habits, with garlands upon their heads, passing among the trees, lying down by the sides of fountains, or resting on beds of flow.

Gladness grew in me at the discovery of fo delightful a scene. I wished for the wings of an eagle, that I might fly away to those happy seats; but the genius told me there was no passage to them, except through the gates of death that I saw opening every moment upon the bridge. The islands, faid he, that lie so fresh and green before thee, and with which the whole face of the ocean appears spotted as far as thou canst fee; are more in number than the fands on the sea-shore. There are myriads of

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illands behind thofe which thou here discoverest, reaching further than thine eye, or even thine imagination, can extend itself. These are the mansions of good men after death, who, according to the degree and kinds of virtue in which they excelled, are distributed among these several illands, which abound with pleasures of different kinds and degrees, suitable to the relishes and perfections of those who are settled in them: every island is a paradise accommodated to its respective inhabitants. Are not these, o Mirza, habitations worth contending for? Does life appear miserable, that gives thee opportunities of earning such a reward? Is death to be feared, that will convey thee to fo happy an existence? Think not man was made in vain, who has such an eternity reserved for him. I gazed with inex. prellible plealure on these happy iflands. At length, said Ī, low me now, I beseech thee, the secrets that lie hid under those dark clouds, which cover the ocean on the other side of the rock of adamant. The genius making no an{wer, I turned about to address myself to him a second time, but I found that he had left me. I then turned again to the vision which I had been so long contemplat. ing ; but instead of the rolling tide, the arched bridge, and the happy islands, I faw nothing but the long hollow valley of Bagdat, with oxen, sheep, and camels, grazing upon the sides of it.

ADDISON. SECTION III. Endeavours of mankind to get rid of their burdens; a dream.*

It is a celebrated thought of Socrates, that if all the milfortunes of mankind were cast into a public stock, in order to be equally distributed among the whole species, those who now think themselves the most unhappy, would pre• fer the share they are alreacly poffeffed of, before that which would fall to them by luch a divifior.. Horace has carried this thought a great deal further : he says that the harulhips or misfortunes which we lie under, are more caly to us than those of any other person would be, în case we could change condition is with him.

As I was ruminating on the fe two remarks, and feated in my, elbow chair, I insentibly fell asleep, when on a fud

Di Johnson used to say, that this Essay of Addison's, on the burdens of mankind, was the most exquisite he had evee read.

den, I thought there was a proclamation made by Jupiter, that every mortal should bring in his griefs and calamities, and throw them together in a heap. There was a large plain appointed for this purpose. I took my stand in the centre of it, and saw, with a great deal of pleasure, the whole human species marching one after another, and throwing down their several loads, which immediately grew up into a prodigious mountain, that feemed to rise above the clouds.

There was a certain lady of a thin airy shape, who was very active in this folemnity. She carried a magnifying glass in one of her hands, and was clothed in a loose Aswing, robe. embroidered with several figures of fiends, and fpectres, that discovered themselves in a thousand chimerical shapes, as her garment hovered in the wind. There was something wild and distracted in her looks. Her name was Fancy. She led up every mortal to the appointed place, after having very officiously affilted him in making up his pack, and laying it upon his shoulders.

My heart melted within me, to see my fellow-creatures groaning under their respective burdens, and to consider that prodigious bulk of human calamities which lay be. fore me.

There were, however, several persons who gave me great diversion upon

this occasion. I observed one bringing in a fardel very carefully concealed under an old embroidered cloak, which upon his throwing it into the heap, I discov. ered to be Poverty. Another, after a great deal of puffing, threw down his luggage, which, upon examining, I found to be his wife.

There were multitudes of lovers saddled with very whimsical burdens composed of darts and fames; but what was very odd, though they fighed as if their hearts would break under these bundles of calamities, they could not persuade themselves to calt them into the heap, when they came up to it ; 'but after a few faint efforts, shook their heads, and marched away as heavy laden as they came. I saw multitudes of old women throw down their wrinkles, and several young ones who stripped themselves of a tawny skin. There were very great heaps of red noses, large lips, and rusty teeth. The truth of it is, I was surprised to see the greatest part of the mountain made up of bodily deformities. Oblirving one advancing towards, the heap, with a larger cargo than ordinary upon his back,

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