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tification of the believer take f life. They must therefore be place in consequence of the justified by the righteousness or righteousness and atonement of atonement of the Saviour, as the the Lord Jesus, and are connect-meritorious cause. But when a ed with it by a divine engage- person is once guilty of sin, he ment or constitution ; so the then justly merits or deserves personal sin and condemnation condemnation on his own acof all the race of Adam take count. Thus from the different place, and are inseparably con- nature and desert of holiness in nected with his apostacy. In believers, and of sin in the posview of the striking similarity terity of Adam, it is certain, that between the two cases in these there must be a difference berespects, the apostle might with tween condemnation by Adam, great truth and propriety say, and justification by Christ. • Therefore as by the offence of Besides, the justification of one, judgment came upon all believers is not an act of justice men to condemnation ; even so to them ; it gives them no leby the righteousness of one, the gal claim on God for favor. But free gift came upon all men unto it is an act of pure, sovereign justification of life.”
grace, bestowed on them, beBut the phrase, “ even so by cause God delights in mercy and the righteousness," &c. does by happiness. But certainly no one no means necessarily imply, that will say, that we are condemned there must be an exact parallel, for Adam's sin, not as a matter in all respects, between condem- of justice, but of pure sovereign nation by the offence of Adam, wrath, inflicted on us, because and justification by the right. God delights in wrath and miseeousness of Christ. If there is ry. This would be blasphemous; a parallel between them in some and yet it seems, that persons particulars, then the expression, must be driven to this conse
even 80,” &c. is true and prop-quence, if they assert, that there er, although in some other res- is an exact parallel in all respects pects there may be a difference. between condemnation through And that there must be a dif- Adam, and justification through ference, between the ground of Christ, and that the sin of Adcondemnation through Adam, am is the meritorious ground of and of justification through the our condemnation ; as the rightLord Jesus, is evident from va- eousness of the Lord Jesus is rious considerations. It is evi- the meritorious ground of our dent from the different nature justification. and desert of holiness and of sin. These considerations clearly Personal holiness and faith are show, that mankind are not conas necessary to our justification demned for the disobedience by the righteousness of Christ, of Adam, as the meritorious as personal sin is to our condem- ground, antecedently to their nation through the fall of Adum. own personal sin and demerit : But although the exercise of and that the declaration of the faith and holiness unites to the apostle, “ Therefore as by the Saviour ; yet it does not atone offence of one, judgment came for the past sins of believers, and upon all men unto condemnamerit justification and eternall tion; even so by the righteousVOL. V. No. 9,
ness of onc, the free gift came righteousness of Christ will proupon all men unto justification,” fit us nothing. For it is declared, does by no means imply, that “ He that believeth not shall be there is an exact parallel in all damned, and shall never see life respects between condemnation Without holiness no man shall by the offence of one, and justifi- see the Lord-Except ye repent cation by the righteousness of ye shall all perish.” It is thereone. Yea, the apostle himselfde-fore of infinite importance to clares, “ Not as the offence, so each one of us that we repent also is the free gift. And not and forsake our sins, believe in as it was by one that sinned, so the Lord Jesus, and cordially is the free gift: for the judg- receive and obey the gospel. ment was by one to condemna
H. E. tion ; but the free gift is of many offences unto justification ;" plainly teaching, that there is a While people continue in the body, Cifference between the two cases
they are to expect no account in some respects.
from the invisible world, but It may be remarked from the
what is contained in the Bible. subject, 1st, That none will be con
THE sacred writings inform demned by the Most High, un
US, that in the days of iniess they justly deserve it, and spiration, several persons were that he will punish none in the raised from the dead. Some present or future world any were restored to life, under the more than they deserve for their Old Testament dispensation ;own personal sins. Some are but many more in the days of apt to complain, and feel as if it Christ and his apostles.. When was hardly just, that they should Christ expired on the cross, the suffer so many evils, and be ex
graves were opened, and many posed to everlasting destruction bodies of the saints which slept in consequence of the sin of
arose, and came out of their Adam. But it appears, that we graves after his resurrection, have no just reason to complain and went into the holy city, and of any injustice, since we never appeared unto many." suffer any more than ourown in
Lazarus was also raised after iquities justly deserve. Thus he had been dead four days. every mouth will be stopped at Hence the following enquiry the bar of God, and every con- hath been often made" Why science will be convinced of the have we no account in scripture, justice and rectitude of the di- of the conversation of such as vine proceedings in the condem- have been raised to life, resnation of the wicked, who will pecting the invisible world ?” receive according to their own The following are humbly ofworks, and will for ever eat the fered as reasons, why there have fruit of their own doings. been no communications of this
2d, It appears, that personal kind from the other world, made holiness, or a cordial faith and matter of sacred record. love, which unite us to the Saviour, are necessary to salvation. * Matt. xxvii. 52, 53. Without these, the atonementor
† John xi. 39.
1. There can be nothing es- | that so small a mitigation to his sentially new revealed to men, sufferings might be granted as while in their present state, res- the application of one drop of pecting the condition of the god water, to cool his schorched ly or the wicked, after death, in tongue ?* addition to what is revealed in Or can we imagine that one the word of God. This exhib- sent from that place of misery its as clear and striking a rep- could use language or metaresentation of invisible and eter- phors, which would exceed those nal things, as people are capa- found in John's Revelation, to ble of receiving and understand-set forth the dreadfulness of the ing, while in their mortal state. punishment, which the wicked
Christ who came down from suffer after death ? heaven, had a far more perfect It is there described, by knowledge of the invisible world lake which búrneth with fire and and of the final conditions of brimstone.”+ They are repremen, than any common person sented, as “ drinking of the wine could have, though he had been of the wrath of God, which is among departed spirits. Should poured out without mixture, inone come from heaven, or from to the cup of his indignation. hell, we cannot conceive it pos. And shall be tormented in the sible, that he should give a more presence of God and the holy affecting description of the hap-angels, and in the presence of piness of the former, or the the Lamb. And the smoke of misery of the latter, than Christ their torment ascendeth up for hath given.
ever and ever; and they have no Had Dives been sent from rest day nor night.”+ hell, to testify to men, what he And should one come from had seen and felt, could he have the heavenly world, we may not found language to have painted presume to say, that he could the exquisiteness of the misery represent the glory and blessedof damned souls, beyond what ness of the place, beyond what Christ hath done in his doctrines Christ and the inspired penmen and parables ? What words can of the scriptures have done. No be more expressive of their tor- one who had been in Paradise, ment, than to say “ they are cast could use words more express. into a place of outer darkness, ive of the happiness of saints, where is weeping and gnashing than those of David in the xvi. of teeth ?* Or into a furnace of Psalm 11 ver.
6 In thy press fire ;t into everlasting fire : the ence is fulness of joy, and at thy fire that shall never be quench- right hand there are pleasures ed ; where their worm dieth not, for ever more.” and their fire is not quenched.” The beauty and glory of the
Could one sent from the world heavenly state, are pointed out of woe, have represented the by the most lively figures and anguish he there endured, in things in nature, in the xxi.chap. more lively colors, than to say it of Revelation, under the name of was his most earnest petition, the new Jerusalem. It is sub
• Matt. viii, 12. + x 50. #Mark ix. 45, 46.
* Luke xyi. 24. + Rev. xix. 20. | Rev. xiv. 10, 11.
joined, “ And the nations that are speakabie words, which it is not saved, shall walk in the light of lawful for a man to utter."* it; and the kings of the earth do 2. Should a messenger como bring their glory and honor into from the invisible world, he could it; and the gates of it shall not set no new motives for repentat all be shut by day; for there ance before sinners. This is imshall be no night there.” See plied in the address of Abraham also chap. vii. 15, 16, 17 verses. to Dives, Luke xvi. 31. “If they
How expressive of the glory hear not Moses and the prophand happiness of the saints in ets, neither would they be perheaven, are these words of suaded, though one rose from Christ? “ Then shall the right the dead." These words denote, eous shine as the sun in the that if the means which God kingdom of their Father.' A hath instituted, lose their effect similar passage is found in Dan. upon sinners ; no others would xii. 3. “ And they that be wise avail to lead them to repentance. shall shine as the brightness of The word of God contains every the firmament; and they that thing necessary, to instruct and turn many to righteousness, as warn mankind : and all is there the stars for ever and ever." said respecting future and eter
And what one from the world nal things, that is requisite for of glory, could express his ideas them to know, or which they of its joys more fully, than is are capable of knowing, until implied in the promised reward they exchange worlds. of grace to the godly? They are A person sent from heaven promised eternal life ; a crown of or hell, might cause a momentalife ; a crown of glory that
fadeth ry surprise, with those to whom away. And that they shall he should appear; but would eat of the hidden manna ; shall do nothing towards melting the drink of the river of water of life ; | hard heart of a sinner into penthat the Lamb shall feed them ; itence. He would be far from and lead them to living fountains convincing infidels of the reality of water, and God shall wipe away and vast importance of eternal all tears from their eyes.
truths, or of their sin and fol. We may therefore be assur-ly in rejecting a crucified Saved, that no saint whose soul had iour. Nothing would be effected been in Paradise, could add any in this way, towards removing thing to the glorious representa- the native enmity which exists in tions of the blessedness of that the hearts of unregenerate per. place, already given in the word sons against God, and the truths of God. Nay, we may conclude of his holy word. The influ. that what departed spirits expe- ences of the divine Spirit alone rience beyond those representa- can produce a change in the tions therein made, is incommu- moral temper of sinners. And if nicable to men, in this life. we may hope for the blessed When Paul was caught up to Spirit to accompany any means, the third heaven, he heard, " un- they must be such as God hath
* brreta remata able.
* Matt, xiii. 43,
If any messenger from the in- would even mock and deride any visible world could effect the re- person, who should come from formation and salvation of sin- the dead to preach to them. And ners, who so likely to do this ás had an account of the invisible the Lord Jesus Christ, since he world been published from the hath come both from heaven, mouth of Lazarus, or any other and from the dead? And not on- person, who had been restored ly so, but his divine mission was to life, it would have availed noattended with many infallible thing, with such as refuse to proofs. Never could a finite near Moses and the prophets, Jeperson be sent from heaven or sus Christ and the apostles. from the dead, with equal au- Some inferences may be made thority, to that of the Son of God. from what hath been said upon And no one can possibly repre- this subject. sent the solemn realities of eter- 1. We may infer that no pernity, more clearly and affecting- son is warranted from the word ly than Christ hath done. And God, to publish to the world yet it hath been found by eight- the discoveries of heaven or hell een hundred years' experience, which he supposes he has had that no sinner will ever believe in a dream, or trance, or vision. and embrace the gospel of Christ Were any thing of this kind to until God operate effectually up-be made known to men, we may on his heart by his Holy Spirit. be assured it would have been Not only thousands of the Jews done by the apostles, when they who heard his preaching and were penning the gospel history. saw his miracles, continued un- Have persons remarkable views converted ; but many millions, of the invisible world, in dreams from generation to generation, or visions, let them like Mary, have lived and died uninfluenced keep all these things, and ponder by the solemn truths taught by them in their heart. And let this faithful and true witness. them improve all their thoughts
And if an account of the tor and views of God and divine ments of the wicked in hell, giv- things, which they may have, en by one who had suffered them whether waking or sleeping, for for a season, would lead sinners their own spiritual profit ; but to repentance ; why did not the never make them known to any extreme agonies of the innocent one, as some new revelation from Lamb of God produce this ef- heaven. fect, when he suffered for sin
By publishing their dreams ners, in the view of many thou- or visions, many persons have sand spectators? What small imposed upon the credulity of relentings were there among the the ignorant. And however sinnumerous throng which beheld cere and well meaning some the Saviour when he hung bleed- have been in such publications, ing upon the cross, and endur- they have opened a wide door ing the keenest anguish of soul for the impositions of crafty and and body imaginable ? But on designing men who lie in wait 10 the contrary, they poured forth deceive. the most bitter revilings and ex- It was by pretended visions ecrations! And we may con- that Mahomet gained credit to clude that hardened sinners This Alcoran, hy which this grandi