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cred songs.

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such a manner as not to be un- versed in the musical art-that derstood by others. The apos- we should have studied its rules tle, however, prefers using his as opportunities may have offerunderstanding in these exercises ed, and accustomed ourselves to to such a degree, as to assert, manage our voices, and to adapt that he had rather speak five them to the various sentiments, words with his understanding, expressed in sacred songs. whereby others might be edified, Having thus attempted to than ten thousand in an unknown show, what it is to sing with the tongue, from which he alone spirit and with the understandcould receive any benefit. If, ing also, it may be useful pertherefore, we would join in the haps to bring into view a few public celebrations of the divine considerations to show the oblipraises, we ought to have an un- gations, which we are under to derstanding of the important and perform this part of divine worleading truths, expressed in sa- ship. And,

Our minds should 1. Our obligations may be arbe steadily fixed on the subject gued from the purposes, which of the song, and we should aim sacred music is calculated to anto have each particular idea or One purpose, which it sentiment strongly impressed on obviously answers, is that of the imagination, as well as on calming the passions, composthe heart.

ing the mind, and disposing it to It is necessary also, in singing softness and peace. Nothing perwith the understanding, to under-haps tends, so directly, to comstand, as far as our circumstan- pose the ruffled passions or to ces will admit, the rules of mu- affect with sensibility hard and sic, or at least the tune, to which rugged hearts, as soft and solthe sacred song is sung. He, emn music. There is no man, who requires us to serve him who has ears to hear, but what with all the heart, soul, mind and will listen to this. And its force strength, cannot be expected to has been attested even by the accept of a dull, lifeless, inaccu- most barbarous and savage narate performance, where with tions on the earth. It has drawn little exertion we might render tears from eyes, which would him something better. Nor can scarcely have been thought cawe suppose, that such an unskil. pable of weeping. It has even ful performance of this duty will in some instances almost susanswer, in

any considerable de- pended the exercise of every facgree, the important purposes, for ulty, while the enraptured hearwhich it is designed. Instead of er stood, petrified as it were, by composing the mind, and pre- the enchanting sound. If such paring it for the exercises of de- be the influence of music, how votion, it will, in many instances well is it calculated to calm our at least, have directly an oppo- passions; to fill the heart with site effect. To perform this part softness and sensibility ; and disof divine worship, therefore, with pose it for the exercises of devothe understanding; to perform tion? Another obvious purpose it to divine acceptance; or to the answered by music, is that of edification of others, it is requi- giving additional energy to the site, that we be in some measure sentiments contained in the VOL. V. No. 7.

I i

words, which are sung. As it can we suppose,

that

an infinitetunes the heart to sensibility, ly holy God, who detests every and prepares it to harmonize appearance of evil, has endowed with every soft and tender feel- us with such a peculiar power, ing, so it fits it to receive the merely for the purpose of fitting greatest possible impression from us to gratify a vain or wanton the truths, which are sung. In taste ? Or must believe, that this way the love of God, and the it was given us for the purpose compassion of our Redeemer, of glorifying himself? While, impress the heart with more therefore, the children of this than usual force ; while senti- world are tuning their voices to ments of love and gratitude, of the sensibilities of depraved huhumility and penitence flow forth man nature, let us, on the conin a manner peculiarly natural. trary, tune ours in the service If then, such be the obvious ef- of him, who gave them to us, fects which inusic is calculated and who has commanded, that to produce, do they not strong-whatever we do, all should be ly enforce the obligations we are done to his glory. under to perform it? If it in any 3. Our obligations to perform degree prepares us for the du- this part of divine worship apties of derotion, can we expect, pear with the greatest clearness that God, who commands us to in the numerous examples and worship him in the best possible commands, which are found in manner, will justify us in neg- the sacred oracles. On this point lecting it? Let us then be excit- it is needless, perhaps, to direct ed not only to sing praises to our the attention of the reader to God, but also to sing them in particular passages, for there is such a manner, to attain the no duty more frequently or clearend, for which they are intended. ly inculcated, than that of singLet us sing with softness, that it ing praises to our Maker. Of may soften the heart-in a feel course, there is no duty, from ing manner, that it may excite which we may not as well exfeelings-with solemnity, that it cuse ourselves. It may further may make us solemn-and with be observed, that one consideragrace, making melody in our ble part of the employment of hearts to the Lord, that we may the heavenly hosts is representobtain his gracious acceptance ed to consist in celebrating the and approbation.

praises of the great and glorious 2. Our obligation to sing prais- God. And can we hope to join es to our God may be further ar- their happy society, if we neggued, from our being endowed lect to assimilate ourselves to with melodious voices, and with their employments ? The God a.capacity to modulate them ac- whom they praise, is our God; cording to the rules of art. Our and the favors, for which they sovereign Creator has given us praise him, are ours also ; partnothing in vain. If therefore he ly by present possession, and has given us voices and skill to partly by promise. And if they use them, it is doubtiess for some do not command both from our valuable purpose. And for what hearts and lips a similar service, purpose, we may ask, unless it it is obvious that we do not feel be to serve and glorify himself? I the obligations, by which our

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God has bound us to himself, in shippers ; but is it not of equal any degree as they are felt by importance that you make melthose, whose hearts are in the ody in your hearts to the Lord ? exercise of holy love.

Can you prefer the plaudits of a In closing this dissertation, it fellow worm, to the approbation is natural to address particularly of your final judge? And dare two classes of readers :

you mock your Maker with the 1. Those, who accustom them-heartless sacrifice of a mere meselves to perform this part of di- lodious voice. vine worship. You are placed in There is another class, who, a conspicuous station in the though they possess voices which house of God. You take the lead might easily be tuned to celcin one important branch of divine brate their Maker's praise, negworship, and on your perform-lect, notwithstanding, to join the ance many important blessings sacred concert. For what purare perhaps depending. Some pose, think ye, were your voices of you, perhaps, have been so given you? Were they bestowed long accustomed to this part, upon you to remain unemploythat it has at length become a ed, like a talent wrapped in a mere formal service, entered napkin? Or were they given upon with little feeling, and you for the inferior, not to say performed with little anima- baser, purpose of chanting the tion. While others of you, songs of intemperance and wanfrom the novelty of the scene, tonness? If vocal music be one find your ambition excited, and part of divine worship, how can are stimulated ostentatiously to you be justified in your present display all the powers of harmo- neglect? If it be calculated to ny, which you can command. enliven devotion, how can you But do you sufficiently consider be excused in not throwing in in whose presence you are per- your mite ? Think not to plead, forming, and to whom your that your voices will not admit praises ought in your own minds of that cultivation, which is neto be directed ? Do not the care- cessary to enable you to join the lessness and sluggishness of sacred choir. Some of you can some, and the pride and ostenta- now in your social circles touch tion of others, too evidently pol- the delicate sensibilities of the lute your services, and give us human heart, even with the wild, reason to fear that they are little uncultivated notes of nature, better than abominations in the And there are very few voices, view of a heart-searching God, which might not be made with who commands you to worship a little cultivation to add somehim with humility and godly thing to this branch of divine fear ? Allow me then seriously worship. Let it be deeply iinto urge the importance of keep-pressed on your minds, that your ing God in view, and of entering voices are one talent, of which feelingly into the sentiments ex- your Maker at the great day pressed in the words, which you will require an account. And if are directed to sing. It is of you continue to neglect preparsome importance, that you shoulding yourselves to join with othmake melody with your voicesers in celebrating your Maker's to the ears of your fellow wor- praises, what account can yol,

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give? what excuse will justify | many instances, they have comso evident a breach of your Mas- menced as soon as the funeral ter's will ?

obsequies of their parents have EUBULUS. been performed. Nor has it

been unfrequent that the baleful effects of such evils have contin

ued through life. On the love of the world.

The love of the world has of.

ten destroyed the friendship and THAT love of the world harmony of neighborhoods. It

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is a sin which easily besets eve- with them, which have been sucry son and daughter of the de- ceeded by confusion and every praved race of Adam.

evil work. Numberless litigaCovetousness is mentioned by tions have been occasioned, by Christ, among those evil things, the love of the world. This hath which proceed out of the heart moved brother to go to law with of man.* And unless this vile brother, and neighbor with neighaffection be subdued by divine bor, which has often proved a grace, it will prove fatal to the final breach of friendship ; and everlasting well-being of man- frequently one or both parties kind. And though true Chris- have been involved in poverty tians are not wholly freed from and disgrace. a sinful love of earthly objects, Thousands through their arwhile they continue in this life ; dent thirst after riches, have by yet a death wound is given to their excessive cares, labors and this, and to every other fleshly fatigues to obtain their object, lust, at regeneration. For “ they ruined a good constitution, and that are Christ's have crucified brought themselves to an unthe flesh, with its affections and timely end. lusts”+

Men have often run those In what follows, I shall attempt hazards to increase their wealth to point out the destructive ef- which have not only cost them fects, which the love of the world their lives ; but they have been has, in regard to the temporal launched into eternity in a moand spiritual happiness of men, ment, in the twinkling of an where they continue under its

eye, influence ; and then set forth the The love of the world has led only remedy for this fatal evil.

men to violate their most solemn 1. The love of the world has promises, and to commit those done great injury to the tempo- daring frauds which have involvral interest and welfare of man-ed their honest creditors in ruin. kind.

Many have uttered palpable false. It has frequently occasioned hoods, others have been guilty of bitter envyings and contentions in the most shocking perjuries, to families. Troublesome quarrels save, or to procure worldly gain. have often arisen among chil- This sin has prompted men dren of the same household, res- to the commission of countless pecting their patrimony; and in crimes, some of which have

been of the deepest die. It has * Mark vii. 22. + Gal. v. 24. led them to the most cruel op

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er.

pression, aggravated thefts, bar- fatal effects of this evil, as it res-
barous robberies and horrid mur- pects the temporal welfare of
ders. The love of money has men, I shall, in the second place,
been the cause of almost all the consider its destructive iufluence
blood that has been shed, from upon their spiritual interest.
the foundation of the world, to Through the depraved tem-
the present period.

per which is native in man, we This has commonly enkin- may conclude that the souls of dled those animosities, which great numbers are ensnared and have disposed nation to lift up ruined, by the love of the world. sword against nation, and to learn This is abundantly taught by and cultivate the fatal art of war. our Saviour. In the parable of Millions have fallen a sacrifice the sower he hath shown, that to kings, and to men in pow. the cares and lusts of sinful men

Towns, cities and whole often cause the word preached countries have been drenched in to prove as unproductive of any blood and laid in ruins, to satiate good effects, as the seed that is the unbounded avarice of ty- sown among thorns. How little rants,

spiritual benefit will persons gain, The love of filthy lucre orig- though they may set under the inated the unnatural and abomi- most enlightening and faithful nable traffic, in the human spe- preacher, throughout their whole cies. In consequence of this, lives, while their hearts are conthousands of innocent Africans, stantly going after their covethave been torn from their dear ousness? relatives and their country, and An avaricious spirit prevents have either lost their lives or people from that due considerahave been destined to drag them tion and serious reflection on out in a most miserable vassal- their spiritual condition, which age.

alone will lead them to a thorIndeed, the love of the world ough reformation. It hinders has reduced many a person, who them from reading or hearing was entitled to liberty by the the word of God attentively, and laws of his country, to the base from that meditation and selfcondition of a slave. How many application, which will discover through their unbounded desires to them the badness of their after wealth, rise early, sit up spiritual state, and their need of late, and eat the bread of sorrows, a Saviour. that they may accumulate a large The prayers of multitudes are earthly treasure. Nay, so full hindered, through their eager of perplexing concerns are their attention to their secular conminds, lest some of their sub-cerns. This prevents not a stance should be lost, that their small proportion of people from sleep often departs from them, praying at all, and renders othor they are “scared with dreams, ers very inconstant and superand terrified with visions of the ficial in this duty. night.”

Such persons may be charged No bond-servant ever served as were the ancient Israelites, his master with greater rigor with robbing God; or with offerthan many serve mammon. ing the blind and lame for sucri.

2. Having briefly hinted at the Ifice.

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