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The sum of 1211 dollars and 29 cents, mentioned above as due from the Publishers of the Magazine, was paid by them, September 20th, to the honorable Messrs. John Treadwell and Jonathan Brace, a Committee appointed by the Trustees of the Missionary Society of Connecticut to receive the same ; and by said Committee was paid to the Treasurer of the Society, as appears by the Treasurer's Receipt, as follows:
HARTFORD, September 20th, 1804.
Received from the honorable John Treadwell and Jonathan Brace, Esquires, for and in behalf of the Trustees of the Missionary Society of Connecticut, the sum of twelve hundred and eleven dollars and twenty-nine cents, for which I am accountable as Treasurer to the Missionary Society, having given a duplicate of this receipt therefor. The same being avails of the Connecticut Evangelical Magazine.
Donations to the Missionary Society of Connecticut.
Brace, Esq'rs. being avails of Evangeli-
$ 1211 29 28. Of Rev. Calvin Ingalls, contributed in
35 25 October 3. A Friend of Missions for purchase of Books,
5 58 A Lady of Massachusetts,
$ 1253 12
Christianity distinguished by its names given to the first human
pair by God, and to the animal The disciples were called Chris world by Adam, is agreeable to
this view.* And many passatians first in Antioch. Acts
ges in scripture history convey
the same idea. HE high importance of
The scriptural text with which Christianity, to man, ful- these observations are introduly apologizes for every well ced, refers to an event impormeant attempt to illustrate and tant in the history of the primirecommend it. The design of tive Church. Antioch was a the following dissertation is to large city, at a distance from Jeconsider the import of its name.
rusalem, the capital of the kingFrom the first use of lan
dom of Syria, known in the guage the design of names has prophecy of Daniel by the epibeen to distinguish their sub- thet of the Kingdom of the jects from other individuals of North ;" as that of Egypt is by
or from other “the Kingdom of the South." species of the same kind, or
It consisted of that part of the they have denoted general ob- Empire of Alexander the Great, jects. They supercede the ne- which fell to Antiochus in the
division of the Empire among
his four principal Captains, nication of knowledge, by writ. which took place in a few years ing and the intercourse of social after the death of that conquelife. Though they may be view.
This City was built by Antievident they originated, at least ochus, and named by him to pelo frequently, in a supposed adap- petuate the remembrance of his tedness to express the most glory. In this, as in most podistinguishing quality, relation, pulous places of the East, many or circumstance of the subject. The scripture account of the * Gen. i. 26. and ii. 19, 2023
the same species,
tion, and facilitate the commu
ed as in a sense arbitrary, it is
VOL. V. No. 5
Jews had long dwelt among This worthy name was evi. Gentiles, who were the princi-dently in a high degree proper, pal inhabitants. Happily for as Christ was the Alpha and many there, the persecution of Omega of their religion, and the disciples of Christ, in which their hope; their Prophet, Priest the holy Stephen sealed the gos- and King. It is also well known pel testimony with his blood, to the learned, that various occasioned such a dispersion of sects of heathen philosophers the disciples and preachers of were at that time denominated the gospel, that some of them from their leaders and foun. travelled as far as Antioch, ders. preaching the gospel, “ and the This name, however,'seems hand of the Lord was with them, not to have been assumed by the and a great number believed and disciples of Christ merely from turned to the Lord.” And al- human views of propriety. though they preached the word The Greek word here rento Jews only, it plcased God to dered called, is not the usual make it successful to Gentiles, word so rendered. It properly opening the door of faith to imports a particular divine a. them also. Such is the fulness gency, influence or direction, of divinc grace that God is found and may be very literally ren. oven of those who sought him dered divinely called. We find not. The conversion of Jews the word in some of its forma. and Gentiles to the Christian tions several times used in the faith, in the same city, prepar- Greek Testament, in all of ed the way for their union in which it has a signification simthe same congregation, for the ilar to that just mentioned.* celebration of divine worship On the whole, we may be and ordinances ; and their fre-well satisfied of the propriety quent intercourse, in that near of the name given to the discirelation, must have produced ples of our Lord Jesus Christ, frequent occasion to mention at Antioch, and that in receive each other, by their national ing it they acted by divine direc. distinction. This tended to excite tion; their religion is, therefore, their respective national preju- termed Christianity. In illus. dices, and to marr the happiness trating the propriety of this of their union in the Christian name, we shall be led to notice church. A common
a few leading marks of distincseemed well adapted to prevent tion between this religion and the evil, and none could have all other religions among men. been invented so agreeable and We shall take our view of proper as one derived from that Christianity from the sacred of their common Lord. This book in which it is revealed. It would prevent tiie evil resulting is, however, to be remembered, from the frequent mention of that we consider the whole their national distinction, ex- volume of scripture as containpress their united reverence to ing a divine revelation of this their master, the divine author of their religion, and would ef
* Matt. ii. 12--22. Luke ii. 26. fcctually distinguish them from
Acts X. 22.
Heb, viii. s. xi. 7.the votaries of all other religions. 'xii. 15.
religion. The Old Testament | ties, in all these respects ; and as constituting the first part, that he exists in that infinitely and the New Testament the perfect manner called a Trinity second and last.
in unity, possessing the whole The distinction between Chris. perfection of unity and of Trintianity and all other religions ity, the whole benefit of both, in respects its doctrines, its moral all respects and especially in precepts and the prospects which this, that he enjoys indepenit opens ; but to consider these dent communion in himself, as grand divisions in all their rami- an incommunicable perfection fications would require many of Jehovah, in distinction from volumes. We shall, therefore, the solitary, imperfectand depen. pursue the following concise dent unity of the object of worarrangement of a few leading ship in the Mahometan system. marks of distinction, viz.
This is usually expressed The object of worship,
by a personal distinction in the The ground of acceptance,
Deity, because there is an evi
dent foundation for the applica. The system of morality, and The retributions of futurity.
tion of the three personal epi.
thets, 1, Thou and He, as used I. We attend to the distinc- in common language ; though tions in the object of worship. we by no means comprehend
Christianity teaches the wor- that distinction in the infinitely ship of the one living and true perfect manner of the divine God, in distinction from the existence, as distinguished from polytheism of all systems of that of created, dependent and Pagan theology. It teaches that imperfect beings; we, howthis God is eternal and inde- ever, can perceive it to be nependent, in distinction from the cessary to independent perfecgenealogies and dependent suc- tion and felicity, and can apprecession of their numerous di- hend no more difficulty in the vinities. They had their Jupi- belief of this doctrine, than of ter optimus maximus, or their any other truth of natural or greatest God, their Dii majores revealed religion, which exceeds or Gods greater than another our comprehension. We there, class · whom they called their fore rest with unwavering faith household Gods. All these had in the true and proper divinity a beginning, and were depen- of the Father, the Son and the dent, the less on the greater, Holy Ghost, and that “ these and all on their Supreme Jupi
three are one." ter, and he on fate, which the This triune Deity, who is the best of them believed to be object of Christian worship, is above the Gods.
also possessed of infinite moral Christianity teaches that this perfection, or he is immutably one God is possessed of all natu- good. It is a dictate of right ral perfection, originally and in- reason that a Being possessed or dependently ; that he is omni- such natural perfections as the present, omniscient, omnipo- holy scriptures ascribe to the tent and immutable, in distinc-object of worship, and existing tion from the total deficiency in such a manner, must be in and imperfection of their divini- | nitely perfect in his moral
character, or must be good. in the next mark of distinction beBut in this we are not left to the tween Christianity and all other mere light of human reason. religions, which is, Divine revelation is abundant in II. The ground of acceptance. ascribing all possible moral ex- That man is, naturally, in a cellence to God, as a Being es- state of sin and ruin, is obvious sentially and unchangeably holy, to every reflecting mind, and has just and good, wise and faithful, accordingly been perceived and and summarily assures us that lamented by most writers a“ God is love." In these sacred mong the heathen philosophers; writings we are assured that indeed a consciousness of guilt God is the fountain of all exis- and exposedness to punishment tence, the creator and preser- is common to men ; hence the ver of Angels and men ; that his anxious inquiry, “ Wherewith dominion in the natural and shall I come before the Lord, moral world is universal and and bow myself before the Most perfect ; that his providence ex- High God?" tends to all events, and that he The best answers to this most governs moral and accountable interesting question, furnished creatures by the most perfect from philosophic investigations, laws; that he is the kind and are wholly unsatisfactory. beneficent parent of the whole Most of the heathen writers creation, and encourages his on this subject, manifest some rational offspring to address him notion of sacrifices, of some in prayer and praise.
kind, to appease the anger of Such a Being, and such only, their Gods and obtain their facan be the proper object of wor- vor. This, probably, originated ship. He is present and knows in some knowledge of ancient all our wants, and is able to sat- | tradition, conveying partial inisfy them. He governs all e
formation from the possessors vents in the universe ; all crea- of divine revelation on this subtures and events are in his hand, ject, but so mangled and perand he can protect and save us verted, as to be totally insuffifrom evil. He is the father of cinent to relieve the wounded our spirits and the former of our conscience, or to enable the bodies, and is the kindest of sinner to contemplate, with comparents, and a very present help posure, his appearance before in trouble. Into the bosom of God. such infinite sufficiency, and The next relief attempted by parental love the full soul may philosophy, is by a virtuous life, pour all its troubles; in him the or by repentance and reformafatherless findeth mercy-and tion ; but alas, how insufficient he hath said, “call upon me in the this, for the transgressor !day of trouble and I will deliver Whạt rational hope can be dethee, and thou shalt glorify me." rived from this to the sinner But how shall guilty, unwor
owes ten thousand talents thy sinners have access to such and has nothing to pay ?" a Being of infinite majesty, per- Were his repentance and refection and purity ?
formation even perfect, they The answer to this most in- could have no influence to atone teresting question will be found for past offences, and could be