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resistance will be fatal. Since, I receive and grace for grace.therefore, we can make no He will take the entire charge successful resistance against our of them upon himself. How Maker, and since all opposition impious it must be to caril at will increase our guilt and ruin, the holy and benevolent dispenit is madness to resist.

sations of God. It proves want 2. But submission to God in of conformity to his will and 20all things, will be for our ever- monishes men of the fatal end lasting welfare. By this spirit, which awaits them. Let those, we at once become at peace with who resist the grace of God, all his administrations. All consider, that they are opposing things will then be in conformi- the only hope of the world, opty to our most earnest desires, posing him, who gave his life a or in other words, our most ransom for men--closing the earnest desires will coincide door of mercy, and scahing with all the purposes and ad- themselves over to the award of ministrations of God. “He law and justice. I et such reshall give thee the desires of flect, how important it is, that thine heart.” We shall be at they agree with their adversary peace with him, and have confi- | quickly, while they are in the dence in him, in all things, and way with him, lest at any time at all times. How comfortable their adversary deliver them to is such confidence in one, on

the judge, the judge to the offiwhom we must depend forever! cer, and they be cast into that

3. Submission to God is a prison, from whence they shall duty which we owe him. His never escape, till they have paid laws, providence and grace, are

the last mite. excellent in themselves, and important benefits to his creatures; there is nothing in them but on the Sonship of JESUS CHRIST, what is lovely and desirable ; extracted from The Reliwithout them, creation would gious Monitor or Scots Press inevitably go to ruin. To which byterian Magazine," published of his laws ought we not to sub in Edinburgh, June, 1803. mit ? Ought we, his creatures, to wish to be exempted from his T is doubtless of some imauthority? Is not creation in

portance to ascertain what finitely indebted to him for his is the true scriptural meaning providence? And should not

And should not of the titles, Son of God, only bethis world sing the praises of gotten Son, God's own Son, and his wonderful grace. It is our the Son, which are in scripture unquestionable duty to submit, so frequently given to Jesus of and we have cause to rejoice, Nazareth. It is naturally to be that his yoke is easy, and his expected, that such as are opburden light

posed to the doctrine of the su4. Another motive to submis-preme deity of our glorious Resion, is the assurance, that God deemer, should be disposed to resisteth the proud, but giveth explain not only these, but all grace to the humble. lle will other titles which are given give them free access to him, him, in such a sense as to exand from his fulness they shall clude proper divinity. These


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VOL. V. No. 4.


names, however, are supposed stricted to the human nature, or by some who are friends to the to the office of the Messiah, and real divinity of the Saviour, to must imply pretty much the be expressive rather of his hu same with the Son of Man, manity, or of his mediatorial of Righteous Servant, &c. or the fice, than of his divine nature, real divinity of Christ must be as proceeding from the Father, given up. by an eternal, ineffable genera But although it be readily adtion ; and to be pretty much of mitted, that the name and title the same import with the names Son of God, is many times given Son of Man, Righteous Servant, to Christ where the inferior naBranch of Righteousness, &c. ture is included, and, perhaps,

In support of this idea of the sometimes where his humanity Sonship of Christ, it is alledged, is principally intended ; for this that the name and relation of plain reason, that many things Son, according to the idiom of are, in scripture, asserted coniall languages with which we are cerning his person, which are acquainted, necessarily implies true only of one of his natures, derivation, and a certain degree as, “That the Lord of glory of inferiority. That the title was crucified,” and, « That the Son, or Sons of God, is one church was redeemed by the which is, in scripture, given both blood of God”-it nevertheless to angels and

That appears evident from revelaChrist frequently speaks of him- tion, that Christ's Sonship exisself as being, in the relation and ted, previous to either his ascapacity of a Son, inferior to sumption of human nature, or the Father, and acting by a de- his appointment to the office of Itsed, delegated power, saying, Messiah. To admit the con“ I can do nothing of myself :" trary supposition appears, “ My Father is greater than I." small degree, to weaken the That the term Son, implies

evidences of the supreme deity either the derivation of one be of Christ. As this is a subject of ing from another, as men are pure revelation, we must expect called sons, or children of men; to derive all our information or the likeness of one being or from the law and the testimony. thing to another, as angels and The following considerations are holy men are called sons submitted to the reader. children of God; young men It is allowed by nearly all that were instructed and prepar- judicious interpreters of Scriped for the gift of prophecy, are ture, to be most natural to adcalled sons, or children of the mit the literal sense of a term prophets. Wicked

or phrase, as the true sense, uncalled children of Belial, or less where various circumstanwickedness, and proud men are ces concur to show it to be used called the children of Pride. figuratively. But the term Son, This being, therefore, a title in the most strict, literal, and improper to be applied to su generally received sense, in all preme Deity, and necessarily languages, supposes a father a implying derivation and inferi being of the same common naority, it is urged, that either the ture with him. Though it be term Son of God must be re admitted that the term is many

in no




times used in a lower sense, as was God's own Son, only begotin the case of angels and men, ten Son, &c. ? who are called sons or children With respect to the objecof God; yet, it is much question, that Sonship implies deritioned whether those strongly vation and inferiority, it appears definite terms The Son, by way to originate from our connectof eminence, God's own Son, and ing those ideas with the supreme Only begotten Son, are ever used Being, which belong to creato express a lower idea of Son- tures.

But, because among ship than what is implied in a men a father necessarily begets sameness of nature with the a son younger than himself, it Father. Certain it is, neither will not follow that the title son, angels nor men are the sons of as applied to Christ, implies inGod, according to the sense of feriority. All the inferiority of these terms. “ For unto which a son to father, among men, of the angels, said he, at any arises from this circumstance of time, thou art my Son, this day human generation, and the nahave I begotten thee.” Heb. i. 5. ture of created beings. SeparSupposing one person was cal- ate from this, the son being of led the Son, the only Son, the the same nature is the father's only begotten Son of another, if equal. Perhaps, a more just we should understand the terms idea of the manner in which the in any other sense than as ex- Son of God is begotten of the pressing a sameness of nature, Father, cannot be formed by and a descent by natural gene- mortal man, than what is derived ration, it would introduce such from Psalm ii. 7. “ Thou art a confusion of ideas and terms, my Son, this day have I begotas would go far towards redu- ten thee.” The divine exiş, cing all language to the utmost tence is not in succession, aduncertainty. What more, there mitting past, present and future; fore, could the inspired penman but is one eternal day, or now. say, to assert Christ to be a Son So the Son's being begotten of of the same nature with the the Father, is the immanent act Father, and proceeding from of one eternal day. Therefore, him by an eternal, though in this text is equally true of a explicable generation, than to whole eternity, as of any given call him God's own Son, only point of time. Consequently, begotten Son, &c. ? Supposing the term begotten, as applied the doctrine of Christ's eternal to Christ, implies no inferiority, Sonship to be true, I see not either of dignity, or in point of how the truth of it could be con- succession of existence. veyed in sufficiently strong

Other circumstances, besides terms, or how we could have a the obvious sense of the term, revelation sufficiently clear, to also concur to show us that this fix our faith in the belief of it, title is originally divine, or exif such a revelation is not given pressive of the supreme deity of in the terms made use of by the Christ particularly. As Son, sacred penınan ; for what more and in the relation of a Son to could be said to prove him to be the Father, he is declared to be a Son by nature, than to say he

an object of worship, both by men and angels; and, in many


places, the reason why he was worship. He hath said, I am worshipped was, that he was the Lord, this is my name, and the Son of God. John v. 23. my glory will I not give to an" That all men should honor the nother. When John, in the Son, even as they honor the isle of Patmos, would have worFather.” Heb. i. 6. “When he shipped the angel, who bringeth his first begotten into the God's minister in imparting to world, he saith, And let all the him the revelation, doubtless angels of God worship him.” supposing him to be the Lord Ps.xlv. 11. “ He is thy Lord wor- Jesus Christ, and no created ship thou him.” Agreeably here- angel, he was immediately forto, we find various instances, in bidden : “ See thou do it not, I which divine worship was given am thy fellow-servant, and of to him while on earth, as soon as thy brethren that have the teshe was known to be the Son of timony of Jesus.

Worship God. As---By the wise men of God.” Rev. ix, 10. and xxii. 9. the east. Matt. ii. 2.-By the But if worship was to be given cicansed leper. Matt. viii. 2.- him, upon a ground which did By the ruler of the synagogue, not imply Deity, would it not when he intreated him in be- be to countenance idolatrous half of his daughter. Matt. ix. worship ? Admitting him to 18.--By the people who had be truly God, yet if the worshipbeen with him in the ship, and per had no knowledge or belief had seen his power in calming of his divinity, nor any knowlthe tempest. Matt. xiv. 3. edge of his person and office, but By the woman of Canaan.- through the medium of a title Matt. xv. 25.By the man which implied no proper diviniwho had been possessed of the ty, and was only appropriate to legion. Mark v. 6.-By the the inferior nature, or at best, blind man who had been restar represented him as supered to sight. John ix. 38.-By angelic created being, it would the woman who first repaired be no more than creature worto the sepulchre after his resur- ship. And if worship was comrection. Matt. xxviii. 9.–And manded to him on such a by his disciples when they first ground, as it is expressly, Heb. saw him after he was risen from i. 6. would it not contradict the the dead. Luke xxiv. 52. command, « Thou shalt worThe ground upon which divine ship the Lord thy God, and him worship was, in these instances, only shalt thou serve.' given him, was, that the parties Farther, as Son, and in the reknew and believed him to be the lation of a Son to the Father, Son of God. But we cannot divine works are ascribed to him. admit the supposition, that, in But neither the mere human so many instances, divine wor- nature of Christ, nor any creaship would be given to, and re- ted being, however exalted, ever ceived by him, upon a ground did such works as are properly which implied no proper divini- the works of God. Among ty. God is erer jealous of his such works note the creation of glory, particularly of the glory the world, John i. 3. All things of being the sole and exclusive were made by him, and without mbject of ail divine and religious ! lim was there not any thing


made that was made. By com- grace, mercy and peace, 2 John paring this with verse 14, it ap- 3. “Grace be with you, and pears that the Logos, or Word, mercy and peace from God the and only begotten Son, are titles Father, and from the Lord Jeof the same import, unless we sus Christ, the Son of the Father, are rather to view the latter as in truth and love.” And the exhibiting the stronger evidence Apostle's elaborate proof that of real underived deity, i. e. Jesus is the Son of God, conseviewing him as the maker of all quently an object of faith, issues things, we behold a glory as of in an assertion that he is the the only begotten of the Father. true God, and eternal life, i. e. Creation is also, ascribed to him The Son of God, in whom we as the Son, Col. i. 16. and Heb. have life, upon whom we are to i. 2. Not creation only, but all believe for eternal life, and who other divine works are ascribed giveth spiritual understanding, to him as a Son, and in the re- is the true God and eternal life. lation of a Son to the Father, 1 John v. 11,12,13,20. UnbelievJohn v. 17-19. He raiseth ing Thomas, reclaimed from his the dead, ver. 21, and judgeth incredulity, exclaims, My Lord the world, ver. 22. The term and my God! John xx. 28.Son of God, therefore, I think, This exclamation related to the plainly suggests the idea of a same person whom he had seen, divine person and worker. Ap- and with whom he had freplied to the Messiah, it does not quently conversed in the days point us so directly to the office, of his flesh. Our Lord, so far as to the real underived deity of from correcting his error, if it the officer.

was one, pronounceth him bles. The same idea of Christ's

a believer ; and the inSonship appears, also, to be spired penman adds, “ These plainly expressed in such Scrip- are written, that ye might betures as the following, which lieve that Jesus is the Christ, the ascribe divinity to him in the Son of God," i. e. Thomas's fullest sense as Son, and in the confession of Christ as his Lord relation of a Son to the Father : and his God, was written among Heb. i. 8. quoted from Psal. xlv. other things, that we might be6. “ And unto the Son he saith, lieve himn to be the Son of God. Thy throne, O God, is forever To the same purpose see John and ever; and the sceptre of xiv. 9, 10, 11. “ He that hath righteousness is the sceptre of seen me hath seen the Father : thy kingdom.” To the same I am in the Father, and the Fapurpose, ver. 10. quoted from ther in me.But unless, as the Psalm cii. 25, 26. “ And thou, | Son of the Father, he is truly Lord, in the beginning, hast God, instead of seeing the Falaid the foundations of the earth, ther in him, we see no more and the heavens are the work than the Father's servant. of thine hands." These words The eternity of Christ's gene. are evidently spoken of the Je- ration and Sonship seems, also, hovah of Israel, but here appli- to be fairly implied in many ed by the Father to the San.- Scriptures of the Old TestaAs the Son of the Father, he is ment, particularly in such, addressed as the joint giver of follow : Proverbs viii. 22, 23,

sed as


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