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It is certain, much freer satirists than I have enjoyed the encouragement and protection of the prin: ces under whom they lived. Augustus and Maece nas made Horace their companion, though he had been in arms on the side of Brutus; and, allow me to remark, it was out of the suffering party too, that they favoured and distinguished Virgil. You will not suspect me of comparing myself with Virgil and Horace, nor even with another court- favourite, Boileau. I have always been too modest to imagine my pane. gyrics were incense worthy of a court; and that, I hope, will be thought the true reason why I lave never offered any. I would only have observed, that it was 'under the greatest princes and best ministers, that moral satirists were most encouraged; and that then poets exercised the samie jurisdiction over the follies,, as historians did over the vices of inen. It may also be worth considering, whether Augustus himself inakes the greater figure, in the writings of the former, or of the latter and whether Nero and Domitian do not appear as ridiculous for their false taste and affectation, in Perfius and Juvenal, as odious for their bad, government in Tacitus and Suetonius ? In the first of these reigns it was, that Horacę was protected and caressed; and in the latter that Lucan was put to death, and. Juvenal banished.

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I would not have said so much, but to shew you my whole heart on this subject; and to convince you, Į am deliberately bent to perform that request which you make your last to me, and to perform it with temper, justice, and resolution. As your approbation (being the testimony of a found head and an honeft heart) does greatly confirm me herein, I with you may live to see the effect it may hereafter have


upon me, 'in some thing more deserving of that approbation. But if it be the will of God, (which, I know, will also be yours) that we must separate; I hope it will be better for you than it can be for me, You are fitter to live, or to die, than any man I know. Adieu, my dear friend! and may God preserve your life easy, or make your death happy.

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Außer feinem Briefwechsel mit Pope, liefert auch die Sammlung seiner Werke eine Menge Briefe von ihn, die zum heil zwar auch den von Dr. Warton bemerkten Fehler der Anmaßlichkeit haben, aber doch nicht nur mit Leichtigkeit und Laune, sondern auch mit größerer Offenheit des Charaktere, als die Popischen, geschrieben find. Einer der lesenswürdigken ist folgender, eine Apologie får Swift's Betragen und Schriften nach dem Tode der Sdnigin Anna, und zugleich Darlegung reis ner politischen Grundsåke.


Dublin, Jan. 10. 1721.

A thousand things have vexed me of late years, upon which I am determined to lay open my mind to you. I rather chuse to appeal to you than to my Lord Chief Justice Whitshed, under the situation I am in. For I take this cause properly to lie before you: you are a much fitter judge of what concerns the credit of a writer, the injuries that are done him, and the reparations he ought to receive. Besides, I doubt whether the arguments I could suggest to prove iny own innocence, would be of much weight from the gentlemen of the long robe to those in furs, upon whose decision about the difference of style or sentiments, I should be very unwilling to leave the merits of my cause.

Give me leave then to put you in mind, (although you cannot easily forget it), that about ten weeks before the Queen's death, I left the town, upon occasion

of that incurable breach among the great men at court, and went down to Berkshire, where you may remenber that you gave me the favour of a visit. While I was in that retirement, I writ a discourse which I thought might be useful in such a juncture of affairs, and sent it up to London; but, upon some difference in opinion between me and a certain great minister now abroad, the publishing of it was deferred so long that the Queen died, and I recalled my copy, which hath been ever since in fafe hands. In a few weeks after the loss of that excellent princess, I came to my station here; where I have continued ever since in the greatest privacy, and utter ignorance of those events which are most commonly talked of in the world. I neither know the names nor number of the royal family which now reigns, further than the prayerbook informs me, I cannot tell who is chancellor, who are secretaries, nor with what nations we are in peace

And this manner of life was not taken up out of any sort of affectation, but merely to avoid giving offence, and for fear of provoking party-zeal.

or war.

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I had indeed written fome memorials of the four last years of the Queen's reign, with some other informations, which I received, as necessary materials to qualify me for doing something in an employment than designed me: but, as it was at the disposal of a person who had not the smallest share of steadiness or fincerity, I disdained to accept it.

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These papers, at my

few hours of health and lei. fure, I have been digesting into order by one theet at a time; for I dare not venture any further, left the humnour of searching and seizing papers should revive not that I am in pain of any danger to myself, (for


they contain nothing of present times or persons, upon which I shall never lose a thought while there is a cat or a spaniel in the house), but to preserve them from being lost among messengers and clerks.

I have written, in this kingdom, a discourse to persuade the wretched people to wear their own manufactures instead of those from England. This treatise Coon spread very fast, being agreeable to the sentiments of the whole nation, except of those gentlemen who had employinents, or were exspectant. Upon which a person in great office here immediately took the alarm: he sent in haste for the chief-justice, and informed him of a feditious, factious, and virulent pamphlet, lately published, with a design of setting the two kingdoins at variance; directing at the same time that the printer should be prosecuted with the almost rigour of law. The chief-justice had so quick an underlianding, that he resolved, if poflible, to outdo his orders. The grand juries of the county and city.were practised effectually with to represent the said pamphlet with all aggravating epithets, for which they had thanks, send them frein England', and their prefentients published for several weeks in all the newspapers. The printer was seized, and forced to give great bail: after his trial the jury brought him in not guilty, although they had been culled with the utmost! industry; the chief justice fent them back nine times, and kept them eleven hours, until, being perfectly tired out, they were forced to leave the matter to the mercy of the judge, by what they call a special verdict. During the trial, the chief justice, among other fingularities, laid his hand on his breast, and protested folemnly that the autor's defign was to bring in the pretender; although there was not a single fyllable:


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