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was so bigh-mettled, that he was for planting men even on forbidden ground; and the other so mealymouthed, that he would not allow the planting even of beans; which, in contempt of this latter, I am this moment a-doing in the farther end of my garden as you, in defiance of the former, have undertaken the other part of cultivation in a sweet sequestered spot, which none but gods, or a man like them, is worthy to approach ; where I desire my humble respects may be tendered, along with those I offer to yourself, when I profess how much I am, dear Sir, your most humble servant, and affectionate friend,

W. WARBURTON. P.S. I understand that “the Friday of the Assize week” means Lincoln Assizes. I purpose to attend you there: if any thing prevents your coming, or if I mistake the time, be so good to let me have a line. I return you Pemberton * with this, and with more thanks than he got guineas.


For William STUKELEY, Esq. M. D. at Grantham.

Dear Sir, Newarke, March 12, 1728-9. I hope you received one of mine last week with my intentions of waiting on you at Ancaster at the day. Since that, I have been pressed by a solicitation I could no-ways withstand, to attend a trial between Sir Robert Sutton and Mr. Plumptre about the boundaries of their estates : this will necessarily draw me to Nottingham on the very day I had proposed to myself the pleasure of attending you. My best respects and esteem to the gentlemen you meet there, whom I live in expectation of meeting there in Summer. In the mean time I am daily in expectation of your kind visit to Broughton, and that you will contrive to stay a night or two with me, where we may converse together de quolibet ente, and laugh at the follies and impertinence that surround us.

* Probably Dr. Henry Pemberton, M.D. F. R. S. and Profes. sor of Physick at Gresham College, who published, by a large Subscription, A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy“ in a magnificent quarto, but which greatly disappointed the expecta. tions of his latrons.

meet * Dr. Stukeley was a native of Holbech in Lincolnshire; and, having taken the degree of M. B. at Cambridge 1709, commenced practice as a Physician at Boston in his native county; but, in 1717, removed to London, where he was in that year elected F. R. S.; became one of the Re-founders of the Society of Antiquaries 1718; and in 1719 took the degree of M. D. at Cambridge, and became a Fellow of the College of Physicians. In 1726 he removed to Grantham, where he continued to reside till 1729; when he entered into holy orders. See p. 6.

Dear Sir, your most affectionate friend, and huinble servant,



For WILLIAM STUKELEY, Esq. at Grantham.
Dear Sir,

Newarke, June 9, 1729. I had a great temptation to have gone over to Hough last Thursday, where I expected you was, and was heartily vexed that a pack of blockheads should have stopped my way. About two hours ago poor Doctor Hunter took a leap into the dark. I should heartily wish that this, or any other occasion, could bring you amongst us here *, where every one has so just an esteem for my dear friend.

Just this moment I was lamenting to my uncle Rastall of the small hopes I had of so much happiness; and he went so seriously into it, as to mention the service he thought himself capable of doing you in such a case, which he thought not small.

Dear Sir, you will be so good to pardon the freedom of this officious Letter, and believe me to be, with much gratitude, Your most obliged humble servant, W.WARBURTON.


For William STUKELEY, Esq. at Grantham.

DEAR SIR, B. Broughton, June 13, 1729. I was perfectly charmed with the secret your obliging Letter of the 11th instant communicated to me. I have great satisfaction in the prospect of the services you will do the Church*; and of the honours


I make no doubt, will in return receive from it: but, above all, you will allow me to indulge myself in the pleasing prospect I now have of a Friend of the Order. I shall now begin to entertain more ambitious thoughts, when I can have such an assistant of my schemes ; and I can readily forgive all the strange malice I have hitherto met with, to be at length rewarded with a friendship, whose last great bond is, as our friend Tully expresses it, ab eorundem studiorum usu. As to the alteration this will make in yourself, I do not think you could more consult your happiness, or advance your interests of every kind, than by this resolution. You have a fine fortune, that of itself can provide you with the ornaments, as well as conveniences of life; which, put to the addition you may reasonably expect in the Order, will furnish you with all the variety of satisfactions that a mind like yours can digest. Above all, I am pleased with your thinking of London not above a month in a year. And for those serene pleasures of contemplation which so much delight you, you will find them much heightened in the freedom and disengagement of our profession. I long to see you; so that, if you

do not let me see you, or know next week of some short day in which I may expect you ; on Sunday se'nnight, in the afternoon, I will make you a visit. To fill paper,

I send you the following criti* Dr. Stukeley was ordained by Abp. Wake, July 20, 1729; and, in the October following, was presented by Lord Chancellor King to the Rectory of All Saints, Stamford ; a preferment for which he was in so pe degree indebted to the friendship of Sir Hans Sloane, as will appear hereafter.

up the

cism on a passage of Paterculus *, lib. I. cap. 4; which I must desire your judgment of. You are to know that there is only a single MS. of this Author preserved, and infinitely faulty; so that the book is but a heap of errors, notwithstanding the attempts of many upon it. This Author, speaking of the original of Cuma and Naples, says, “ Cumas in Italid condiderunt.(sc. Hippocles & Megasthenes.) Pars horum civium magno post intervallo Neapolim condidit. Utriusque urbis eximia semper in Romanos fides. Sed Alus diligentior ritus patrii mansit custodia : Cumanos Osca mutavit vicinia. Vires autem veteres earum urbium hodieque magnitudo ostentat Mænium." Now, I dare say, the word aliis sticks at first sight pretty much with you, for you observe this is all the way a conjoint account of the two cities, but in this part of the sentence it is dropt, and very impertinently said others preserved their Country rites more diligently; which, certainly, so fine a Writer could not be guilty of. I read, therefore, Sed NEAPOLIs diligentior ritus patrii mansit; which makes it a pertinent observation, and worthy the notice of an exact Historian. And it is not difficult to conceive Neapolis being corrupted to aliis hy a stupid copyer. I would only know whether you can give me any light from some other Writer about this piece of Antiquity, that Naples continued the Grecian manners longer than Cuma.-1 will offer another to your consideration: Our Author, cap. 10, speaking of the severity of a Censor upon bis Brother, expresses himself thus : Aspera circa hæc tempora censura Fulvii Flacci et P. Albini fuit, quippe Fulvii censoris frater, et quidem Consors, Cnæus Fulvius, senatu motus est ab iis censoribus.Now where is the wonder that a man's brother should be called his Consors too. It is true sometimes they are not so: but here Paterculus lays an emphasis on it as increasing the relation, et quidem Consors. * Of whose “ History" he was then meditating an edition.

I read therefore as the true, et quidem CONSOCER. And this indeed might raise the wonder ; for there was not only the nearness of Brotherhood, but the bond was tied more close by marrying their children together ; for Consoceri, you know, are they whose son and daughter are married together.

I am, dear Sir, your most obliged and most affectionate humble servant,

W. WARBURTON. ** On this Letter Dr. STUKELEY bas written:

“ I can think of no other meaning in it, than that, although these two places, Cuma and Neapolis, had the same founders, and sat quietly under the Roman government, yet Naples did not so readily change its Greek

customs, language, and manners, as Cuma did. This seems intimated by what immediately follows, Cumanos Osca mutavit vicinia : id est, the neighbourhood of the Oscan, or old Latin language, helped to alter that of Cuma; and perhaps the Oscans subdued before the Romans; whence the Author adds that observation of their former strength, and the circuit of their old Walls. Naples was ever famous, not only for its sweet situation and air, but for its gaiety; for the frequency of men of learning, whence the Romans went thither as to a Grecian Academy, for that freedom from noise, trade, and business, which Rome was full of. The very Country of Campania, where it stands, broke the force of Hannibal's army by its softnesses and delights. In this, I suppose, it differed considerably from the rough parsimonious way of the other parts of Italy the Romans were masters of. There are endless quotations out of the old Authors, touching the charms of the place and the

politeness of the people ; which being much earlier than that of Rome, might, perhaps, give occasion to that reflection of the Author, that the Neapolitans retained their Country fashions longest. So that I hold your correction for good. -- I know of nothing better than what you offer about Consors; unless you suppose they were colleagues in some other office, and many were the Collegia, or companies at Rome.

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