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6. I exhort you, therefore, all, that ye be obe- , troubled for him and for his wife; the Lord give dient to the word of righteousness, and that you them true repentance. Be ye also sober as to this exercise all manner of patience, as you have seen matter, and account not such as enemies, but reit set forth before your eyes, not only in the bless-store them as weak and erring members, that the ed Ignatius, and Zosimus, and Rufus; but in whole body of you may be saved; for in so doing others also among you, and in Paul himself, and ye build up yourselves. the rest of the apostles ; being assured that all 8. I trust that ye are well exercised in the holy these have not run in vain, but in faith and righte- Scriptures, and that nothing is hid from you; a ousness; and are arrived at the place due and thing as yet not granted to me. As it is said in promised to them by the Lord, of whose sufferings these places, “ be angry and not sin ;” and “ let they were made partakers. For they loved not not the sun go down upon your wrath.". Blessed this present world, but him who both died and was is he that is mindful of these things, which I beraised up again by God for us. Stand fast, there- lieve you are. The God and Father of our Lord fore, in these things, and follow the example of the Jesus Christ, and Christ Jesus the eternal HighLord; being firm and immutable in the faithi, priest and Son of God, build you up in faith and lovers of the brethren, and kindly affectionate one truth, and in all meekness, that you may be with. towards another, united in the truth, carrying out anger, in patience, forbearance, long-suffering, yourselves meekly to each other, despising no man. and chastity, and give you a portion and inheriWhen it is in your power to do good, defer it not, tance amongst his saints: and to us together with for alms delivereth from death. Be all of you sub- you, and to all under heaven, who shall believe in ject one to another, having your conversation bo- our Lord Jesus Christ, and in his Father, who nest among the Gentiles; that both you yourselves raised him from the dead. Pray for all saints : may receive praise by your good works, and that pray also for kings, magistrates, and princes, and God be not blasphemed through you. For wo even for them that hate and persecute you, and unto him by whom the name of the Lord is blas. for the enemies of the cross, that your fruits may phemed. Wherefore teach all men sobriety, and be manifest in all, that you may be complete in be yourselves conversant in it.

him. 7. I am exceedingly troubled for Valens, who 9. Ye wrote unto me, both ye and Ignatius, that was sometimes ordained a presbyter among you, if any one go into Syria, he might carry your let. that he so little understands the place wherein he ters along with him : which I will do so soon as I was set. I therefore warn you, that you abstain shall have a convenient opportunity, either myself, from covetousness, and that ye be chaste and true. or by some other, whom I will send upon your Keep yourselves from every evil work. But he errand. According to your request, we have sent that in these things cannot govern himself, how you those epistles of Ignatius which he wrote to shall he preach it to another? If a man refrain us, and as many others of his as we had by us, not from covetousness, he will be defiled with which are annexed to this epistle, by which ye may idolatry, and shall be judged among the heathen. be greatly profited. For they contain in them Who is ignorant of the judgment of the Lord ? faith and patience, and whatever else is necessary “Know ye not that the saints shall judge the to build you up in our Lord. Send us word what world ?'* as Paul teaches. But I have neither you certainly know both concerning Ignatius himfound any such thing in you, nor heard any such self and his companions. These things have I thing of you, among whom the blessed Paul labor written unto you by Crescens, whom I have hithered, and who are in the beginning of his epistle. to commended to you, and do still recommend.For of you he boasts in all those churches, which For he has unblamably conversed amongst us, as only knew God at that time, whom as yet we had also I believe amongst you. His sister also ye not known. I am, therefore, brethren, greatly shall have recommended, when she shall come

unto you. Be ye safe in the Lord Jesus Christ. * 1 Cor. vi. 2.

Grace be with you all. Amen.

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“He that has the happy talent of parlor-preaching," says Dr. Watts, "has sometimes done more for Christ and souls in the space of a few minutes, than by the labor of many hours and days in the usual course of preaching in the pulpit.”

On my first intercourse with Mr. Cecil, now upwards of fifteen years since, when in the full vigor of his mind, I was so struck with the wisdom and originality of his remarks, that I considered it my duty to record what seemed to me most likely to be useful to others.

It should be observed, that Mr. Cecil is made to speak often of himself: and, to persons who do not consider the circumstances of the case, there may appear much egotism in the quantity of such remarks here put together, and in the manne) in which his things are said: but this will be treating him with the most flagranı injustice; for it must be remembered that the remarks of this nature were chiefly made by him, from time to time, in answer to my particular inquiries into his judgment and habits on certain points of doctrine or practice.

I have labored, in recording those sentiments which I have gathered from him in conversation, to preserve as much as possible his very expressions; and they who were familiar with his manner will be able to judge, in general, how far I have succeeded : but I would explicitly disavow an exact verbal responsibility. For the sentiments I make myself answerable.

In some instances, I have brought together observations made at different times, the reader is not, therefore, to understand that the thoughts here collected on any subject always followed in immediate connexion.

* An Humble Attempt towards the Revival of Religion, Part I, Sect. 4.






56 56 57

View of the Character of the Rev. Richard Cecil 5 On the Influence of the Parental Character
Remarks on Authors


On the Scriptures :On the Christian Life and Conflict

23 On Subjects connected with the Christian Min Miscellaneous Remarks on the Scriptures 50 istry :

On the Old and New Dispensations On a Minister's qualifying himself for his

On Typical and Allegorical Explanations of office


53 On the Assistance which a Minister has rea: On the Diversity of Character in Christians, and son to expect in the discharge of his Pub

on correcting the Defects in our Character 54

On the Fallen Nature of Man lic Duty

On the Need of Grace On Preaching Christ

30 On a Minister's Familiar Intercourse with

On the Occasions of Enmity against Christianity
On Religious Retirement

58 On a Minister's encouraging Animadversion On a Spiritual Mind

On Declension in Religion
on Himself

60 On Limits, with regard to frequenting Public

On a Christian's associating with Irreligious Per-

sons for their good

61 On the Means of promoting a Spirit of DevoOn the Christian Sabbath

62 tion in Congregations

On Judging justly On the Marriage of Christian Ministers

On the Character of St. Paul

Miscellanies On visiting Death-beds 36

64 Miscellaneous Remarks


APPENDIX. On Infidelity and Popery

42 On a Christian's Duty in these Eventful Times 44 Remarks by Mr. Cecil, communicated to the EdiOn Fortifying Youth against Infidel Principles, tor by some friends

72 On the Management of Children

45 Some negative rules, given to a Young Minister 82 On Family Worship 46 Fragment-A Dying Minister's Farewell



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62 63






In depicting the PERSONAL and MINISTERIAL or the prevailing motive for uprightness, with character of my departed friend, while I shall men of a lower tone of character; but I communicate occasionally the impressions question if it at all entered into calculation made by him on my own mind, most of which with my great friend. His mind was too were recorded at the time they were made, I noble to have recourse to other means, or to shall endeavor to render him, as much as pos- aim at other ends, than those which he sible, the portrayer of his own character, by avowed; and too intrepid not to avow those detailing those descriptions of his views and which he did entertain, so far as might be refeelings which I gathered from him.

quired or expedient. NATURE, EDUCATION, and Grace, combine to His temptations were to the sins of the form and model the PERSONAL CHARAC- spirit, rather than to those of the flesh; and TER of every Christian. God gives to his he possessed, all his life long, a superiority to reasonable creature such physical and intel- the pleasures of mere sense not often seen. lectual constitution as he pleases; education He was, indeed, TEMPERATE in all things-holdand circumstances hide or unfold, restrain or ing his bodily appetites in entire subjection. mature this constitution; and grace, while it SYMPATHY WITH SUFFERING was an eminent regulates and sanctifies the powers of the characteristic of Mr. Cecil's mind--a sympathy man, varies its own appearances according to which sprung less from that softness and senthe varieties of those powers. And it is by sibility which are the ornament of the female, the endless modifications and counteractions than from the generosity of his disposition. of these principles, that the personal charac- He would have had all men happy. It gratified ter of a Christian is formed.

his generous nature to ease the burdens of It might have been expected, from Mr. suffering man. If any were afflicted by the Cecil's earliest displays of character, that he visitations of God, he taught them to bow Wis formed to be an instrument of extensive with submission, while he pitied and relieved; evil or of eminent good. There was a DECI- if the affliction were the natural and evident sion—a DARING—an untameableness in the fruit of crimes, he admonished while he symstructure of his mind, even when a boy, pathized; if the sufferings of man or brute combined with a tone of authority and com- arose from the voluntary inflictions of others, mand, and a talent in the exercise of these he was indignant against the oppressor. qualities, to which the minds of his associates Such was the intrepid and noble, yet humane yielded an implicit subjection. Fear of con- mind, which was trained by Divine Grace, sequences never entered into his view. Oppo- under a long course of moral discipline, for sition, especially if accompanied by any thing eminent usefulness in the church of God. like severity or oppression, awakened unre- Mr. Cecil's intellectual endowments will be lenting resistance.

spoken of hereafter. At present, I shall trace Yet this bold and untameable spirit was the rise and the advances of his Christian allied to a NOBLE and generous disposition. character. There was a magnificence in his mind. While He had early religious impressions. These he was scrupulously delicate, perhaps even to were first received from Janeway's “ Token some excess, on subjects intrusted to his for Children,” which his mother gave him secrecy, and on affairs in progress; yet he when he was about six years of age. “ I was would never lend himself, in his own concerns, much affected by this book," said he," and or in those of other persons, to any thing that recollect that I wept, and got into a corner, bordered on artifice and maneuvre; for he where I prayed that I also might have had a native and thorough contempt of what- interest in Christ,' like one of the children ever was mean, little, and equivocating. That there mentioned, though I did not then know honesty is the best policy may be a strong, I what the expression moant.”


Those impressions of his childhood wore effect on me, nor had the preaching of any away. He fell into the follies and vices of man in my unconverted state. My religion youth; and by degrees began to listen to in- began in contemplation. Yet I conceived a fidel principles, till hé avowed himself openly high reverence for Mr. Whitefield. I no lonan unbeliever. He has alluded frequently in ger thought of him as the “ Dr. Squintum" his writings to this criminal part of his his- we were accustomed to buffoon at school. I tory; but I shall add some paragraphs on this saw a commanding and irresistible effect, and point partly in his own words.

he made me feel my own insignificance.” He was suffered to proceed to awful lengths For this daring offender, however, God had in infidelity. The natural daring of his mind mercy in reserve! He was the child of many allowed him to do nothing by halves. Into tears, instructions, admonitions, and prayers; whatever society he enlisted himself, he was and, though now a prodigal, he was to be reits leader. He became even an apostle of covered from his wickedness! infidelity—anxious to banish the scruples of While under the control of bad principles, more cautious minds, and to carry them all he gave in to every species of licentiousnesslengths with his own. And he was too suc- saving that, even then, the native nobleness cessful. In after-life he has met more than of his mind made him despise whatever he one of these converts, who have laughed at all thought mean and dishonorable. Into this his affectionate and earnest attempts to pull state of slavery he was brought by his sin; down the fabric erected too much by his own but here the mercy of God taught him some hands.

most important lessons, which influenced his Yet he was never wholly sincere in his infi- views and governed his ministry through afterdelity. He has left a most impressive and life, and the same mercy then rescued him encouraging testimony to the power of paren- from the slavery to which he had submitted. tal influence in preserving his mind, under the The penetration and grandeur of his mind, grace of God, from entirely believing his own with his natural superiority to sensual plealie.* He gave me a farther instance of the sures, made him feel the littleness of every power of conscience in this respect:

object which engages the ambition and the “When I was sunk in the depths of infidel- desires of the carnal man; insomuch that God ity, I was afraid to read any author who had given him, in this unusual way of bringing treated Christianity in a dispassionate, wise, him to himself, a thorough disgust of the world, and searching manner. He made me uneasy. before he had gained any hold of higher obConscience would gather strength. I found jects and better pleasures. it more difficult to stifle her remonstrances. It was thus that God prepared him for fur. He would recall early instructions and impres- ther communications of mercy. And here he sions, while my happiness could only consist felt the advantage of having been connected with their obliteration."

with sincere Christians. He knew them to Yet he appears to have taken no small pains be holy, and he felt that they were happy. “It to rid himself of his scruples :-"I have read,” was one of the first things,” said he, which said he, “ all the most acute and learned and struck my mind in a profligate state, that, in serious infidel writers, and have been really spite of all the folly, and hypocrisy, and fanasurprised at their poverty. The process of ticism which may be seen among religious my mind has been such on the subject of reve- professors, there was a mind after Christ, a lation, that I have often thought Satan has holiness, a heavenliness among real Chrisdone more for me than for the best of them; tians.” He added on another occasion, “My for I have had, and could have produced, ar-first convictions on the subject of religion guments, that appeared to me far more were confirmed from observing that really reweighty than any I ever found in them against ligious persons had some solid happiness Revelation.”

among them, which I had felt that the vani. He did not proceed in this career of sin ties of the world could not give. I shall never without occasional checks of conscience. forget standing by the bed of my sick mother. Take the following instance:

' Are not you afraid to die?' 'I asked her: “ My father had a religious servant. I fre- 'No.' 'No! Why does the uncertainty of quently cursed and reviled him. He would another state give you no concern?' Because only smile on me. That went to my heart. I God has said to me, Fear not, when thou passfelt that he looked on me as a deluded crea-est through the waters I will be with thee; and ture. I felt that he thought he had something through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee.' which I knew not how to value, and that he The remembrance of this scene has oftenwas therefore greatly my superior. I felt times since drawn an ardent prayer from me, there was a real dignity in his conduct. It that I might die the death of the righteous.” made me appear little even in my own eyes. His mind opened very gradually to the truths If he had condescended to argue with me, I of the Gospel ; and the process through which could have cut some figure ; at least by com- he was led is a striking evidence of the immiparison, wretched as it would have been. He nence of his past danger. “My feelings," he drew me once to hear Mr. Whitefield. I was said, “ when I was first beginning to recover 17 or 18 years old. It had no sort of religious from my infidelity, prove that I had been suf

fered to go great lengths; and, to a very awful See Remains : on the Influence of the Parental degree, to believe my own lie. My mind reCharacter.

volted from Christianity. God did not bring

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