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and “ did despite to the spirit of grace.” So, I both in the eastern and western parts, which is that “to sin" "thus “wilfully after they had re- not inconsistent with the time he had after his deceived the knowledge of the truth, there" could parture from Rome. But of the latter we have * remain" for them “no more sacrifice for sins ;" better evidence. Sure I am, an author beyond nothing but a certain fearful looking for of judg. all exception, St. Paul's contemporary and fellowment and fiery indignation which should devour” laborer, I mean Clemens, in his famous epistle to these "adversaries.” And “a fearful thing it the Corinthians, expressly tells us, that being a was,” in such circumstances, “to fall into the preacher both in the east and west, he taught hands of the living God ;"* who had particularly righteousness to the whole world, and went to the said of this sort of sinners, that “if any man utmost bounds of the west : which makes me the drew back, his soul should have no pleasure in more wonder at the confidence of one (otherwise a him.” Hence it is, that every where in this epis- man of great parts and learning) who so peremptle he mixes exhortations to this purpose, that torily denies that ever our apostle preached in the “ they would give earnest heed to the things which west, merely because there are no monuments left they had heard, lest at any time they should let in primitive antiquity of any particular churches them slip;" that “they would hold fast the con- there founded by him; as if all the particular pasfidence, and the rejoicing of the hope, firm unto sages of his life, done at so vast a distance, must the end,” and “beware, lest by an evil heart of needs have been recorded, or those records have unbelief they departed from the living God;" come down to us, when it is so notoriously known, that they would “labor to enter into his rest, lest that almost all the writings and monuments of any man fall after the example of unbelief; that those first ages of Christianity are long since leaving the" first“ principles of the doctrine of perished; or as if we were not sufficiently asChrist, they would go on to perfection, showing sured of the thing in general, though not of what diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the particulars he did there. Probable it is, that he end; not being slothful, but followers of them, went into Spain, a thing which himself tells us he who through faith and patience inherit the pro- had formerly once and again resolved on. Cermises;" that they would hold fast the profession tain it is, that the ancients do generally assert it, of the faith without wavering, not forsaking the without seeming in the least to doubt of it. Theassembling of themselves together, (as the man- odoret and others tell us, that he preached not ner of some was,") nor “cast away their confi- only in Spain, but that he went to other nations, dence, which had great recompence of reward;” and brought the gospel into the isles of the sea, that “they had need of patience, that after they by which he undoubtedly means Britain ; and had done the will of God, they might receive the therefore elsewhere reckons the Gauls and Britons promise;" that they “would not be of them who among the nations which the apostles, and pardrew back unto perdition, but of them that be- ticularly the tent-maker, persuaded to embrace lieved to the saving of the soul;” that “ being the law of Christ. Nor is he the only man that encompassed about with so great a cloud of wit has said it, others having given in their testimony nesses,” who with the most unconquerable con- and suffrage in this case.* stancy and resolution had all holden on in the way 8. To what other parts of the world St. Paul to heaven, “they would lay aside every weight, preached the gospel, we find no certain footsteps and the sin which did so easily beset them, and in antiquity, nor any further mention of him till run with patience the race that was set before his return to Rome, which probably was about the them;" especially " looking unto Jesus, the au- eighth or ninth year of Nero's reign. Here he thor and finisher of their faith, who endured the met with Peter, and was, together with him, cross, and despised the shame ;" that therefore thrown into prison ; no doubt in the general per" they should consider him that endured such con- secution raised against the Christians, under the tradiction of sinners against himself, lest they pretence that they had fired the city. Besides should be wearied and faint in their minds;" for the general, we may reasonably suppose there that “ they had not yet resisted unto blood, striving were particular causes of his imprisonment. Some against sin; looking diligently, lest any man should of the ancients make him engaged with Peter in fail of the grace of God, lest any root of bitter- procuring the fall of Simon Magus, and that that ness springing up should trouble them, and there- derived the emperor's fury and rage upon him. by many be defiled.” By all which, and much St. Chrysostom give us this account; that having more that might be observed to this purpose, it is converted one of Nero's concubines, a woman of evident what our apostle's great design was in whom he was infinitely fond, and reduced her to this excellent epistle.
a life of great strictness and chastity, so that now 7. Our apostle being now, after two years' cus- she wholly refused to comply with his wanton and tody, perfectly restored to liberty, remembered impure embraces; the emperor stormed thereat, that he was the apostle of the Gentiles, and had calling the apostle a villain and imposter, a therefore a larger diocess than Rome, and accord- wretched perverter and debaucher of others, ingly prepared himself for a greater circuit, though giving order that he should be cast into prison; which way he directed his course is not absolutely and when he still persisted in persuading the lady certain. By some he is said to have returned back into Greece, and the parts of Asia, upon no other ground that I know of, than a few intima
* It is on an expression in the epistle of Clemens tions in some of his epistles that he intended to Romanus to the Corinthians, that the opinion redo so. By others he is thought to have preached Clemens says, that "he came to the borders of the
specting Paul's journey into Spain chiefly rests:
west;" but it is argued on the other side, that Rome * Heb. x. 26–31.
or Italy only was intended by this expression.--Ed.
to continue her chaste and pious resolutions, com 10. He was buried in the Via Ostiensis about manding him to be put to death.
two miles from Rome, over whose grave, about 9. How long'he remained in prison is not cer- the year 318, Constantine the Great, at the intainly known: at last his execution was resolved stance of pope Sylvester, built a stately church, on ;* what his preparatory treatment was, whether within a farm which Lucina, a noble Christian scourged as malefactors were wont to be in order matron of Rome, had long before settled upon to their death, we find not. As a Roman citizen that church. He adorned it with a hundred of by the Valerian and the Porcian law, he was ex- of the best marble columns, and beautified it with empted from it; though by the law of the twelve the most exquisite workmanship; the many rich tables notorious malefactors, condemned by the gifts and endowments which he bestowed upon it, centuriate assemblies, were first to be scourged, being particularly set down in the life of Sylvesand then put to death; and Baronius tells us, that ter. This church, as too narrow and little for the in the church of St. Mary, beyond the bridge of honor of so great an apostle, Valentinian, or Rome, the pillars are yet extant, to which both rather Theodosius the emperor, (the one but Peter and Paul are said to have been bound and finishing what the other began,) by a rescript scourged. As he was led to execution, he is said directed to Sallustius, prefect of the city, caused to have converted three of the soldiers that were to be taken down, and a larger and more noble sent to conduct and guard him, who within a few church to be built in the room of it: further days after, by the emperor's command, became beautified (as appears from an ancient inscription) martyrs for the faith. Being come to the place, by Placidia the empress, at the persuasion of which was the Aquæ Salviæ, three miles from Leo, bishop of Rome. What other additions of Rome, after some solemn preparation, he cheer- wealth, honor, or stateliness, it has received since, fully gave his neck to the fatal stroke. As a Roman concerns not me to inquire. he might not be put upon the cross, too infamous a death for any but the worst of slaves and malefactors, and therefore was beheaded ; accounted a more noble kind of death, not among the Ro
SECTION VIII. mans only, but among other nations, as being the description of his Person and Temper, la fitter for persons of better quality, and more in. genious education: and from this instrument of
gether with an account of his Writings. his execution the custom, no doubt, first arose, that in all pictures and images of this apostle, he is THOUGH we have drawn St. Paul at large, in the constantly represented with a sword in his right account we have given of his life, yet may it be of hand. Tradition reports (justified herein by the use to represent him in little, in a brief account of
his suffrage of many of the fathers) that when he
person, parts, and those graces and virtues, for was beheaded, a liquor more like milk than blood which he was more peculiarly eminent and reflowed from his veins, and spirted upon the clothes markable. For his person, we find it thus deof his executioner; and had I list or leisure for scribed. He was low, and of little stature, and such things, I might entertain the reader with somewhat stooping, his complexion fair, his counlittle glosses that are made upon it. St. Chrysos- kind of beauty and sweetness in them, his eye
his head small, his eyes carrying a tom adds, that it became a means of converting brows a little hanging over, his nose long, but his executioner, and many more to the faith; and that the apostle suffered in the sixty-eighth year hair of his head, mixed with gray hairs. Some
gracefully bending, his beard thick, and like the of his age. Some question there is, whether he suffered at the same time with Peter ; many of what of this description may be learnt from Luthe ancients positively afirm, that both suffered cian, when in the person of Trypho, one of St. on the same day and year; others, though al- Paul's disciples, he calls him by way of derision, lowing the same day, tells us that St. Paul suffer high-nosed, bald-pated Galilean, that was caught ed not until the year after; nay, some interpose he learnt great and excellent things. That he was
up through the air unto the “ third heaven," where the distance of several years. writer of the lives and travels of Peter and Paul. very low, himself plainly intimates, when he tells brought amongst other venerable monuments of us, they were wont to say of him, that “ his bodily antiquity out of Greece, will have Paul to have presence was weak, and his speech contemptible ;* suffered no less than five years after Peter, which in which respect he is styled by Chrysostom, he justifies by the authority of no less than Justin
O TPLANXus av&pw os, a man three cubits (or a little Martyr and Irenæus. But what credit is to be more than four foot) high, and yet tall enough to given to this nameless author, I see not; and firm and athletic constitution, being often subject
reach heaven. He seems to have enjoyed no very therefore lay no weight upon it, nor think it fit to be put into the balance with the testimonies of that he was frequently afflicted with the head-ache,
to distempers. St. Jerome particularly reports, the ancients. Certainly if he suffered not at the and that this was thought by many to have been very same time with Peter, it could not be long « the thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan after, not above a year at most. The best is, which of them soever started first, they both came
sent to buffet him," and that probably he intended at last to the same end of the race; to those which he elsewhere speaks of: which, however it
some such thing by " the temptation in his flesh,”+ palms and crowns which are reserved for all good men in heaven, but most eminently for the mar- may in general signify those afflictions that came tyrs of the Christian faith.
upon him, yet does it primarily denote those
diseases and infirmities that he was obnoxious to. . That is, about the year 64 or 65.-ED.
. 2 Cor. x. 10. + Gal. iv. 14.
2. But how mean soever the cabinet was, there over the rest of his brethren : entrusted he was was a treasure within more precious and valuable, with great power and authority in the church, but as will appear, if we survey the accomplishments never affected dominion over men's faith, nor any of his mind. For as to his natural abilities and other place, than to be a helper of their joy; nor endowments, he seems to have had a clear and ever made use of his power, but to the edification, solid judgment, quick invention, a prompt and ready not destruction of any. How studiously did he dememory; all which were abundantly improved by cline all honors and commendations that were art, and the advantages of a more liberal educa- heaped upon him? When some in the church of tion. The schools of Tarsus had sharpened his Corinth cried him up beyond all measures, and discursive faculty by logic and the arts of reasoning, under the patronage of his name began to set up instructed him in the institutions of philosophy, and for a party ; he severely rebuked them, told them, enriched him with the furniture of all kinds of hu- that it was Christ, not he that was crucified for man learning. This gave him great advantage them; that they had “not been baptized into his above others, and ever raised him to a mighty re- name," which he was so far from, that he did not putation for parts and learning ; insomuch that St. remember that he had baptized above three or Chrysostom tells us of a dispute between a Chris- four of them ; and was heartily glad he had baptian and a heathen, wherein the Christian endea- tized no more, lest a foundation might have been vored to prove against the Gentile, that St. Paul laid for that suspicion; and that this Paul, indeed, was more learned and eloquent than Plato himself. whom they so much extolled, was no more than a How well he was versed, not nly in the law of minister of Christ, whom our Lord had appointe Moses and the writings of the prophets, but even to plant and build up his church. in classic and foreign writers, he has left us sure 4. Great was his temperance and sobriety, so ground to conclude, from those excellent sayings far from going beyond the bounds of regularity, which here and there he quotes out of heathen that he abridged himself of the conveniences of authors. Which, as at once it shows that it is not lawful and necessary accommodations; frequent unlawful to bring the spoils of Egypt in the service were his hungerings and thirstings, not constrainof the sanctuary, and to make use of the advan- ed only, but voluntary: it is probably thought that tages of foreign studies and human literature to di- he very rarely drank any wine ; and certain is it, vine and excellent purposes, so does it argue his that by abstinence and mortification he “ kept unbeing greatly conversant in the paths of human der and subdued his body," reducing the extralearning, which upon every occasion he could so vagancy of the sensual appetites to a perfect subreadily command. Indeed he seemed to have been jection to the laws of reason. By this means he furnished out on purpose to be the doctor of the casily got above the world, and its charms and Gentiles; to contend with, and confute the grave frowns, and made his mind continually conversant and the wise, the acute and the subtile, the sage in heaven; his thoughts were fixed there ; his and the learned of the heathen world, and to wound desires always ascending thither; what he taught them (as Julian's word was) with arrows drawn others he practised himself; his “conversation was out of their own quiver. Though we do not find, in heaven," and " his desires were to depart, and to that in his disputes with the Gentiles he made much be with Christ;" this world did neither arrest his use of learning and philosophy; it being more affections, nor disturb his fears; he was not taken agreeable to the designs of the gospel, to confound with its applause, nor frighted with its threatenthe wisdom and learning of the world by the plain ings; he “studied not to please men,” nor valued doctrine of the cross.
the censures and judgments, which they passed 3. These were great accomplishments, and yet upon him; he was not greedy of a great estate, or but a shadow to that divine temper of mind that titles of honor, or rich presents from men, not was in him, which discovered itself through the "seeking theirs, but them;" food and raiment was whole course and method of his life. He was his bill of fare, and more than this he never cared humble to the lowest step of abasure and conde- for; accounting, that the less he was clogged with scension, none ever thinking better of others, or these things, the lighter he should march to heamore meanly of himself. And though, when he ven ; especially travelling through a world overhad to deal with envious and malicious adversaries, run with troubles and persecutions. Upon this who, by vilifying his person, sought to obstruct his account it is probable he kept himself always withministry, he knew how to magnify his office, and in a single life, though there want not some of the to let them know, that he was “no whit inferior to ancients who expressly reckon him in the number the very chiefest apostles ;" yet out of this case of the married apostles, as Clemens Alexandrinus, he constantly declared to all the world, that he Ignatius, and some others. It is true that paslooked upon himself as an abortive, and an un- sages is not to be found in the genuine epistle of timely birth, as “the least of the apostles, not meet Ignatius; but yet it is extant in all those that are to be called an apostle ; and as if this were not owned and published by the church of Rome, enough, he makes a word on purpose to express though they have not been wanting to banish it his humility, styling himself claxisorepov, “ less than out of the world, having expunged St. Paul's name the least of all saints,” yea, " the very chief of sin- out of some ancient manuscripts, as the learned ners.” How freely, and that at every turn, does bishop Usher has to their shame sufficiently dishe confess what he was before his conversion-a covered to the world. But for the main of the blasphemer, a persecutor, and injurious both to question we can readily grant it; the Scripture God and men ? Though honored with peculiar seeming most to favor it, that though he asserted acts of the highest grace and favor, taken up to his power and liberty to marry as well as the rest, an immediate converse with God in heaven; yet yet that he lived always a single life. did not this inspire him with a supercilious loftiness 5. His kindness and charity was truly admira
ble; he had a compassionate tenderness for the office, warning, reproving, entreating, persuading, poor, and a quick sense of the wants of others : " preaching in season and out of season," by to what church soever he came, it was one of his night and by day, by sea and land; no pains too first cares to make provision for the poor, and to much to be taken, no dangers too great to be stir up the bounty of the rich and wealthy ; nay, overcome. For five-and-thirty years after his himself worked often with his own hands, not only conversion, he seldom stayed long in one place; to maintain himself, but to help and relieve them. from Jerusalem, through Arabia, Asia, Greece, But infinitely greater was his charity to the souls round about to Ellyricum, to Rome, and even to of men, fearing no dangers, refusing no labors, the utmost bounds of the western world, “ fully going through good and evil report, that he might preaching the gospel of Christ :" running (says gain men over to the knowledge of the truth, re- St. Jerome) from ocean to ocean, like the sun in duce them out of the crooked paths of vice and the heavens, of which it is said, " his going forth idolatry, and set them in the right way to eternal is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto life. Nay, so insatiable his thirst after the good the ends of it;" sooner wanting ground to tread of souls, that he affirms, that rather than his coun- on, than a desire to propagate the faith of Christ. trymen the Jews should miscarry, by not believing Nicephorus compares him to a bird in the air, that and entertaining the gospel, he could be content, in a few years flew round the world : Isidore the nay wished, that “ himself might be accursed from Pelusiot, to a winged husbandman, that flew from Christ for their sake;" i. e. that he might be place to place to cultivate the world with the most anathematized and cut off from the church of excellent rules and institutions of life. And while Christ, and not only lose the honor of the aposto- the other apostles did as it were choose this or late, but be reckoned in the number of the abject that particular province, as the main sphere of and execrable persons, such as those are who are their ministry, St. Paul overran the whole world separated from the communion of the church. An to its utmost bounds and corners, planting all instance of so large and passionate a charity, that places where he came with the divine doctrines lest it might not find room in men's belief, he ush-of the gospel. Nor in this course was he tired ered it in with this solemn appeal and attestation, out with the dangers and difficulties that he met that " he said the truth in Christ, and lied not, his with, the troubles and oppositions that were raised conscience bearing him witness in the Holy against him. All which did but reflect the greater Ghost." And as he was infinitely solicitous to gain lustre upon his patience; whereof, indeed (as men over to the best religion in the world; so was Clement observes) he became a most eminent he not less careful to keep them from being se- pattern and exemplar, during the biggest troubles duced from it, ready to suspect every thing that and persecutions, with a patience triumphant and might" corrupt their minds from the simplicity that unconquerable. As will easily appear, if we take is in Christ.”
"I am jealous over you with a but a survey of what trials and sufferings he ungodly jealousy,'* as he told the church of Corinth; derwent, some part whereof are briefly summed an affection of all others the most active and vigi- up by himself. In labors abundant, in stripes lant, and which is wont to inspire men with the above measure, in prisons frequent, in deaths most passionate care and concernment for the good often ; thrice beaten with rods, once stoned, thrice of those for whom we have the highest measures suffered shipwreck, a night and a day in the deep; of love and kindness. Nor was his charity to in journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils men greater than his zeal for God, endeavoring of robbers, in perils by his own countrymen, in with all his might to promote the honor of his perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in pemaster. Indeed, zeal seems to have had a deep rils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils foundation in the natural forwardness of his temper. in the sea, in perils among false brethren ; in How exceedingly zealous was he, while in the weariness, in painfulness, in watchings often, in Jews' religion, of the traditions of his fathers; hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and how earnest to vindicate and assert the divinity of nakedness; and besides these things that were the Mosaic dispensation, and to persecute all of a without, that which daily came upon him, the care contrary way, even to rage and madness; and of all the churches.* An account though very when afterwards turned into a right channel, it great, yet far short of what he endured; and ran with as swift a current; carrying him out, wherein, as Chrysostom observes, he does opodpa against all opposition, to ruin the kingdom and the perpiažev, modestly keep himself within his meapowers of darkness, to beat down idolatry, and to sures; for had he taken the liberty fully to have plant the world with right apprehensions of God, enlarged himself, he might have filled hundreds of and the true notions of religion. When, at Athens, martyrologies with his sufferings. A thousand he saw them so much overgrown with the gross- times was his life at stake ; in every suffering he est superstition and idolatry, giving the honor that was a martyr, and what fell but in parcels upon was alone due to God to statues and images, his others, came all upon him ; while they skirmished zeal began to ferment and to boil up into parox- only with single parties, he had the whole army ysms of indignation; and he could not but let of sufferings to contend with. All which he gethem know the resentments of his mind, and how nerously underwent with a soul as calm and semuch herein they dishonored God, the great pa- rene as the morning-sun; no spite or rage, no rent and maker of the world.
fury or storms could ruffle and discompose his spi6. This zeal must needs put him upon a mighty rit: nay, those sufferings, which would have brodiligence and industry in the execution of his ken the back of an ordinary patience, did but
* 2 Cor. xi. 2.
2 Cor. xi. 23, et seq.
nake him rise up with the greater eagerness and made it any part of his study and design. Indeed, resolution for the doing of his duty.
St. Jerome is sometimes too rude and bold in his 7. His patience will yet further appear from the censures of St. Paul's style and character. He consideration of another, the last of those virtues tells us, that being a Hebrew of the Hebrews, we shall take notice of in him, his constancy and and admirably skilled in the language of his na. fidelity in the discharge of his place, and in the tion, he was greatly defective in the Greek tongue, profession of religion. Could the powers and poli-(though a late great critic is of another mind, afcies of men and devils, spite and oppositions, tor- firming him to have been as well, or better skilled ments and threatenings have been able to baffle in Greek than in Hebrew, or in Syriac,) wherein him out of that religion wherein he had engaged he could not sufficiently express his conceptions himself, he must have sunk under them, and left in a way becoming the inajesty of his sense and his station. But his soul was steeled with a the matter he delivered, nor transmit the elegancy courage and resolution that was impenetrable, and of his native tongue into another language; that which no temptation either from hopes or fears hence he became obscure and intricate in his excould make any more impression upon, than an pressions, guilty many times of solecisms, and arrow can that is shot against a wall of marble. scarce tolerable syntax, and that therefore it was He wanted not solicitation on either hand, both not his humility, but the truth of the thing that from Jews and Gentiles; and questionless might, made him say, that "he came not with the excelin some degree, have made his own terms, would lency of speech, but in the power of God.” A he have been false to his trust, and have quitted censure from any other than St. Jerome that that way that was then every where spoken would have been justly wondered at; but we know against. But, alas! these things weighed little the liberty that he takes to censure any, though with our apostle, who "counted not his life to be the reverence due to so great an apostle might, dear unto him, so that he might finish his course one would think, have challenged a more modest with joy, and the ministry which he had received censure at his hands. However, elsewhere nc of the Lord Jesus.” And therefore, when under cries him up as a great master of composition, the sentence of death in his own apprehensions, that as oft as he heard him, he seemed to hear could triumphantly say, “I have fought a good not words, but thunder ; that in all his citations he fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the made use of the most prudent artifices, using simfaith:” and so indeed he did, kept it inviolably, ple words, and which seemed to carry nothing but undauntedly to the last minute of his The plainness along with them; but which way soever sum is, he was a man, in whom the divine life did a man turned, breathed force and thunder; he eminently manifest and display itself; he lived seems entangled in his cause, but catches all piously and devoutly, soberly and temperately, that comes near him; turns his back, as if he justly and righteously, careful “always to keep a intended to fly, when it is only that he may overconscience void of offence both towards God and come. man." This he tells us was his support under 9: St. Peter long since observed, that in Paul's suffering, this the foundation of his confidence epistles there were “some things hard to be untowards God, and his firm hopes of happiness in derstood ;'* which surely is not altogether owing another world : “this is our rejoicing, the testi- to the profoundness of his sense, and the mystcmony of our conscience, that in simplicity and riousness of the subject that he treats of, but in godly sincerity we have had our conversation in some degree to his manner of expression ;t his the world."*
frequent Hebraisms, (common to him with all the 8. It is not the least instance of his care and holy writers of the New Testament,) his peculiar fidelity in his office, that he did not only preach forms and ways of speech, his often inserting and plant Christianity in all places whither he Jewish opinions, and yet but tacitly touching them, came, but what he could not personally do, he sup-his using some words in a new and uncommon plied by writing: Fourteen epistles he left upon sense, but above all, his frequent and abrupt tranrecord, by which he was not only instrumental in sitions, suddenly starting aside from one thing to propagating Christian religion at first, but has another, whereby his reader is left at a loss, not been useful to the world ever since, in all ages of knowing which way to follow him, not a little conthe church. We have all along, in the history of tributing to the perplexed obscurity of his dishis life, taken particular notice of them in their courses. Irenæus took notice of old, that St. due place and order : we shall here only make Paul makes frequent use of these hyperbata, by some general observations and remarks upon reason of the swiftness of his arguings, and the them, and that as to the style and way wherein great fervor and impetus that was in him, leaving they are written, their order, and the subscrip- many times the designed frame and texture of his tions that are added to them. For the apostle's discourse, not bringing in what should have imstyle and manner of writing, it is plain and sim-mediately connected the sense and order, till ple; and though not set off with the claborate ar- some distance after ; which, indeed, to men of a tifices and affected additionals of human elo- more nice and delicate temper, and who will not quence, yet grave and majestical, and that by the give themselves leave patiently to trace out his reaconfession of his very enemies; “his letters, say they, are weighty and powerful.”+ Nor are there
* 2 Pet. iii. 16. wanting in them some strains of rhetoric, which
+ This is not likely to have been the case: Peter, sufficiently testify his ability that way, had he as a Hebrew, must have been too thoroughly im
bued with the customs and phraseology of his nation
to speak in this manner of mere idiomatic difficul* 2 Cor. 1. 12.
+ 2 Cor. x. 1.