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all orderly took their places. Our Lord, who had going. Our Lord replied, it was to that place always taught them by his practice, no less than whither he could not now follow him; but that he by his doctrine, did now particularly design to should do it afterwards : intimating the martyrdom teach them humility and charity by his own exam- he was to undergo for the sake of Christ. To ple: and that the instance might be the greater, which Peter answered, that he knew no reason he underwent the meanest 'offices of the ministry. why he might not follow him, seeing that if it was Towards the end, therefore, of the paschal supper, even to the laying down of his life for his sake, he he arose from the table, and laying aside his up. was most ready and resolved to do it. Our Lord per garment, (which, according to the fashion of liked not this over-confident presumption, and those eastern countries, being long, was unfit for therefore told him, they were great things which action,) and himself taking a towel, and pouring he promised, but that he took not the true meawater into a bason, he began to wash all the apos- sures of his own strength, nor espied the snares tles' feet ;* not disdaining those of Judas himself
. and designs of Satan, who desired no better an Coming to Peter, he would by no means admit an occasion than this to sift and winnow him; but instance of so much condescension. What? the that he had prayed to heaven for him, “that his master to do this to the servant ! the Son of God faith might not fail ;” by which means being to so vile a sinner? This made him a second time strengthened himself, he should be obliged to refuse it: “Thou shalt never wash my feet.” But strengthen and confirm his brethren. And whereour Lord soon corrects his imprudent modesty, by as he so confidently
, assured him, that he was telling him, that “if he washed him not he could ready-to go along with him, not only into prisor. have no part with him :" insinuating the mystery but even to death itself, our Lord plainly told him, of this action, which was to denote remission of that notwithstanding all his confident and genersin, and the purifying virtue
of the Spirit of Christ ous resolutions, before the cock crowed twice, that to be poured upon all true Christians. Peter, sa-is, before three of the clock in the morning, he tisfied with the answer, soon altered his resolu- would that very night three several times deny his tion : "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands master. With which answer our Lord wisely and my head.” If the case be so, let me be washed rebuked his confidence, and taught him (had he all over, rather than come short of my portion in understood the lesson) not to trust to his own thee. This being done, he returned again to the strength, but entirely to depend upon him who is table, and acquainted them with the meaning and able to keep us from falling. Withal insinuating, tendency of this mystical action, and what force it that though by his sin he would justly forfeit the ought to have upon them towards one another. divine grace and favor, yet upon his repentance The washing itself denoted their inward and spi- he should be restored to the honor of the apostoritual cleansing by the blood and spirit of Christ, late, as a certain evidence of the divine goodness symbolically typified and represented by all the and indulgence to him. washings and baptisms of the Mosaic institution : 3. Having sung a hymn, and concluded the the washing of the feet respected our entire sanc- whole affair, he left the house where all these tification of our whole spirit, soul, and body, no things had been transacted, and went with his part being to be left impure. And then, that all apostles unto the Mount of Olives ;* where he this should be done by so great a person, their again put them in mind how much they would be Lord and master preached to their very senses a offended at those things which he was now to sermon of the greatest humility and condescen- suffer; and Peter again renewed his resolute and sion; and taught them how little reason they had undaunted promise of suffering and dying with to boggle at the meanest offices of kindness and him; yea, out of an excessive confidence, told him charity towards others, when he himself had that “though all the rest should forsake and deny stooped to so low an abasure towards them. And him, yet would not he deny him.” How far will now he began more immediately to reflect upon zeal and an indiscrect affection transport even a his sufferings, and upon him who was to be the good man into vanity and presumption. Peter occasion of them; telling them, that one of them questions others, but never doubts himself. So would be the traitor to betray him. Whereat natural is self-love, so apt are we to take the fairthey were strangely troubled, and every one be- est measures of ourselves. Nay, though our Lord gan to suspect himself, till Peter (whose love and had but a little before once and again reproved care for his master commonly made him start this vain humor, yet does he still not only persist sooner than the rest) made signs to St. John, who but grow up in it. So hardly are we brought to lay in our Saviour's bosom, to ask him particular- espy our own faults, or to be so thoroughly conly who it was; which our Saviour presently show- vinced of them as to correct and reform them.ed, by making them understand that it was Judas This confidence of his inspired all the rest with a Iscariot; who not long after left the company. mighty courage, all the apostles assuring him of
2. And now our Lord began the institution of their constant and unshaken adhering to him. his supper; that great solemn institution which he Our Lord returning the same answer to Peter was resolved to leave behind him, to be constantly which he had done before. From hence they celebrated in all ages of the church, as the stand- went down into the village of Gethsemane, where ing monument of his love in dying for mankind. leaving the rest of the apostles, he, accompanied For now he told them, that he himself must leave with none but Peter, James, and John, retired into them, and that “whither he went they could not a neighboring garden, (whither, Eusebius tells us, come.”+ Peter, not well understanding what he Christians even in his time were wont to come, ineant, asked him whither it was that he was solemnly to offer up their prayers to heaven; and
* John sui. 1. + John xiii. 36; Luke xxii. 31.
* Matt. xxvi 30; Mark, xiv. 26.
where, as the Arabian geographer informs us, ajagony; their company at least being some refair and stately church was built to the honor of freshment to one under such sad fatal circumthe Virgin Mary,) to enter upon the ante-scene stances; and this but for a little time, “one hour," of the fatal tragedy that was now approaching; it would soon be over, and then they might freely it bearing a very fit proportion (as some of the consult their own ease and safety. It was their fathers have observed) that as the first Adam fell | dear Lord and master whom they now were to and ruined mankind'in a garden, so a garden attend upon, ready to lay down his life for them, should be the place where the second Adam sweating already under the first skirmishes of his should begin his passion, in order to the redemp- sufferings, and expecting every moment when all tion of the world. Gardens, which to us are the powers of darkness would fall upon him. But places of repose and pleasure, and scenes of all these considerations were drowned in a prodivertisement and delight, were to our Lord a found security; the men were fast asleep, and school of temptation, a theatre of great horrors though often awakened and told of it, regarded it and sufferings, and the first approaches of the not, as if nothing but ease and softness had been hour of darkness.
then to be dreamed of. An action that looked like 4. Here it was that the blessed Jesus labored the most prodigious ingratitude, and the highest under the bitterest agony that could fall upon hu- unconcernedness for their Lord and master, and man nature, which the holy story describes by which one would have thought had argued a very words sufficiently expressive of the highest grief great coldness and indifferency of affection toand sorrow; he was “afraid, sorrowful,” and wards him. But he would not set it upon the “very heavy;" yea, “ his soul was” repsduros, "ex. tenters, nor stretch it to what it might easily have ceeding sorrowful,” and that “ even unto death ;" been drawn to; he imputes it not to their unhe was "sore amazed and very heavy;" he was thankfulness, or want of affection, nor to their “ troubled," srapaxon, his soul was shaken with a carelessness of what became of him, but merely vehement commotion; yea he was “in an agony," to their infirmity and the weakness of their bodily a word by which the Greeks were wont to repre- temper, himself making the excuse, when they sent the greatest conflicts and anxieties. The could make none for themselves : "the spirit ineffect of all which was, that "he prayed more deed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” Hereby earnestly," offering up“ prayers and supplications teaching us to put the most candid and favorable with strong cries and tears," as the apostle ex- construction upon those actions of others which pounds it ; and sweat, “as it were great drops of are capable of various interpretations, and rather blood falling to the ground.” What this bloody with the bee to suck honey, than with the spider sweat was, and how far natural or extraordinary, to draw poison from them. His last prayer beI am not now concerned to inquire. Certain it is ing ended, he came to them, and told them with a it was a plain evidence of the most intense grief gentle rebuke, that now they might "sleep on," if and sadness ; for if an extreme fear or trouble they pleased; that “the hour was at hand that he will many times cast us into a cold sweat, how should be betrayed, and delivered into the hands great must be the commotion and conflict of our of men.” Saviour's mind, which could force open the pores 5. While he was thus discoursing to them, a of his body, locked up by the coldness of the band of soldiers sent from the high priest, with night, and make not drops of sweat, but “great the traitor Judas to conduct and direct them, drops," or (as the word Ipoubou signifies) "clods” rushed into the garden, and seized upon him; of blood to issue from them! While our Lord was which when the apostles saw, they asked him thus contending, with these ante-passions, the whether they should attempt his rescue. Peter, three apostles, whom he had left at some distance (whose ungovernable zeal put him upon all danfrom himn, being tired out with watching, and dis- gerous undertakings,) without staying for an anposed by the silence of the night, were fallen fast swer, drew his sword, and espying one more busy asleep. Our Lord, who had made three several than the rest in laying hold upon our Saviour, addresses unto heaven, that, if it might consist which was Malchus, (who, though carrying king. with his Father's will, this bitter “cup might pass ship in his name, was but servant to the high from him," (expressing herein the harmless and priest,) struck at him with an intention to despatch innocent desires of human nature, which always him; but God overruling the stroke, it only cut off studies its own preservation,) between each of his right ear. Our Lord liked not this wild and them came to visit the apostles ; and calling to unwarrantable zeal, and therefore entreated their Peter, asked him, whether they could not “watch” patience, whilst he miraculously healed the wound; with him “one hour;" advising them to “watch and turning to Peter, bade him put up his sword and pray,” that they entered • not into tempta- again : told him that they who unwarrantably used tion;" adding this argument, that “the spirit in- the sword should themselves perish by it; that deed” was “ willing,” but that “the flesh” was there was no need of these violent and extrava“ weak;" and that therefore there was the more gant courses; that if he had a mind to be rid of his need that they should stand upon their guard.-keepers he could ask his Father, who would preObserve here the incomparable sweetness, the sently send “more than twelve legions of angels" generous candor of our blessed Saviour, to pass to his rescue and deliverance: but he must “ drink so charitable a censure upon an action from the cup" which his Father had put into his hand; whence malice and ill-nature might have drawn for how else should the Scriptures be fulfilled, monsters and prodigies, and have represented it which had expressly foretold that these things black as the shades of darkness. The request must be?" Whereupon, all the apostles forsook which our Lord made to these apostles was in- him, and fled from him; and they who before in finitely reasonable, to watch with him in his bitter I their promises were as bold as lions, now it came
to it, like fearful and timorous hares, ran away from frivolous, and which to excuse man from folly would him. Peter and John, though staying last with charge God with falsehood : for if he did not deny him, yet followed the same way with the rest, pre- him, then our Lord was out, when he said, that ferring their own safety before the concernments that night he “should thrice deny him ;” that is, of their master.
his person, and not only his humanity. Certainly 6. No sooner was he apprehended by the sol- the best apology that can be made for Peter is, diers, and brought out of the garden, but he was that he quickly repented of this great sin ; for no immediately posted from one tribunal to another;* sooner had he done it, but the cock crew again; brought first to Annas, then carried to Caiaphas, at which intimation our Saviour turned about, and where the Jewish Sanhedrim met together in or- earnestly looked upon him; a glance that quickly der to his trial and condemnation. Peter having pierced him to the heart, and brought to his rea little recovered himself, and gotten loose from membrance, what our Lord had once and again his fears, probably encouraged by his companion, foretold him, how foully and shamefully he should St. John, returns back to seek his master, and deny him. Whereupon, not being able to confinding them leading him to the high-priest's hall, tain his sorrow, he ran out of doors to give it vent, followed afar off, to see what would be the event and “wept bitterly;" passionately bewailing his and issue : but coming to the door, could get no folly, and the aggravations of his sin ; thereby enadmittance, till one of the disciples who was ac- deavoring to make some reparation for his fault, quainted there, went out and persuaded the ser- and recover himself into the favor of heaven, and vant who kept the door to let him in. Being led to prevent the execution of divine justice, by taking into the hall where the servants and officers stood a severe revenge upon himself; by these peniround the fire, Peter also came thither to warm tential tears he endeavored to wash off his guilt ; himself, where being espied by the servant-maid as indeed repentance is the next step to innothat let him in, she, earnestly looking upon him, cence. charged him with being one of Christ's disciples, which Peter publicly denied before all the company, positively affirming that “ he knew him
SECTION VI. not ;” and presently withdrew himself into the porch, where he heard the cock crow: an intima
Of St. Peter, from Christ's Resurrection till tion, one would have thought, which should have
his Ascension. awakened his conscience into a quick sense of his duty, and the promise he had made unto his What became of Peter after his late prevarica. master. In the porch, another of the maids set tion, whether he followed our Saviour through upon him, charging himn that he also was one the several stages of his trial, and personally atof them that had been with Jesus of Nazareth ;" tended as a mourner at the funeral of his master, which Peter stoutly denied, saying that he “ knew we have no account left upon record. No doubt he not Christ;" and the better to gain their belief staid at Jerusalem, and probably with St. John, to what he said ratified it with an oath. So na- together with whom we first find him mentioned, tural is it for one sin to draw on another.
when both set forwards to the sepulchre ; which 7. About an hour after, he was a third time set
was in this manner. Early on that morning upon by a servant of the high-priest, Malchus's whereon our Lord was to return from the grave, kinsman, whose ear Peter had lately, cut off: by Mary Magdalene,* and some other devout and him he was charged to be one of Christ's disci- pious women, brought spices and ointments, with ples; yea, that his very speech betrayed him to a design to embalm the body of our crucified be a Galilean :—for the
Galileans, though they did Lord. Coming to the sepulchre at sun-rising, and not speak a different language, had yet a differ- finding the door open, they entered in, where they ent dialect, using a more confused and barbarous, were suddenly saluted by an angel, who told them a broader and more unpolished way of pronuncia- that Jesus was risen, and bade them go and action than the rest of the Jews; whereby they quaint his apostles, and particularly Peter, that he were easily distinguishable in their speaking from
was returned from the dead; and that he would other men; abundant instances whereof there are
go before them into Galilec, where they should extant in the Talmud at this day :-nay, not only meet with him. Hereupon they returned back, gave this evidence, but added, that he himself had and acquainted the apostles with what had passed, scen him with Jesus in the garden. Peter still who beheld the story as the product of a weak resolutely denied the matter; and to add the and heated fancy. But Peter and John presently highest accomplishment to his sin, ratified it not hastened towards the garden :t John, being the only with an oath, but a solemn curse and execra
younger and nimbler, outran his companion, and tion, that he was not the person, that he knew not came first thither: where he only looked, but enthe man. It is but a very weak excuse which St. tered not in, either out of fear in himself
, or a Ambrose and some others make for this act of great reverence to our Saviour, Peter, though Peter's, in saying, “I know not the man." "He behind in space was before in zeal, and being elder did well,” says he, “to deny him to be man whom and more considerate, came and resolutely enterhe knew to be God.” St. Jerome takes notice of ed in, where they found nothing but the linen this pious and well-meant excuse made for Peter, cloths lying together in one place, and the napkin though out of modesty he conceals the name of that was about his head wrapped together in its author, but yet justly censures it as trifling and another; which being disposed with so much care
and order, showed (whai was falsely suggested * Matt. xxvi. 57; Mark xiv. 53; Luke xxii. 54 ; John xviii. 12.
Mark xvi. I. + Luke xxiv. 12. John xx. 2.
by the Jews) that our Saviour's body was not taken made up and down the country, was yet full of away by thieves, who are wont more to consult jealousies and fears. We find Peter, Thomas, their escape than how to leave things orderly dis- Nathanael, and the two sons of Zebedee, and two posed behind them.
more of the disciples, arrived at some town about 2. The same day about noon we may suppose the sea of Tiberias; where the providence of God it was, that our Lord himself appeared alone to guiding the instance of their employment, Peter, Peter; being assured of the thing, though not so accompanied with the rest, returns to his old trade precisely of the time. That he did so St. Paul of fishing.* They labored all night, but caught exprensiy tells us ;* and so did the apostles to the nothing. Early in the morning, a grave person, two disciples that came from Emmaus, “ The probably in the habit of a traveller, presents him. Lord is risen, and hath appeared to Simon;"+ self upon the shore, and calling to them, asked which probably intimates, that it was before his them whether they had any meat.
When they appearing to those two disciples. And indeed we told him no, he advised them to cast the net on cannot but think that our Lord would hasten the the right side of the ship, that so the miracle might manifestation of himself to him, as compassion- not seem to be the effect of chance, and they ating his case, being overwhelmed with sorrow should not fail to speed. They did so, and the net for the late shameful denial of his master; and presently inclosed so great å draught that they was therefore willing in the first place to honor were scarce able to drag it ashore. St. John, him with his presence, at once to confirm him amazed with the strangeness of the matter, told in the article of his resurrection, and to let him Peter that surely this must be the Lord, whom see that he was restored to the place which the winds, and the sea, and all the inhabitants of before he had in his grace and favor. St. Paul that watery region were so ready to obey. Peter's mentioning his several appearances after his re- zeal presently took fire, notwithstanding the coldsurrection, seems to make this the first of them, ness of the season, and impatient of the least mothat "he was seen of Cephas.” Not that it was ment's being kept from the company of his dear simply the first, for he first appeared to the wo- Lord and master, without any consideration of the
But, as Chrysostom observes, it was the danger to which he exposed himself, he girt his first that was made to men. He was first seen fisher's coat about him, and throwing himself into by him who most desired to see him. He also the sea, swam to shore, not being able to stay till adds several probable conjectures, why our Lord the ship could arrive, which came presentiy after. first discovered himself to Peter: as, that it re- Landing, they found a fire ready made, and fish quired a more than ordinary firmness and resolu- laid upon it, either immediately created by his tion of mind to be able to bear such a sight; for divine power, or which came to the shore of its they who beheld him after others had seen him, own accord, and offered itself to his hand; which and had heard their frequent testimonies and re- notwithstanding, he commands them to bring of ports, had had their faith greatly prepared and en- the fish which they had lately caught, and prepare couraged to entertain it; but he who was to be ho- it for their dinner, he himself dining with them; nored with the first appearance had need of a big- both that he might give them an instance of muger and more undaunted faith, lest he should be tual love and fellowship, and also assure them of overborne, with such a strange and unwonted sight. the truth of his human nature, since his return That Peter was the first that had made a signal from the dead. confession of his master, and therefore it was fit 4. Dinner being ended, our Lord more particuand reasonable that he should first see him alive larly addressed himself to Peter, urging him to the after his resurrection. That Peter had lately de- utmost diligence in his care of souls : and because nied his Lord, the grief whereof lay hard upon he knew that nothing but a mighty love to himself him ; that therefore our Saviour was willing to ad- could carry him through the troubles and hazards minister some consolation to him, and, as soon as of so dangerous and difficult an employment; an might be, to let him see that he had not cast him employment attended with all the impediments off, like the kind Samaritan, he made haste to help which either the perverseness of men, or the mahim, and to pour oil into his wounded conscience. lice and subtilty of the devil could cast in the way
3. Some time after this, the apostles began to to hinder it; therefore he first inquired of him, resolve upon their journey into Gallilee, as he him- whether he loved him more than the rest of the self had commanded them. If it be inquired why apostles, herein mildly reproving his former overthey went no sooner, seeing this was the first mes confident resolution, that “ though all the rest sage and intimation they had received from him, should deny him, yet would not he deny him.” St. Ambrose's resolution seems very rational, that Peter modestly replied, not censuring others, much our Lord indeed had commanded them to go less preferring himself before them, that our Lord thither, but that their fears for some time kept knew the integrity of his affection towards him. them at home; not being as yet fully satisfied in This question he puts three several times to Peter the truth of his resurrection, till our Lord, by often who as often returned the same answer : it being appearing to them, had confirmed their minds, and but just and reasonable, that he who by a threeput the case beyond all dispute. They went, as fold denial had given so much cause to question, we may suppose, in several companies, lest going should now by a threefold confession give more all in one body they should awaken the power and than ordinary assurance of his sincere affection malice of their enemies, and alarm the care and to his master. Peter was a little troubled at this vigilancy of the state, which, by reason of the frequent questioning of his love, and therefore noise that our Saviour's trial and execution had more expressly appeals to our Lord's omnisciency
* I Cor. xv. 5.
+ Luke xxiv. 34.
* John xxi. 3.
that he who knew all things must needs know that he would, after his ascension, pour out his Spirit he loved him. To each of these confessions our upon them in larger measures than they had hiLord added this signal trial of his affection ; then, therto received, that they might be the better forti“ Feed my sheep;" that is, faithfully instruct and fied to grapple with that violent rage and fury teach them, carefully rule and guide them; per. wherewith both men and devils would endeavor suade, not compel them; feed, not fleece nor kill to oppose them; and that in the mean time they them. And so it is plain St. Peter himself under- should return to Jerusalem, and stay till these mistood it, by the charge which he gives to the guides raculous powers were from on high conferred upon and rulers of the church, that “they should feed them. His discourse being ended, laying his the flock of God, taking the oversight thereof, not hands upon them, he gave them his solemn blessby constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, ing ; which done, he was immediately taken from but of a ready mind; neither as being lords over them, and being attended with a glorious guard God's heritage, but as examples to the fock."*. and train of angels, was received up into heaven. But that by feeding Christ's sheep and lambs, Antiquity tells us, that in the place where he last here commanded to St. Peter, should be meant a trod upon the rock, the impression of his feet did universal and uncontrollable monarchy and domi- remain, which could never afterwards be filled up nion over the whole Christian church, and that or impaired ; over which Helena, mother of the over the apostles themselves and their successors great Constantine, afterwards built a little chapel, in ordinary, and this power and supermacy solely called the Chapel of the Ascension ; in the floor invested in St. Peter, and those who were to suc- whereof, upon a whitish kind of stone, modern traceed him in the see of Rome, is so wild an infer- vellers tell us, that the impression of his foot is ence, and such a melting down words to run into showed at this day; but it is that of his right foot any shape, as could never with any face have been only, the other being taken away by the Turks, offered, or been possible to have been imposed and, as it is said, kept in the temple at Jerusalem. upon the belief of mankind, if men had not first Our Lord being thus taken from them, the apos. subdued their reason to their interest, and capti- tles were filled with a greater sense of his glory vated both to an implicit faith and a blind obedi- and majesty than while he was wont familiarly to
For granting that our Lord here addressed converse with them; and having performed their his speech only unto Peter, yet the very same solemn adorations to him, returned back to Jerupower, in equivalent terms, is elsewhere indiffer- salem, waiting for the promise of the Holy Ghost, ently granted to all the apostles, and in some mea- which was shortly after conferred upon them. sure to the ordinary pastors and governors of the They worshipped him, and returned to Jerusachurch: as when our Lord told them, that “all lem with great joy." They who lately were power" was given him “in heaven and in earth,” overwhelmed with sorrow at the very mention of by virtue whereof they should go teach and bap- their Lord's departure from them, entertained it tize all nations,” and “ preach the gospel to every now with joy and triumph ; being fully satisfied creature :” that they should “ feed God's flock, of his glorious advancement at God's right hand, rule well,” inspect and “watch over” those over and of that particular care and providence which whom they had the authority and rule.t Words they were sure he would exercise towards them, of as large and more express signification than in pursuance of those great trusts he had comthose which were here spoken to St. Peter. mitted to them.
5. Our Lord having thus engaged Peter to a cheerful compliance with the dangers that might attend the discharge and execution of his office, now particularly intimates to him what that fate
SECTION VII. was that should attend him; telling him, that though when he was young he girt himself, lived Of St. Peter's Acts, from our Lord's Ascension at his own pleasure, and went whither he pleased; till the Dispersion of the Church. yet when he was old he should stretch forth his hands, and another should gird and bind him, and The holy Jesus being gone to heaven, the aposlead him whether he had no mind to go ; intimat- tles began to act according to the power and coming, as the evangelist tells us, “ by what death he mission he had left with them. In order whereshould glorify God;" that is, by crucifixion, the unto, the first thing they did after his ascension martyrdom which he afterwards underwent. And was to fill up the vacancy in their college, lately then, rising up, commanded him to follow him; made by the unhappy fall and apostacy of Judas. by this bodily attendance mystically implying his To which end, no sooner were they returned to conformity to the death of Christ, that he should Jerusalem, but they went as utepwov, “ into an upfollow him in dying for the truth and testimony of per room.” Where this vtepwor was, whether in the gospel. It was not long after that our Lord the house of St. John, or of Mary, John-Mark's appeared to them, to take his last farewell of them; mother, or in some of the out-rooms belonging to when leading them out unto Bethany, a little vil- the temple, (for the temple had over the cloisters lage upon the mount of Olives, he briefly told them, several chambers for the service of the priests and that they were the persons whom he had chosen levites, and as repositories where the consecrated to be the witnesses both of his death and resur- vessels and utensils of the temple were laid up; rection ;f a testimony which they should bear to though it be not probable that the Jews, and eshim in all parts of the world; in order to which pecially the priests, would suffer the apostles and
their company to be so near the temple,) I stand * 1 Pet. v. 2, 3.
Acts i. 8. #Luke xxiv. 50.
Luke xxiv. 52.