« AnteriorContinuar »
sident of the assembly; so was it granted to him they were as competent judges as the acutest phiupon no other considerations than those of his losopher in the world. Nor could there be any age, zeal, and gravity, for which he was more emi- just reason to suspect that they imposed upon men nent than the rest.
in what they delivered; for besides their naked 8. We proceed next to inquire into the fitness plainness and simplicity in all other passages of and qualification of the persons commissioned for their lives, they cheerfully submitted to the most this employment; and we shall find them admira- exquisite hardships, tortures, and sufferings, merely bly qualified to discharge it, if we consider this to attest the truth of what they published to the following account. First, they immediately receiv- world. Next to the evidence of our own senses, ed the doctrine of the gospel from the mouth of no testimony is more valid and forcible than his Christ himself: he intended them for legati à who relates what himself has seen. Upon this aclatere, his peculiar ambassadors to the world, and count our Lord told his apostles, “ that they should therefore furnished them with instructions from his be witnesses to him both in Judea and Samaria, own mouth; and in order hereunto he trained and to the uttermost parts of the earth."* And so them up for some years under his own discipline necessary a qualification of an apostle was this and institution ; he made them to understand the thought to be, that it was almost the only condition “ mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, when to propounded in the choice of a new apostle, after others it was not given;" treated them with the the fall of Judas: “Wherefore,” says Peter, “ of affection of a father, and the freedom and famili- these men which have companied with us all the arity of a friend. “Henceforth I call you not ser- time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, vants ; for the servant knoweth not what his Lord beginning from the baptism of John, unto the same doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things day that he was taken up from us, must one be that I have heard of my Father I have made ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrecknown unto you."* They heard all his sermons, tion.”! Accordingly we find the apostles constantly were privy both to his public and private dis- making use of this argument as the most rational courses; what he preached abroad he expounded evidence to convince those whom they had to deal to them at home: fe gradually instructed them in with. “We are witnesses of all things which the knowledge of divine things, and imparted to Jesus did, both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusathem the notions and mysteries of the gospel, not lem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: him all at once, but as they were able to bear them. God raised up the third day, and showed him openBy which means they were sufficiently capable of ly, not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen giving a satisfactory account of that doctrine to before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink others, which had been so immediately, so frequent- with him after he rose from the dead; and he comly communicated to themselves. Secondly, they manded us to preach unto the people, and to testify were infallibly secure from error in delivering the that it is he that is ordained of God to be judge of doctrines and principles of Christianity: for though the quick and dead."I Thus St. John after the they were not absolutely privileged from failures same way of arguing, appeals to sensib.e demonand miscarriages in their lives, (these being of stration : “ That which was from the beginning, more personal and private consideration,) yet were which we have heard, which we have seen with our they infallible in their doctrine, this being a matter eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands whereupon the salvation and eternal interests of have bandled, of the word of life: (for the life was men did depend. And for this end they had the manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, “spirit of truth”'promised to them, who should and show unto you that eternal life which was with "guide them into all truth.” Under the conduct the Father, and was manifested unto us :) that of this unerring guide they all steered the same which we have seen and heard declare we unto course, and taught and spake the same things, you, that ye also might have fellowship with us."'l though at different times, and in distant places : This, to name no more, St. Peter thought a sufiand for what was consigned to writing, "all Scrip- cient vindication of the apostolical doctrine from ture was given by inspiration of God, and the holy the suspicion of forgery and imposture : “We men spake not but as they were moved by the have not followed cunningly devised fables, when Holy Ghost.” Hence that exact and admirable we made known unto you the power and coming harmony that is in all their writings and relations, of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eye-witnesses as being all equally dictated by the same spirit of of his majesty."). God had frequently given testruth. Thirdly, they had been eye-witnesses of timony to the divinity of our blessed Saviour, by all the material passages of our Saviour's life, con- visible manifestations and appearances from hea
conversant with him from the commenc-ven, and particularly by an audible voice: “This ing of his public ministry till his ascension into hea- is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." ven: they had surveyed all his actions, seen all his Now" this voice which came from heaven," says miracles, observed the whole method of his con- he, “ we heard when we were with him in the versation, and some of them attended him in his holy mount.” most private solitudes and retirements. And this 9. Fourthly; the apostles were invested with a could not but be a very rational satisfaction to the power of working miracles, as the readiest means minds of men, when the publishers of the gospel to procure their religion a firm belief and entersolemnly declared to the world, that they reported tainment in the minds of men. For the miracles nothing concerning our Saviour but what they had are the great confirmation of the truth of any docseen with their own eyes, and of the truth whereof trine, and the most rational evidence of a divine
John xv. 15.
Ibid. xvi. 13,
* Acts i. 8. Acts i. 21, 22. Acts x. 39, 40, &c. 1 1 John i, 1, 2, 3.
$ Peter i. 16, 17.
commission. For seeing God only can create, and any deadly thing, it should not hurt them; that control the laws of nature, produce something out they should lay hands on the sick, and they should of nothing, and call things that are not as if they recover. And the event was accordingly, " for were, give eyes to them that were born blind, raise they went forth and preached every where, the the dead, &c. things plainly beyond all possible Lord worketh with them, and confirming the word powers of nature, no man that believes the wis- with signs following.” When Paul and Barnabas dom and goodness of an infinite being, can suppose came up to the council at Jerusalem, this was one that this God of truth should affix his seal to a lie, of the first things they gave an account of, " all or communicate this power to any that would the multitude keeping silence while they declared abuse it, to confirm and countenance delusions what miracles and wonders God had wrought and impostures. Nicodemus's reasoning was very among the Gentiles by them.”+ Thus the very plain and convictive, when he concludes that Christ "shadow of Peter as he passed by cured the sick: “must needs be a teacher come from God, for that thus “God wrought special miracles by the hands no man could do those miracles that he did, except of Paul; so that from his body were brought unto God were with him”* The force of which argu- the sick, handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases ment lies here, that nothing but a divine power departed from them, and the evil spirits went out can work miracles, and that Almighty God cannot of them.”\ So that, besides the innate characbe supposed miraculously to assist any but those, ters of divinity which the Christian religion brought whom he himself sends upon his own errand. The along with it, containing nothing but what was stupid and barbarous Lycaonians, when they be- highly reasonable, and very becoming. God to reheld the man who had been a cripple from his veal, it had the highest external evidence that mother's womb cured by St. Paul in an instant, any religion was capable of—the attestation of only with the speaking of a word, saw that there great and unquestionable miracles, done not once was something in it more than human, and there or twice, not privately and in corners, not before fore concluded that “the Gods were come down a few simple and credulous persons, but frequently to them in the likeness of men.”+ Upon this and at every turn, publicly and in places of the account St. Paulf reckons miracles among the most solemn concourse, before the wisest and Ta onueia tou afootody, the signs and evidences of most judicious inquirers; and this power of mian apostle; whom therefore Chrysostom brings racles continued not only during the apostles' time, in clegantly pleading for himself
, that though he but for some ages after. could not show, as the signs of his priesthood and 10. But because, besides miracles in general, ministry, long robes and gaudy vestments, with the Scripture takes particular notice of many gifts bells sounding at their borders, as the Aaronical and powers of the Holy Ghost conferred upon the priests did of old; though he had no golden crowns apostles and first preachers of the gospel, it may or holy mitres, yet could he produce what was in- not be amiss to consider some of the chiefest and finitely more venerable and regardable than all most material of them, as we find them enumethese—unquestionable signs and miracles : he rated by the apostle ;ll only premising this obsercame not with altars and oblations, with a number vation, that though these gifts were distinctly disof strange and symbolical rites; but what was tributed to persons of an inferior order, so that one greater, raised the dead, cast out devils, cured the had this, and another that, yet were they (probably) blind, healed the lame, making the Gentiles obe- all conferred upon the apostles, and doubtless in dient by word and deed, through many signs and larger proportions than upon the rest. First, we wonders wrought by the power of the Spirit of take notice of the gift of prophecy, a clear eviGod. These were the things that clearly showed dence of divine inspiration, and an extraordinary that their mission and ministry was not from men, mission : "the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of nor taken up of their own heads, but that they prophecy."$ It had been for many ages the sigacted herein by a divine warrant and authority: nal and honorable privilege of the Jewish church; That therefore it might plainly appear to the world and that the Christian economy might challenge that they did not falsify in what they said, or de- as sacred regards from men, and that it might apliver any more than God had given them in com- pear that God had not withdrawn his Spirit from mission, he enabled them to do strange and mira- his church in this new state of things, it was reculous operations, “bearing them witness both vived under the dispensation of the gospel, accordwith signs and wonders, and with divers miracles ing to that famous prophecy of Joel
, exactly acand gifts of the Holy Ghost.”l. This was a power complished (as Peter told the Jews) upon the day put into the first draught of their commission, of pentecost, when the miraculous gifts of the Holy when confined only to the cities of Israel: “As Ghost were so plentifully shed upon the apostles ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is and primitive Christians : “This is that which was at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise spoken by the prophet Joel: It shall come to pass the dead, cast out devils : freely ye have received, in the last days, (saith God,) I will pour out of my freely give." But more fully confirmed unto Spirit upon all desh; and your sons and your them when our Lord went to heaven; then he daughters shall prophesy, and your young men told them that “these signs should follow them shall see visions, and your old men shall dream that believe; that in his name they should cast dreams: and on my servants and on my handout devils, and speak with new tongues; that maidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit, they should take up serpents, and if they drank and they shall prophesy."T It lay in general in
* John iii. 2.
+ Acts xiv. 10, 11.
* Mark xvi. 17-20. + Acts xv. 12.
Acts xix. 11, 12. 11 1 Cor. xii. 9, 10. 9 Rev. xix. 10. 1 Joel ii. 28, 29; Acts ii. 16, 17, 18.
revealing and making known to others the mind of pretend, that this interruption is an unseasonable God; but discovered itself in particular instances, check to his revelation, seeing he may command partly in foretelling things to come, and what himself; for though among the Gentiles the proshould certainly happen in after times : a thing phetic and ecstatic impulse did so violently press set beyond the reach of any finite understanding; upon the inspired person that he could not govern for though such effects as depend upon natural himself
, yet in the church of God “the spirits of agents, or moral and political causes, may be fore the prophets are subject to the prophets,” may be seen by studious and considering persons ; yet the so ruled and restrained by them as to make way knowledge of futurities, things purely contingent, for others. This order of Christian prophets, conthat merely depend upon men's choice, and their sidered as a distinct ministry by itself
, is constantmutable and uncertain wills, can only fall under ly placed next to the apostolical office, and is frehis view who at once behold things past, present, quently, by St. Paul, preferred before any other and to come. Now this was conferred upon the spiritual gifts then bestowed upon the church.apostles and some of the first Christians, as ap- When this spirit of prophecy ceased in the Chris pears from many instances in the history of the tian church we cannot certainly find. It continued apostolic acts ; and we find the apostles' writings some competent time beyond the apostolic age. frequently interspersed with prophetical predic- Justin Martyr, expressly tells Trypho, the Jew, tions concerning the great apostacy from the faith, " the gifts of prophecy are even yet extant among the universal corruption and degeneracy of man- us :" an argument, as he there tells him, that ners, the rise of particular heresies, the coming of those things which had of old been the great priantichrist, and several other things, which the vileges of their church, were now translated into Spirit said expressly should come to pass in the the Christian church. And Eusebius, speaking latter times : besides, that St. John's whole book of a revelation made to one Alcibiades, who lived of Revelation is almost entirely made up of pro- about the time of Irenæus, adds, that the divine phecies concerning the future state and condition grace had not withdrawn its presence from the of the church. Sometimes by his spirit of prophecy church, but that they still had the Holy Ghost as God declared things that were of present concern their counsellor to direct them. ment to the exigencies of the church, as when he 11. Secondly, they had "the gift of discerning signified to them that they should set apart Paul spirits," whereby they were enabled to discover and Barnabas for the conversion of the Gentiles, the truth or falsehood of men's pretences, whether and many times immediately designed particular their gifts were real or counterfeit, and their perpersons to be pastors and governors of the church. sons truly inspired or not. For many men, actuThus we read of the gift” that was given to ated only by diabolical impulses, might entitle Timothy " by prophecy, with the laying on of the themselves to divine inspirations, and others might hands of the presbytery;" that is, his ordination, be imposed upon by their illusions, and mistake to which he was particularly pointed out by some their dreams and fancies for the Spirit's dictates prophetic designation. But the main use of this and revelations: or might so subtilely and artifiprophetic gift in those times was, to explain some cially counterfeit revelations, that they might with of the more difficult and particular parts of the most pass for current, especially in those times Christian doctrine, especially to expound and ap- when these supernatural gifts were so common ply the ancient prophecies concerning the Mes and ordinary; and our Lord himself had frequently siah and his kingdom, in their public assemblies; told them that false prophets would arise, and that whence the “gift of prophecy'* is explained by many would confidently plead for themselves beunderstanding all mysteries and all knowledge;" fore him, that they had « prophesied in his name.” that is, the most dark and difficult places of Scrip- That therefore the church might not be imposed ture, the types and figures, the ceremonies and on, God was pleased to endue the apostles, and it prophecies of the Old Testament. And thus we may be some others, with an immediate faculty are commonly to understand those words, "pro- of discerning the chaff from the wheat, true from phets” and “prophesying,” that so familiarly oc- false prophets; nay, to know when the true procur in the New Testament, Having gifts differ- phets delivered the revelations of the Spirit, and ing according to the grace that is given to us, when they expressed only their own conceptions. whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to This was a mighty privilege, but yet seems to me the proportion of faith ;"ł that is, expound Scrip- to have extended further, to judge of the sincerity ture according to the generally received principles or hypocrisy of men's hearts in the profession of of faith and life. So the apostle elsewhere, pre- religion ; that so bad men being discovered, suitascribing rules for the decent and orderly managing ble censures and punishments might be passed of divine worship in theis public assemblies : "Let upon them, and others cautioned to avoid them. the prophets," says he “speak two or three,” that Thus Peter, at first sight, discovered Ananias and is, at the same assembly, “and let the other judge;" Sapphira, and the rotten hypocrisy of their intenand if, while any is thus expounding, another has tions, before there was any external evidence in a divine afflatus, whereby he is more particularly the case; and told Simon Magus, though baptized enabled to explain some difficult and emergent before, upon his embracing Christianity, “ that his passage, “let the first hold his peace ; for ye may heart was not right in the sight of God; for I perall” that have this gift,“ prophesy one by one ;" ceive," says he, “ that thou art in the gall of bitthat so, thus orderly proceeding, “all may learn, terness, and in the bond of iniquity."** Thirdly ; and all may be comforted.”I Nor can the first the apostles had the gift of tongues, furnished
with variety of utterance, able to speak on a sud.. * 1 Cor. xiii. 2.
Rom. xii. 6. #1 Cor, xiv. 29.-31.
* Acts viii. 21--23.
den several languages which they had never , of Rome, in defiance of it, can so openly praclearnt, as occasion was administered, and the ex- tise, so confidently defend their Bible and divine igencies of persons and nations, with whom they services in an unknown tongue; so flatly repugconversed, did require. For the apostles being nant to the dictates of common reason, the usage principally designed to convert the world, and to of the first Christian church, and these plain plant Christianity in all countries and nations, it apostolical commands. But this is not the only was absolutely necessary that they should be able instance wherein that church has departed both readily to express their minds in the languages of from Scripture, reason, and the practice of the first those countries to which they addressed them- and purest ages of Christianity. Indeed there is selves ; seeing otherwise it would have been a some cause why they are so zealous to keep both work of time and difficulty, and not consistent Scripture and their divine worship in a strange with the term of the apostles' lives, had they been language ; lest by reading the one the people first to learn the different languages of those na- should become wise enough to discover the gross tions before they could have preached the gospel errors and corruptions of the other. Fifthly; the to them. Hence this gift was diffused upon the apostles had the gift of healing, of curing diseases apostles in larger measure and proportion than without the arts of physic; the most inveterate upon other men: "I speak with tongues more distempers being equally removable by an almighthan ye all,”* says St. Paul; that is, than all the ty power, and vanishing at their speaking of a gifted persons in the church of Corinth. Our word. This begot an extraordinary veneration Lord had told the apostles, before his departure for them and their religion among the common from them, “ that they should be endued with sort of men, who, as they are strongest moved power from on high ;" which, upon the day of with sensible effects, so are most taken with those Pentecost, was particularly made good in this in- miracles that are beneficial to the life of man. stance; when in a moment they were enabled to Hence the infinite cures done in every place; speak almost all the languages of the then known God mercifully providing that the body should world, and this as a specimen and first-fruits of the partake with the soul in the advantages of the rest of those miraculous powers that were confer- gospel, the cure of the one ushering in, many red upon them.
times, the conversion of the other. This gift was 12. A fourth gift was that of interpretation, or very common in those early days, bestowed not unfolding to others what had been delivered in an upon the apostles only, but upon the ordinary gounknown tongue. For the Christian assemblies vernors of the church, who were wont "to lay in those days were frequently made up of men of their hands upon the sick," and sometimes " to different nations, and who could not understand anoint them with oil," (a symbolic rite in use what the apostles, or others, had spoken to the among the Jews, to denote the grace of God,) and congregation ; this God supplied by this gift of " to pray over," and for them in the name of the interpretation, enabling some to interpret what Lord Jesus ;"* whereby, upon a hearty confession others did not understand, and to speak it to them and forsaking of their sins, both health and pardon in their own native language. St. Pault largely were at once bestowed upon them. How long this discourses the necessity of this gift, in order to gift, with its appendant ceremony of unction, the instructing and edifying of the church, see- lasted in the ehurch is not easy to determine: ing without it their meetings could be no better that it was in use in Tertullian's time, we learn than the assembly of Babel after the confusion of from the instance he gives us of Proculus, a Chrislanguages, where one man must needs be a bar- tian, who cured the emperor Severus, by anointing barian to another; and all the praying and preach- him with oil; for which the emperor had him in ing of the minister of the assembly be to many great honor, and kept him with him at court all altogether fruitless and unprofitable, and no bet- his life; it afterwards vanishing by degrees, as all ter than a speaking into the air. What is the other miraculous powers, as Christianity gained speaking, though with the tongue of angels, to firm footing in the world. As for extreme unction, them that do not understand it? How can the so generally maintained and practised in the church idiot and unlearned say amen, who understand not of Rome, and by them made a sacrament, I doubt the language of him that giveth thanks? The it will receive very little countenance from this duty may be done with admirable quaintness and primitive usage. Indeed, could they as easily reaccuracy ; but what is he the better, from whom store sick men to health as they can anoint them it is locked up in an unknown tongue? A consi- with oil, I think nobody would contradict them; deration that made the apostle solemnly profess, but till they can pretend to the one I think it unthat “ he had rather speak five words in the church reasonable they should use the other. The best is, with his understanding, that by his voice he might though founding it upon this apostolical practice, teach others also, than ten thousand words in an they have turned it to a quite contrary purpose ; unknown tongue."I Therefore " if any man speak instead of recovering men to life and health, to in an unknown tongue, let it be but by two, or at dispose and fit them for dying when all hopes of most by three, and let one interpret" what the life are taken from them. rest have spoken ; “ but if there be no interpre 13. Sixthly; the apostles were invested with ter," none present able to do this, “ let him keep a power of immediately inflicting corporal punishsilence in the church, and speak to himself and to ments upon great and notorious sinners; and this, God.”! A man that impartially reads this dis probably, is that which he means by his "operacourse of the apostle, may wonder how the church tions of powers," or "working miracles;”+ which
surely cannot be meant of miracles in general, * 1 Cor. xiv. 18.
#1 Cor. xiv. +1 Cor. xiv. 8.
!! Ibid. ver. 27, 28. • James, v. 14, 15 16. +1 Cor. xii. 10.
being reckoned up amongst the particular gifts of things." To what has been said concerning the Holy Ghost; nor is there any other to which these apostolical gifts, let me further observe, that it can with equal probability refer. A power to they had not only these gifts residing in them. inflict diseases upon the body, as when St. Paul selves, but a power to bestow them upon others; 80 struck Elymas, the sorcerer, with blindness; and that by imposition of hands, or upon hearing and sometimes extending to the loss of life itself, as in embracing the apostles' doctrine, and being baptized the sad instance of Ananias and Sapphira. This into the Christian faith, they could confer these was the virga apostolica, the rod (mentioned by miraculous powers upon persons thus qualified to St. Paul) which the apostles held and shook over receive them, whereby they were in a moment scandalous and insolent offenders, and sometimes enabled to speak divers languages, to prophesy, laid upon them : “What will ye ? shall I come to to interpret, and do other miracles, to the admira. you with a rod, or in love, and the spirit of meek- tion and astonishment of all that heard and saw ness ?"** Where observe, says Chrysostom, how them. A privilege peculiar to the apostles ; for the apostle tempers his discourse: the love and we do not find that any inferior order of gifted meekness, and his desire to know, argued care persons were intrusted with it. And therefore, as and kindness; but the rod spake dread and terror; Chrysostom well observes, though Philip, the a rod of severity and punishment, and which deacon, wrought great miracles at Samaria, to sometimes mortally chastised the offender. Else- the conversion of many ; yea, to the conviction where, he frequently gives intimations of this of Simon Magus himself, yet the Holy Ghost power, when he was to deal with stubborn and in- fell upon none of them, only they were baptized corrigible persons : “ Having in a readiness to in the name of our Lord Jesus," till Peter and revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is John came down to them, who having "prayed fulfilled; for though I should boast somewhat for them that they might receive the Holy Ghost, more of our authority (which the Lord hath given they laid their hands upon them, and they received us for edification, and not for your destruction) I the Holy Ghost." Which when the magician should not be ashamed ; that I may not seem as beheld, he offered the apostles money to enable if I would terrify you by letters.”+ And he again him, that on whomsoever he laid his hands, he puts them in mind of it at the close of his epistle: might derive these miraculous powers upon them. * I told you before, and foretel you, as if I 14. Having seen how fitly furnished the apospresent, the second time; and being absent now tles were for the execution of their office, let us I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and in the last place inquire into its duration and conto all others, that if I come again I will not tinuance. And here it must be considered, that spare.”I But he hoped these smart warnings in the apostolical office there was something exwould supersede all further severity against them: traordinary, and something ordinary. What was “Therefore I write these things being absent, lest extraordinary was their immediate commission being present I should use sharpness, according to derived from the mouth of Christ himself; their the power which the Lord hath given me to edi- unlimited charge to preach the gospel up and fication, and not to destruction." | Of this nature down the world, without being tied to any partiwas the “delivering over persons unto Satan for cular places; the supernatural and miraculous the destruction of the flesh,” the chastising the powers conferred upon them as apostes; their body by some present pain or sickness, “ that the infallible guidance in delivering the doctrines of spirit might be saved,"s by being brought to a the gospel; and these all expired and determined seasonable repentance. Thus he dealt with Hy, with their persons. The standing and perpetual menæus and Alexander, who had “made ship- part of it, was to teach and instruct the people in wreck of faith and a good conscience;" he de- the duties and principles of religion, to administer livered them unto Satan, “ that they might learn the sacraments, to constitute guides and officers, not to blaspheme.”T Nothing being more usual and to exercise the discipline and government of in those times, than for persons excommunicate, the church; and in these they are succeeded by and cut off from the body of the church, to be the ordinary rulers and ecclesiastic guides, who presently arrested by Satan, as the common-ser- were to superintend and discharge the affairs and jeant and executioner, and by him either actually offices of the church to the end of the world. possessed, or tormented in their bodies by some Whence it is that bishops and governors came to diseases which he brought upon them. And in- be styled apostles, as being their successors in or. deed this severe discipline was no more than dinary; for so they frequently are in the writings -necessary in those times, when Christianity was of the church. Thus Timothy, who was bi. wholly destitute of any civil or coercive power, shop of Ephesus, is called an apostle ; Clemens to beget and keep up a due reverence and of Rome, Clemens the apostle ; St. Mark, bishop regard to the sentences and determinations of the of Alexandria, by Eusebius, styled both an apostle church, and to secure the laws of religion and and evangelist; Ignatius, a bishop and apostle. the holy censures from being slighted by every A title that continued in after ages, especially bold and contumacious offender. And this effect given to those that were the first planters or rewe find it had after the dreadful instance of Ana- storers of Christianity in any country. In the nias and Sapphira ; “Great fear came upon all Coptic calendar, published by Mr. Selden, the the church, and upon as many as heard these seventh day of the month Baschnes, answering
to our second of May, is dedicated to the memory 1 2 Cor. x. 6, 8, 9.
of St. Athanasius the apostle. * 1 Cor. iv. 21.
Acacius and I 2 Cor. xiii. 2. 11 (bid. ver. 10.
Paulus, in their letter to Epiphanius, style him S 1 Cor. v. 5, vid. Chrysost. et Hieron. in loc. "a new apostle and preacher:" and Sidonius I Tim. i. 20.
Apollinaris writing to Lupus, bishop of Troyes, in