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can seal your hopes, seeing he has so often revived of their inheritance. Thus he wanted them to them.
have more sealing eartnests of heaven. I prefer to let the meaning of the special seal And that their first sealing did not confirm their of the Spirit creep out thus, without formality of souls long, is but too evident from the Saviour's definition or announcement, that you may not message from Patmos ; charging them with havonly judge for yourself, but also enjoy what you ing “left their first love,” and threatening to rediscover. It is, you see, only a higher and strong- move their “candlestick out of its place,” uner degree of the hope of eternal redemption. less they repented. These facts give the lie diThat is usually weak and fluctuating at first. rect to all theories of sealing, which make the Even the joy and peace found at first in believing, seal final or indelible. His seal like every other have not much of a heavenly character about part of his work, has to be renewed from time to them. I mean, they are not so much earnests or time. Like his witness, it is not abiding any foretastes of heavenly peace and joy, as sweet re- longer than we keep from grieving him. The liefs from present fear and anguish. They rather Holy Spirit soon unseals every one, who makes a look back with wonder to the past day of dread, bad use of his comforts. And in unsealing the than forward with delight or composure to the inconsistent and slothful, he evinces as much love, final day of redemption; and thus are but earnests as when he seals, most fully, the diligent and deof “the earnest of the inheritance” of the saints votional. For if we could find the sanctuary “a in light.
little heaven below,” however seldom we were in It is then when the soul is enabled to lift up its our closets, or however unwatchful we were in the head, in prospect of the final day of redemption, world, we should soon try more hazardous experiwith a hope full of immortality, that it is sealed by ments. the Holy Spirit of promise, as the earnest of hea You now see that the seal of the Spirit is nothing
When he carries out the hope of finding which makes either calling or election sure, apart grace, to the hope of glory also ; and makes from walking in the Spirit, and bearing the fruits present communion with God and the Lamb, a of the Spirit. It makes these fruits foretastes of sweet foretaste of eternal happiness; then, the heavenly happiness : and that is all. But that is soul is sealed as well as enlightened-confirmed much! “ The fruits of the Spirit are love, joy, as well as comforted.
peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, meekThis is not so uncommon as some say. There ness, temperance." Gal. v. 22. And what a are, perhaps, but very few Christians, who have sweet and useful sealing of the soul it is, when not been again and again sealed with earnests of these take a heavenward direction, and something the heavenly inheritance; although they have not of a heavenly character! How delightful it is to ventured to call or consider their
| love, feeling that it will be perfect and eternal in
heaven! How joy improves, when we think of it “ Moments rich in blessing,"
becoming full of glory! How peace passeth all
understanding, when we think of it reigning unto as earnests of glory. But, have you not known eternal life! How gentleness and goodness comsuch times of refreshing, both in the sanctuary mend themselves, when we realise them as holiand the closet, when you found it something like ness which can never be tarnished, and as comheaven begun on earth, to see God in a light, and posure which can never be ruffled ! the Saviour in a light, which hushed all your anx And this is the way to ripen the fruits of the ieties, and filled your soul with peace? Have you Spirit. Instead of looking at them only in their not felt at times such oneness of spirit with all the connection with this world, we ought to lift them armies of heaven, that you could not but see how up, one by one, into the light and warmth of glory, instinctively and cheerfully your heart joined their that we may see and feel how they will be "pleaharps in ascribing “Salvation and glory to God sures for evermore.” But this subject must not and the Lamb ?" Have you not said at the wells be treated thus vaguely. It will come under your of salvation,
notice in a more definite form, in a subsequent
chapter, where the love of the Spirit, as the earn“ If such the sweetness of the streams, est of the heavenly inheritance, is traced experiWhat must the fountain be,
mentally. Where saints and angels draw their bliss
Immediately from Thee pos
THE LOVE OF THE SPIRIT IN SANCTIFICATION.
This is the sealing work of the Spirit. Nothing
No. X. is more unwarranted or unwise, than to regard that, as either indelible assurance, or an unalterable witness of sonship. It was not a full nor an abiding earnest of heaven to the Ephesians; al. It is not easy, even with the promise of the Spirit though a real earnest whilst they took care not to before us, to maintain a lively hope of sanctifica“grieve the Holy Spirit of God, whereby they tion, in the presence of the solemn assurance, were sealed.”. Eph. iv. 30.
that “without holiness no man shall see the Observe this fact. Even whilst their first love Lord :"_and it would be impossible to hope at all was in its first glow, and when they were just in the face of the fact that “nothing which de. sealed, Paul told them, that he bowed his knees fileth” can enter heaven, if we had not the Holy for them in prayer, that they might be rooted and Spirit to look to, and depend upon. They know grounded in love, and that they might know the little of heaven, and care still less about it, who hope of their calling, and the riches of the glory I do not feel this. It is deeply felt by those who
cannot forget, that heaven is a prepared place for feel his work in us, to be a "good work," and prepared people; or an inheritance for which they wish it to be carried on in its goodness as well as must be made “meet” by grace, as well as made its existence, that we are so willing to hope for " heirs” by Christ. Such persons are not relieved his continued help. from solicitude, or from suspense, in their own And we are right in all this. The Holy Spirit case, by knowing well, that meetness for the in- does love all who are trying to love him, and prayheritance of the saints in light, does not mean ing to be sanctified by his grace. His heart is perfection in this world. They know too, that pot alienated, nor cold, nor grudging, towards any it means more huliness than they have yet attain. heart that wishes to open itself to the sweet ined or attempted. They also see things about fluences of his holy presence. He knocks, and themselves, so unholy, that they are almost afraid strives, and woos, even at the door of hearts which to regard themselves as real subjects of “the true are resisting and evading him; and, therefore, it grace of God.” Even what is best in their cha- is no presumption nor rash conclusion, to believe racter and heart is so imperfect, weak, and vari- that he is not departed from those who, although able, that they sometimes doubt their own sin- they have grieved him, are yet deeply grieved for cerity, as well as their personal interest in Christ. having done so, and honestly desirous to be And, had they not the power and the grace of the temples of the Holy Ghost.” Spirit to look to; and, did he not " in his love and Well; it will much increase and confirm your in his pity save them,” they would despair alto- habit of " minding the things of the Spirit,” thus gether, when they weighed themselves in the ba- seriously and conscientiously, to trace the love of lance of the heavenly sanctuary. For, even with the Spirit in sanctification. You do not see that the Spirit to depend upon, they can hardly keep love, in either its warmth or strength, by a hasty up hope, whilst the plagues of their hearts keep glance at the surface of your own conformity to down the fruits of the Spirit in their character. the divine image. You are not aware of how Then, the difficulty is,mio see how there can be much he has done in you and for you, whilst you any sanctifying grace, where there is so much un- look only at what you have done yet in following sanctified nature; or how there can be any saving holiness. His “ good work” is greater and better work of the Spirit, where the workings of the than your good works. Not that it is a substitute flesh are so powerful.
for practical holiness. O, no! There is no good · We must remember more than the power of work of grace in the heart, where there are no the Spirit, when we feel thus, if we would con- good works of godliness in the life. There is tinue to follow holiness with a hope full of immor- none of the grace of the Spirit, where there are tality. We must take hold of his love, in order none of the fruits of the Spirit. But still, it is to get hold of his power, at such a crisis. I can. “ the root of the matter," that brings forth the not see how his hand will work for my sanctifica- fruits of the matter. It is the goodness of the tion, until I see how his heart feels towards me. tree, that makes the fruit good. Now although it be no easy matter to believe It is not, however, by figures or emblerns, that that he can love again, or love at all, after he has the worth of the principle of true holiness can be been so often grieved and vexed, by wayward- experimentally shown. “ That which is born of ness or by ingratitude ; still, until this is believed, the Spirit, is spirit ;" a new creation ; or the or at least hoped, his power cannot be drawn nor germe of a “ divine nature,” immortal in its princalculated upon. Accordingly, we try to gather ciple, and holy in all its tendencies. Thus facts from our wishes to be holy—from our willingness are stronger than figures, on this subject : indeed, to submit to sanctifying discipline—from our dread so strong, that they are almost staggering to us, and loathing of being given up to the lusts of the when we first try our own regeneration by them. desh or of the mind_from our keen sense of the No wonder! That which is born of the fesh, is way and degree in which holiness would make us flesh; and in general, it has grown up so much behappier, and from our deep sense of the beauty of fore we seek to be born again of the Spirit ; and, holiness—we try to gather proofs, that the Holy even after, it finds so much in earthly things, and Spirit would not have shown us these things, in worldly example, to nourish and cherish it; nor sealed our convictions of them, had he not whilst that which is born of the Spirit, and is loved us.
spirit, finds so little, that the former overtops and We are, indeed, very ingenious in balancing outweighs it. O, how difficult it is, when comthings, and in making the best of bad circum- paring that which is born of the Spirit, with that stances, when the fear of having the Holy Spirit which is born of the flesh, to prove, even to our. taken from us, comes in like a food upon our selves, the existence of the spiritual principle, hearts. It is, however, for a good purpose, that whilst the carnal principle is so predominant ! we thus try to make out a good case in our own Were it not that the spiritual principle rallies behalf. We are trying to increase our love to the again, after seeming extinct or overpowered ; and Spirit, when we are thus straining our ingenuity thus continues to exist like a spark in the ocean, to keep up the hope, that he loves us. It is not unquenched by the many cold and stormy waters in order to be less afraid of grieving him, that we which go over it, I see not how we could satisfy cling to the fond hope of being still precious in ourselves, that we are born of God. But here is his sight. 0, no; when we are most intent upon a fact in our religious history,—inexplicable in any making out to ourselves, that he has not left us other way: we cannot give up altogether the deentirely, nor forgotten us at all, we are most de. sire or the pursuit of holiness; we cannot forget termined not to quench or vex him again. Thus the necessity of it, nor the beauty in it, which we it is for holy purposes, that we wish the Holy have seen and felt; we cannot bear the idea of Spirit to abide with us for ever. It is because welcoming under the dominion of sin or Satan; but
however mastered or betrayed at times, we giadly in the heart, and however “new things" spring up try again and again to “ put off the old man with in it, as to the process of the change, the former his deeds, and to put on the new man, which after are passing away, and the latter growing. What God is created in righteousness and true holiness." are definitions of the modes of spiritual operaIs not this the finger of God, and the hand of the tions, compared with this " demonstration of the Spirit? This pursuing" of holiness, although Spirit ?" faint, goes on and holds out so, from year to year, This divine change whether sudden or gradual, notwithstanding fightings without and fears with speaks for itself, and declares its author at once, in, and in spite of so mnany hinderances and dis- by its holy tendencies. It stops the dominion of couragements, that I cannot account for it, nor sin, and strips all vice of its blandishments, and explain it at all, but by saying-spirit must have makes holiness rise before the mind in winning been born of the Spirit, where the holy principle forms of beauty and pleasure, and concentrates thus survives, and tries to surmount the world, the the desires and determinations of the soul upon devil, and the flesh. For nothing of this kind is real goodness. seen in, or pretended by, the unregenerate.-- I know, alas, too well, how this new bent of the When they are " led captive by Satan at his will,” mind may be unbent again and again, for a time, it is at their own will too. They are willing, as by the force of temptation and circumstances; but well as chained captives : whereas, when a Chris. I know, also, that it can never be forgotten, howtian is most chained, he is most unwilling, and ever much it may be lost by the fallen backslider, never so unhappy.
or laughed at by the reckless backslider. I have You feel this. Well; I want you to mark the seen the latter, like a ruined gamester, affect to love of the Spirit, in producing and sustaining this despise his loss; but his eye contradicted his holy principle, or “law of the mind,” which " the tongue, and his smiles at his former experience law of the flesh," although for ever warring against were alternately ghastly and bitter. The mocker it, does not overcome. Now, what but love could was evidently miserable ! induce him to implant this divine principle in our There is a great mistake prevails, in regard to impure and earthly hearts? It is, remember, the those who, “after they have escaped the pollugerme of the divine image; "the seed of God!" tions of the world, through the knowledge of our Now, although our hearts are not, by nature, Lord Jesus Christ, are again entangled therein worse than others, we know most about our own; and overcome.” 2 Pet. ii. 20. It is supposed by and ought, therefore, to judge from them, when- many, and I was one of the many long, that those ever we study the love or the condescension who return to their “ vomit and mire," after have the Spirit, in beginning in them the good work of ing known the way of righteousness, find enjoyconformity to the image of God. We should not ment in their old sins. Enjoyment! Transgressors have begun it ourselves, even if we could have dwell in a dry land, and their path is hard.turned
“Were you such a fool,” (said one of them to me
when I expressed my astonishment at his apparent « The stone to flesh."
tranquillity, during the years in which I had no
suspicion of his being a sensualist,)“ as to believe An angel would have been afraid to try it, even if my pretences ? Why, sir, I never lay down a night he had been able to accomplish the change of then, without being prepared to end my misery in heart: for, as he could only have influenced us by this world, if I should be unable to drown it by persuasion, he might have dreaded infection from drinking. I carried hell about with me, whether long familiarity with the plagues of the human you saw me canting or caricaturing.". I have heart. No pure spirit, but "the Eternal Spirit” never been imposed on by such gentry since; nor could deal with our spirits, long, and frequently, once deceived by taking it for granted, that they and deeply, without contamination and disgust. were miserable, just in proportion to the loudness Accordingly, none of the angels can take "joy" and frequency of their avowals of being quite at in us, until we become penitents. Their rejoicing their ease. I am persuaded also, that theoretic as begins with our repentance. But wonder, 0 well as practical Antinomians, are utter strangers heavens! the infinitely Holy Spirit, " for the great to enjoyment, however they may talk. The very love wherewith he loved us, even when we were ingenuity and dexterity, which they evince in dead in sins, quickened us,” without reluctance, their arguments about eternal sanctification, and and has kept us alive without wearying. Herein about Christ being their personal as well as their is love; not that we loved him or holiness; but justifying righteousness, are too unnatural to be that he loved us, and wrought upon our hearts, in any thing but masks of a bad or a burning conwhich Satan was more welcome, and the world science. Such spasmodic forms of hope, are more precious.
merely indications of secret despair. A man who When I think of the Holy Spirit, thus produc- has a good hope through grace, never assigns bad ing "spirit,” where there was nothing but flesh, or reasons for it, nor astounds sober minds by startcarnal and earthly mindedness, I feel no curiosity ling perversions of truth or logic; whereas the to know the mode of his operations,--I am so man whose wits have been at work, and on the satisfied and pleased with their effect upon the rack, to find out doctrinal excuses in the cross or tastes and tempers of the natural mind. It is in the covenant, for an unholy hope, tells more than deed, spirit, that is born of the Spirit, when a sin- he intends, when he affirms that he is not unhappy ner is made alive unto God, through Christ Jesus. in his mind, nor wretched in his closet. For, from that moment, there is an absorbing con. But enough of this ; although I could reveal cern about the divine favor and image, which much more. I just hint at these reckless experiproves, that, bowever " old things” are unseated I ments, that you and I may flee, as from a serpent,
from all teaching and temptations, which would ple of our hearts ---this is love that passeth knowreconcile us to any theory of sanctification, that ledge. For, remember, if left to ourselves in the is not both practical and progressive in its charac- furnace of affliction, we should either sink or ter. No man is “elect according to the foreknow- harden to a certainty. Yes; but for his watchful ledge of God,” but “ through sanctification of the eye, and mighty hand, we should either “despise Spirit, unto the obedience,” as well as " the the chastening of the Lord, or faint when we are sprinkling of the blood of Christ.” 1 Pet. i. 2. rebuked of him."
Is this your creed and conviction? Well; just You do not know much about real affliction, if consider the love of the Spirit, in leading us into you do not see his wonderful love, in this condeall truth on this subject. We see now, that scension to our weakness and unworthiness. You “Christ is of God, made unto us sanctification," will find out, however, if you live, that you have as well as justification, agreeably to what he as much need of the grace of the Holy Spirit to taught as a Prophet, and to what he did as a sanctify afflictions, as to sustain and soothe under Priest, and to what he demands as a King; and them. Yes, as much need of his power to prenot contrary to all or any of these offices. We vent them from hardening your heart against cannot hide from ourselves the fact, that he God, as of his blessing to prevent the gospel teaches us to cut off and cast away besetting from becoming to you “the savor of death unto sins, lest we ourselves should be cast into hell death." fire; that he died to save us from our sins, and to But I must close this essay. I cannot do so, make us zealous of good works; that he will not, however, without imploring you—to number—to as the living Vine, nourish any branch in him, weigh-to tell yourself, the kind and degree of which beareth no fruit now, nor own at last any sanctifying influences, which the Holy Spirit must workers of iniquity, however they may have pro- put forth upon your heart and character, before phesied in his name, or eaten and drank in his you are “meet to be a partaker of the inheritance presence here.
of the saints in light.” * Why; only consider how Thus it is according to the sanctity he taught, much he must do in you, and for you, even before and atoned to secure, that we look to Christ as your calling and election be sure to yourself! our sanctification. And he is so! O, it is not And now think, O think deeply, what he must do little nor doubtful benefit, we derive from him, in when you are dying, in order to fit you
for any this respect. He relieves us from no duty, and kind of an entrance into the everlasting kingdom winks at no sin ; but he does what is infinitely of God, of holiness, of glory? What finishing better for us : he gives all the motives, by which touches he must give to the divine image, now so the Spirit sanctifies us, and all the merit which faint and imperfect on your soul? What ripeness hides our imperfections. Yes; it is his love, he must produce, then in all the fruits of holiness, which the Spirit employs to make sin hateful and now so unripe? What a volume of holy fire he holiness beautiful, in our estimation; it is his must throw into and around your spirit, in order to cross, by which the Spirit crucifies us unto the prepare you fully to meet God—to see the Lamb world and the world unto us; it is his example, on his throne to mingle with the general assemthat the Spirit renders authoritative in our con- bly of perfect spirits—to sustain the blaze and science and inspiring to our hearts; it is his pro- weight and work of unveiled immortality ?vidences, which the Spirit makes to work for our Quench not, vex not, grieve not, the Holy Spirit, good, in taking away and preventing sin; it is his at your peril. presence in ordinances and afflictions, which the Spirit employs to make us humble and watchful; it is his " well done,” at the judgment-seat, and the prospect of being for ever with him and like
No. XI. him in heaven, which the Spirit renders a purifying hope. Thus, whilst the Spirit is our sancti. fier, Christ himself is emphatically our sanctifi- THE LOVE OF THE SPIRIT AS A REMEMBRANCER. cation.
There is one manifestation of the love of the Had not the Holy Spirit brought “all things," Spirit in sanctifying, which, if I could express it said by the Saviour, to the remembrance of the as clearly as I feel it deeply, I should present a evangelists, neither Matthew, Mark, Luke, nor line of thought, that would lay hold of every true John, could have written the gospels. Either of Christian it came near; I refer to the work of the them, no doubt, could have written much of what Spirit, in sanctifying by afflictions. He is not they saw and heard, during their intercourse with slow nor ashamed to make them work together Christ: for all his miracles were too remarkable, with his own sacred influence, for the promotion to be forgotten by the witnesses of them; and of our holiness. If this fact do not strike and many of his sayings too striking, to be lost by his astonish you at once, you forget that afflictions regular hearers. He who spake as never man are chiefly chastisements for grieving the Spirit. spake, was thus sure to be remembered as never It is because he has been resisted or evaded, that man was remembered, especially by his disciples, God takes up the rod of Providence, to correct He said, however, much that they disliked, and what we would not allow him to cure by grace. more that they did not understand, and not a little Now, that the Holy Spirit should not leave us which one hearing could hardly fix, to the letter, comfortless under the rod, nor leave it to work as in any mind. His sermon on the Mount was both it can upon us, even after we have quenched much longer and more sententious, than the strongest of his holy are, and stood out against his sweet memory could carry away, without copious notes, infuences, and almost expelled him from the tem- and his chief arguments with the Scribes and
Pharisees, took so many turns, in order to meet have preserved it, had not the Spirit treasured it the shifting grounds and temper of his opponents, up, and repeated it to the apostles? You rememthat their effect, rather than their precise form, ber that the wayside hearers lost it; that it was must have been the chief recollection of even the choked by the thorny ground hearers; that it most attentive listeners. And when his ministry withered away amongst the stony ground hearers; became, as it did towards its close, prophetic as and that even the true disciples, who were the well as parabolical, and mysterious as well as so- good ground, retained it but very unequally, and lemn, his precise words became, of course, almost not impartially. Much of the good seed must, as difficult to remember, as they were to compre- therefore, have been irrecoverably lost, had not hend.
the Spirit gathered it all up as it fell, and afterWhat a loss, therefore must have been sustain- wards re-sown it just as it was given. ed by the world and the church, had not the Holy I have sometimes, in order to endear the gospel Spirit so loved both, as to bring to the remem- to myself, ventured to imagine, what kind of 2 brance of the disciples, “whatsoever things” Jesus New Testament we should have had, if the evanhad said unto them. They themselves took no gelists had been left to the mere resources of their notes of his sermons or conversations, at the time own memory, and to the guidance of their own of their delivery. What they seem to have re- taste and discretion, when Christ left the world. membered best, was not what was inost interest. And even in that case, I could not but see, that it ing. All that has proved most useful and consol. would have been a wonderful book! well worth ing to posterity, in the gospels, is chiefly what the reading, preserving, and circulating throughout writers disliked or misunderstood, until the Spirit the world, until the end of time. Yes; had it recalled and explained it to them.
contained nothing but just what the friends of I know that it was never intended to be lost. Christ recollected, by dint of memory, it would The Saviour's gracious words, like his sacred stiil have been the best book in the world, and body, could not see corruption, however they worth all that ever has been or will be expended, might be buried for a time. The oblivion of me- upon the perfect canon. It would, however, have mory was as impossible as the oblivion of the been a very different book, in many things of very grave, in his case. Still, his words, like his body, great importance. For none of the apostles liked
"quickened by the Spirit.”. He, who or understood the spirituality of Christ's kingdom, brought again from the dead the Lord Jesus Christ or the atoning design of his sufferings and death, himself
, brought to remembrance the truth as it is until these truths were again revealed to them by in Jesus, just as it had been spoken. John xiv. 26. the Spirit. None of them had much love to chil“ The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom dren, nor any warmth of sympathy for the Genthe Father shall send in my name, he shall teach tiles, until the day of Pentecost. I will not speyou all things, and bring all things to your remem- cify what, I suspect, they would most likely have brance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” passed by or forgotten : but I see enough of both
If you have never traced the love of the Spirit to make me thankful, that they had to speak and in this resurrection of the truth from the grave of write" as the Spirit gave them utterance," and forgetfulness, you have not seen the compass nor in the words which the Holy Ghost teacheth.” the point of the Saviour's often-repeated com- But for this, we might not have known, concernmand, “ He that hath an ear, let him hear what ing little children, that " of such is the kingdom the Spirit saith unto the churches." Rev. ii. 17. of heaven ;' nor concerning those who only hunThe Spirit not only inspired the writers of the ger and thirst after righteousness, that “they shall epistles; he also inspired the writers of the gos- be filled ;” nor concerning all manner of sin and pels; and in fact, re-preached to them all they blasphemy, that "it shall be forgiven;" nor conhad heard from the lips of Christ. Thus the New cerning the love of God in the gift of his Son, that Testament is as emphatically the word of the it was love to the world, as well as to the Jewish Spirit, as it is the word of Christ : and as strictly nation. the word of the Father as of both: for the Son In throwing out these hints, I do not mean to invariably declared throughout all his ministry, insinuate that the evangelists, if uninspired, would " The words I speak unto you are not mine, but have kept back any thing they deemed useful to the Father's who sent me.' There is, therefore, the world. I think they would have meant well, a threefold inspiration upon the gospels. They are even when they judged ill
. They were, however, the word of the Father to the Son, and the word men of “like passions” with ourselves; and, of the Son and of the Spirit to the evangelists; therefore, had they not written by inspiration, they and thus the word of God the churches and the might have been tempted to withhold such parts world.
of their recollections, as clashed with their natuYou see now how much the Spirit had to do, ral or national prejudices. But all this, the love when the ministry of Christ closed on earth. of the Spirit to them and us, prevented. He deThat ministry was conducted thus: “I have not livered anew to them, and through them to us, the spoken of myself; but the Father who sent me, gospel of the great salvation, just “as it began to he gave me a commandment, what I should say, be spoken by the Lord.” Yes : just as the Sa. and what I should speak. And I know that his viour himself had delivered it; now in set sercommandinent is Life Everlasting : whatsoever I mons, and anon in passing hints; now in parables, speak, therefore, even as the Father said unto me, and anon in pronises ; now in explanations of the so I speak." John xii. 49. Such being the case, Old Testament, and anon in new invitations of that the word of Christ was the word of God, and mercy and new commandments of love. For it all of it the word of Eternal Life, how important was not an outline, nor a digest, nor the substance that none of it should be lost! But, what could of what Christ had said, nor selections of the best