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RETURN TO ANTOURA.
RETURN TO BEIROUT.
five months ago, were alienating from him, and feet of strangers; and no compliment could have are now required to pay heavy sums. Some of been more seasonable. these were now actually living with their whole establishment in the convent; and, in the absence of the Latin superior, gave orders for our entertainment. Dinner was very heartily and hospita
Thursday, Oct. 2.-I went with Mr. Lewis, to bly prepared, in a manner quite contrasted with the palace of Ebtedin, an hour's distance from that at Ain el Warka.
Deir el Kamr. While waiting in one of the numerous rooms which surround the great court, the secretary came in, heard our business, and re. ceived our letters; which were, in fact, only to
1 We returned by sunset to Antoura ; and in the request passports. This is a ceremony which it evening, being the last evening of the week, we
was very desirable that we should perform ; for, united, according to the custom of the church although an Englishman universally in this country missionary society, in prayer for the success of commands respect
, yet the authorities may rea. Christian missions throughout the world.
sonably expect the compliment of a visit to request Sunday, Sepl. 28, 1823.--Mr. King, in the their protection. The document, afterward given morning, preached in English from Luke ix. 58. me in the afternoon, is sufficiently laconic; and Foces have holes, and birds of the air have nests;
runs in the following terms :
“ This is to inform all who shall see it ; and let but the Son of Man hath not where to lay his head ---words so peculiarly descriptive of the daily hu- them regard it universally:
" That whereas the bearer of this our order, miliation of our Redeemer. “ We all of us," Mr. King observed, “ think too much of our com- Mr. Jowett, an Englishmen, is desirous to travel forts.” He drew, in a very touching manner, the from place to place within the confines of the contrast of our Saviour's laborious ministry.
Mountain, it is our will that no man should con
In the evening, I preached in Italian, from 1 Cor. ii. tradict him; and wheresoever he goes, he shall 9-16.
enjoy protection, security, and respect.
(With the impression of his signet on the back Monday, Sept. 29.- I left Antoura for Beirout. of the paper.)
Tuesday, Sept. 30. — Mr. Lewis and myself dined with our consul, Mr. Abbot. He gave se
CONVERSATION ON THE DRUSES. veral instances of the extreme difficulty of coming at the truth in this country-a topic peculiarly
PREVIOUSLY to our waiting on the Emir, his necessary to be upon the mind of a missionary.
physician, Seignior Bertrand, who speaks French well, came into the room where we were. Conversation turned, among other points, on the
Druses. He divides them into three classes. Wednesday, Oct. 1.–Went, with Mr. Lewis to The first of these is the “ Djahelin," a word which Deir el Kamr ; which may be called the capital signifies the IGNORANT: these know nothing about of Mount Lebanon, as being the residence of the religion, and are never initiated into the secrets Emir Bechir, prince of the mountains. We went of the order : they are, indeed, assembled on the in fact expressly to pay our respects to him. The Thursday evening, in a place considered as a place journey took us nine very hot and tedious hours. of worship, from which, after an hour, they are Half way, at Ainep, we halted for some time, to required to withdraw; but, in every other respect. rest and refresh ourselves. We were here about they are kept in perfect ignorance and subjection. half way up one of the highest parts of Mount The remainder Seignior Bertrand divided into Lebanon ; and higher steeps yet remained for us two classes—those who are partially admitted to to ascend in the course of the afternoon. Al the knowledge of their mysteries, and those who though the season is not yet for the snow of Le-are perfectly initiated. The partially initiated may banon, (Jer. xviii. 14.) yet we found the cold flow- return, if they desire it, into the order of the ing waters coming from the rock of the field, ex “ Djahelin,” but must never reveal what they quisitely exhilarating. We arrived at the pic- know. The third class, who are the perfect adepts
, turesque valley of Deir el Kamr just by sunset. must ever remain such: these continue together The town, inhabited by about two thousand souls, late on the Thursday night, performing their cereis on the left hand mountain. At a distance, on monies, after all others have been excluded. the mountain of the other side, stands the palace I inquired if they have the power of life and ! of Ebtedin, presenting a very bold and martial death: he replied, "No."—"But," I asked, " if front. We had a letter to a respectable man in any of them should reveal the secret ?" He anthe town, of the name of Yoosef Doomani, with swered, “ They would certainly kill him.”—“ Are whom Mr. King had lodged some weeks: his any of them ever converted to Christianity, Judathird son, Hanna, was Mr. King's preceptor in ism, or Mahommedanism ?” “No: it would be Arabic. All gave us an enthusiastic welcome. death. They live, it is true, intermingled with Before supper, the master of the house directed Christians in the villages, but they never interthe servant to bring in a large brass pan, full of marry with them." warm water, in which for the first, and indeed the I alluded to their dress—He said, “ In the preonly time, that I ever experienced such attention, cincts of the court, they made no distinction, not he illustrated the ancient custom of washing the I to offend the Emir”-and pointed out a person in
DEIR EL KAMR.
the room, whom from his dress we should not somewhat of a Mussulman appearance, in complihave known to be a Druse, but who, he said, was ment to Abdallah Pacha, under whom he holds one of the highest adepts. He appeared about the sovereignty of the mountains. thirty-five years of age.
After dinner we visited the Christian church; a It is said that they make no proselytes; it being small building, about a hundred yards from the one of their opinions, that there is a certain num- precincts of the palace. The Emir does not atber of souls already initiated, and which never in- tend it. In fact, he seems to be of no religioncreases or diminishes. When a Druse dies, his thinking that, perhaps, to be the most convenient soul is supposed to migrate either into some way of satisfying persons of all religions. He animal, or some other living person: and thus, by formerly, it is said, used to have a Romish confes. constant transmigration, they never cease to exist; sor; but has ceased even from that ceremony. and, in due cycle, to appear upon the earth. Some, indeed, say that his confessor would no
It is said to be death to show their sacred books longer grant him absolution. to any uninitiated person : yet there are many The church is small. All the books were in manuscripts shown about, purporting to be of this Syriac. Here we saw nine young Greeks, chiefly description, procured furtively; and, when they Sciotes ; whom the Emir lately brought from are lent or sold, it is done under promise of secu- Cairo. They are learning to read Arabic; and rity. A set of these books was put in our way, the priest is their schoolmaster. We have already some days ago, for purchase; and the enormous seen two of them in attendance upon the Emir. sum of five thousand dollars asked for them! I, There are said to be two thousand persons emfor my part, felt sufficiently content with the ac-ployed in and about the palace. In fact, we saw count given of them, in De Sacy's Chrestomathie many professions and trades going on in it-solArabe and in Niebuhr's Travels. Were I to be diers, horse-breakers, carpenters, black-smiths, as a missionary in the midst of them, I should pro- scribes, cooks, tobacconists, &c. There was in bably make no attempt to penetrate into their the air of this mingled assemblage, something mystery: so far as it might hinder the reception which forcibly brought to my recollection the deof the pure gospel, I should consider it as so scription of an eastern royal household, as given much of Satan's ground, and not go upon it; but to the Israelites by Samuel. 1 Sam. viii. 11--17. should invite them off from it, to walk with me in
INTERVIEW WITH A YOUNG ABYSSINIAN. a plainer path. I entertain no doubt but that God would bless this method, eventually, in His own While looking round these premises, my eye time: and when converted, the Druses would, was caught by the figure of a dark-colored young probably of this own accord, imitate that memo- man, sitting under a tree writing Arabic. His rable act of the new converts at Ephesusbring air and his countenance bespoke somewhat of their books together, and burn them before all men superior feeling. On my approaching, he rose.
even though the price of them should be more We sat down together; and, in reply to my questhan fifty thousand pieces of silver. *
tions, he informed me that he was an Abyssinian.
There is something in the very sound of that INTERVIEW WITH THE EMIR BECHIR. name, which awakens all my sympathies. I en.
tered into conversation with him, in Italian ; and We were then introduced with the usual forms briefly learnt his history, as follows:-He is now to the Emir, had chairs given us, and were treat- eighteen years of age : he was eight years old, ed with coffee and sherbet. The political difficul- when he was taken in Abyssinia, and made a ties of the Emir are well stated by Burckhardt, slave, and carried into Egypt. Here he served in his interesting volume on Syria. I noted his a Mohammedan master, who tried every art of physiogonomy, which is very strongly marked bribery and of terror to induce him to become about the eye-brows, as though constant care and Mussulman; but in vain: he never would change pain dwelt in that region. Once or twice his fea. his religion. His master dying, he entered into tures relaxed into a smile ; but his very smile was the service of another; when the opportunity stern. Since his return, five months ago, from offered of going to study at Milan, for the purpose Egypt, he has been on a continual stretch, pursu- of introducing learning into Egypt. This was ing his enemies, and exacting extraordinary sup- about 1818. The Kiaya Bey, or prime minister plies. His age may be about sixty years. His of the Pacha, manifested, when he was presented, inquiries were only about Spain and France, and the greatest rage at his having remained a Christhe conversation was short.
tian. In Italy he learned Italian, which he speaks easily; and he there also acquired a certain air of European courtesy, which Egypt could not have
taught him; although, possibly, it may be innate; AFTER seeing the Emir, we were shown over for the Abyssinians are generally celebrated for the palace. A beautiful long gun, taken from the gentleness of manners. On his returning to French, was shown among other curiosities.
Egypt, the Emir, during his visit there, obtained We dined in an open court-yard, overlooking him, together with the other slaves whom he has the valley to the sea. Wine was not brought, brought hither. The name given him is Moose being prohibited; as the Emir wished to keep up el Habeshi; but, knowning that the Abyssinians
never give Jewish names, I asked if that was his On the subject of the Druses, see the account real name.* He said, no, his proper name was of them, in a former part of this volume; and pp. 414-446 of "Christian Researches in the Medi. The Christians of Syria, on the contrary, freely terranean."
give Old Testament names to their children.
PALACE OF EBTEDIN.
Christinos. He has quite forgotten the Abyssinian of age, loiters into my room, wondering how I can language. While in Cairo, he became a Roman bear to be alone ; supposing my head
must ache, Catholic. There was a great rivalry between or that I shall certainly fall asleep unless he comes the two Christian secretaries of the Pacha Mallem, to talk with me. I desired him to sit down, and Hanna Taouil, a Copt; and Nallem Ghali, a read aloud the third chapter to the Romans; and Roman Catholic. The Copt, by means of his coun- then I explained to him its contents, as well as I trymen, raised taxes and performed offices of the was able, in his native tongue. civil business so much cheaper than the other, that In the evening I attended one of the marriages. the Pacha thought him a fit man to send to the up-Three priests assisted in performing it. A multiper country: he therefore went with the expedition tude of men and boys set off with lights in their to Dongola. Mallem Ghali had given some affront hands, an hour after sunset, from the house of the to Ibrahim Pacha; who shot him; and, with his bridegroom (leaving the bridegroom in his father's death, the Roman Catholic interest suffered a house) to that of the bride. After waiting nearly great blow. When I asked Moose if he desired half an hour, the bride came out, attended by her ever to return to his own country, he expressed female friends, and the procession began; the his hopes, with tears, that he should. I related men going first, and after them the women with the business of the Amharic version of the sacred the bride in their front. On their coming near Scriptures, and encouraged him to expect happier the church, they halted, while the bridegroom days for his country. He mentioned that priests proceeded first into the church with his father and alone get safely from Abyssinian to Jerusalem, but companions (in number certainly more than thirty; it is not till they have been beaten, and robbed of see Judges xiv. 10, 11.) to be ready to receive his all that can be got out of them, by the Moham- bride. After this, the bride and her party entered medans on the coast of the Red Sea. He says by the door and apartment belonging to the wothere are several Abyssinians, as he was, kept men. Both then stood together in the middle of as slaves, in private houses in Cairo. I invited the church before a lighted desk, the bride being him to visit me at Deir el Kamr: he said that covered. An incessant noise and tumult, which the Emir would probably not permit him; but he no authority of the priests could appease, prevailis very kind to him. I promised to send him some ed throughout the ceremony, which lasted near Arabic Scriptures, for himself and the youths half an hour. The whole being ended, the friend around him at school. “ Do,” he said : "you will of the bridegroom, standing behind him, lifted him be doing a great charity.” I gave him my name up in his hands like a child ; shouting, at the same on paper; that if he ever should visit Malta, he time, for joy. This practical joke, however, as might find me. I described to him Abu Rumi and well as the tumult, was a mark that the parties M. Asselin. He seemed to have some knowledge were of the lower rank. The bridegroom was of Abu Rumi; and M. Asselin he had seen in the only fifteen years of age. house of his Mohammedan master. He mentioned, what I never had heard before, that the Abys- in special reference to the custom of general prayer
Monday, Oct. 6, 1823.-We observed this day sinians, when they catch Mohammedans, some for the more abundant influences of the Holy times compel them to become Christians. The
Spirit. converse is too well known to be the case. ·
In the afternoon, three Jewish females entered the house, to pay a visit to the mistress. They
were strangers, but were politely treated with Friday, Oct. 3, 1823.-This morning Mr. Lewis ing them attentively: and, expressing my wish to
sherbet. I observed my preceptor, Hanna, watchreturned to Beirout; while I determined to spend call on the Jewish families here, he would have some days with this family at Deir el Kamr, and dissuaded me. to read Arabic with the third son, Hanna, who Jews are looked upon very badly."
“ In this place," said he," the
“ And in what had been preceptor to Mr. King. In the afternoon, he called his mother into the Now, as we expect all men to love one another,
part of the world,” I asked, “ are they not so? room, and begged me to explain the object of the we must expect Christians and Jews to do so : missionaries in this country; which I did fullydwelling especially on this, " that the Son of God the strongest obligation to love the other?—which
but which is to make the first move? which has had come to save man, and yet thousands as yet is commanded to do so ?" He promptly and indo not know Him." I find that the more simply genuously answered, “ Christians." this truth is told, the stronger the case appears to them—and the more strongly does it affect my own He informs me that there are about thirty Jewmind. This grand view throws all controversial ish families in Deir el Kamr. matter to an infinite distance in the back-ground. Wednesday, Oct. 8.-This evening the season
Snnday, Oct. 5.— There are three marriages in broke. Thunder and lightning and rain came the town to-day. They are to be performed in the from the west. The romantic valley of Deir el evening : but, throughout the day there has been Kamr, and the high ranges of Lebanon, were a continual firing of muskets in token of rejoicing ; clothed with mantles of thick mist; and the whole and, in the court-yard and on the roof of the house prospect became dreary and cheerless. of one of the parties, I can see from my window In the morning of this day—not an hour too a constant throng of guests, who occasionally set soon—the master of the house had laid in a stock up a joyous cry : yet this is not a rich family. An of earth ; which was carried up, and spread evenly almost ruinous hospitality is sometimes kept up on on the roof of the house, which is flat. The whole these occasions.
roof is thus formed of mere earth, laid on and roll. My host's fourth son, a youth of seventeen years' ed hard and flat: not, as in Malta, of a composi
RETURN TO DEIR EL KAMR.
tion, * which is smooth and impenetrable, and minutes, swallow their supper,) to half past eight, thus receives the rain water and carries it off into this is their habit. Several evenings they have the tanks under the house. There is no want of read the Arabian Nights' Entertainments; and flowing water in this mountainous country, as they seem marvellously amused with the gross there is in Malta. On the top of every house is fabrications contained in that book : the greater a large stone roller, for the purpose of hardening the falsehood, the greater seems their diversion. and Hattening this layer of rude soil, so that the They are yet children. « In understanding be men, rain may not penetrate : but, upon this surface, would be a text lost on them. This evening I as may be supposed, grass and weeds grow freely explained the method of calculating the distance It is to such grass that the Psalmist alludes, as of a thunder-cloud from the interval between the useless and bad — Let them be as the grass upon Aash and the sound, a problem of the simplest nathe house-tops, which withereth afore it groweth ture, which I have known ever since I was a boy: up.” (Ps. cxxix. 6.) In reference to the conclu- though I happened to have a good interpreter, so sion of that Psalm, Í may add, that nothing could that I am sure the whole was sufficiently explainbetter express the contemptuous neglect which ed; and though I expected that the tempest about David there describes as falling on the wicked our ears would render it the more interesting, yet “ Neither do they which go by, say, The blessing it excited scarcely any attention, and probably was of the Lord be upon you : we bless you in the not understood, or possibly not believed. name of the Lord.” This is, indeed, the land of good wishes and
Friday, Oct. 10.-I had to witness to-day one overflowing compliments. Every passer-by has of those painful scenes of the undue influence of his “ Alla ybarakek”—“God bless you!" Con- ecclesiastical rule, which they only can enter into, versation is sometimes among strangers made up who have seen, in countries like our own, Chrisof a very large proportion of these phrases : for tian liberty blessed with its proper
fruits. Con. example" Good morning.” Answer, May versing with my Arabic reader, I said, “ Mr. your day be enriched !" -“ By seeing you.” – King and myself wish to sell as many of the Scrip. You have enlightened the house by your pre in the house. He said he was aware of this; but
tures as we can." Copies, for this purpose, were sence."-" Are you happy ?" " Happy; and you also ?"_“Happy." “ You are comfortable, I
that the sale of them had been prohibited by the comfortable ;" ineaning, “I am comfortable, if Pope. “In this country,” said he, “whatever you are.” These sentences are often repeated ;
the Pope tells us, we do.” “ But,” I said, “ God and, after any pause, it is usual to turn to your " I know that,” he replied ; " and I cannot com
commands men to read the sacred Scriptures." neighbor, and resume these courtesies many times. In Ægypt, the Christian salutation is “ Salamat:" prehend why the Pope should forbid it—especially among Mohammedans, every where, it is · Sa- as the book is the same version as ours, and so lam;" but this is not allowed among Christians. very cheap: perhaps it is that these holy books In the southern half of Palestine, I subsequently may not be torn or dirtied by children—they are found the ordinary salutation, between persons on
therefore kept in churches." " But,” said 1, "in the road, to be, “Owafy;" literally, “Good luck :" this family, there is your father: you are five to which the person saluted, replies, “ Alla yafik,” brethren : thus there are six who know how to that is, “May God give you good luck !"
take care of a book ; and, in some families, there They have a remarkable way in this country are no children, or they are grown up." "True," of paying honor to the first-born son. Both the he answered;" but the people at large are taught parents take their name from his. Thus the mas- to refuse them.” “Well," I said, "God has ter of the house here is called Abu Michæl, Fa. given us the sun : if Satan put up his hand before ther-of-Michæl, because his eldest son was bap- it to turn the day into night, would you not think tized by the name of Michæl. The servant has a
it an act worthy of Satan?" He readily acknowson named Suleyman; and her name consequently ledged this. I bid him apply the comparison to has become Om-Suleyman, i. e. Mother-of-Suley- all who would prohibit the reading of the sacred man. The practice is universal in this country.
Scriptures. I added—While you remain willThursday, Oct. 8, 1823.-Stormy weather con
ingly under this yoke of ignorance, do you not feel tinues: we are quite confined to the house ;
as if you deserved to remain under the Turkish which, as there are no glass windows, is very yoke ?" uncomfortable. We are obliged to shut up the In the evening, my host mentioned to one of lattices with the wooden shutters, and sit almost the priests who was visiting, that I should go to in the dark. I asked the family how they manage Jerusalem. I began to talk with them of Christ in the long dreary weather of winter : they re. crucified. The priest, a very aged man, began to plied, that they entirely shut up the rooms, and talk of the cross. My host asked where the cross use lamps in the day-time. This, three months was : the priest told a very long story about its afterward, I found to be the only method, living discovery-its being transported to Constantinowhole days by candle-light.
ple, &c." But," I said, “this cross was wood : In the evening, the family meet to smoke-talk our Lord Jesus Christ, who suffered upon it, is yet -hear some new thing, or some old thing—yawn alive in heaven, near to every one of us : He can -and retire to bed. From half past six o'clock give life to our hearts.” The priest looked half at the present season (at which hour they, in five amazed. My host further explained my meaning
aloud. “ He says”-quoting me—" that that * In Beirout, and many other places, the flat roof cross, which the empress Helen found, was wood.” consists of a hard cement, although not so good as “ Yes," said the priest, “but HOLY WOOD.” I that which is used in Malta.
i again began my remarks ; to which, however, no
further notice was paid. That line of a hymn place. The court yards and the tops of the came into my mind :
houses are again crowded with guests. The ex
pression, " that preach ye upon the house-tops,' “ Christ, and his cross, is all our theme !" appears nothing unnatural to those who daily see
these houses. They are low and flat, and flat-now in what manner would this poor priest have roofed; and would give an opportunity to speak to taken up this theme? He would probably have many on the house, and many in the court-yard told his congregation a long story about the em- below. The continuance of the feasting illuspress Helen, interwoven with many miraculous trates Judges xiv. 12. circumstances ; and the seryice would have con
Monday, Oct. 13. This evening I had some cluded, with the people's thronging to kiss a piece conversation with Asaph, the servant, about prayer. of the holy wood of the true cross! May the He asked me why I went to bed so early. I missionaries of the west bring these people out said, I did not go to sleep; but I wished to have of their darkness, by truly preaching Christ and some time to read, meditate, and pray. He asked him crucified !
me why I did not pray in the sitting-room below. Saturday, Oct. 11, 1823.—The stormy weather There happened to be a dispute at that very mohas ceased. I am informed that, in Deir el Kamr, ment going on. I answered, “ Many of you reabout one-third of the population are Greek Catho peat your prayers in company; I can see your lips lics, one-third Maronites, and one-third Druses. going, but the heart needs quiet and silence. Our The difference between Greek Catholics (or, as Saviour said, Thou, when thou prayest, enter they call themselves, Melchites) and Maronites, into thy closet ; and, when thou hast shut the is, that the Greek Catholics use Arabic and Greek door, pray to thy Father which is in secret.' in their services; but the Maronites, Syriac and (Matt. vi. 6.) Asaph speaks a very vulgar AraCarshun. Both acknowledge the supremacy of bic, and so quick that I can with difficulty underthe Pope. The Maronites appear to be the ge- stand him. My hope is, that, when I speak about nuine natives of Mount Lebanon ; the Greeks, religion to these people, though I cannot perfectly whether of the Oriental church or converts to understand them, they may competently underthe papacy, appear to be descendants of the Greek stand me. empire. There may be, one tells me, about one There are two branches of language which are hundred of the Oriental Greeks (not Romanists, comparatively little learned, that is, little exerbut those called orthodox,) in the mountains ; but cised, by persons, who may nevertheless attain the not more. In Damascus, they are numerous, and reputation of being great linguists: these are, the have a Patriarch, entitled Patriarch of Antioch. speaking of a language, and the hearing of it In Aleppo, Beirout, Saide, and Sour, there are spoken so as to understand it. Of these two, the many; but, in the mountains, the papal interest is hearing with intelligence is, beyond all comparidominant, and has excluded them.
son, the most difficult; while both of them are, to The Melchite priests of Dier el Kamr are fur- missionaries, essential and indispensable acquisi. nished from a very large convent not far distant, tions. called Deir el Mhalles, where is a bishop who has visited Italy. The college for Syriac or Carshun is at Ain el Warka.
There are two Melchite and two Maronite Wednesday, Oct. 15, 1823.—Having been unchurches in Deir el Kamr.
well since the rains began, and fearing to be worse, The origin of the title Deir el Kamr was re- I set off for Beirout this morning. When I had lated to me thus. There was once a convent here been on my journey about half an hour, the sun dedicated to the Virgin Mary; to her the words rose, in the midst of the most majestic clouds, above in Canticles vi. 10, “ fair as the moon" are often the high range of Lebanon. The view of the paapplied ; and her picture may frequently be seen lace of Ebtedin was peculiarly noble. But how painted as a countenance on a full moon. This melancholy are these grand and lovely prospects convent, having such a picture, obtained the name rendered by reflections on the state of man—the of Deir el Kamr, or “ Convent of the Moon," an being who is creeping upon the surface of that abbreviation of “Convent of our Lady, fair as the earth, which God has so beautifully formed, and moon.” Since that period, the town has gradually which at this early hour, he every day so gloriously been built here, and bears the same name. illuminates! How are our feelings of rapture
May not these things remind us of the inven- checked, when, on viewing a lovely scene, we retions of the Israelites of old in this land ? (Jer. member that it is the residence of a man of blood! xliv. 17.) “We will certainly do whatsoever thing The more I know of the people of the east, the goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense greater is the value which I see stamped upon the unto the queen of heaven," a title given now to the labors of Missionary Societies. Virgin Mary. In fact, Christianity in these coun At Ainep, where we again halted before noon to tries, with all its corruptions and imagery, seems refresh ourselves, there was a great mourning. not like a new and distinct religion, incompatible About thirty Sheiks sat assembled in a wide circle with the old heathen superstitions ; but as some near the khan; and thence proceeded up the hill thing which easily accommodated itself to them, to assist in the burying of some great man, one of and soon became wrought up together, not a new the Druses. One of the company, a most veneplant, sprung up from wholly a right seed. This rable figure with a snowy beard, stood up for some is not the Christianity of Christ and his apostles. minutes, and harangued' the arsembly with appa
Sunday, Oct. 12, 1823.—I have in view two of ently much dignified emotion. He seemed to me the houses where, last Sunday, marriages look the very picture of Abraham coinmuning with the
RETURN TO BEIROUT.