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Had the “ceded territory” comprised between Beneath the cross we'll constant clingthe Fish and the Keiskamma rivers been thickly No other name than Jesus know: lined with military posts, it might at a considerable Thence all our choicest pleasures spring, expense have been tenable, though always liable And streams of living waters flow ! to surprise ; but as this was not the case, nothing If but the promise we believe, could have been more encouraging to the pilfering All from His fulness we receive. propensities of the Kafir, or more advantageous to his nightly attacks. By the late most just and
Nothing can our union severunavoidable war two essential benefits appear Still the same unchanging Friend ; likely to accrue : the permanent security of the Yesterday-to-day-for ever, colony from future aggression, and the eventual Jesus loves us to the end ! amelioration of the condition of the bordering Supported by His mighty power, tribes. Both the labor of the missionary and the He keeps and guards us every hour! industry of the trader will meet with that degree of protection from the local government which will render them less liable to interruption, and
Oh! for grace by faith to live
To Him whose blood my ransom bought, thereby an intercourse will be established with
Freely of his own to give, the natives, both within and without our boundary,
Consecrate each word and thought. upon a far more permanent footing, tending, under
I hitherto have come, the blessing of God, to conciliate their friendship
And grace, I trust, will lead me home! -to elevate their character, and to win them from habits of barbarism and cruelty-to embrace not merely the outward customs of a civilised com
Having transacted my business at Graham's munity, but the far higher blessings of Christianity Town, and ascertained that his excellency, Sir and true religion.
Benjamin D'Urban, was still at Port Elizabeth, I
set out on Wednesday, December 2nd, for that From the Kei river to Graham's Town, about place, at three in the afternoon, and, riding through one hundred and sixteen miles, there are now part of the night, reached Algoa Bay soon after seven military posts—four of these have been five o'clock on the following day--the distance is lately constructed in the new district; they are one hundred and one miles. For the personal all trenched, well protected by high mud walls, kindness which I received from his excellency, and capable of repelling any Kafir force that could but especially for the minute consideration which be opposed. It was two o'clock on Sunday morn- he paid to the subject of my communication, and ing before I reached Ayton's Hotel at Graham's the anxiety he evinced to promote, with all his Town, having ridden eighty-four miles since leav- influence, the observance of the treaty entered ing King William's Town.
into with Dingarn, and the general welfare, reli
gious as well as commercial, of the Zoolu nation Sunday, 29th.
and the British settlement of Port Natal, I feel
deeply indebted; and trust that it may please God "Hitherto hath the Lord helped us."-- (1 Sam. vii. 12.) to make him an instrument of conferring the last
ing benefits of civilization, and the unspeakable How our lives with mercies teem,
Fiessings of Christianity to the remotest parts of Every moment's fraught with love;
this vast and benighted continent. Let our lips recount the theme,
A vessel (the Dove) being then in the bay, and Till our hearts are drawn above bound for Port Natal, his excellency sent by her, Till we in spirit can unite
to be forwarded immediately to Dingarn, the folWith ransomed souls in realms of light ! lowing document, which is the first official com
munication which has ever been transmitted to Had we but faith that could descry
any of the native powers beyond the immediate A Father's hand in all we view,
frontier of the colony :How oft our grateful souls would cry, The Lord has helped me hitherto;
“COPY. And Ebenezers we should raise To Him whose mercies crown our days ! “His Britannic Majesty's Governor of the Colony
of the Cape of Good Hope to the Chief of the
Zoolus, Dingarn. Why have I so long been spared,
A worthless cumberer of the ground ! Why have I so seldom shared
“ I REJOICE to hear of the good word which The gifts which others feel around?
has passed between the Chief and Captain Gar'Tis grace-and sovereign grace alone,
diner, and of the treaty concluded between them Such base ingratitude could own!
for the town and people of Port Natal.
“An officer on the part of the King of England, Not unto us, may sinners say,
my master, shall speedily be sent to Port Natal, To us no power belongs;
to be in authority there in the place of Captain We ne'er had trod the heavenly way,
Gardiner, until his return, and to communicate Or uttered one of Zion's songs,
with the Chief, Dingarn, upon all matters conHad not redeeming love applied
cerning the people of Natal. By him I will send The fount that flowed from Jesus' side ? to the Chief presents, in token of friendship and
AT PORT NATAL.
good understanding, of which I hereby assure the furnished by Captain Campbell (the civil comChief, in the name of the King my master. missioner of the district) with an order on the (Signed)
“ BENJ. D'URBAN, different field cornets for relays of horses to Cape “ Governor of the Colony of the Cape of Town, an occasion never once occurred in which Good Hope.
I found it necessary to produce it. Having rid“Given at the Cape of Good Hope, the 5th day den eighty-four miles, the latter part of which, of December, 1835."
over the Cape Flats, being loose sand, is the most
tedious, I reached Cape Town at five o'clock, and While at Port Elizabeth I had the pleasure of took up my former quarters at Miss Rabe's boardmeeting Dr. Adams, and Messrs. Grout and ing house in the Heeregracht. Champion, American Missionaries, about to pro On Saturday, the 19th, in the afternoon, I em. ceed also in the Dove to Port Natal. His Excel-barked on board the Liverpool, a teak-built 74, lency proceeded to Uitenhage on the 5th, and on sent from the Imaum of Muscat, in charge of Monday the 7th I set out for Cape Town, stop- Captain Cogan of the Indian Navy, as a present ping three hours at Mr. Vandereit's, the civil com to his Britanic Majesty, At nine o'clock the next missioner at Uitenhage, where I received the morning we were underweigh ; anchored at St. governor's despatches for England. During the Helena on the 2d of January; sailed early the folremainder of the journey to Cape Town, I aver- lowing morning; and made the English coast off aged eighty miles each day, taking my chance of Falmouth on the 20th of February, where I landthe farmers' horses upon the road. They are un- ed in the pilot boat in the course of the evening. shod, generally sure-footed, and well adapted for such journeys. Three horses I found requisitethe guide leading one carrying the saddle-bags : | DOCUMENTS CONNECTED WITH PORT but the contents of these were so frequently sub
NATAL. merged, every stream and rivulet being unusually swollen, that, although I commenced by occasion. Extracted from the Graham's Town Journal of ally spreading them out to dry while the horses
December 3rd, 1835. were changing, I soon grew tired of the operation, and the greater part were mildewed on my arrival A TREATY CONCLUDED BETWEEN DINGARN, KING
OF THE ZOOLUS, AND THE BRITISH RESIDENTS on Saturday night at Genadenthal. Before daylight, on Monday 14th, I was again on route. În point of scenery this was by far the most interest Dingarn from this period consents to waive all ing day during the whole journey from Graham's claim to the persons and property of every indivi. Town.
dual now residing at Port Natal, in consequence The approach to the town of George over the of their having deserted from him, and accords mountain, which divides that district from the them his full pardon. He still, however, regards Lange Kloof, is fine; but I think the Fransche them as his subjects, liable to be sent for whenHoek Pass is superior; and from this point to ever he may think proper. Stellenbosch, a distance of not more than thirty The British residents at Port Natal, on their miles, the ride is quite beautiful,—exhibiting part, engage for the future never to receive or throughout some of the wildest and grandest harbor any deserter from the Zoolu country, or characteristics of African scenery, in striking re- any of its dependencies; and to use every endealief, with cultivated farms and vineyards, embo- vor to secure and return to the king every such somed in oak plantations, and enlivened with individual endeavoring to find an asylum among hedges of geranium and rose, luxuriant to the them. very base of those natural buttresses which, on Should a case arise in which this is found to be either side, occasionally protrude their rugged out- impracticable, immediate intelligence, stating the line far into the bosom of this beautiful valley. particulars of the circumstance, is to be forwarded Among the Dutch farmers, throughout the country, to Dingarn. I have invariably met with the greatest civility: Any infringment of this treaty on either part they will not be driven, but address them civilly, invalidates the whole. and you are quite sure of a cordial welcome. A
Done at Congella this 6th day of May, 1835, in hearty shake of the hand by the good man and his
presence of sturdy vrow at once makes you at home. The
UMTILELLA, Chief Indoonas and head coun. tea-water is always ready; and scarcely have the
TAMBOOZA, I cillors of the Zolu nation. encouraging words “sit mynheer" been uttered,
Mr. G. Cyrus, interpreter. than it is duly administered; and I pity the fastidiousness of that traveller who rises from a clean Signed on behalf of the British residents at rubbed table, spread out with coffee, excellent Port Natal. bread, butter, and eggs, and (if he chooses to ask
ALLEN F. GARDINER. for it) most delicious butter-milk, and not feel he lias not only been refreshed, but abundantly satisfied. For a cup of tea or coffee they will receive REGULATIONS OF THE TOWN OF nothing; but for a repast, such as I have describ “D'URBAN," PORT NATAL. ed, and even where a tough chop are added, al
Port Natal, June 23rd, 1835. though no charge is formally made, a rix dollar (1s. 62.) is considered as a liberal equivalent. As A meeting of the residents of Port Natal, espea further proof of their willingness to oblige, al- cially convened for the purpose, was this day held though on leaving Graham's Town, I was kindly at the residence of F. Berkin, Esq.;
thereon two English miles westward from its
point, be considered as town land, and reserved Capt. Gardiner, R. N.
J. Collis, Esq. for the use of the town for building purposes, and Mr. H. Hogle,
Mr. J. Cane, that every individual cutting timber on the town Mr. C. Pickman,
Mr. R. Wood, lands do pay into the treasurer's hands the sum of Mr. P. Kew,
Mr. T. Carden, one shilling and sixpence per wagon load. Mr. J. Francis,
Mr. R. King, 9th That a body of householders, not exceedMr. J. Mouncy,
Mr. J. Pierce, ing thirteen nor less than five, be elected annually, Mr. G. Cyrus,
Mr. D. C. Tookey. on the first day of July (except such day fall on a Mr. C. Adams,
Sunday,) by a vote from the whole body of house.
holders, to form a committee, to be called the When the following resolutions were unanimously Town Committee; proxies to he admitted for agreed to :
such householders as may be absent at the time
of election. 1st. That an eligible and commodious site be
10th That the town committee meet for buimmediately selected for the purpose of erecting a siness as often as may be necessary, but always town, and alotting a sufficient township for its in
on the first Wednesday in every month; they are habitants' use.
chargeable with the enforcement of the town re2nd. That after a minute survey, we do una- gulations, which are hereafter to remain unalternimously agree, that the said town be situate be
able. Five members duly elected, to constitute a tween the river Avon and the Buffalo Spring ; board; but they are invested with no power 10 that it be bounded on the west by the river Avon, enact new regulations without the consent of the on the east by by a line drawn from the bay in a whole body of householders duly convened by right angle, and touching the Buffalo Spring, near the residence of F. Berkin, Esq., and that the
11th That the president, members, treasurer, town lands extend four miles inland, and include and secretary be renumerated in the sum of one Salisbury island in the bay.
shilling and sixpence per diem, when transacting 3rd. "That the town now about to be erected public business, out of the town fund. be called D'Urban, in honor of his Excellency the 12th. That the following gentlemen do comGovernor of the Cape Colony.
pose the town committee for the ensuing year, 4th. That each of the present inhabitants of viz. Captain Gardiner, R. N., J. Collis, Esq., F. Natal be entitled to a building plot of ground in Berkin, Esq., Mr. J. Cane, Mr. H. Hogle. the said town, and Messrs. Berkin, Hogle, and
13th. That for the endowment of a clergyman Collis be entitled to an extra allotment each, in consideration of lands conceded by them to the of the church of England for the parish of D'Urban,
three thousand acres of land, situate on the river town and township.
5th. That every person taking an allotment Avon, and bounded by the lands of James Collis, do engage to erect house, conformable to the Esq., be reserved as church lands, to be held in plan now adopted, within eighteen months from trust by the proper authorities, and never to be this date; the street-front of which is not to be alienated from that purpose ; and that the clergyless than twenty-four feet within its walls; the man be also entitled to a building allotinent for a
town residence. breadth not less than ten feet; and the walls not less than eight feet high. Such building
not be the parish of D'Urban is to rest with the Church
14. That the appointment of a clergyman for ing completed within the said term of eighteen Missionary Society, but subject to the approval of months, to be declared forfeited, and to be sold to the highest bidder by the town committee, and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the whole
body of householders, six months after his arrival. the proceeds added to the town fund. 6th. That no Kafir hut, or any straw hut or the township for the erection of a frec-schoul, and
15th. That a convenient site be selected in building be erected in the township; but a tem that two thousand acres of land be reserved for porary residence, not less than one hundred fect
its support; and that the said land be reserved on from the street, may be erected for the accommodation of laborers on the allotments in which the right bank of the Umlass river, at the foot of
the Munyabic. they are employed while erecting the residence of their employer.
16th. That a reserve of three thousand acres 7th. That every individual now at Natal, on of land be appropriated as a fund for the endowtaking possession of his allotment, do pay into the ment of a public hospital ; and such reserved hands of the treasurer the sum of seven shillings lands be on the right bank of the river Incomnaas, and sixpence, and that those who may arrive below the drift, and under the control of the town after this date do apply to the Town Committee, committee. who will dispose of by public auction the number
17th. That a plot of ground within the town. of allotments required, at a sum not less than ship be set apart as a burial ground for the na. three pounds fifteen shillings sterling each, and tives. that the proceeds of such sales and other moneys
18th. That in the cvent of the town being recollected, be paid into the hands of the treasurer, moved beyond the limits of the present township, who shall be elected by a majority of household the whole of the land forming the township be ers, and applied only to public purposes under the equally shared among those at present resiling as regulation of a committee appointed annually.
Natal, and become the property of their heirs op 8th. That the Bluff point, extending between successors. the sea and the bay, with the wood growing 19th. That every person be at liberty to dispose
of his allotment and buildings thereon as soon The following is the petition referred to in the as the above regulations are conformed to. foregoing :
20th. That all who may feel inclined to take farms in the vicinity of Port Natal, as well as those Petition of the Householders of the Town of already in possession of lands, report the same in
D'Urban, Port Natal. writing to the town committee, described their situation, extent, boundaries, &c; all lands not so MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENCY, reported to be considered as void. 21st. That any infringement of the above ar
We, the undersigned British subjects, inhabiticles subjects the individual to the forfeiture of tants of Port Natal and its vicinity, have comhis allotment, provided he does not conform within menced building a town called D’Urban, in honour three months after due notice shall have been given
of your Excellency. him by the town committee.
We hold in our possession extensive tracts of 22nd. That a voluntary subscription be enter- excellent land, a considerable portion of which ed into this day, for the purpose of establishing a has long been under cultivation : many of us are town fund; and tenders be received by commit- occupied in conducting a valuable trade in hides tee for performing by contract the cleaning of the and ivory, the former of which is almost exclustreets and squares of the town; that the lowest sively obtained within the limits, which by mutual tender be accepted, and that F. Berkin, Esq., be consent of surrounding chieftains have been consolicited to fill the office of treasurer.
ceded to us. 23rd. That two auditors be elected every six
In consequence of the exterminating wars of months to examine and report the treasurer's ac- Charka, late king of the Zoolus, and other causes, counts, and that they be authorised to call a meets the whole country included between the Umziming to receive their report and approve of the coolu and Tugă la rivers is now unoccupied by its
original possessors; and, with a very few except 24th. That a petition be forthwith prepared, tions, is totally uninhabited. and transmitted to his Excellency the governor
Numbers of natives from time to time have en. of the Cape, praying him to transmit it to his ma- tered this settlement for protection; the amount jesty's government, soliciting the protection of the of whom at this present moment cannot be less British flag in favor of the infant colony of Vic- than three thousand. toria.
These all acknowledge us as their chiefs, and 25th. That the thanks of the inhabitants of look to us for protection, notwithstanding which Port Natal are justly due to Messrs. Berkin, Collis, we are living in the neighborhood of powerful and Hogle, for the readincss evinced by them in native states, without the shadow of a law, or a conceding their respective claims to lands consi- recognised authority among us. dered essential for the comfort of their fellow-citi
We, therefore, humbly pray your Excellency, zens.
for the sake of humanity—for ihe upholding of the Resolved, - That a copy of the above resolu- British character in the eyes of the natives—for tions and petition be forwarded to the editor of the the well-being of this increasing community—for “ Graham's Town Journal,” who is requested to the cause of morality and religion, to transmit this strike off one hundred copies of the regulations our petition to his majesty's government, praying for the use of the inhabitants of D'Urban, and to that it may please his majesty to recognise the insert a copy of the same in the “Graham's Town country intervening between the Umzimcoolu and Journal,” with the list of subscriptions.
Tugăla rivers, which we have named “ Victoria,”
in honour of our august princess, as a colony of C. J. PICKMAN, Sec. and Act. Treasurer. the British empire, and to appoint a governor and
council, with power to enact such laws and reguList of Subscriptions for the purpose of clearing lations as may be deemed expedient by them, in
the Bush, and other necessary Improvements concert with a body of representatives chosen by in the Town and Township of D'Urban. ourselves, to constitute a house of assembly.
And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever Capt. Gardiner
£30 Opray. J. Collis, Esq.
10 0 H. Hogle
5 0 C. Pickman
CHURCH AT “D'URBAN."
A meeting of the Inhabitants of Port Natal was T. Carden
10 held this day, 23rd June, 1835, when it was unaniG. Cyrus
1 mously resolved, J. Pierce
That a subscription, for the erection of a church, C. Adams
05 be commenced, and that the building shall, on the H. F. Fynn
2 10 amount of subscription reaching 5001. sterling, be R. King, one week's work
inmediately commenced. J. Mouncy, do. do.
That the aid of the religious public be requestJ. Francis, do. do.
ed, and that subscription lists for that purpose be R. Wood, do. do.
opened at the stores of D. Snelder
2 0 B. Biggar
1 10 Messrs. B. NORDEN and MAYNARD, Graham's John Jones
1 0 Town.
Messrs. Dixon and BURNIES, Cape Town; and stroying their communications with the interior, Messrs. DRUMMOND's, Charing Cross, London. the difficulty of conveying away and secreting
stolen cattle would be so great, that, independent The following sums were immediately subscrib- of the check they would doubtless meet with in ed:
front, their whole system of warfare would at Capt. Gardiner, R. N.
once be frustrated; and it is evident, under such J. Collis, Esq.
20 circumstances, they must from necessity abandon Mr. John Cane
the attempt. Mr. J. Francis
3 15 It surely will be unnecessary to advert to the Mr. P. Kew
2 10 policy of occupying, even at a little expense, a Mr. H. Hogle
2 10 position which an unfriendly power might at any Mr. Wood
2 0 time possess, and so materially turn to our disad. Mr. Pickman
2 vantage. This will doubtless occur to all who Mr. J. Pierce
2 have paid the slightest attention to our relations Mr. G. Cyrus
2 o in South Africa; but it may not be out of place to Mr. T. Carden
i o go a step farther, and to assert the utter impracti. Mr. H. F. Fynn
5 0 cability of defending the province of Albany, the Mr. D. Snelder
2 fairest of our colonial possessions in that quarter Mr. R. Biggar
3 10 of the globe, unless at a most ruinous expense, in Mr. John Jones
1 0 the event of any rival power establishing itself at
Port Nata),—with all the facilities afforded by such His Excellency Sir Benjamin D'Urban has a position to abet and tamper with the vindictive since subscribed the sum of 501.
character of the Amakosa tribes.
By instituting a local authority—by restoring
the British character to its proper standard—and CONCLUSION.
by encouraging a friendly and commercial inter
course with the Zoolu nation, a powerful diversion As in probability there will be many grave ob- would at once be effected in favor of colonial injections on the part of his majesty's government terests, and the probability of a collision between to extend the British protection to the new territory this warlike people and their southern neighbors, of Victoria, I should not feel myself justified in or what would be far more destructive to the dismissing this part of the subject, even at the risk tranquillity of our colonial frontier, an offensive and of being mistaken for a land speculator, without defensive alliance between them and the Amakosa offering some further remarks, the substance of be entirely precluded. which has already been submitted to his Excel With regard to expense, not the least important lency Sir Benjamin D'Urban, and received his consideration in all matters connected with coloentire approval.
nization, although it might be fairly advanced that In addition to the primary and important object ample amends would be made for a reasonable exof imparting Christian knowledge, and raising the penditure in the security of our existing frontier natives from their present degraded condition, both from aggression on predatory attack, still there are as respects their temporal and spiritual interests, some peculiarities in the state of society in the the advantages to the mother country, which country in question, which will go far to lighten would accrue from colonization, would be great the burden, should it ever be imposed. and immediate. The trade in ivory is yearly in
The natives at Port Natal are, almost to a man, creasing; and there is no doubt that the greater refugees from the Zoolu nation, goaded by a ripart, if not the whole, which now passes through gorous government to desert for protection to our the pestilential climate of De la Goa Bay, would settlement: their very existence, therefore, defind its way to the healthy shores of Port Natal ; pends upon their combining to defend the asylum a presumption founded on no less an authority than they have chosen. For some years many of them Dingarn himself
, who has intimated his intention have been entrusted with fire-arms for the purof an almost exclusive barter with the English, pose of hunting the elephant and buffalo; and in should the settlement at Port Natal become suffi- consequence, out of the whole body, some very ciently organised by a local government. tolerable marksmen can be selected. An Euro.
But by far the most cogent argument, if indeed pean military force is not therefore absolutely nean additional one were wanting, is the beneficial | cessary either for the support of the government bearing which such an acknowledged settlement or the defence of the settlement—a few veteran would have upon the the native states throughout soldiers, for the purpose of instituting drills, and the whole intermediate territory from Victoria to introducing an uniformity of system, would be the Cape colony. With Port Natal, as a point quite sufficient, under the inspection of one or two d'appui, to be strengthened at any time of emer- non-commissioned officers, to organize a native gency, any future hostile combination of the Ama- force adequate for every necessity that might kosa would not only be utterly hopeless, but im- arise. mediately suppressed ; and that without incurring A kilt, of the commonest material, by way of the disasters of a tumultuous invasion or the one-clothing, and the loan of a cow (price about forty rous expenses of a lengthened campaign. A de. shillings) to each man, to be forfeited for miscontachment of marines acting in concert with the duct, but to become his actual property after three Amapondas, and falling upon their rear, would ef years' faithful service, would be regarded as a fect more than ten times the same number of regu. sufficient remuneration, and comprises the whole lar forces from the opposite direction, as, by de expense of a force, with which, after three months'