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approach to idolatry, I see in this one feature of desolations occasioned by the bursting of the Popery, the infallible mark of an open apostacy Dranse. It really reminded me of what the from the faith. The extraordinary fondness of the Scripture speaks of the universal deluge, when people for this worst part of their creed, only in God swept away every living thing from the face creases this conviction in my mind.*
of the earth. It was melancholy to see the valO, may the time be hastened when these fatal ley, described as once so lovely, now choked and errors shall cease, and Christ alone be again ac- covered with masses of rocks and heaps of sand. knowledged to be Lord by all Christians! And It has been actually necessary to make a new may Protestants walk in the blessed light they way in many places, and in one spot to cut a galenjoy, and not sink, in avoiding Popery, into the lery or tunnel, about one hundred and fifty feet fatal gulfs of indifference, skepticism, and infidel- long, through the granite ruin which stopped the ity-the carelessness, divisions, and irreligion of road. It is said, that above fifty persons perished professed Protestants are the scandal of Chris- in that calamity. tendom. I have heard many, many worse sermons As we were going through the village of Orfrom Protestant pulpits than the one I have just sieres we heard voices singing in the church, and told you of. May the blessed Spirit descend upon on entering, found it crowded with people it is the the universal church once more, and dispel Popish nativity of the Virgin Mary, who is, as I have and skeptical darkness, as he once did Jewish and said, the chief object of the Papists' devotion. Pagan! All we want is His inspiration and His All along the road the people are going or return. book. Send the Bible, we pray thee, O Lord, ing from mass in crowds." In Lyddes, where we into every family, and attend it with thy sacred now are, the mass being over, the street is filled influences: and then truth and holiness will again with idle folks. Business and labor are wholly flourish in the earth, the inventions of men dic suspended. It is curious, that all the men in these away, and charity become the bond of peace villages have coats of the same color, a snuff amongst thy disciples !
brown, with large cocked military hats. If the So far as I recollect, this is the first Sunday men in these towns were taught to labor, to imwhere I have found no church of any kind except prove their roads, repair their hedges, and cultithe Catholic ; as it is certainly the first time I vate their land, instead of praying to the Virgin have heard a French Catholic preacher. On the Mary; and if the women would mend their Grimsel there was no church at all; but every clothes and wash their children, and keep their where else I have found some Protestant service, houses tidy, instead of making caps and petticoats and attended it, though in German. In this town for the same lady, we Protestants cannot but think there is possibly not a creature who ever read they would be better employed than they now are. the Bible -a large proportion of the people would But every great departure from truth is attendnot know what I meant by that sacred booked with accumulated moral evils in one way or many would have even no idea that God has given other. an infallible written revelation of His will to man I forgot to tell you, that at Martigny we saw a for his guidance and salvation.
celebrated tower, built by the Romans (for Cæsar Sunday, two o'clock.-We have just had our was at Octodurum ;) a beautiful cascade, called English divine service; never did the prayers of the Pisse-Vache, and the fall of the Trient into our truly Protestant and Reformed church appear the Rhone, by a crevice or fente between two to me more scriptural and more edifying, nor the rocks, so narrow as scarcely to admit of the stream psalms and lessons more consoling and instructive, to pass. than after having witnessed the Popish ceremo Í have been much delighted here (Lyddes) with nies. I expounded Luke xiii. 1–5.
a religious admonition on the subject of eternity, Lyddes, canton of Valais, Monday morning, printed in large letters, on a folio sheet, and hung Sept. 8, eleven o'clock.–At half-past three this up in the salle-a-manger; a similar paper is morning our guide came to call me. But the placed in every house in the parish; it quite reweather was dull; and we were so long delibera- lieves my mind to see some one great truth of ting whether to set out or not, that it was a quar- Christianity plainly taught, and without supersti. ter to six before we were on our mules. We have tion. I have obtained a copy, from which I give now gone sixteen miles on the way to the cele- one extract—“ Understand well the force of these brated hospice of the Great St. Bernard. Our words—a God—a moment—an eternity; a God road has been through the valley of Entremont. who sees thee; a moment which flies; an eterFor the first few miles we were passing over the nity which awaits you :-a God whom you serve
so ill; a moment of which you so little profit; an • The Virgin Mary is, beyond all comparison, eternity which you hazard so rashly." I dwell more adored than the ever-blessed God—the wor- with pleasure on this paper, because after what I ship paid to her is universal in all places, and by all have been just observing, these are the things people. After the VIRGIN, some of the principal which moderate one's depression, and teach one SAINTS seem to be the most worshipped; then our charity towards the persons of individual Catho SAVIOUR; and lastly God, our heavenly Father. lics. They lead us to hope that there are in the from whom I quote, “it is too true. I am sure I do church of Rome numbers of humble and contrite not exaggerate when I say, that throughout Italy, disciples of the lowly Jesus, who substantially unSpain, Portugal, and every country where the Ca- derstand and feel the awakening truths of Christholic is the exclusive religion of the people, for one tianity, who put all their confidence for salvation knee bent to God, thousands are bent before the in the atoning blood of their Saviour, and who are shrines of the Virgin and the saints."
guided by His Spirit in the paths of true obe+ Rome in the nineteenth century, vol. i. 22. dience-these « do not worship the BEAST, neither
his image, neither receive his mark upon their out the day. Thirty horses and mules are emforeheads or in their hands." Rev. xx. 4. ployed nearly half the year, in fetching wood from
Hospice, au Grand St. Bernard, Monday even the forests, twelve or fifteen miles from the coning, Sept. 8, eight o'clock.–We arrived here about vent. five, after a journey of eleven hours—twenty-eight Close to the hospice was formerly a Roman miles. The road became more and more wild as temple, dedicated to Jupiter Penninus; on the site we ascended, till at lasť all vegetation seemed to of which various antiquities are continualy found. have ceased. We are now at the celebrated re-We were shown a large collection of themligious hospice of the monks of St. Augustine, of amongst which were many medals of great value. which you have heard so much. My curiosity is When we first arrived, a monk, in a loose habit greatly excited; and as my sons could not conve- of black, buttoned down close in front, with a black niently take their journals with me, they entreat cap, received us and showed us first into the dinme to be as full as I can in my account to you. ing-room, and then to our chambers. Soon after It is eight thousand three hundred and fourteen another monk walked out with us, and pointed out feet above the sea—the highest spot in Europe the chief beauties around. At one place he showwhich is inhabited all the year round. It was ed us the division between Switzerland and Italy; founded in the year 962, hy St. Bernard de Meu- and made us tread at the same time on both counthon, who was the provost for forty years, and tries. He bid us mark several spots where the died in 1008. It is on the high Alps which sepa- dogs had discovered frozen travellers, and had rate Le Valais from Piedmont; and it was, before been the means of saving them: one he particuthe Simplon and Mount Cenis' roads were made larly pointed out, where they had discovered a and improved by Bonaparte, one of the greatest peasants family perishing in the snow ; upon passages between Switzerland and Italy. It is which one of these noble animals had contrived to still a very considerable thoroughfare, especially take up an infant, and place it on its back, and for the poor Piedmontese, who cross every spring then hastened to the hospice, to fetch persons who to Switzerland and France for employ. This hos might rescue the unhappy parents. The story afpice has twelve monks, and six domestics, con- fected us almost to tears. stantly resident to receive the poor without pay It is not only the frosts and snow which create ment, and succor the distressed traveller. They the danger, but the dreadful storms of wind, which are bound to entertain these travellers for three come on quite unexpectedly and carry away the days, and in case of illness, to nurse and attend traveller. The Italian courier passed, a few winthem till they recover.
ters ago, from Aoste to the Great St. Bernard, The domestics go out almost every morning on a very inclement afternoon. The monks enduring the winter, on different routes, to search deavored to persuade him to abandon all thought for pilgrims who may have lost their way. They of going forward. He was determined to proceed. take with them dogs of a Spanish breed, called They then sent two servants with him, to direct the St. Bernard dogs, very large and powerful, him on his way. As these did not return when who have a sagacity so unerring, that they disco- they were expected, another domestic, with three ver and follow the tracks on the mountains, though dogs, was dispatched in search of them. The dogs covered with eight feet of snow. They go before refused to move, though they were the best of the the domestics, clearing a path with their heads whole number: this was the sure sign that exand feet; and as soon as a traveller is near, they treme danger was on the road. However, life invariably smell him out, and lead the servant to was at stake, and the dogs were at length forced him. The domestic is furnished with bread and to go. That night neither men nor dogs returnwine; and sometimes a dog is sent out alone, ed; and some days afterwards they were all diswith a basket tied to his neck, containing these covered buried under an avalanche, about half a necessaries. The number of lives saved is incre- league from the convent, perfectly dead. To supdible. Last winter an old man was found quite port their expenses, the monks in the summer enfrozen, whom they restored to life. Two other tertain visiters, who make presents to the institumen had been carried away by an avalanche of tion. Last Wednesday, forty strangers, mostly snow, and would undoubtedly have perished but English, breakfasted here. for the hospice. One single dog has saved the At seven o'clock this evening the bell rang, and lives of five persons; his name is Jupiter; there we were ushered into the salle-à-manger. I was are four others, named Lion, Turk, Pallas, and all eagerness to observe their manners and cusCastor. We had them called to us, that we toms. All the monks, or chanoines, as they call might caress them, for they are good-natured and themselves, were present. Latin prayers were generous animals. In the course of last year said with much devotion; the English staring.– twelve thousand travellers passed some time at The monks each placed one or two of us between the hospice. Last night there was four or five them at the table, and an excellent supper was hundred persons who slept here. It was a dou- served. up—abundant without extravagance; it ble festival. All the chambers, halls, passages, consisted of soup, various hashes, and some game. floors, were crowded with guests. The snow falls The wine light, but good. almost all the year; it freezes commonly in the The conversation was most friendly and agreemorning, even during the height of summer; and able. I was placed next the provost. I conceivthe lake behind the house is frequently frozen ed that our hosts might be men of some theoloover even in July. This afternoon the thermo- gical learning, and turned the conversation to the meter was 44; whilst yesterday at Martigny it subject of religion, and to the doctrine of Auguswas nearly 80. There are not above ten days in tine, the founder of their order. I told them I the year when the sky is perfectly clear through. I agreed with that great writer in his defence of
the doctrine of grace and his opposition to Pela- is painful to think, that some impostors went about gius, and generally in his exposition of Christian Europe a few years since collecting alms, as they truths and duties. I added, that St. Augustine pretended, for the hospice. They came to Engwas esteemed by Protestants as one of the great land and were at Oxford. They were Piedmonlights of the church; and was constantly appealed tese. Efforts were made by many benevolent to in their articles and confessions. The provost persons to raise subscriptions for them; but the immediately asked me if I was a minister of reli- fraud was at length detected. The provost region, and what became of my parish during my quested us to state, that the hospice never collects absence. On my telling him that I was a master contributions, except in their own country, Switof arts of the university of Oxford, that I had been zerland. I just add, that a regular journal of the ordered to travel abroad on account of my health, state of the weather at the hospice, with the prinand had committed my duties at home to a valu- cipal events that occur, and especially the lives able and pious fellow-clergyman, who would dis- saved, is published once a month in one of the pecharge them with conscientious fidelity, he pur- riodical works at Geneva, I think the “ Bibliosued his inquiries no further. There was an in-theque Universelle.” It is generally observed, that tense curiosity apparent in all he said. I assured when the thermometer is 62° at Geneva, it is 320 him that all good Protestants loved their Catholic here. It is impossible to keep oneself warm. My brethren who, like Nicole, and Pascal, and Fene- friend even found his breath a good deal affected lon, believed truly in our Saviour, and obeyed this evening. You would be amused to see me simply and humbly his commands. I added, that at this moment sitting trembling with cold in my I hoped the time would soon come when the Holy small Popish chamber, attempting to write at an Spirit, being poured out on Christendom, a gene-old wooden desk, affixed to the wall by hinges ral agreement on essential TRUTH would prevail
, which have this instant given way and overturned and a holy CHARITY as to non-essential. I could my paper, ink, and whole apparatus. But I must not discover, however, from his replies, that he hurry to rest, after such a fatiguing day; it is was much acquainted with these topics. Prac. past eleven, and I was awake between three and tical benevolence seems the only business of these four this morning, and have been writing now worthy monks, whose early education and se- nearly two hours. I wish my dear Ann and Elicluded habits must leave them to the full influence za could have been here. My sweet little girl of first impressions. One of them, however, on would have so liked to have seen these fine dogs, the other side of the table observing my conver- which are almost as large as heifers, and live upon sation with the provost, began to talk with me on a sour sort of soup, made on purpose for them; the French preachers, and the striking sermons their fame is spread throughout the world, and of Brydayne, just published. He agreed with me, pictures of them are multiplied. One of them, in admiring the fine, affecting appeals which who saved twelve or thirteen persons, was stuffed abound in this writer; but still I did not observe after his death, and is now at Bern. I saw a any distinct ideas of devotion or spiritual feeling beautiful engraving at Paris, of the dog in the act in what he said, even in the sense of the Roman of saving the infant before mentioned. Catholic writers, though I was really quite delighted with him and my other hosts, and anxious to Lyddes, half-past twelve, Tuesday morning. judge of them in the most favorable way. We had a simple breakfast provided for us this
The provost afterwards told me that, in the morning by the monks at St. Bernard. We visityear 1800, Bonaparte passed the Great St. Ber-ed the chapel, which is neat and commodious; and nard. He had sent over thirty thousand men from my friend and I, between us, dropped, with delight, France to Italy, with artillery and cavalry, who five louis d'or into the poor's box. The hospice were three weeks in crossing. The cannons re- itself was built in 1550, and has been enlarged quired sixty or seventy men each to drag them up several times. The walls are enormously thick the ridge. Many horses perished in the precipices. the ground floor is all arched; and the walls are He came himself afterwards on a mule, for which strengthened by strong buttresses on the side of he gave thirty louis at Martigny; it stumbled on the the lake. In the chapel is a monument erected way, and, but for the guide catching him in his to the memory of General Dessaix, by Bonaparte. arms, he would have fallen down the precipice. Our chambers were convenient- the furniture He afterwards rewarded the man for his prompt-old-the beds good -- the windows with double ness, who was known ever after in the village by glass sashes-crucifixes in the rooms. The prothe name of Bonaparte. Napoleon staid two vost, or head of the convent, together with the hours and a half at the hospice; he was dark and prior, breakfasted with us; the rest of the monks thoughtful; said only a few words; ate of the pro- had each a pewter dish of soup, which they ate visions he had brought with him ; accepted a little standing. We again saw our friends the dogs of their wine; appeared lost in silence; asked if before we went; two are of a brown speckled cothey knew the strength of a neighboring fort; lor, and three white, with fawn ears; their heads went down to Italy, and fought the battle of Ma- are very large; enormous teeth ; necks thick, and rengo! He treated the convent as well as he with flesh hanging down like a bull's; front feet could; but the monks lost every thing during the amazingly strong; they stand very high upon war, even to their linen and furniture.
their legs; the haunches and hind legs are like After supper, Latin grace was again said ; the those of hounds ; they add to all their other quali. provost beginning, and the other monks making ties, that of being excessively gentle. responses. We retired to our rooms directly after Thus have we visited this remarkable establishsupper. I conceive there are few institutions 80 ment, which has afforded us more pleasure, pervaluable, in a humane point of view, as this. It | haps, than any thing we have seen during our
1 whole journey. Two or three hundred years of Brieg, at the foot of the Simplon, seventy miles uniform and laborious beneficence has raised this from Martigny, seven o'clock, Wednesday evening. convent to an unequalled height of celebrity. The We have arrived here, after twelve hours' driv. monks seldom are able to live many years at St. ing. We have come post. By voituriers we Bernard. The provost was going down to the should have been two days and a half. At Sion, lower lands to-day. The hospice is very damp where we dined, I went to see the cathedral and for a considerable part of the year. Some attempts the church of the Jesuits, (for they have been reare making to raise a fund for rebuilding it. Win-stored,) who have the direction of the education ter will set in in ten days. Sometimes all the do- here; they have built a new church within these mestics, all the dogs, and all the monks, are out three years. I met several of the young Jesuits in in the middle of the night for hours, when travel the streets. We eyed each other with mutual lers are in particular danger; and it has happened surprise. They were quite young men, florid, inthat an avalanche, as I have said, has carried them telligent, firm in their love. They wear the cleriall away, without the possibility of their being cal dress. The most striking proof perhaps of succored.
their spirit is, that there is not one bookseller in
Sion; no, nor is there one in all the canton of One building which the monks showed us was the Valais
, though containing a hundred thousand the chapel of the Bone-House — an apartment souls. The fact seems incredible; but I was sowhere the bodies found in the snow are deposited, lemnly assured of it by the printer at Sion, to in order to be owned by their frierds. The good whom the guide took me when I inquired for the monks perform the funeral service, indiscriminate- booksellers. This printer, by the by, is allowed ly, over all that they find; and the cold is so in- to work only under the direction of the Jesuits, tense, that it is many years before the bodies are and prints nothing but books of Catholic devodried up, for decomposition seldom takes place. tion. We looked through the sad grating of the room,
After leaving Sion we passed the Diablerets and distinctly saw the heaps of bodies, like mum- Mountains, where eboulements are often falling : mies, covering all the place; it was a melancholy two in 1714 and 1749, ravaged the neighboring sight. The benevolence and courage of this kind valley. An old man lived three months there in fraternity amount, therefore, to a sort of devotion his overwhelmed cottage, before he could effect quite extraordinary. This is the only convent his escape. The agriculture of this lovely valley which Bonaparte spared. It is curious, that by is sadly neglected; all is left to wild nature. The this same route, by which Bonaparte invaded Italy, Rhone is not banked; the lands are not drained; Hannibal is supposed, by some, to have led the a large part of the valley is a marsh. The vines Carthaginian forces, for a similar design, two thousand years ago. Such are the vicissitudes of hu- formed for their creeping up the mountains to an
are, however, so far attended to, that terraces are man glory and ambition !
extreme height. The number of villages and pri
vate houses built in the most romantic situations, Martigny, six o'clock, Wednesday morning.“ on the sides of the mountains, is very great, and by We returned here last night at seven, and found strikingly beautiful. They seem like nests built one of our carriages sent, as we had requested, to by birds. On the utmost heights are often raised meet us from Lausanne. Thus has our second small chapels ; to which processions are made in little tour to Chamouny of eight days terminated. crowds, on certain festivals, by the poor superstiThe weather has been most fine the whole time, tious people of this canton. We have seen some of the greatest curiosities in On the whole, this valley, the largest in SwitSwitzerland and Savoy : the Valley of the Cluse, zerland, reaching from Geneva to the glacier of Chamouny, Mont Blanc, the Mer de Glace, and, the Rhone, and bounded by chains of diversified above all, the Great St. Bernard. We might now mountains, with snowy Alps perpetually rising return to Lausanne in a day; but we are tempt- above them, fertile beyond conception, and watered to make a detour into Northern Italy; we ed by the Rhone, has more than equalled all our are only about three days' journey from Milan; expectations, except as the folly and vice of man whither our kind fellow-traveller wishes us to ac- have impeded the bounties of a kind Providence. company him, on his way to Rome. We are go-| The inhabitants are proverbially indolent, negliing off then, not on mules, but in the carriage gent, and dirty. No branch of trade flourishes.with post horses, towards this splendid city. May Even as to agriculture, they are far behind their God be pleased to direct, over-rule, and bless this neighbors. Their fertile plains are left exposed extension of our journey, to the further instruction to the inundations of the Rhone. The canton is of our minds and establishment of our healths!
exclusively Catholic. The doctrine of the Re
formers had gained many adherents in the sixSion, Wednesday noon, September 10.-This teenth century; but early in the seventeenth they is the capital of the Valais-two thousand five were all banished. Education is neglected. -bor dred inhabitants. A most ancient city; the Every thing seems on the worst footing. Romang found it already a considerable place, The day has been most fine, and nothing but wher, they first penetrated into Helvetia. 'We the dust has annoyed us. The goîtres now are arriv d here at half-past ten to dinner. The road quite distressing ; we have seen some literally has been beautiful, between the rocks which crown hanging down upon the breasts of the sufferers. each side of the valley. Any one of this range The thermometer has been about 80°. We have would form an object of extreme interest ; but we had to regret the indisposition of our friend, who are here so surrounded with beauty and grandeur, has been attacked with pain in his face; my dear that it is impossible to dwell on the details, sons and myself are quite well.
May God fill our hearts with some sense of his
LETTER XIII. manifold bounties and goodness! The lessons we have the opportunity of learning are most Simplom, Sept. 11.Milan, Sept. 14, 1823. numerous and most important. This deplorable canton speaks for itself to all who are in love with Brieg-Simplon-Road-Persal-Descent into ItaJesuits and bad government.
ly- Domo d'Osola - Priests Contrast between I am your affectionate
Świzerland and Italy-Lago Maggiore - Bor
romean Isles-Colossal Statue of BorromeoD. W. Milan-Scale of Vegetation on Alps-Marble
Cathedral-St. Ambrose-St. Austin." NOTICE OF PRAYERS AT GREAT ST. BERNARD.
BRIEG, 296, miles from Lusanne, Sept. 11, A friend has given me a copy of the following
1823, Thursday morning, half-past 5. beautiful hymn to the Holy Spirit, which he translated from the Latin prayer-book of the Great
This town of Brieg, my dear sister, is of consi. St. Bernard, probably composed from some of the derable extent; I should think it has three hunwritings of St. Augustine, the founder of their dred houses; it is about two thousand feet above order :
the sea. It is one of the most beautiful spots in
all the Valais. The Jesuits' church is conspicuous, u Come, Holy Spirit, and send from heaven a being covered with a brilliant green stone, striped ray of thy light! Come, thou father of the poor, with bright yellow. The houses of the place are thou giver of gifts, thou light of the world, the tiled with a white slate glittering like silver. When blessed comforter, the sweet guest of the soul, and the sun gilds the mica-roofs,
the view from the its sweet refreshment; thou, our repose in labor, windows of the inn, which is on a hill, is quite novel. our coolness in heat, our comfort in affliction - It is here that the celebrated road of the Simplon Oh, most blessed Spirit
, fulfil the hearts of thy properly begins, though it may be said to comfaithful people! Without thy influence there is mence as far back as Geneva ; the road from Genothing in man which is not weakness and guilt. neva to Brieg having been widened and improved, Oh, cleanse that which is sordid; bedew that at the same time that it was carried on over the which is dried up; heal that which is wounded; Alps to Italy. Simplon is the name of a village bend that which is stubborn ; cherish in thy bo- on a mountain of the Haut Valais, in the chain of som that which is cold; guide that which is wan- Alps between Switzerland and Italy, The road dering; and grant unto thy servants, putting their was begun by Bonaparte in 1801 ; he employed trust in thee, the merit of thy righteousness; thirty thousand men upon it for four or five years. grant them final salvation, grant them everlasting The side next to the Valais was executed by
O Lord, hear my prayer, and let my cry French engineers; that next to Italy, by Italian. come unto thee !"
These last had the greatest difficulties to surIn this sublime and affecting prayer, there is mount, from the hardness of the rocks. It is twentynot an expression in which the devout Protestant five feet wide everywhere-a prodigious work, riwould not heartily join, except, perhaps, that which valling the labors of ancient Rome. The highest implores of the Holy Spirit “the merit of his point is six thousand one hundred and seventy-four righteousness," which savors of the sentiment feet above the sea, and the ascent is only of about embraced by St. Augustine, and held till the pe- two inches and a half in six feet, a rise so gradual riod of the Reformation, that justification was a as to be easy to the heaviest wagons. habit of grace infused into the soul-an error, Persal on the Simplon, half past 10.-We have however, which, when united with an exclusive now come the first stage on this celebrated road, trust in the forgiving mercy of God, through the which is gentle in its rise beyond all conception ; death of Christ, for everlasting salvation, cannot and as smooth as our Bath road. The plan in be thought to be fundamental.
forming it was adjusted with such skill and care, I add another prayer from the same offertory, preserve the same gradual ascent. Large portions
by following the sides of mountains, as always to free from any savor of superstition; the express of the road were made by blowing up rocks, and sions concerning our Lord’s body being
warranted building terraces from the valleys, with bridges by the terms of Scripture, though they may be over the ravines. Granite stones are placed at open to abuse, and are, in fact, abused, as we short intervals on each side, with strong railing on know, by the Catholic interpreters :
the edge of precipices. The prospects, as you “O blessed Lord Jesus Christ, I pray that thy ascend, are soft and pleasing. The valleys and most holy name may be the last word that my the town of Brieg stretching before the view at mouth shall ever utter! O gracious Jesus, I pray an immense distance below, varying with the difthat thy most sacred body may be my last refresh- ferent turns of the scenery, form a new and enment, and the sustenance which I shall enjoy and chanting picture at every tenth step. The mounfeed upon for ever! ( gracious Lord, I pray that tains of firs form a sort of back ground. The conmy last sigh may be the last pain I shall endure ception and execution of this road, reflect an to all eternity! O gracious Lord, I pray that thy honor on the name of Bonaparte, which all his most blessed face may be the first object which military schemes never deserved. Every traveller my soul shall behold, when it is released from this of every country, forgetting his ambitious motives, murtal body! O gracious Lord, I pray that thou applauds the ingenuity, hardihood, and usefulness thyself wouldest be my guide and my companion of the interprise. from this land of exile, to my eternal home and Domo d'Osola, in the Valley of Osola, six o'clock, country! Amen!"
Thursday evening.--We have now passed the re