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* Voulant reprimer les actes de cette secte, qui ments to others ? May men talk of politics, literatroublent l'ordre public, decrète :
ture, philosophy, and is religion alone—the one " Article 1. Toute assemblee de partisans de thing needful—to be banished from their conversacette secte, formee de personnes etrangères à la tion. famille, pour y exercer le culte, ou y celebrer quel But I proceed to give some account of the acqu'une des ceremonies de l'eglise, est defendue, et tual execution of this unjust law. sera immediatement dissoute.
M. Charles Rochat, minister of the Gospel, of “ Art. 2. Les personnes qui auront preside ou the canton de Vaud, of a respectable family, and dirige ces assemblees, y auront officie, ou auront whose brother is one of the national clergy of the ! fourni le local, seront responsables et punies de canton, is the first on whom the severity of the l'une des peines qui suivent.
new law has falken. Five persons were found “ Art. 3. Toute acte de proselytisme ou de se- seated around a table in his house, with the Bible duction, tendant à gagner à cette secte, est inter- open before them—the wife of M. Rochat, a comdit; et celui ou ceux qui s'en seraient rendus cou mon friend, with two of his sisters, and a young pables, seront punis de l'une des peines ci-après. person, a stranger. This was the whole crime.
“ Dans l'appreciation de la gravite du delit, et M. Rochat was found guilty of reading in his own dans l'application de la peine, les tribunaux prend- house, before his wife and four friends, a chapter ront en consideration la seduction exercee envers of the New Testament! For this he was at first les instituteurs des colleges ou ecoles, envers les condemned to three years' banishment, which, personnes du sexe, ou celles qui sont sous l'autorite however, the tribunal of appeal reduced to one year. de parens ou tuteurs.
Next, M. Oliver was banished for tvío years by - Art. 4. Les contraventions aux articles 2 et 3 the sentence of the same law. ci-dessus seront punies, ou par une amende qui ne Like judgments have been pronounced against pourra exceder six cents francs, ou par la defense MM. Chavannes, Juvet, and Fivaz, of whom the d'aller ou de sejourner dans telle commune, ou par two former were previously confined TEN WEEKS la confination dans une commune pour un temps qui IN PRISON. nc pourra exceder une annec, ou par une prison Two females were also banished by the jugede discipline qui ne pourra exceder une annee, ou ment de première instance of the tribunals of enfin par un bannissement hors du canton qui ne Orbe and Yverdun, on the charge of similar meetpourra excoder treis ans.
ings being held at their houses; one of whom, Art. 5. La défense d'aller ou de séjourner dans however, has been since acquitted at Lausanne, une commune sera convertie en confination du as it was proved that she lived with her mother, condamné dans sa commune, pour un temps qui and, consequently, that it was at her mother's ne pourra exceder une année, dans le cas où il house, and not at her's, that some friends after aurait enfreint cette défense.
dinner had read the Bible together. La confination dans une commune sera con But it is not merely in the canton de Vaud that vertie en prison de discipline pour le reste du these enormous instances of injustice have octemps, si le condamné avait enfrient sa confina- curred; at NEUFCHATEL an act of arbitrary power tion.
has just been committed, almost incredible from Le bannissement hors du canton sera converti its severity. An old law, long obsolete, has been en prison de discipline pour le reste du temps, si discovered, which it seems was passed two or le condamné avait rompu son ban.
three hundred years back. A simple agriculteur Art. 6. Toute cause qui aura pour object un des has been made the first victim of its revived powdélits prévus par la présente loi, sera nécessaire- ers. He received into his house M. Juvet, one ment soumise au tribunal d'appel.
of the condemned ministers of the canton de Vaud, Art. 7. Le conseil d'état est chargé de la pub- and allowed him to administer the sacrament. lication et de l'exécution de la présente loi. For this crime he was thrown into PRISON FOR
Donné sous le grand sceau de l'état, à Lau- THREE MONTHS, and was then brought up in chains sanne, le 20 Mai, 1824.
and with a rope drawn tight round his neck to
receive sentence. TEN YEARS OF BANISHMENT Such is the harsh and inconsistent law of a Pro- was the punishment pronounced; and if he shall testant Swiss canton, in the enactments of which attempt to return before the expiration of this neither is the sect well defined, nor the crime term, he is to be MARKED WITH A HOT IRON for clearly pointed out, nor the punishment invariably the first offence, and for the second TO BE HUNG. fixed, but all is left to the interpretation of tribu- No passport was given him; so that he is left to nals and the eagerness of informers. It seems that be hunted about from place to place like the most is a single person, not of the family, should be pre- degraded criminal. This worthy man, whose name sent where the Scriptures are read by a parent to is Magnin, has a wife and three children, for whom
his children and servants, the whole number would he has now no means of procuring support. }
be considered as guilty. This is far more inde Such is the account which has just been refinite and oppressive than the French laws, bad as ceived. Possibly some slight circumstances may they confessedly are, which prohibit the periodical be inaccurately stated, from want of more comassembly of more than twenty persons without the plete information on the part of my correspondents; authority of the government; and thus at least but of the main facts, no doubt whatever can be define precisely the act which is to be considered entertained. Grosser acts of unqualified persecuas criminal.
tion have seldom been perpetrated, since the gloAnd above all, what is this prohibition of prose- rious Reformation first burst the chains of Popish lytism? Are not men to be allowed, by reasoning darkness and cruelty. Nor can any one thing, in and persuasion, peaceably to propose their senti- / my opinion, be so deeply criminal in the eye of
that God who is the sole judge of the consciences lukewarmness about divine truth, or rather an of his creatures, and who has committed to civil indifference what errors are maintained, provided governments the duty of restraining and punish- men are not living and preaching according to the ing open immorality and vice, and upholding piety true faith of Christ, with a spirit of intolerance and virtue; but not of erecting a tribunal over the and persecution—that is, if we join the worst INfeelings and various judgments of men in minor CIDENTAL evils of Protestantism, with the foulest points of religious practice; much less of abusing DIRECT enormities of Popery—the consequence the sword of justice to purposes of base and wan- will be, that our “candlestick will be removed out ton cruelty, in matters purely indifferent. of its place," —Rev. ii. v--and the fearful arm of
Our Warburton has nobly shown that for the the Saviour be soon aroused in the defence of his magistrate to meddle with Christian doctrine and violated cause. Soon will judgment overtake us” discipline, in the detail
, must be the source of end--soon will “the ambassadors of peace" be recalled less confusion. To maintain religion in its ele -soon will national calamities “avenge the quarrel mentary principles, as the spring of public morals, of God's covenant"-soon will the ministers of and to protect the national profession of it from grace be sent to other people “ bringing forth the insult and outrage, whilst a full toleration is grant- fruits thereof”-and the Protestant churches be ed to those who peaceably differ from the majority left “as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a with regard to the form of it, is the very utmost garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city-and imit of the magistrate's power; all beyond is per- then the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of secution.
it as a spark; and they shall both burn together, The low state of the Protestant churches has and none shall quench them.”—Isaiah i. 8. 31. long been lamented by every serious mind. But I know it is alleged, in extenuation of severe still the free toleration which for more than a cen- enactments, that enthusiasm and disorder are the tury they have afforded to the true servants of consequences of unlimited toleration-but I know God has, at least, honorably distinguished them how weak and futile are such allegations. Unfrom the tyranny and ambition of the church of doubtedly, most great revivals of religion are atRome. LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE is the badge of tended, through the infirmity of our nature, with the Reformation, and has now been fully under- some extravagancies and excesses-no wise man stood and generally acted upon for a series of can expect it to be otherwise—but what is the years, in Protestant states; whilst persecution and true remedy of such evils ? Not persecution, but cruelty have been left, as by general consent, to the force of reason and right conduct—the inflube one of the characteristics of the GREAT PAPAL ence of sound and holy doctrine—the persuasion
of Scriptural warnings and admonitions—the calm Other evils have, it is true, too much infected and friendly treatment which experience and wisthe Protestant bodies—these we do not palliate or dom furnish to youth and indiscretion—and esconceal—but the peculiar guilt of persecution has pecially the preaching of the full truth of the Goshitherto been abhorred amongst them. Indiffer- pel, in all its sobriety and force, by the established ence, skepticism, Socinianism, impiety, vice, must ministers of the church. Against such weapons be confessed to have too widely prevailed. Some enthusiasm has never been able to stand. It soon of the reformed churches have, alas ! lamentably dies away. The minds of men are gradually indeclined from evangelical truth and vital religion, formed. The Scriptures are seen to abound with and have been long verging further and further the most suitable examples and instructions against from thu strictness of the Gospel in every respect, it. The new teachers of religion acquire growth except as this one blessing of RELIGIOUS FREEDOM and solidity—a distinction is made between true has supplanted the monster persecution, and has and false zeal—the consequences of intemperate left an opening for the “ witnesses to prophecy,” warmth are observed in the folly of those who are as the Apostle speaks, “in sackcloth.” So long as most heated with it—and, at last, a genuine and this was the case, a hope of a revival of religion sound piety of principle and conduct is generally might always be entertained; because true Chris- recognised and cultivated. tians were still allowed, by their public and private Such is the natural course of things. Whereas, labors, to endeavor to persuade and convince man- if the sword of vengeance is raised against pious kind. Declines, in spiritual religion, are the fruits and unoffending citizens, on the ground of reliof our fallen nature generally, and are quickly re- gious opinions and practices, all is thrown into medied as often as the mercy of God returns to a confusion—the innocent and conscientious are people, and a continuance of religious freedom punished—the sanctity of truth is outraged-the allows that mercy to operate.
progress of reformation stopped—the Spirit of Thus, in England, the generous spirit of tolera- grace quenched and dishonored—the chains of tion left open the way for the extensive revival of ignorance, indifference, and vice, forged and prereal Christianity which is now going on amongst pared—all inquiry into real religion checked—the us; and has attended, in every step of its progress, timid part of the clergy, induced by fear, to conthe diffusion of the evangelical doctrines on which ceal and abridge the truth of the Gospel-every that revival rests. But if persecution be once per- thing reduced to a formal and stationary routine mitted to resume its baneful influence-if the wit -a dead calı spread over the church and every nesses for Christ and his grace, in a corrupt world, thing lost as to vital picty. Thus the surest be banished or imprisoned—if the peculiar doc- foundations of national prosperity are dug uptrines of the redemption of the Gospel, which the spring of virtuous enterprise broken-morals brought our forefathers out from the church of left to mere natural motives—arts, science, comRome, are proscribed in the very churches which merce, discouraged and enervated-and, above were formed by that separation—if we unite a all
, the blessings of Almighty God withdrawn.
I trust that the remonstrances of Protestant Eu- | decoule de la sainte parole, le developpement de rope may prevail with the Swiss governments to leurs salutaires effets.”— reconsider their proceedings; and that ere long this foul blot on the Reformed churches may be With a protest containing such sentiments, I wiped out, and the true spirit of religious liberty do not despair of the Swiss churches. Truth will and toleration again distinguish and bless their revive and spread. The doctrines of the Reforcommunities. It is understood, that many of the mation will flourish the inore for this attempt to clergy of the Canton de Vaud bitterly regret the oppress them. The consciences of men will be steps which have been taken ; but are at present awakened; and persecution will again fail, as it borne down by the magistrates in the council.-ever has done, of crushing “THE GOSPEL OF THE Whether those clergy might have prevented the GRACE OF God.” enactment of the law, if they had boldly and fully The immense importance of the case will
, I am protested against it from the first, it is now im- sure, plead my excuse for these observations and possible to say, and in vain to inquire. I can only extracts. Protestant Switzerland stands on the hope, that the repeal of it will as speedily as pos- edge of a most fearful precipice. The conduct sible obliterate the memory of the lamentable facts of the church of Geneva will be considered in a which have been just related.
future part of this work, and therefore is not here Such a hope is not too sanguine. Already has adverted to.* a most forcible remonstrance been presented to the government, signed by twenty-six ministers. This cannot but produce good. The document
LETTER XI. is valuable, both as it explicitly avows the adherence of so large a part of the clergy to the admirable Helvetic Confession, (which, next to our
Geneva, Sept. 2.-Martigny, Sept. 6, 1823. own Thirty-nine Articles, is perhaps the best of
Translation of Scotl-Cathedral at Lausanne-Pere all the Protestant Confessions,) and also as ex
Girard-Mont Blanc-Conversation with Geneplicitly disarows the principles of persecution.
vese — Savoy - Bonneville-Valley of CluseThe following are extracts :
Goitres-St. Martin's--Chede--Servoz-De Saus
sure-Chamouny-Glacier of Bossons-Accident -“ Nous declarons donc ici solennellement que in ascent of Mont Blanc-Italian Gentlemennous regardons la confession de foi Helvetique Montanvert-Couvercle-Mer de Glace-Alps comme conforme aux paroles de l'Ecriture Sainte, Infamous sentence in Strangers' Book-sete et à la doctrine de notre Sauveur Jesus-Christ,
Noire-Trient-French Emigrants. règles invariables de notre foi ; et que, loin de prêcher ni d'enseigner rien qui lui soit contraire,
Lausanne, Tuesday morning, Sept. 2, 1823. nous l'adoptons sincèrement et en suivons fidèle. ment les directions, nous y tenant pour obliges, ed the whole morning in examining two chapters
MY DEAREST SISTER—Yesterday I was employdevant Dieu et devant les hommes, par notre con- of the translation of Scott, which I had brought viction intime et par le serment que nous avons with me from Geneva. I went over it, line by prêté en consequence.”. _" Nous pensons que le Christianisme ne doit it is, so far as I see, faithful, clear, simple; nothing
line, and word by word. It gave me satisfaction; s' etendre et regner que par les armes de la per- is omitted, nothing changed. But I am no kind suasion, rendues efficaces par la grâce de l'Eter- of judge. "A good translation is a task of incon. nel notre Dieu; que, de plus, les rigueurs pourraient aigrir et eloigner davantage ceux que la douceur eût peut-être ramenes ; que les lois, pour edition. The facts I believe, are correct, and the
* I leave the above pages unaltered in the present peu qu'elles fussent sevères contre des separa observations still too applicable to the existing state tistes, pourraient prêter des armes trop redoutables of things. The last accounts with which I am acaux hommes moins eclaires que les legislateurs, quainted are those stated in the Christian Observer et qui auraient à en faire l'application ; qu'elles for November and December 1826–Three years of pourraient entin influer d'une manière fàcheuse continued persecution, in the face of Protestant Eusur le jugement du peuple moins eclaire encore : rope, afier all the means employed in various ways opinion que nous ne pourrions que trop justifier for awakening a sense of shame in the minds of the par l'histoire des demêles religieux de tous les Lausanne authorities, is a portentous event! But I temps et de tous les lieux. Ainsi, repoussant de have had an opportunity of conversing with one o: toutes nos forces le reproche de persecution dont :wo persons of influence in the Pays de Vaud, and le clerge est si souvent l'objet, nous demandons, which seemed to possess their minds, convinced me
the incurable prejudices against all spiritual religion du fond de notre cæur, à notre Dieu et à notre of the real cause of the persecution, and of the hopeSauveur, qu'il incline à la clemence le cæur de lessness of remedying the evil by mere argument.nos souverains magistrats ; qu'ils se regardent Divine grace, the influence of truth, remorse of concomme les pères de tous ceux qui ont le bonheur science, conversion, the holy lives and deaths of the de vivre sous leur gouvernement, et les protegent sufferers, the rapid spread of the proscribed docegalement; que s'ils croient devoir deployer la trines, the removal of the chief persecutors by sickseverite des lois, suivant leurs attributions, ce ne ness, or change of abode, or the hand of deathsoit jamais pour gêner la conscience de leurs ad- these are the means which a good Providence will ministres, dont elle est le domaine sacre et invio employ, in its own time, for the relief of the injured
and oppressed. In the mean while, may earnest lable ; qu'ainsi, abandonnant à Dieu le soin de prayers be poured out by all those who love the Sapunir les offenses qui ne regardent qui lui, ils lais- viour, in behalf of the sufferers, and of the sacred sent au temps, à la grâce et à la persuasion qui cause' in which they are engaged.-- March 1827.
ceivable difficulty. The value of the original work predestination—the three former of which articles rises in my view every time I consult it-such so-contain the very sum and substance of the Gospel; lidity; honesty; strong sense; originality; theo- and the latter of which is undoubtedly an importlogical knowledge ; evangelical purity of doctrine; ant scriptural doctrine. Thus, from being the simple following of the mind of the sacred writers; flower of the Reformed churches, Geneva has freedom from party spirit; discretion; sound and (for the time, and I trust it will be only for a short manly criticism; acute resolution of difficulties; time,) fallen into the gulf of deism and Socipractical and holy tendency throughout. I real- nianism. ly know of no commentary, except, perhaps, Cal I have obtained a copy of the pamphlet publishvin's, which is equal to it.
ed by the friends of M. Girard, the schoolmaster What I most want, is more steady, competent at Fribourg, giving an account of the whole of his laborers; there is still very, very much to be done proceedings. It is authorized by the municipal before St. Matthew will be ready for the press. I council. It seems that the charge alleged against am going of to-day to meet our friends at Gene- him was, that his schools of mutual instruction va, about the work; and then to proceed to Cha- were hostile to religion. The statement, however, mouney. It is possible we may go on to Martigny, of M. Girard proves that the principles of religion, and even Milan, and return by Lyon. The wea- and religion too of the Roman Catholic form, enther is most inviting.
tered into all his arrangements. The Catholic In going to the cathedral yesterday, I found it catechism of the diocese was the chief book, and was built on an extremely high hill; you first as- his schools were warmly approved of by the bicend a street exceedingly steep, and then come to shop. Still the Jesuits were dissatisfied because a singular covered staircase (in the open street) some good sense and sincere piety were apparent of one hundred and seventy steps ; so that the in M. Girard's method. His crime was, that he church stands quite on a pinnacle; the view which made faith working by lore the end and foundait presents of the surrounding country is of almost tion of his instruction; that he was attached to unequalled extent and sublimity. 'I'he academy the principles of Fenelon and Rollin, and avoided is near the cathedral. It was founded in 1537. all mere mechanism in education; that lie laborHenry Stephens and Beza were formerly profes- ed, as he states, to place religion in the undersors in it. It has now about two hundred stu- standing and in the heart of the children. dents. The library is remarkable for the books The municipal council of Fribourg, notwithleft to it by Don Jacynthe de Quiros, a Spanish standing the arts of the Jesuits, solemnly assure gentleman who, in 1750, quitted the church of him of their approbation. They tell hiin “th at Rome, embraced the reformed religion, and be their Master-instructer, the divine Redeemer, necame professor of ecclesiastical history at Lau- glected not, in his instructions, the forming of the
heart; his manner of teaching was never a dry At one o'clock yesterday I visited a pious fami- theory. You are, then, reverend father," they ly, two or three miles from Lausanne, at a house continue, “misunderstood; the expression is too beautifully situated in the midst of vineyards, and weak; but truth at last will resume her rights.commanding a fine view of the lake. I had a most Man proposes ; God disposes. We think, that affecting conversation with them. The father, because God loves our school, he has been pleasmother, sisters, all seem quite in earnest about ed to visit it with chastisement. their salvation. But, unhappily, they have few " The municipal council, faithful to its oath, will wise, enlightened guides. Too many of the mi- fulfill its duties, of which it feels the honor and the nisters at Lausanne, with much orthodoxy and importance; not one of its members would charge zcal, are said to want that humble and practical himself, as it respects the present and future geneknowledge of the Gospel, as a concern of the rations, with the responsibility of being indifferent heart, without which they cannot direct others. at such a solemn moment. Let us hope! God, On the other hand, a pious minister (who has whom we invoke, will protect our children, and lately been silenced,) has fallen into the danger- save them from the abyss.” ous error of always dwelling on the mysterious Nothing can be more affecting, I think, than doctrine of the divine election, &c.; so that the this touching appeal. An address from the heads serious people are almost as sheep without a shep- of families in Fribourg closes the pamphlet, testiherd. What a delight is it on a journey to be able fying to the same facts. “Our conviction,” say to advise, comfort, and strengthen, in any degree, they, “ ought to be of some weight in the scale; the minds of distressed brethren in the faith! I we have a right to express it. And who are the could scarcely tear myself away from this family. best judges ? those who blame the school without At Geneva, things I am told are much worse knowing it
, or the fathers of families, the earliest than here, as to the public doctrines taught by the teachers of their children, who have constantly clergy. The decline in religion began in that their eye fixed on their morals, their docility, their city about eighty years back, when the subscrip- progress, and who can compare the present with tion to the formulary of the Swiss Reformers- the past ?" the noble and most scriptural Helvetic confession The pamphlet was published at Fribourg about -was abolished; then came in Voltaire as a re- four months since. It affords a further illustrasident in the town; next, the catechism of Calvin tion of the good which is going on in Catholic was done away with ; lastly, a règlement was is- countries, to an extent we have little idea of in sued about six years since, drawn up with adroit- England; but, at the same time, of the spirit of ness and caution, but plainly intended to prevent the Jesuits and chief rulers in the present counthe ministers from preaching explicitly and fully cils of the Popedom, on the divinity of Christ, original sin, grace, and Geneva, Wednesday morning, 5 o'clock.–We
had a delightful sail yesterday in the steam-boat. allowed to grow at random, in the most scrambThe only drawback on our pleasure was, that my ling manner, on the ground, with potatoes or wildear Mrs. W. was not with us; her health obliges lows rising among them. This small market her to remain tranquil during this our second town of Bonneville has six hundred inhabitants. mountain tour. The view of the banks of the Just before I left Geneva, your parcel arrived lake, as we sailed by, was exquisite, especially as from London. I had time to send it on to Lauthe evening drew on. We passed the château sanne without a moment’s delay. of Prangins, where Joseph Bonaparte resided after St. Martin, near to Sallenche, 36 miles from his Spanish dream of royalty. The Mont Blanc Genera, eight o'clock.—We have had a most was visible above the mountains of Savoy, almost charmning drive. The valley of Cluse opened the whole way; and at sunset, it remained illu- upon us about two leagues from Bonneville. Cluse minated, or rather gilded by the sun, full twenty (the Roman Clausum, because, according to some, minutes after every other mountain was in the it appears to close up entirely the valley) is roshade. Its height is not apparently greater than mantically situated on the Arve. The craggy that of the Jungfrau Alp; but its extent, size, va- mountains are in contrast with the sweet fertility rious ridges, enormous platforms, &c., make it in- of the valley, and vary so perpetually in their outfinitely more majestic; it appears literally a re- line, site, and appearance, that it is impossible for gion of ice and snow.
words to convey any adequate idea of them. At During our passage, I had a long conversation one particular spot, three small cannon were with some respectable young Genevese, on va- drawn up by some peasants and fired, to give us rious religious topics. It was grievous to see how the pleasure of hearing the repeated echo of the the poison of the prevailing sentiments at Geneva mountains. had infected their minds. They seemed to have Two things distressed us to-day, one a natural, no fixed principles, except a loose general notion the other a moral defect-almost every second that the Bible was the word of God. All the person here has a swollen neck; sometimes so evangelical doctrines they thought harsh, doubt. as to distort the whole figure; it almost amounts ful, or unimportant-moral instruction was all to a goitre ; children often have it. Besides other that man required—every one had a right to put inconveniences, I conceive it must materially imhis own sentiments on the New Testament, as the pede the poor in their labors. The other defect Reformers had put theirs—all opinions wc:9 is, the lamentable misery and superstition of these equally good, if men's conduct only was con parts. We actually saw on a cross, by the roadformed to them. Such is the sophistry by which side, this notice, “The archbishop of Chamberry the stupendous revelation of a divine Redeemer, and bishop of Geneva grants forty days' indul. dying for our sins, and sanctifying us by his Spi- gence to all those who shall say before this cross, rit, is evaded, and the dregs of heathen ethics a pater, and an Ave-Maria, with an act of contrialone retained—that is, the whole Bible, as the tion, 1819." And yet this bishop of Geneva standard of truth, is overthrown, and “the ima- ruled that fine canton till the Reformation; and ginations of man's own heart” substituted in its it was only in 1754, that the duke of Savoy relinplace.
quished his claims upon it. O what a blessing is At our landing, our kind friends were waiting deliverance from the monstrous domination and for us on the shore, and I had a conference with errors of the church of Rome! The duke once them for two hours. They met me again for made, as perhaps you know, a base attempt to three hours, this morning at seven. We are gra- seize the town, in 1604, in the dead of the night, dually arranging the plan of the publication of and during a profound peace: the heroism of the St. Matthew. I agreed to provide a person to Swiss, however, was not to be overcome ; and copy the MSS. fair for the printer; fixed January they repulsed the invaders. The river Arve, by the first for the time when all should be ready for which we have been travelling, is a torrent springthe press; and promised to meet them again in ing in Savoy, and pouring into the Rhone, near about three weeks, on my return from Chamou- Geneva ; it swells so suddenly at times, as to ny. These Genevese friends seem men of the cover all the adjoining fields, and do great misdeepest piety and sweetest spirit of love; I was chief. delighted and edified. I forgot to say, that our Serroz, on the road to Chamouny, 11 o'clock, lodging-house at Lausanne is Maison Miliquet Thursday, Sept. 4.-We set off at eight this St. Pierre, première étage; it is quite worth re- morning, after wretched beds, and a wretched cording, in order to inform any friends who may breakfast; but all has been repaid by the magnibe coming to Lausanne.
ficent view we had of Mont Blanc, in all its splenBonneville
, 18 miles from Geneva, half-past two. dor. The mass, or rather chain of Alps, bearing -We are now in the duchy of Savoy, attached the general name of Mont Blanc, covered with to the kingdom of Sardinia. The capital is Tu- perpetual snow, rose over the intervening mounrin, which we hope to see before we return. tains. The contrast between the snowy terrors of Our road has run through the valley of the Arve. the Alps, immediately above us, and the rich verThe country has been singularly beautiful, some- dure of the valley, the profusion of trees on the thing like the valley of the Reuss, only that the hills, and the lovely meadows creeping up their river Reuss incomparably surpasses the muddy, sides, by which we were passing, was really instraggling, wandering Arve, whose shores are de- credibly striking. The outline of the fir-crowned solation itself. Savoy is Catholic; and negligent, mountains, in the near prospect, was surmounted indolent, and in many parts, dirty. The vines, with the snows of Mont Blanc, apparently quite instead of being regularly planted and supported close ; so that it seemed impossible that we should in rows, as in the neighboring lands, are positively be melting with heat, so near to tremendous ice