« AnteriorContinuar »
the same library we noticed with pleasure forty The town we are now at is just below an imthree volumes of Bibles, presented by the British mense mountain, the Kandelberg, three thousand and Foreign Bible Society; great care was appa- nine hundred and three feet high, with the Vosges rently taken of them. I called afterwards on the on the right, which divide Germany from France. secretary of the Bible Society here, to try to en- The Rhine is seven leagues off. T'he cultivation courage him a little in that sacred work; the im- here is not well managed; there are no hedges : portance of which strikes me more and more, as I and patches of corn, hemp, hops, potatoes, vines, observe every where the fatal effects of the ne- seem all intermixed in one spot. glect of the Scriptures. The secretary was evi It would be amusing to you to see our cavalcade dently gratified, and wished much to engage me as we go on. We are nine in all, in two landauto attend a special meeting of the committee. We lets; Mrs. W., my little daughter Eliza, and myalso saw here the Bible printed at Strasburg in self, in one, and the servant on the box with the 1466, supposed to be the first ever printed in Ger- coachman ; our friend and fellow-traveller with many; which is undoubted'; a mistake.
my two sons in the other. My boys change about The university of Strasburg contains thirty pro- with me from time to time. We have three horses fessors, and nine hundred students, Catholics and in one carriage, and two in the other. Our chief Protestants. This union throughout the parts of coachman is of the Pays de Vaud; a civil, obligGermany we have visited, is one of which I am ing, sensible, clever man, thoroughly acquainted anxious to ascertain the real tendency. When I with his business. He talks French, German, and ask, I am uniformly told, that no jealousy, no de- Italian. We pay him forty-eight francs (about bates follow, between the professors and students; two pounds) a day when he works, and twentybut moderation and peace, though without inti- four francs when he rests. We generally rise in macy. It seems an extraordinary thing how mo- the morning at five, and start at seven, and go a dest and reasonable, comparatively speaking, Pope- stage of four or five hours, sixteen or eighteen ry can become, when stripped of its temporal power miles ; dine at twelve, or half-past, staying three and divested of a party spirit. It never has stood, hours; and then take our second stage of four or it cannot stand before the Holy Scriptures. The five hours, till seven or eight; then we drink tea New Testament contains nothing of the peculiar or sup, as we like, and retire to our rooms at nine. dogmas of Popery. Those who read that sacred We generally find one person in the inn who book learn a totally different doctrine. The cir- speaks a kind of French, and then all goes on culation of the Bible seems to me the most inof smoothly; but sometimes you would laugh at the fensive, and yet efficacious, means of sapping su- figure we all make in a German inn, without a perstition and idolatry now, as it was in the six- soul to understand us : I, with my dictionary, enteenth century.
deavoring to recall my old forgotten German, as Our host to-night has given us a melancholy well as I can; till at last, Mrs. W., our friend, the account of this village, Kehl. It is on this side of boys, the inn-keeper, the chamber-maids, and the the Rhine, as Strasburg is on the other; three coachinan, are all in the room together, before we times it was burnt down in the last war; there can make out what we want. were formerly two thousand inhabitants, there are Then the kind of beds we meet with-somenow six hundred. It was pillaged whenever the times not a blanket in the house; sometimes an armies passed. It is a place of great importance, unpleasant odor pervading the chambers; often in a military sense, for the defence of Strasburg, floors grimed with dirt, no curtains, no windowand for operations on the Rhine. What a bless- shutters, no carpets; small, hard, narrow beds, on ing is peace! Commerce is not active here; the an inclined plane, so that we have to manæuvre people say the taxes overburden them at home, almost all night to keep ourselves from rolling out. and the English undersell them abroad.
But our greatest annoyance is the food loaded Wednesday morning. We were awoke this with sauce and grease; meagre meat, without morning at five with the noise of cannon. The nourishment ; fowls like pigeons : we had some whole house shook: it was only the soldiers exer- yesterday, with a sort of custard sauce.
I really cising; but I cannot describe how frightful it was believe our health suffers from want of good, subto peaceful and unpractised travellers; what must, stantial, plain diet. I give orders myself for mutthen, the horrors of war itself be!
ton chops, without butter, gravy, sauce, pepper, Emmendingen, 33 miles from Kehl, Wednesday &c.; they bring up veal cutlets as hard as a board, evening, July 23.-We have had a delightful drive and covered with onions and Cayenne. Those to-day, through nineteen towns and villages, near who travel for their health, would do well to rethe Rhine still, though not within sight of it. In member how large a deduction must be maile ou some places the prospect was magnificent; the the score of change of food. We should have loftiest mountains in varied outline before us, and done infinitely better, if, instead of our Swiss maid, a sweet fore-ground of villages, spires, and woods. we had brought one of our English servants with Occasionally we have vineyards; but hemp and us, who understood something of our mode of livhops abound. The houses are sometimes painted ing at home. At Franckfort, however, we really in front with various devices of flowers, balustrades, met with excellent meat. We hope soon now to and other ornaments. The signs at the inns are be at Bern, fixed for a time; and then my first of cut or cast iron figures, with gilded ornaments. care will be to get good food for my dear family, Some of the women wear long hair, plaited, reach- who are really wonderfully well, considering we ing behind almost to the feet, or else two long rib- have now come seven hundred and eleven miles, bons in a similar way. As we enter the villages, and travelled near six weeks. The roads are sometimes a whole band of peasants take off their very smooth, and without pavé. hats and salute us, with the utmost complaisance. 1 · Hoellenthal, or the Infernal Valley, between Frey
burg and Neustadt, Thursday night, July 24.— planes and ridges. Eliza's account was the most We set off this morning, from Emmendingen, satisfactory; she did not know how she passed and came eight miles to Freyburg, a town of the night, for she had not awoke once. In the eleven thousand souls, on the entrance of the mean time, the servant girls were clearing out the Black Forest. We were much delighted with the boys' room, to get the breakfast ready for us.cathedral, which, though smaller than that of We started between seven and eight, and came Strasburg, is more beautiful. The open-work of eight miles to Neustadt, where I am now writing, the tower is really surprising ; I observed, as we a small town on the Black Forest. A tremendous mounted its five hundred and thirteen steps, that hill, caled Hoellensteig, or the Infernal Hill, led five open spaces in the walls occurred for every to a more open country, on the bosom of which closed part; the tower being supported by these cottages were sprinkled, with here and there a closed parts, and the stone staircase which runs chapel entirely of wood, about four yards square ; up within it. It is just as if the Monument in we entered one-the cross, an altar, and rude London were built, not with closed walls, but with offerings, were within. We soon passed one or five-sixths of them in open-work; it really is quite two comfortable hotels. We ought to have pressincredible. After dining, at half-past twelve, we ed on to one of them last night, and not to have came, in five hours, fifteen miles, to this valley, implicitly followed the advice of our voiturier, who from which I am writing.
has full as much regard for his horses as for us.I was not prepared to expect any thing beyond In fact, with a large party like ours, and two cara common drive ; but the extraordinary magnifi- riages, it would be far better to divide, when we cence of the scenery was such as to dispute with have to spend the night in small villages, than to the finest parts of the Rhine. For ten or twelve crowd into one miserable inn. miles the road followed the windings of a lovely This Black Forest covers fifty leagues of counstream, the Treisam, through a valley adorned on try; it was the cradle of those formidable Gereach side with craggy mountains of stupendous mans who annihilated the Roman Empire. Sixheight; on the sides of which, the hanging woods teen thousand souls live in it, in insulated cabins ; of dark fir were beyond measure grand and sub- these cabins have long roofs covering the gallehime. The views on the Rhine had indeed more ries, and reaching down to the earth behind the of softness joined with grandeur—the noble river dwelling-house; the barn is over the house; the and vineyards were peculiar to them—but the whole is built of beams crossed and tied together, scenes to-day had something more of wild and without bricklayer's work; and the ceilings of the rude nature in her most majestic forms. Our rooms are wainscot, and they use slips of fir for hotel to-night is a deduction from the varied plea- candles: they trade in wood-work, which finds its sures of the day; we are crowded into a close, way even to America. low, miserable bed-room, where we had to eat our Donaueschingen, 21 miles from Hoellensteig, 13 supper. For a tea-urn we had a common open from Neustadt, Friday night.-This is a small sauce-pan and ladle ; in fact, the inn is the end town, consisting of two thousand souls, at the exof a large building like a barn, and the rooms are tremity of the Duchy of Baden. It is beautifully so low, we can hardly stand upright in them; all situated on elevated ground. Near to it rises the is a contrast to the beautiful scene stretched be- Danube, the noblest river in Europe, which washes fore our view by the hand of Nature.
in its course fifteen hundred miles of the territoThe houses here are curious : a large roof ries of Bavaria, Austria, and Hungary, till it empstretches beyond the walls, on all hands, ten or ties itself in the Black Sea. Some of its springs twelve teet ; under this projecting roof a gallery are in the court-yard of the Château, in an enruns along on the outside of the first story, and closed basin of thirty feet square ; whence a rivusometimes a second gailery at the second story. let flows, which joins the Brigach and the Breg The rooms are so allotted, as to provide stable, (two far more considerable streams,) and is called wood-house, carpenter's shop, &c. &c. under the the Danube. We jumped over it with ease. same roof. The houses are entirely of wood, From what obscure causes do the mightiest effects which exudes a gum with which they are stained; flow! A river celebrated throughout the world, the galleries are for entrance when the winter and rolling by some of the noblest cities, is here snow blocks up the ground floor. The women feeble and inconsiderable! It is thus the current now begin to appear in stockings, but these are of evil from a single individual, small at first, someof a deep red ; they have no gowns, but their times swells as it flows, till distant regions are under-dress is turned up like a pudding-sleeve desolated with its waves.
The sources of the gown, short round the arm; they wear large widest blessings to mankind have also their first hats of an immense circumference, with the rims rise in small and unnoticed beginnings. Nay, the stretched out in an immovable circle. All is Ger- first bursting forth of that " well of water which inan still ; so that I can obtain little moral or reli- springeth up into everlasting life” is small and gious information.
We had our coachman up inconsiderable. No wise man undervalues the into the chamber this afternoon, as our interpre- beginnings of things. ter. It was impossible to do without him.
We have now pursued the Rhine three hundred Friday morning.–Our meeting this morning and fifty mies in its majestic and fruitful course, at breakfast was most curious. My friend report and have visited the Danube in its first feeble and ed that he had been thrust into a miserable hole unperceived struggles. Thus the two noblest of a room, into which people were continually en- and most celebrated rivers in Europe are assotering his bed intolerable-scarcely any sleep. ciated in our minds in their origin or their proMy boys were almost suffocated, and had little gress, and will be connected with the numerous rest. Ann and I had beds with double inclined l events of ancient and modern history, which our
reading may furnish. It is a pleasing and instruc-road leads along by the Rhine, which is here of a tive part of foreign travel, to visit the scenes fa- deep green color. I am not sure if I was not miliar to us from our earliest reading. It fur- little disappointed at the first coup-d'ail of the fall nishes fresh materials of thought. It gives a life itself. My imagination had been heated by de- : and locality, as it were, to our knowledge. It scriptions, and I thought the descent would have a embodies and realizes history.
been greater. But as soon as I had time to reWe have now left the Black Forest, the moun- cover myself, and recollect how much the width tains, the cabins, and all the magical scene. Our of the river took away from the apparent depth of inn to-night is excellent. Mr. Canning was here the fall, I was better prepared to view the wondertwo years ago; and our host seemed never satis- ful sight. It is truly astonishing. fied in telling us of the dignity of his manner, the A multitude of rocks first impede the flow of the acuteness of his questions, and, above all, the cor- river; through these it makes its way, till, having rectness of his French-in which, however, our overcome them all
, it rushes down about eighty informer was no great proficient himself. Our feet, with an impetuosity, a rage, a boiling foam, friend slept in the room which this distinguished which literally darken the air, and create a constatesman occupied. Adieu.
stant mist and shower. The body of water which Schaffhausen, 778 miles from Calais, Saturday falls, and the fury, the incredible fury, of the deevening, July 26.—Thank God we have entered scent, make this a wonder of nature. The thunSWITZERLAND, in health and peace! The road der of the cataract is so loud, that it absolutely from Donaueschingen, twenty-two miles, is ex drowns the voice—you cannot hear yourself speak. tremely beautiful ; rich valleys crowned with ver- Immediately above the fall
, four immense, ragged, dure, mountains rising in noble boldness on each overhanging rocks stretch at considerable interside, the road winding with continual change of vals quite across the flood. These divide the torscenery, brought us to the first of the Swiss can- rent for a moment into five parts, without lessen. tons. "As we passed beyond the Baden frontier, ing its fury. Ages back they doubtless formed a the improvement in agriculture, and general ap- complete barrier which the stream had to surpearance of the villages, was striking. Hedges, mount, and which made the depth of the fall douwell-cultivated fields, neat farms, met our eyes ble what it is at present. for the first time since we left England; every Many falls in Switzerland are more picturesque, spot of land is now employed to the best purpose, but none so terribly majestic as this. It impressand with neatness and cleverness.
es quite an awful conviction of the power of God, As we entered this land of freedom, the asso- and how soon all nature would be dissolve if he ciations awakened in our minds were most pleas- were to permit. We observed the fall, first from ing. An inconsiderable country-rude and bar- a gallery overhanging the side of it, and watered ren—apparently doomed to bondage and obscu- with its dashing stream; then in a boat from the rity-has raised itself by valor and conduct to be middle of the river; next, from a window of a the admiration of the world. It preceded England house on the opposite side; lastly, from a sumby two or three centuries in the march of liberty; mer-house commanding the height of the river and, except during the twenty years of the French just before its fall. We had likewise the pleasure domination, has been acquiring for more than five of seeing it in a camera obscura. It added greatly hundred years an almcst unparalleled measure of to the delight of this excursion, that my dear Mrs. national glory—from education, industry, com- W. was well enough to accompany us; indeed, merce, a free government, public spirit, virtue, the real beauties of our tour have lain open to her and, since the Reformation, from the light of pure inspection as much as if she had been ever so Christianity. There is something so noble in all strong. It is chiefly the interior of buildings,
B this, that it fills the imagination, and imparts an which she has been unable to visit. additional charm to the natural beauties of the Sunday, July 27.—“My soul is athirst for God, country itself.
yea, for the living God; when shall I come and Schaffhausen contains about seven thousand appear before the presence of God?” says the insouls. Many of the fronts of the houses are co- spired Psalmist; and such would I wish to be my vered from the top to the bottom with the devices feelings on this my sixth silent Sunday. I have which I have before mentioned. Several statues been to the Protestant German service, (all the of Swiss heroes adorn the public places. The son canton is Protestant;) a venerable clergyman, of the principal innkeeper talks very good English. seventy or eighty years of age, preached. I would He spent six months in England for the purpose of have given any thing to have understood him ; his learning the language. He spoke to me with great manner was so earnest, so impressive, so affecfeeling of the kindness of Dr. Steinkopff; and tionate, so impassioned; his voice majestic, and there evidently appeared to be a strong religious yet sweet. The service began with singing, impression remaining on his mind, from what he (which was vociferation rather than singing ;) had seen of the zeal of our societies for the propa- then a prayer by the minister, who came from the gation of the Gospel, and of the high tone of Chris- gallery into a sort of tribune opening from it; after tian doctrine and practice in our happy country. this a sermon and prayer; singing concluded. We have an introduction to a professor of theo. The service began at eight in the morning. Selogy here, who is an example of primitive kindness. veral persons in the congregation sat with their
Soon after our arrival, we took a cabriolet, and hats on. During the sermon, two officers were drove three miles, to see the celebrated fall of the going round collecting money, in bags hung at Rhine. The road leading to it is exquisite; vine- the end of long poles. There was a large conyards stretch over all the sides of the mountains, gregation, and all seemed very attentive. After and the country is open and variegated. The I breakfast we had our English liturgy, and a ser
mon. At twelve, we went to the catechising at arities, more so than I have hitherto observed in the cathedral ; it was very pleasing to see one other parts. There are thirty or forty clergy in or two hundred children seated in order, whilst a the small canton of Schaffhausen. The attenminister heard them a portion of the Heidelberg tion paid to the catechising of the children, and Catechism, one of the most excellent of all the the preparing them for the Holy Communion, is Protestant formularies. After the children had excellent. We might leam much from the Swiss answered, the minister began to put questions to on this subject. All the children of the canton one of them; and then, apparently, to explain the are obliged to attend and learn their catechism; portion to the whole body of children—I was de- and there are ministers especially appointed for lighted—this is the reasonable, intelligent worship their instructors. They seem to have no idea of of God; but it is late, and I must wish you adieu leaving the young, as we too much do in Engfor to-night.
land, in ignorance of the principles of Chris. I am yours affectionately,
tianity. Religious education is, in their view, the D. W.
very first duty they owe their children; and the only foundation of a tranquil, well-ordered, vir.
tuous community. The laws are strict, and the LETTER VI.
magistrates also exercise a salutary influence over
public morals ; but I doubt whether spiritual reliZurich, July 18.-Basle, August 1, 1823. gion, with its holy fruits, is now actually flourish.
ing. The Sacraments are, however, well at. Bridge-Swiss customs-State of Religion-Profes-tended. In a town of seven thousand souls, there sor-Fall of Rhine-Eglisau-First view of Alps are four or five hundred communicants, at two or -Zurich - Reformers-Inn L'Epee - Antistes three churches (perhaps one thousand five hunHess, Mr. Wilberforce — Zuingle - Documents of Reformation-Clergy-Bible Society-Lava
dred or two thousand in all,) communicating once ter's Forgiveness of his Murderer- Aarau-Good or twice a year. Still I fear that all this is too done by an English Clergyman - Basle - M. much of a mere form, and that the chilling theoBlumhardt - Sloves — Fountains – A Divine-logy of Germany has infected the canton. May Tombs of Erasmus and Ecolampadius - Holy God raise up a new spirit of faith and love among Alliance-Council of Basle-Likeness of Eras-them!
I did all I could to make the professor underZURICH, Monday evening, July 28, 1823.
stand our views of religion in England; and to
encourage him in openly following the doctrines MY DEAR SISTER—Before I quit the subject of of the Reformation, as the only hope of a revival Schaffhausen, I must tell you, that this morning of true Christianity. It is a delightful thing to be we examined a curious model of the bridge over able in any measure to strengthen the hands of a the Rhine here, burnt by the French in 1799. It brother in the Gospel. I can do but little ; but was built by a common carpenter, with only one what I can do, I feel bound not to omit. He pier, over a space of three hundred and sixty-four spoke to me about the Règlement at Geneva. feet, all of wood; the pathway being suspended He expressed himself with great reserve, but eviunder, not placed over, the arches, so that it qui- dently regretted that measure. He was very vered with the slightest movement of a passenger. curious to know something about our English I may as well mention also, a few other things universities, and the plan of literary and religious which struck us by their novelty during our stay education in them. I satisfied his inquiries, and there. We observed a funeral, where the proces- really felt gratified that I should happen to have sion consisted of several hundred persons; every about me a list of the officers and heads of colfriend of a deceased person attending in a mourn- leges in Oxford and Cambridge to present to him. ing robe. The churches, though noble, majestic You cannot imagine with what pleasure he rebuildings, are absolutely devoid of ornament, hay-ceived it. ing been stripped to the bare walls. There was We left Schaffhausen at eighit this morning, a nakedness about them which offended the eye. for Zurich, twenty-five miles. On our road, we I prefer the wisdom and moderation of our English stopped again at the fall of the Rhine, and once Reformers in this, as well as other respects; but more admired its unequalled terrors. The Rhine the Protestants here are of the Calvinistic, not is a continued flood-a torrent, from the dissclved Lutheran, persuasion. The Catholic pilgrims who snows, where it springs, till it loses itself in Holvisit Einsiedeln and other celebrated places of pil- land, after a course of seven hundred miles--so grimage, walk hand in hand, with bouquets in that a vessel, when first going down the stream their hats, singing as they pass the streets: on from Switzerland, shoots like an arrow. The Saturday thirty-two passed in this way through width of the fall is four hundred and fifty feet; the town. The Swiss keep unusually good time; the least depth sixty feet, the greatest eighty. It beginning the day in summer at three, dining at differs from the Niagara in two respects; in votwelre, and shutting up their shops at seven ; and lume of water it is inferior ; in majesty it surtheir clocks happen now to be an hour and ten passes it. The Niagara is two thousand seven minutes faster than those at Paris. Every youth hundred feet wide, and one hundred and fifty-six who chooses may become a soldier to defend the feet high ; but it merely turns suddenly down the state. We saw a number of little lads exercising fall in a continued stream, as from a lock; where. this morning. So far as to the customs of the place. as the Rhine, with unparalleled fury, dashes from
Its moral and religious state I endeavored to rock to rock, till the spray and foam obscure the ascertain from the professor. The Protestant view. cantons are very strict and firm in their peculi "At Eglisau, a lovely village on our way, where
we dined, we saw, for the first time, a covered defile through stables, voitures, horsemen, voitubridge, erected in 1811, over the Rhine (the riers, ostlers, post-boys, and smells of all kinds, by French having burnt the former one ;) you walk a dark, narrow passage ; for the entire ground over under rafters and beams, windows on each floors of the Swiss inns are occupied by this sort side opening upon the river. It is entirely co. of miseries ; partly, I suppose, on account of the vered at the top with a roof, and enclosed on the frequent inundations from melted snow, or oversides, so that you are, as it were, in a house ; flowing rivers. whilst the rafters, &c. make you think it is the Last night we ascended a bastion, near the town, roof a country church. These covered bridges and beheld the magnificent scene of the range of abound in Switzerland.
Alps illuminated, or rather gilded, by the setting As we approached Zurich, we caught a first sun; it was, really, as if all the snows were sudview of the distant Alps, about Zug and Schwitz. denly set on a blaze, the fiery meteor was so bright The hills first in view were shaded by the after- and so extensive. As the sun further declined, noon sun; over these, brilliant volumes of clouds the magic scene lost its enchantment. It is sinwere discernible; and from amidst the clouds, the gular, that this is the first night this summer that peaks of the Alps were easily distinguished by the Alps have been thus visible. My friend tratheir defined outlines, sharp summits, and the velled four years ago in Switzerland, and never bright whiteness of the eternal snows with which saw any thing like it. Indeed, we have been fathey are covered. We entered Zurich, the capi- vored all our journey. The weather has been untal of the canton, about five o'clock. I could not usually cool, with the exception of a day or two, but be sensibly affected. This is the first town and we are all now in comfortable health. May in Switzerland that separated from the church of we have the additional blessing of a thankful, Rome three centuries back-it was the favorite humble, holy, theachable heart, to see God in asylum of our English Reformers during the va- every thing, to love God because of every thing, cillating and tyrannical reign of Henry the Eighth, and to be led up towards him by every thing! I and the bloody persecution of queen Mary. °It is should just mention, that on our road to Zurich we supposed to have been the place where our great crossed a part of Baden, when the same appearance Cranmer, soon after he had been raised to the of negligence and misery returned which I before primacy, caused the first complete edition of the noticed. As soon as we regained the Swiss terEnglish Bible, Miles Coverdale's, to be printed, in ritory, all was again neat, convenient, industrious, the year 1535.* The town contains eleven thou- and happy: such is the difference between the sand souls; the canton one hundred and eighty- effects of civil and religious freedom, and of an three thousand; nearly all Protestant. It is arbitrary government. amongst the most thickly peopled tracks of the Zurich, Tuesday, July 29.—I have been introcontinent of Europe; which is owing chiefly to duced, to-day, to the celebrated Antistes Hess; the long-continued enjoyment of good govern- he is eighty-two years old, a venerable, pious, lioly ment, and to consequent habits of virtuous in. man, on the verge of heaven; with a heart full of dustry.
love to the Saviour, and to the souls of men. I The beauty of the country accords with its re- took my three children to him, that he might bless putation. We are at the inn called L’Epée. Ima- them. The Antistes spoke to me much of Mr. gine a room fifty feet by thirty, of which two Wilberforce, whose book he had read with delight: sides are a continued window, overhanging the he begged me to convey to him his Christian rebroad deep-blue torrent of the immat, which, rds : it was delightful to me to see this aged rushing like an arrow from the lake of Zurich, disciple. He is one of the persons whom I was seems hurrying to pour itself into the Rhine. most anxious to know. You are perhaps aware, The old wooden bridge which leads across it is that Antistes is a Latin word, meaning nearly immediately before and is wide enough for the the same as President. It is a title often given in market, which is just now in amusing confusion, ecclesiastical writers to bishops, though sometimes and presents a most characteristic scene of Swiss to simple priests. In the Swiss Reformed churches, costume and manners. The noble churches, it is applied to the ecclesiastical head of a canton. quays, and public buildings on the other side of the The government of these churches, though not river diversify the prospect. In the distance on episcopal, differs considerably from what is called my right a second bridge appears, with a tower Presbyterianism. I met at the house of the Anbuilt in the midst the torrent for state-prisoners tistes, an aged magistrate of this place, who com--whilst still further on, my eye is lost in follow-mended to me the cause of Switzerland, and beging the beautiful lake itself, till I discern at length ged of me again and again to represent to my counthe Alps rearing their majestic heads beyond it in trymen the state of his canton; pressing on me the utmost horizon.-Such is the room where I that Switzerland had been the cradle of the Reforam writing this letter; I suppose it is one of the mation. most beautiful in the world. It is curious, that in We next visited, with much pleasure, the city order to reach this splendid chamber you have to library, abounding in original unpublished letters
of our Reformers. The history of that interesting * The New Testament had first been published by period, after all Burnet has done, might, undoubtedTyndale about 1526 : the Pentateuch appeared in ly, be much enriched from these stores. Such an 1530; Miles Coverdale completed the arduous task undertaking would require great zeal, discretion, under the auspices of Cranmer, in 1535. This Bible is in a folio volume, printed in double columns, in knowledge of ecclesiastical history, and, above all, a what Mr. Dibdin terms, a foreign secretary-gothic commanding and pious mind; but its success would type. It was executed, as it is generally thought, at be sure. We saw the three well-known Letters the press of a Zurich printer.
of Lady Jane Gray, written to Bullinger, in 155l.