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theatre, its subterraneous church, &c. with double side, and the Grimsel, Furca, Lucern, &c. on the interest.
others. I believe I told you that I saw a similar I forgot to say that the king of the Netherlands model of the centre of Switzerland, at Lucern, has begun to appoint the ministers to the Pro- by general Pfyffer. testant churches, when they are vacant; because The next object I must mention is the Cathedral, the dissensions and animosities occasioned by the a fine, spacious, unadorned building, with benches elections threw the towns into confusion. This only (like all the Reformed churches,) and the right the king has just claimed, as I am informed, names of each proprietor pasted on the back of without asking any one's leave. Our king's pre- his seat. It contains the tomb of Henry Duc de rogative of nominating bishops and deans was Rohan the chief of the Protestant party in France, derived from a different source. The Reforma- at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In tion placed it in his hands when the supremacy of the time of the Romans, a temple of the sun stood Rome was disavowed. But the chapters of ca on the spot. The noble reformers and divines of thedrals, I suppose, originally lost the choice from Geneva who had preached there two or three similar mischiefs. Popular elections in the church centuries back, came forcibly to my recollection, are the worst of all evils. In England all these as I walked through the solemn aisles-Farellappointments pass through the hands of the known Viret–Calvin—Beza-Turretin, &c. For after and responsible ministers of the crown, which se- all, it is not the buildings but the men who filled cures many of the ends of a free election without them, and preached the Gospel of Christ to a lost its attendant inconveniences. May the grace of world, which gives the real interest, and excites God descend on our happy country, and sway the warmest and most grateful associations of public opinion more and more on matters of reli- thought in such visits. gion; and our sees will be proportionally adorned I visited after this the public library of fifty with primitive and appostolical pastors. thousand volumes, which is open to all the city. It
I observe everywhere a certain jealousy of is curious to learn that haberdashers, tailors, watchEngland in the breasts of the people abroad, and makers, pastry-cooks, carpenters, porters, journeyeven of some good people. This feeling probably men, citizens of every class flock every Tuesday would not exist to the degree it does, if English to receive or change their books—four hundred travellers conducted themselves with sound judg- persons of the common people on an average; ment, discretion, and Christian affection. Even and that they take out, not merely books of amusenow there are many thousand continental Chris- ment, but of history, philosophy, theology: Actians who feel and express the sincerest love and cordingly most persons here are savans. Indeed, the strongest attachment to their British brethren. ever since the period of the Reformation, the sciStill I shall need much prudence in managing the ences, the arts, and industry have flourished here translation of Scott, and obtaining an entrance exceedingly. There is no city in Europe which has for it amongst the great body of Protestants all produced so great a number of illustrious writers, over the continent who speak or read French in proportion to its population; there is none for my object is nothing less. The English and where ease and independence have so much reignFrench languages divide the civilized world. Ied; and where knowledge has been so generally see clearly that the project could only be safely diffused. Even now extraodinary care is paid to trusted to private hands; a public society would education; and though its incorporation with not only spoil the work as a literary perform- France for sixteen years must, in various ways, ance, but excite additional distrust and suspi- have been injurious to it, yet it retains still the cion under the present circumstances of the con- habits of a small and free town. The effect of all tinent.
this on real religion and on the moral habits of the Saturday evening, nine o'clock, October 4.-I people; especially since the infection of infidel have had a very long, interesting, and instructive principles has tainted it; cannot be doubted—the day. I have been out ten hours visiting the town. pride of half-learning is a most dangerous thing in The views from Geneva-for here I must begin every view, and most of all as it respects a real my story-are most beautiful. From the fortifica- submission of the understanding and heart to the tions, you behold on all sides a fruitful and varie- doctrines and grace of the Gospel.— I speak of gated country; with the Alps and nearer fore course generally. ground of mountains covered with snow. I sat Amongst the curiosities of the library, I give for a minute on a bench, about three o'clock, just the first place to Calvin's sermons and letters, out of the town, and I could not help quite break- which I venerated, though I could not decipher ing out into exclamations of surprise at the en- his hand-writing—it is the most perplexed of any chanting prospect around me. I took a boat I have seen; that of Farell and Viret, his fellowafterwards, and rowed (for the last time) on this reformers, is much more intelligible. I forgot to lovely lake. I was more delighted, if possible, say that I saw the spot where these reformers than ever. But I must really cease to talk of my first preached at Geneva. A letter of our Sir impressions of Swiss scenery. I am, perhaps, Isaac Newton pleased me in another view. There more enthusiastic on this subject just now, because were collections also of the letters of Beza and I have seen to-day an admirable model of the Bullinger. A volume of St. Austin's homilies, on greater part of my Swiss tour. It was twenty- papyrus, of the sixth century, was curious. A copy six feet long by eighteen. The scale was small
, of Cicero de Officiis, printed at Mentz, in 1465, Mont Blanc being only eleven inches high, in- just after the invention of printing, had a notice at stead of fifteen thousand five hundred and thirty the end, boasting that the work had not been done feet ; but it was quite sufficient to recal all my with the pen, nor with ink, but accomplished by a feelings of pleasure. It included Genera ci one certain magnificent art newly discovered. What
immense progress has that art since made—what fession, which resembles our thirty-nine articles, an engine of good and of evil is the press become was abolished about a hundred years since, by the in every free state! A noble copy of the vulgate council of state, in consequence of the vehement of the eighth century contained the disputed pas- disputes of the pastors amongst themselves; that sage, 1 John v. 8, 9. A book of Philip le Bel, of the catechism was set aside in 1788; and that the year 1314, was on boards of wood, covered the Règlement followed in 1817. with black wax, and written with a stylus or iron At twelve o'clock I went to the hospital, and pen.
heard an excellent sermon from an English clerLet me now mention some of the persons whom gyman. It did me good. The matter of it was I have seen to-day. I have been introduced to as much superior to that which I had heard earseveral of the professors and pastors. One allow- lier in the morning, as the manner, composition, ed me to talk with him freely. He was complain- and delivery, were inferior. The contrast was ing of the new dissidents from the national Gene- striking; the French sermon, able, well-arranged, vese church. I told him, the only way to keep a forcible-delivered with the whole soul of the church united was to preach plainly and simply preacher; the English, feeble, unimpressive-dethe Gospel of Christ; that if this was not done at livered with the indifference of a school-boy. I Geneva,
the dissensions would increase more and am far from supposing my fellow-countryman was more. He replied, that during the last century, aware of this; indeed I am persuaded he was not; Voltaire was read by every shop-boy; and that but I state the impression as it was made on my the clergy, to keep the people Christians, confined inind at the time. The minister of the Gospel has themselves to moral topics merely; now, however, not only to deliver certain truths, but to deliver the clergy were beginning to preach the Gospel, them with solemnity, the earnestness, the affecbecause the times required it. I observed upon tion, the force necessary to arrest the consciences this, that the Gospel was the same in every age, and touch the hearts of men. Sermons carelessly and that truth and duty, not fashion, were the rule or tamely delivered will never arouse a sleeping of a minister's conduct. I added, that though I world. did not myself
, in every particular, agree with At two o'clock, I attended another of the pasCalvin, yet on the points of the proper and supreme tors—a pleasing sermon, on the omniscience and deity of Christ, the propitiation of his death, the omnipresence of God; notluing contrary to sound fall of man, justification by faith, the influences doctrine-rather agreeable to it. Thus far, then, of the Holy Spirit, and good works as the fruit of have I gone in my sixteenth silent Sunday. My faith, I fully accorded with him; and that the first dear family arrived, as I hope, at Dijon from Lyon, men in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, last night; there I shall rejoice to meet them on and all the English clergy (twelve thousand or Tuesday, that we may proceed on to Paris tomore in number,) agreed with me in the main as gether, and return to dear, dear England. to these doctrines, though many would, undoubt Sunday evening, 10 o'clock.— I have spent a edly, differ from me as to the particular manner most delightful evening at one of the professors' of preaching and applying them. He received all of the University. We had family devotion. I said with perfect good temper.
During the course of it arrived a French ProtestI have not time to-night (for it is half-past ten) ant minister, from the Cevennes Mountains, in to tell you of several other interviews; I will the department of the Garde, remarkable as the only say, I sat an hour in the evening with my retreat of the Protestants in the end of the sevenfriend from Hamburgh, who delighted me with an teenth and the beginning of the eighteenth cenaccount of the revival of religion at that placeman tury, during the persecution of Louis XIV. Our impression made in the town—numbers coverted host, when he had ended his own prayer, asked - several young
ministers raised up. My heart his new guest to pray, and then me; so that was rejoiced. The Gospel, wherever it is truly a minister of the Swiss, French, and English preached, is still the power of God to salvation." churches, prayed in succession. I trust it was Let us pray more fervently for the attendant grace truly in the spirit of what our creed calls, “ The of the Holy Spirit, and ministers will not be want- communion of saints." We had then an hour, ing to preach, nor congregations to hear and re- and a half of most edifying conversation-quite ceive this blessed revelation of mercy.
delightful. The French minister complained loudSunday afternoon, three o'clock, Oct. 5.- I went ly of the indiscretion of friends in England, in adthis mornimg at ten, to hear a celebrated preacher dressing, a few years ago, circular letters to the of this town. I was grieved. Talent mis-employ- Protestant ministers of La Garde, to inquire ed, zeal wasted, arguments false or insufficient whether they were persecuted, &c. The Préfet all fundamentally wrong. A sermon on affliction, of his department was extremely angry, and askleaving out almost all the main topics, and grossly ed, what the English would have said if French mistaking others. The church was full-congre- priests had sent circular letters to the Catholics gation attentive_delivery good-matter ably ar- of Ireland, with similar inquiries ? ranged—all right, except the entire doctrine of He told me a circumstance that is very
inte. the discourse. This was far more deficiently and resting: at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, erroneously treated than in the Catholic sermons in 1685, when Louis XIV persecuted the Protestat Martigny and Lyon. A Socinian might have ants of the Cevennes with his Dragonnades, he preached it. After the sermon, I had a conference pulled down their churches to build forts : and with a pious, amiable, aged minister, who mourns now within a few years, (since Bonaparte gave over the state of religion here, and prays and hopes liberty to the Protestants) some of these forts for a gradual improvement in the body of pastors. have been destroyed, in return, to build churches. He tells me, that ription to the Helvetic con- Surely a retributive Providence rules the world
and is at times visibly apparent; persecution, mental, yet it is confessedly found in the Holy especially, seems to be visited and avenged by the Scriptures, and is avowed and expounded in most righteous dispensations of the Most High. This of the Protestant confessions. The Seventeenth French minister from the sequestered mountains Article of the English church is expressly on this of Cevennes charmed me-such piety, talent, viva- topic. As to the other three prohibited doctrines; city, simplicity, joined with an original creative I would ask, What is the great mystery of godligenius, that he quite arrested me. He has left ness, but “God manifest in the flesh ?" What that same sort of powerful impression on my mind, the great proclamation of the Gospel itself, but which my dear friends, the French minister at that "God is in Christ, reconciling the world unto Franckfort, and M. Wyttenbach at Bern, in dif- himself?” What the great charge brought against ferent ways, did. But I must absolutely close the human race, but that “all have sinned and the coach starts at half-past four in the morning. come short of the glory of God," that "by one Adieu.
man sin entered into the world," that we “are Monday morning, half-past four.-At Geneva all by nature children of wrath,” and that it is still, just going off for Dijon. Farewel Switzer. “God that worketh in us to will and to do of his land! Morning cold, dark, and miserable. good pleasure ?" What is the main summary of Yours affectionately, the whole scheme of revelation, but that “ by
grace are ye saved through faith ; and that not
of yourselves : it is the gift of God, not of works, NOTICE ON THE REGLEMENT OF GENEVA. lest any man should boast; for ye are his work.
manship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, This Règlement of the church of Geneva, which God hath before ordained that ye should which was issued in may 1817, and which prohi- walk in them ?" And what was the chief glory bits the clergy from inculcating fully and explicitly of the Reformation, but to have brought again the divinity of Christ, original sin, grace, and pre- these truths to light, and made them the subjects destination, is one of the most afflictive circum- of public instruction ? stances which has occurred in any Protestant It is true, disputes and controversies have, church since the reformation. The open perse through the infirmity of man, arisen in various cution at Lausanne I have already ventured to ages, on questions connected with these sublime notice with the indignation which I conceive it mysteries. But are there not abundant remedies merits. There, however, the great articles of for such evils provided in the precepts and narraChristian truth are not directly attacked. The tives of the New Testament, and especially in the doctrine of the church remains untouched-the Epistles of St. Paul ? Was it ever imagined, that confession, the liturgy, the other formularies of the the remedy of such debates was the annihilation Reformation survive. The sword of intolerance of the whole Gospel itself? Did St. Paul, on acis, indeed, absurdly and wickedly drawn against count of the dissentions at Corinth, cease to preach those who infringe on the ecclesiastical discipline - Jesus Christ, and him crucified ?" When the of the canton. But the true faith may be preach- Galatians disputed so as even to “devour one aned without interruption within the pale of that other,” did he not the more solemnly inculcate establishment. No doctrines are there proscribed. the Gospel which he had first delivered! And But at Geneva, persecution is united with an open with regard to peace in the particular church of departure in the church itself, from the first prin- Geneva, did not the Règlement of June 1, 1725, ciples of the Gospel; the very foundations of Chris- as M. Simond acknowledges, require the moderatianity are dug up the wells of salvation corrupt- tor to charge those who are admitted into the saed and poisoned.
cred ministry “not to treat in the pulpit of any A labored apology for the Règlement has been curious and useless topics, which might disturb attempted by M. Simond, in his late acute and the peace of the church;" whilst he nevertheless able work on Switzerland. He does not, indeed, engaged them to “ maintain the doctrine of the scruple to regret that it was issued; but the main holy apostles and prophets, as it is contained in purport of his remarks is to show, that it was ne- the books of the Old and New Testament, of cessary to preserve the peace of the church, and which doctrine they had a summary in their Catethat the ministers of Geneva have done right in chism ?" Why was this formula, which was not prolonging fruitless debates after fourteen cen- stripped of its last clause in 1788, not restored, turies of contention.
as the most natural and authoritative expedient This apology is exactly agreeable to the indif- for preserving peace ? ference as to religious opinions, which is so fa M. Simond says, with a sort of triumph, that shionable in the present day. But the real ques- the ministers are only forbidden to preach on tion is, whether any body of ministers have a right these four proscribed topics controversially. But to alter, conceal, or check the full and fair deve were the excellent discourses of the Regent, in lopment of the great truths of revelation, on the 1818, on the fall of the faithful, and on the faith plea of preserving peace. Are not the doctrines which saves, controversial? Can any discourses of the deity and propitiation of the Son of God, of be more simple, more practical, more solid, more the lost and fallen condition of man, of the neces- affecting ?. Why then were the pulpits
' of Geneva sity of efficacious grace to the conversion of the closed against him? Or were the private instrucheart from sin to holiness, and of the ascription of tions he gave the children of his class polemical, all we receive and hope for to the mercy of God, or contrary to the peace of the church? Why the very sum and substance of the Christian reli. then was he dismissed arbitrarily from his office, gion? And though the doctrine of the divine will and cast with his wife and children upon the wide in predestination be not a tenet equally funda. I world?
M. Simond draws an extravagant portrait of tors. The doctrines of her once celebrated unithe sentiments which he is pleased to denominate versity are preached at Paris and Lyon, at Brussels methodistical, as maintained at Geneva. It is and Hamburgh, at London and St. Petersburgh. not my province to defend every particular senti- Let us pray, then, that divine truth may again ment or proceeding into which pious persons, un- revive amongst her ministers, pastors, and proder an unjust and intolerant inquisition, may have fessors. Voltaire and Rousseau have passed away. fallen. Nothing can be more unfair than to lay The mischievous and poisonous influence of their hold on the mistakes or infirmities of those who writings is rapidly diminishing. They live no lonare the objects of persecution, as a palliation of ger to feed a prurient curiosity with a succession such persecution itself
. Supposing these errors of impious and licentious productions. Let us to be tenfold greater than they have been alleged hope, then, that sound learning and sound theology to be by their bitterest enemies, no reasonable may gradually revive. Surely the pastors of Geman can doubt that the pious Regent above re- neva must hear sometimes of the grief and conferred to, and the other students at Geneva, were sternation which fill Protestant Europe at their silenced and deprived of their rights, not on ac- fall. Surely they must feel the cutting reproaches count of those indiscretions, but because they held of Roman Catholics, and even of infidels, on their the doctrines of Farell, and Viret, and Calvin, and inconsistent and unmanly conduct as professors of Beza, and all the Reformers on the fundamental the religion of Christ.* Surely they must observe tenets of the glorious Gospel ; because they be in the incipient dissenting bodies springing up in lieved and professed the mystery of the eternal the bosom of their republic, and will probably inTrinity, the divinity and atonement of the Son of crease till the true doctrine is again preached in God, the fall and corruption of man, and his inca- the churches, that neither peace nor unity can be pacity for any thing spiritually good without the attained on their present plan. Surely that part operation of divine grace; and the ascription of at least of the ministers and students whose presalvation from first to last to the undeserved mer- judices are less fixed, must see, in the daily accy of God in Christ Jesus—those mysteries within counts of the progress of religion in every part of which all the truth, and holiness, and consolation the world by the name of the Lord Jesus, that of genuine Christianity lie, and which, when they there is a reality in the Gospel, a power, an efficaare excluded, no single instance can be produced cy from on high, which attends the humble preachof any real progress made in Christian piety and ing of the doctrines of gråce, to which no other virtue.
scheme of religion can pretend. But M. Simond enumerates, with much com May the time be hastened, when Geneva, havplacency, the doctrines which the ministers of ing“ repented and done her first works,” shall Geneva are still allowed to preach—the provi- again resume her rank amongst the Reformed dence of God, the resurrection of the dead, the churches, and become once more the favorite unilast judgment, the necessity of a divine revelation, versity of continental Europe! The small num&c. &c.; and concludes by assuring us, that it is ber of her pastors (about thirty or forty) may the chef-d'euvre of theology to make revealed make a return comparatively easy. Already some agree with natural religion-the very Deism this, favorable appearances present themselves. I had colored over with Christianity, which marks the the pleasure of seeing myself several pastors who fatal fall which I am deploring in the church of were imbued with the genuine love of a crucified Geneva. For what are these doctrines, if sepa- Saviour, and I heard of others who still “ hold the rated from the great sacrifice of an Incarnate Sa- HEAD.". In the meantime, let it be the care of viour, and the efficacious operations of the Eternal those who are “suffering for righteousness' sake" Spirit, but a mockery of man's misery? Where to walk circumspectly, to study the meek and pas is pardon, where adoption, where peace of con- sive character of the primitive Christians when science, where regeneration and conversion, under persecution, to imbibe the eminent spirit of where holy love to a dying and glorified Saviour, wisdom and humility which adorned the Reformers where the influences of grace, where the springs of the Swiss churches, and which was more reof obedience and mortification of sin, which are markable than even their fortitude or zeal; and, all necessary in order to meet with comfort this above all, to take heed to THE DOCTRINE” which awful resurrection and the judgment of the last they preach, that it be “ sound speech that cannot day? Better, far better that the delusive peace be condemned"—that they dwell chiefly on great of the Genevese church should be troubled, than and necessary truths—that they avoid matters of that all the souls committed to its care should perish in ignorance of the life-giving truths of sal- much truth, "People ask
the ministers of the church
* M. Simond quotes Rousseau as saying, with vation. Indeed real peace in a church can be of Geneva,'ir Jesus Christ is God. They dare not obtained by no such methods. The way to that reply. A philosopher casts a rapid look on them. great blessing is, by the humble, faithful preach. He penetrates them, he sees them to be Arians, so ing of the Gospel in all its fulness, as it was de- cinians, Deists; he says this, with the idea of doing livered to us by the apostles and evangelists, and them honor. Immediately they assemble in alarm re-asserted by the Reformers and Martyrs—then and terror, they discuss, they are agitated, they know would a meek and docile temper be framed, and not on what saint to call, and after a variety of conall the holy fruits of obedience cultivated, in those sultations, deliberations, conferences, all ends in an who received the grace of the Saviour ; and thus equivoque in which they neither say yes por no. O
Genevese, your ministers are truly singular persons; peace would flourish and abound. I speak the more warmly on this subject, be- do not believe! One knows not even what they pre
people know not what they believe, nor what they cause Geneva furnishes many of the Protestant tend to believe; their only manner of establishing churches in every part of Europe with young pas- I their faith is by attacking that of others.”
confessed difficulty or inferior moment, however After passing Nyon, we ascended the Dole scriptural, in their view, they may be or that, at mountain, the highest of the chain of the Jura; all events, they treat such points with the reserve five thousand eight hundred and fifty feet-insufwhich the Apostles constantly exhibit—and that ferably cold. We supped at St. Laurent; and, thus they "show themselves to be workmen that at half-past four this morning, we arrived at Poneed not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word ligny, having performed eighty-three miles in
twenty-four hours, i. e. not quite three miles and a half in the hour, The road across the Jura was surrounded with rude, magnificent scenery, and in
some places was sublime and beautiful. Snow lay LETTER XVII.
scattered here and there, and on the summit pretty
thickly. Posts are erected at short intervals, to Poligny, Oct. 7, 1823.-Paris, Oct. 11, 1823. mark its depth in the winter. One set of misera.
ble horses drew us forty-four miles, three stages. Nyon-Calvin and Fletcher-Catholic Lady-Con- The drivers managed this, by making them rest versation on Popery-Geneva-Prohibited Books while we supped, and whilst our luggage was
-Auxonne-Irish Catholics-Dijon- Miraculous searched, which was only three times in nine
is a town of eight thousand five hundred souls, on of the Pope-Bonaparte's Abdication Place of the river Doube, the Dubis of Cæsar, and formerly Madrid - Character of Bonaparte - Sens-St. the capital of Franche-compté; in a tract which, Bernard-Manners of people---Catholics receiv- from its fertility and beauty, has received the name ing Tracts-Arrival at Paris,
of the Val d'Amour. It contains some ruins of
a Roman amphitheatre and of two aqueducts. DÔLE, Department of the Jura, 110 miles I have two English gentlemen as my compa
from Geneva, about 2,522 miles from nions, who are very agreeable; and one Italian London by my route, Tuesday morning, lady, who speaks good French. She talks fast on October 7, 1823.
all sorts of subjects, and amongst other questions,
asked me this morning, if I was a Catholic. This MY DEAREST SISTER–So far have I come in led to a long conversation. The point I insisted this tiresome diligence. We left Geneva at half- upon was, that the church of Rome had gradually past four yesterday. The day soon broke out lost the simple and scriptural meaning of each beautifully. We drove along the lake to Nyon, separate part of the Christian religion, and had which I just named to you as I was first passing substituted for it a gross external sense, just suitto Geneva six weeks back. It is an agreeable ed to the ignorance and corruption of the human town, of eighteen hundred souls, supposed to be heart. Thus, for the spiritual invisible church, it the Roman Novodunum, about eleven miles from had substituted the outward church of Rome, and Geneva. Marble urns, inscriptions, and other for Christ its head, the Pope ; for feeding by faith antiquities are still found in its neighborhood. It on the body and blood of Christ, transubstantia. is endeared to Englishmen as having given birth tion; for repentance, penance; for contrition and to Fletcher of Madeley-a name connected with lowliness of heart, lacerations and pilgrimages; all that is pure and exalted in piety, and amiable for confession of sins before God, auricular confes. aud disinterested in benevolence; nothing, I think, sion to a priest ; for prayer to God from the heart, in modern times has equalled the habitual spirit- endless repetitions of paternosters; for reverence uality of mind, the holy and ardent love, the utter and honor to the Virgin Mary and the saints, reliabstraction from worldly things, the unaffected gious and, in fact, idolatrous worship; for secrets humility, the self-denying and tender compassion holy love to the Saviour, images and crucifixes; for souls, that distinguished this eminent minister. for reliance on the satisfaction and atonement of Had the great reformer of Geneva, two centuries Christ only, the sacrifice of the mass, prostrations, previous, united the lovely and seraphic qualities scourgings, lacerations, merits of saints, indulgenof Fletcher, with his own prodigious grasp of in- ces, purgatory, &c.; for the influence of the Holy tellect, the Reformation would have gained incal Spirit
, merit of congruity, a mere external and forculably. The sweetness and devotion of the one, mal routine of ceremonies, man's unassisted efjoined to the penetrating judgment and vast intel- forts, incense, lights ever burning, &c.; and so of lcct of the other, would have formed a character all the rest! of surpassing excellence.t But I have no time She confessed that in her heart she preferred to enlarge.
the Protestant religion, as the most pure and un
adorned; but that having been brought up a Ca• I am happy, truly happy, to be able to say, from tholic, she did not feel at liberty to change. I my last accounts from Switzerland, March, 1825, could make no impression on her. She said she that the spirit of persecution appears to be much de- had been once present at the Protestant service clining ai Geneva--that the pious regent above referred to is allowed to preach and exercise his mic at Paris, and was charmed with the simplicity of nistry in a separate meeting-house without molestation; and that some hope may be entertained of a tember 12th, 1729; and died August 14th, 1785.gradual approximation once more to the truth of the Calvin, whose name originally was Jean Chauvin, Gospel, on the part of the ministers and inhabitants or Cauvin, was a native of Picardy, but spent the of the city and canton.
greater part of his life at the celebrated city of + Mr. Fletcher's name was properly Jean Guil- Geneva. He was born July 1509, and died laume de la Flechere. ' He was born at Nyon, Sep-1 May 27, 1564.