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We pursued the winding course of a mountain caught the first view of the ruins, rain came on, stream, May 8, and had to ascend a considerable but not with violence. We applied for shelter to time before we could emerge from the detile we the superior of a small convent, but as he refused had entered. The scenery is grand, from the bold to take us in without the promise of an exorbitant scale on which it is formed, and the dashing and present, we proceeded to the temple, and tried to foaming of the stream added to the general inte accommodate ourselves as well as we were able rest. A bridge bestrides the waters near the in one of the best of the ruined apartments. place where the mountains are at their highest The origin of the celebrated temple of Baalbec elevation, and in the rocks near them are many is lost in obscurity, but it is attributed by the peoexcavations, in which the early Christians are said ple of the East to the genii under the direction of to have taken refuge in times of persecution. We Solomon. From modern writers it has received soon afterwards entered a valley, or slip of table a date in much later times, and is supposed by land, bounded on one side by Lebanon and on the them to have been erected about the reign of An. other by Hermon. Both ranges had snow upon toninus Pius, at which time the style here used them, and the mountains of the latter are high was prevalent. From the almost universal adoraand precipitate. I again heard the note of the tion of the god Baal, or Bel, in these countries, cuckoo, and the voice seemed to come from the the word is used in the composition of many of snow. This valley appears to have been the the names of places mentioned in the Scriptures. northern confine of the conquests of Joshua, as it One of these cities at least, Baal-hermon, was in is said that he took all that land.....even unto this neighborhood, and it has been supposed that Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon under mount the Birkath-Aven of the prophet Amos, chap. i. 5, Hermon." Josh. xi. 17.
refers to this identical city. The temple was dediWe passed several villages, but were not dis- cated to the sun, and by the Greeks was called posed to make many observations, as it continued Heliopolis. to rain during the whole of our progress through The ruins are surrounded by a moat. We first the valley. After travelling eight hours we ar- entered upon a court filled with large stones and rived at the village of Soorkiye, and again remain- broken columns. At one end, six columns are ed with an Arab family. Being mountaineers, the standing in a line, with part of their entablature, females were not ashamed to show their faces, but about 70 feet high, and each composed of three sat round the fire, and entered into conversation separate stones. The principal court is upwards without fear. My companion was dressed partly of 300 feet long, and is surrounded by an arcade, in European costume, and the dame of the house, with niches, recesses, and small apartments, all of who was as good tempered as we could wish, said elaborate sculpture. There is one temple nearly she had never before seen so extraordinary a perfect in its outer walls, that has been surrounded creature. They allowed us to watch them at their by a portico and columns. Many of the columns work. They were baking bread. The oven is are still standing, and the situation of all the others formed of mortar, in a conical form, open at the can be traced. They are of the Corinthian order, top, and the fire is kindled inside, according to the with an appropriate frieze, and the interior of the literal expression of Scripture, “cast into the roof of the portico has been ornamented with oven." The dough is worked by the hand into a heads in regular compartments, the features of thin cake, which is then thrown with a little vio- which might still be traced on a near approach. lence against the side of the oven, and allowed to The temple itself is roofless
, and the moulding and remain there until it is sufficiently baked. It is other ornaments of one side are entirely eaten called hubs, and when I had become accustomed away, probably from their exposure to the stronger to the taste, I preferred it to coarse bread. When breeze, but the other parts are in good preservanot otherwise engaged, they spin cotton, with a tion. It is nearly 200 feet long, and about 100 clumsy wheel, but on the same principle as our feet broad. The centre stone over the entrance own. "The men are employed out of doors. They has slipped from its place, and hangs apparently cultivate corn for bread, and barley for their horses. without any support, as if io threaten with instant They have also fruit-trees and vineyards. Being death the adventurous traveller who shall dare to Mussulmans, they make no wine of their grapes, enter this deserted sanctuary. It is ornamented but form them into a substance that much resem- with the figure of an eagle. "Near this is a buildbles honey, called dibs, which can be preserved a ing that bears marks of Saracenic origin, and was long time, and is excellent when taken with bread. perhaps built out of the ruins of the former erecI had with me an Indian coverlid, under which I tion. Some of the stones in the wall of the tem. slept, which attracted the attention of the old lady, ple are 58 feet long, and there is one at the quarand I had many hints that a few inches cut from ry not removed out of the place where it was cut it would be an acceptable present. We slept from the rock, upwards of 60 feet long, and said round the fire-place with the family, but the to weigh more than a thousand tons. younger females and children went to the house In the magnitude of these remains my expectaof a neighbor for the night.
tions were more than realized, but I was disapThe road continued, May 9, to exhibit much of pointed in the effect. It was the first ruin of Grethe same character as the day before, until we be- cian architecture I had ever visited, and having gan to ascend a mountain at the end of the plain. been accustomed from my earliest days to assoWe proceeded along the sides of elevated moun- ciate with this style all that is chaste and beautitains, gradually descending until we came, in about ful, I do confess that I expected the temple of five hours, to the great plain in which Baalbec is Baalbec would have excited in me greater enthusituated. We crossed two streams that appear siasm. I saw it in different lights, and from difat one time to have been deep rivers, and as we ferent situations, but the voice with which it spoke
to me was always the same. The moss and ivy than a child, and even shed tears if we did not do of the ruins in England give them an inexpressi- exactly as he required us. We were proceeding ble charm, the massiness of the Egyptian struc at little more than three miles an hour, the usual tures strikes the mind with awe, and even the pace, when he seized the bridle of my servant's caves and temples of India have something about horse, and would allow him to go no further.them that attracts and fixes the attention, but in We had a long altercation, in which we were aslooking at these immense stones and columns, the sisted by some persons who were passing at the feeling was one of melancholy alone, that Time time with fuel, and in a few minutes afterwards should have been so merciless in his devastations, the man struck up a merry tune, and during the without adding any of those telling touches that rest of the journey rendered us every possible in other places make us almost forgive him for his attention. deed. The simplicity of the Grecian architecture In nine hours we arrived at Zahala, romantiappears to me to be lost when exhibited in pro- cally situated in a glen, and surrounded on three portions so colossal.
sides by high mountains. It contains about 8000 At a little distance is a small circular temple, of inhabitants, nearly all of whom are Christians. the same order of architecture, once used by the 'There are several convents, the bells of which are Greek Christians as a place of worship. The town rung without fear. The bazar is much resorted itself is one mass of ruins, and there are very few to by the mountaineers. An old priest visited us, of the houses that are tenantable. There are and invited us to his convent, but we were too several mosques, one of which contains a great fatigued to accept his invitation. number of pillars and capitals, put together with We rose soon after midnight, May 11, and after out order or taste, and in the court are some pros- some delay in the bringing of the horses, we set trate columns of very beautiful granite. We had off on our journey by moon-light. For some hours intended from this place to visit the cedars of Le- we had one continued ascent. When we had banon, a few of which are still standing, of an im- proceeded some distance, the bell of a distant conmense size, but we were told that the road was vent sounded to matins, the effect of which was impassable from snow. The mountains towards extremely pleasing at such a time and in such a the west exhibited the coldest and most cheerless place. I walked å-head of the party for a little appearance I had seen for many years. None change, and turning down a wrong path, had a of the evil spirits visited us in our solitude, nor did good run over the rocks before I could rejoin my any robber think it right to make an attack upon companions. At the summit of the pass we were our little band. I had a large stone for my bed, surrounded by snow. We saw several caravans and lay down with the intention of rising in the on their way to and from Damascus. From one night, to enjoy by the light of the moon the power point we had a view of the sea, and after descendof our singularly awful situation, but I slept so ing some time, we passed on our right a very prelong and so soundly, that the dawn had already cipitate and romantic valley, with two villages in commenced before I was roused from my slumber. its bason. The earth was in some places red,
Early in the morning, May 10, three men, arm- and in others of varied colors. There were stunted ed, came to demand what they called the usual trees upon the hills, the slopes were of different acknowledgment from travellers. I refused to inclinations, the rocks were bold, and the moungive them any thing, saying that I had not yet tains of majestic elevation, and the whole presentdone it in the whole of my journey, and upon this ed a scene of peculiar grandeur. I have often they made many pretensions that they were the remarked how different are the feelings, when we governors of the place, amenable to no other look at mountain scenery from beneath, to what power, and not like the other chiefs I had seen. they are when we gaze upon the same objects As my young companion could speak Arabic well, from above. In the one case, we are awed into we asked them if they had ever heard the name reverence by the proud bearing of the everlasting of Ibrahim Pacha, and they then lowered their masses that seem as the old monarchs of creation: tone, and merely requested a small present. I in the other, we feel as if we were spirits of power still refused to comply with their wishes. They that wanted only some sudden impulse to enable swore by the holy prophet that we should not us to flee away in a moment to one of the many leave the place unless some present was given. resting-places beneath our feet. I was the only person unarmed, and expected they Lebanon is called in Scripture “a mountain would seize me, but I quietly mounted my horse, upon a mountain,” or a double mountain, and is diand when they saw that I was firm, they went vided into two ranges, distinguished by the names away, muttering curses as they went. We were of Libanus and Anti-libanus in the writings of the
rhaps among the first travellers who had dared ancient geographers. The valley between them to resist their demands: no thanks to our courage, is called Cælo-Syria, or Hollow-Syria. The eastbut to the vigor of Ibrahim's administration, who ern ridge extends from near Antioch to the plain of has declared that no European shall in this way Hauran, and as it approaches the latter place, it is be molested within the limits of his dominion. called Djebel Sheikh, which is the ancient Her
At some distance from the city we passed a The western ridge is less extensive, and tomb, built in the form of an octagon, with stones runs almost parallel with the coast. The summits and granite pillars brought from the temple, but of Lebanon are much higher than any other part in very rude style. We rode along an extensive of Syria, and as they may be seen from a great plain, about six or eiglit miles broad, extending as distance, they add much to the interest of every far as we could see. It is well cultivated, and extended prospect that is presented throughout the contains many small villages. We had much land. The basis of the mountain is limestone, trouble with our guide, who acted more foolishly and in several places, both at a little distance from
the sea and at a great elevation, I picked up many ing their foliage, crashing the branches that had impressions of shells of different species, formed in stood the storms of centuries, and with the utmost clay of a light color, relics of the antediluvian age. ease hurling the roots and trunks into the distant The sides present every variety of soil and cli- vale. But by Isaiah the mountain is compared mate, and some of the summits are said to be to one vast altar, and its countless trees are the always covered with snow.
pile of wood, and the cattle upon its thousand hills The inhabitants of Lebanon have among them the sacrifice; yet if a volcanic eruption were to representatives of many different tribes, but the burst forth from one of its summits, and in torrents most numerous and the most remarkable are the of liquid fire to enkindle the whole at once, ev Maronites and the Druses. There is much that is this mighty holocaust would be insufficient to exinteresting relative to both these people, but as I piate one single crime, and the sinner is told that was unable to gain any new information respect- Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the beasts ing them, from the rapidity of my passage through thereof for a burnt-offering.” The trees of Lebatheir country, I shall be brief in narrating their non are now comparatively few, and with them history. The Maronites are Christians, but we are gone the eagles and wild beasts to which they have no true account of their origin or conversion, afforded shelter, and it is of its former state, and and little authentic is known about the Maro, from not of its present degradation, that we are to think, whom they profess to derive their name. They in reading the glowing descriptions of the prohave a form of worship peculiar to themselves, but phets. “The glory of Lebanon shall come unto have acknowledged the supremacy of the Pope thee, the fir-tree, the pine-tree, and the box tosince the 12th century. They have sheikhs of gether, to beautify the place of my sanctuary, and their own, who are independent in the internal reI will make the place of my feet glorious." gulation of state affairs; but an annual tribute We halted about two hours at a khan, and has always been paid to the power in possession when near the foot of the mountain had a fine of Syria. The district they inhabit, called the view of the plain, town, and bay of Beirout. The Kesrouan, is only a few hours journey across, but road is in some places difficult, and in all unpleait supports a population of upwards of 100,000 sant, as the people throw into it the stones they col. souls. The Druses reside more towards the lect from the adjoining fields. It is singular that south, and were formerly included in the pachalic no attempt appears ever to have been made to of Acre. They derive their origin from Hakem, repair it, though it must have been constantly frethe third caliph of the Fatimite dynasty, who quented upwards of 3000 years. We had this mounted the throne of Egypt in the year 996. day been on our horses at least 14 hours, and I He gave himself out to be an emanation from the have seldom felt more fatigued. The sun had set Deity, and had many followers throughout the when we reached the gates of the mission-premiwhole of Egypt, Syria, and Arabia; but they are ses, and it was with feelings of sincere gratitude now exclusively confined to mount Lebanon. to Almighty God that I once more entered the They are divided into two parties. The rites of house of my American friends, as I had departed the first are secret, and are not to be divulged from it with some fears that my journey would be upon pain of death, but the other party is the more attended with difficulties, and that my life might nimerous. Their religion is a compound of Islam- be exposed to danger. ism and Christianity, partaking of both, and exactly agreeing with neither. The men have one wife, and are remarkable for their hospitality. At an early period the Holy Land was peopled
The first mention of Lebanon is in the prayer by the descendants of Canaan, who were separatof Moses, when he besought the Lord that he ed into distinct nations. It was divided by Moses might see “ that goodly mountain, and Lebanon.” into twelve tribes, and after the death of Solomon It was then inhabited by the Hivites. There is they composed two rival sovereignties. The kingfrequent reference to the fountains, wells, and dom of Israel, or the ten tribes, which had Sa. streams of Lebanon, as well as to its vines, flow- maria for its capital, fell in the year 721 B. C. ers, roots, fir-trees, box-trees, and cedars, and in The kingdom of Judah, which included also the one description of the latter-day glory, it is said tribe of Benjamin, and had Jerusalem for its capithat “the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon.” tal, was finally subdued by Nebuchadnezzar, in The allusions of the prophets appear very striking the year 588 B. C. From this period, Judea was to those acquainted with the circumstances of the subject in turn to the Chaldeans, Medians, Per. place. We learn from Hosea that Israel shall sians, and Greeks. The kings of Syria then obone day be as “the vine of Lebanon,” and its wine tained possession, till John Hyrcanus shook off is still the most esteemed of any in the Levant. their yoke, and it had a dynasty of native princes, What could better display the folly of the man who reigned amidst much opposition, until about who had forsaken his God, than the reference of the time of Christ, when it was subject to the Jeremiah to the “cold flowing waters” from the Romans. At this time it was divided into five ices of Lebanon, the bare mention of which must provinces, Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Perea, and have brought the most delightful associations to Idumea. Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus, A. D. the inhabitants of the parched plain? The 71. It was taken from the emperors of the east Psalmist declares that “the voice of the Lord by the Saracens in the 7th century, and from the breaketh the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh the Saracens by the crusaders in the 12th century. cedars of Lebanon;" and a more sublime specta- The Christian kingdom of Jerusalem existed about cle can scarcely be conceived than the thunder eighty years, and in 1187 Syria was conquered by rolling among these enormous masses, and the Saladin ; in 1317 it fell into the possession of the lightning playing among the lofty cedars, wither- Turks ; in 1831 it was taken from the Sultan by
Ibrahim Pacha, and is now subject to Egypt, man (and nearly all were of this occupation,) was which, however, is itself nominally under tribute his own; it had belonged to his family for cento the Sublime Porte. The whole of Syria is now turies; he was surrounded by the homesteads of included in one pachalic, the head of which is Da- his iminediate relatives; from father to son were mascus, and Jerusalem is governed by a moutsel- transmitted a thousand little traditions which conlim, an inferior chief. În all these changes, secrated every stone and stream, and made every every ancient place mentioned in these notices field and tree a part and parcel of his existence; has taken part, and this rapid historical sketch and all that affection treasured up in the memory must be considered as applicable to almost every was more or less connected with the sphere of town and city throughout the country.
his daily occupations which included as well the In the time of our Saviour the Holy Land was place of his birth, the spring at which he first in circumstances somewhat different to all that drank, the tree that produced the fruit of which preceded and to all that may follow. There was he first ate, the garden in which were cultivated à pause in the course of events between the pe- the flowers he first admired, the altar where he riod of prophecy and the period of accomplish- first held communion with the Lord, and the halment, which was the fulness of the prophetical lowed nook that was the burial-place of his fathers, time, and the beginning of the kingdom of God. and where he hoped that lis own grave would be The æra was come when the polity of the Jews dug when his form was to be again numbered was to receive a mighty disruption, in which the with the clods of the valley. But there are also tribes were to be blended into one undistinguisha- other associations besides those of birth and kinble mass, and the chosen of the Lord were to be- dred that the human mind has bee formed to
“an astonishment, a proverb, and a by- cherish with gladness, and there will still be a word, among all nations whither the Lord shall void felt in the heart where the exercise of these lead them.” The tribes were then separate, but is wanting, how sweet and lovely soever may be the people resided in what part they chose, and our proper home. When families have been lowere only required to resort to their own cities cated for ages in one particular place, and have on certain occasions connected with the affairs of little intercourse with the rest of their species, government. Thus Joseph, the carpenter, of the they become the slaves of habit, and are prejutribe of Judah, resided at Nazareth, in the tribe diced against all that is exterior to their own narof Zebulon, but resorted to Bethlehem to be en- row circle; change is considered as almost sinful; rolled at the general taxation.
and all that is noble in charity becomes selfish in The country promised to the posterity of the its tendency and circumscribed in its operation. patriarchs was to be “the glory of all lands,” “a The Israelites were happily preserved from these land flowing with milk and honey.". Under the unfavorable consequences by the forms of their sway of the Canaanites, amidst all their wicked- religion. The priest and Levite, and often the ness, it brought forth in such abundance, that the prophet, itinerated from village to village, and spies sent forward by Moses were constrained at thus kept up an intercourse between the different their return to say concerning it, “ It is a good families of the same tribe; and all the males were land which the Lord our God doth give us." In required to present themselves three times a year the time of David the population must have in the place of the Lord's presence, by which the amounted to several millions, as the men able to connection was kept up between tribe and tribe ; bear arms were numbered, at the lowest computa- and the news they then heard, the incidents they tion, and after an imperfect census, at 1,300,000. then met with, the few luxuries they then purIn the time of Jehoshaphat the men of war, in chased, would furnish them with subjects of Judah alone, amounted to 1,060,000. That there thought and conversation, until the period again was no exaggeration in these statements we may came round for their pilgrimage, which was exinfer from the writings of Josephus, whence we pected with equal impatience, though from differlearn that in his time the cities of the land were ent motives, by the old and young, the female and numerous and extensive, and that at one celebra- the male. We confine ourselves now to what tion of the passover, in the reign of Nero, there might be denominated the civil advantages of the were present at Jerusalem 2,700,000 persons.- people, as we should be called upon to essay to Individuals
the Jews were extremely rich, ourselves a far loftier mood, were we to speak of whilst the condition of all appears to have been their religion as a revelation from God, and as comfortable, as Nabal had 3000 sheep and 1000 providing a priesthood and an altar, which could goats, and David left towards the building of the promise to the transgressor that his sacrifice temple £21,600,000 in gold, besides some millions should make “an atonement for the sin he hath in silver. Such men as Boaz the Bethlehemite, committed, and it shall be forgiven him.” We may Araunah the Jebusite, and Naboth the Jezreelite, borrow the lyre of the Psalmist, and exclaim, were an honor to a nation, men worthy to stand - Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord, before the king.
and the people whom he hath chosen for his own Wise men have struck out from the regions of inheritance : happy is the people that is in such fancy Utopian commonwealths; but in grave and a case, yea, happy is that people whose God is authentic history we meet with no country so the Lord.” happy as the promised land in the more prosper In relative situation the Holy Land had many ous periods of its existence, and had the people advantages, as it was at no great distance from been faithful to the commands of the Lord their any of the kingdoms most celebrated in ancient God, there would have been realized amongst times, and yet not so neces
cessarily connected with them all that the imagination has fabled of the them as to make its position dangerous. It had golden age. I ne spot cultivated by the husband- enough of mountain, and stream, and lake, and
#2, to render it complete in its own resources. - 'and the apostles. There is no commerce, and It admitted of easy defence against invasion either the general occupation is the same; but even here by sea or land. Nor must it be forgotten, that its there are blanks that bring keen disappointment, position, almost in the centre of the three great as there is not a single fisher-boat upon the sea continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, was the of Galilee. The costumes have probably undermost desirable that could have been chosen when gone little alteration by the lapse of time; but the fulness of time was come, and the blessings from the associations arising from this source we of revelation and redemption were to be scattered derive little pleasure, as our painters and sculpamong all the dwellers upon earth.
tors have arrayed their sacred characters in Gre. The relative appearance of the country has cian garments, and it would be difficult for us now been most accurately described by Moses. “The to fancy them under any other form. In all other land, whither thou goest in to possess it, is not as respects, there is a sacredness connected with all the land of Egypt, from whence ye came out, we hear and all we see; there is a divinity that where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it stirs in every visible object; and the language of with thy foot, as a garden of herbs; but the land the poet assumes a power that is not equally apwhither ye go to possess it, is a land of hills and plicable to it in any other country of the world : valleys, and drinketh water of the rain of heaven." Deut. xi. 10, 11. The outline of the hills is bold, “ The meanest flower that blows, can give and the valleys are strictly plains, presenting few Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears." of the undulations that give so much beauty to the scenes nearer home. The valleys are composed The sight of a lily carries the mind to the mount of a deep rich soil, free from stones. The rocks of the beatitudes, the expectant people, the dis. are principally of gray limestone, and they con- ciples, and the preaching of him who taught as tributed greatly towards the sustenance of a large
one having authority;" the camels convey us to population, as they were terraced in all directions the times of the patriarchs; the vines remind us with embankments built up with loose stones, on
of one who has said, “I am the true vine," and which grew melons, cucumbers, and other of the precious blood of which its juice was chosen
creeping plants, as well as the vine, the fig, and the to be the sacramental emblem; the diminutive olive. In summer the heat is oppressive, more ants, as they move along in numerous armies, particularly in the plain of the Jordan, and in win- raise the thoughts to Solomon, the man of three ter the snow lies some days upon the ground, both thousand proverbs; the lamb speaks of the daily at Jerusalem and at places of much lower eleva- sacrifice, of the preaching of John, and of the tion, as the plain of Esdraelon.
There are no
meekness of the Redeemer, when led to the rivers worthy of the name besides the Jordan.— slaughter, and wounded for our transgressions : The towns are nearly all built upon the hills, and the eye can fix itself upon no spot that is not partly for defence, and partly for the more con- the talisman of thoughts too big for utterance. venient growth of the vegetables most used as
Near every village there are caves, and cisfood by the people. They are many of them terns, and sepulchres, cut in the rock, women walled, but none of them would be able to make grinding at the mill, oxen treading out the corn, a long defence against an European power. The groupes of females seated near the well, shepherds plains are open, not separated by hedges or walls. abiding in the field; the bottles of the people are The roads are carried through the corn-fields, made of leather; their beds are a simple mat or and it may frequently happen that in the sowing carpet, and even a child may take them up and of grain, different portions of the same handful walk; the grass is cast into the oven, people live may fall by the way-side, and upon stony places, in the tombs, there are lodges in the garden of and among thorns, and into good ground. There cucumbers, grass grows upon the tops of the is scarcely a single tree throughout the whole houses, and the inhabitants walk, and sleep, and land, except the fruit-trees cultivated near the meditate upon the roofs of their dwellings. These houses of the inhabitants. I did not visit the customs, and a multitude of others that might be tribes on the eastern side of the Jordan, though named, still cling to the homes where some of they are far less known to Europeans than the them have been practised near four thousand parts I have described : they have the pre-emi- years. There are the same fruits, flowers, trees, nence in the splendor of their scenery and in the birds, and animals ; and milk and honey are still interest of their ancient remains, but they are
a chief article of food among the people. It is much inferior in historical importance. The man alone that seems out of his place; all other mountains of the Ammonites and Amorites pre objects remind us of the Scriptures, and throw sent a singular character from the distant point at light upon some of its facts; we reverence the which I saw them, and reminded me of the sacred very pebbles : expression of mountains fleeing from the
presence “And all, save the spirit of man, is divine." of the Lord : they have a larger superficies of table land, without so much as one solitary peak, It would be wrong to argue the former capabiand appear as if trying to compress themselves lities of the Holy Land from its present appearwithin the smallest possible compass.
ance, as it is now under the curse of God, and its There is little in the present appearance of the general barrenness is in full accordance with propeople to put us in remembrance of those periods phetic denunciation. The Israelite in our street, of Scripture history that are most dear to us, as whose appearance was delineated with graphic the Bedouins can only represent the patriarchal precision by the legislator prophet, in the 15th age, though they do it to the life, and we look in century before Christ, is not a surer evidence of vain for some one to remind us of the prophets the inspiration of the holy volume, than the land