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entangled among the roots of the trees, and rose chosen for the purpose, as there must of necessity to the surface, but though he seized some over- have been a great number of persons constantly hanging branches with the grasp of a perishing passing from one region to the other, and the man, the current was too strong, and he was gradual slope of the bank, and the comparative again carried away by the stream. He was how- shallowness of the water, would render the exerever saved at some distance lower down, but the cise less dangerous than in places where the Greek was never seen after he first sunk. I was stream was rapid and the bank precipitous. It told that a Turk was also drowned at the same was near the same spot that the children of Israel place, but I did not witness the circumstance. It passed over the river, and thus the ark of the excited little attention among the people, and they covenant must have rested near the place where continued to enter the water with the same fear- Christ was baptized, who is received as “ the lessness as before.
mercy-seat," by which the children of the adopThe Jordan, though the principal river of Ca- tion now receive power to enter into the promised naan, is but an inconsiderable stream, at this land of the heavenly Canaan. The spot chosen place not more than 20 yards across, muddy, and by the Greeks is some miles to the southward o. very rapid. Its whole course is about 130 miles : the bank opposite Jericho. it rises about four miles north-east of Banias, From the Jordan we accompanied some English passes through the waters of Merom and the lake travellers to the Dead Sea, and were attended by of Tiberias, and discharges itself with great im- a guard of soldiers. The hills we passed have petuosity into the Dead Sea. The banks are much the same appearance as those in the valley about twelve feet above the water. On the east of the Nile, and are equally barren. As we apern side there is a lower bank in addition, covered proached the shore, all traces of vegetation began with reeds, willows, and oleanders, in which the to cease, and the last mile was over sand, upon wild beasts find a shelter in the dry season, but which were incrustations of salt. There was a are forced from their refuge at the swelling of the gloom over the sea, which continued during the river by the rains. The Jordan overflowed all whole of our stay in its neighborhood, and preits banks all the time of harvest, in the days of vented us from seeing more than four miles over Joshua, a circumstance which never occurs at its surface. It is bounded on the east and west present. I know it is said that the lower bank by mountains, and in this part, which is a kind o. alone is here meant by the sacred writer, but why bay, may be about twelve miles across. The beach then does he expressly say “ALL its banks ?" is covered with logs of wood, and other matters, There must therefore have been a greater quan- brought down by the Jordan, and as I observed tity of rain in former times than now, which ac- these only close to the water's edge, I should not counts for the apparent discrepancy between the have supposed, from inspection—though all trapresent state of the land, and the glowing descrip- vellers seem assured of the fact that it rises and tions of the prophets. The Israelites had many falls at certain seasons. There was a very gentle promises given unto them, that if they obeyed the ripple upon the surface, but not the slightest apcommandments of the Lord their God they should pearance of a wave dashing on the shore: its apreceive the rain in due season, and a scarcity of pearance may be best compared to an immense rain was to be the punishment of their disobe- sheet of ice when seen through a fog. It must dience. The plain of Jordan during the summer not be supposed that this stillness is constant, heats cannot be better described than in the pro- though Tacitus says “the wind raises no waves phecy of Moses : “The heaven that is over thy there,” as at the time it was visited by some friends liead shall be brass, and the earth that is under of mine, the waves were so high that they were thee shall be iron.” It was long doubted by what afraid to bathe. We observed almost close to the medium the waters of the Jordan were discharg- water a pile of large stones, that appear to have ed previously to the formation of the Salt Sea, been squared, and some have supposed that they but recent discoveries have led to the supposition once belonged to the cities of the plain. The fathat they were carried into the Red Sea through ble is exploded that no bird can fly over it, as we its eastern golf.
saw several skimming its surface with as much The place at which the pilgrims bathed is about apparent ease as in any other place, but we obfour miles from the mouth of the river, and the served no signs of fish, and I am inclined to the spot where they suppose that Christ was baptized belief that there are none in it. Upon the shore by John. It appears that after the temptation of were a number of shells, but this proves nothing, our Lord, John was baptizing “ in Bethabara, be- as have seen
same in all parts of Judea, and yond Jordan.”
The word Bethabara is said to they are probably brought down by the river or mean in Hebrew, “ the place of passing over,” washed from the mountains. It was now our turn and in Scripture there is frequent mention of a to bathe, and perhaps there might be in our minds common ford or ferry, by which, in times very something of the same feeling as that for which distant from each other, the people were accus- a little time before we had been accusing the piltomed to pass to the opposite bank. This ford grims. The water was so buoyant that, in swimwas "right against Jericho.” The exact place of ming, we had great difficulty to keep our legs our Lord's baptism is not stated in the New Tes- under it, and I had to hold my head back like a tament; but as some of the circumstances men- sphinx, in order to breathe. It was so dense, that tioned by the other evangelists as immediately we could not swim to any distance without using previous to the baptism, are said by John to have great exertion. We could remain in the water taken place at Bethabara, we may safely conclude without the least motion, and did not sink. I that it was at this place the sacred site was re- could not dive, though more expert swimmers ceived by Christ. The situation was admirably might perhaps succeed. The taste is most nau
seous, and in places where my skin was exco- On the N. W. of Jericho there is a high mounriated by exposure to the sun, the smart was ex- tain, very precipitate, from the summit of which it cessive. The skin had an uncomfortable sensa- is said that Satan showed our Lord the kingdoms tion for several days after, and it required an im- of the world at the temptation. The ruins of a mensity of soap and water to free us from the par. convent are seen at the top, and in the sides are ticles we had imbibed. The water is clear, and many ranges of caves, one above the other, now it is said to contain one-fourth of its weight of inhabited by Bedouins, some of whom came out, salts. The surface is said by Josephus to change and said they would allow us to approach, on the its appearance three times every day, according promise of a present. I went part of the way to the direction of the sun's rays. He speaks also wards them, but as no one would follow me, there of there being ships upon it, which shows that its was no alternative but to return. consuming power is not so great as some have There are the remains of a khan and castle at imagined. In 1818, some English travellers made the foot of the hill. It is thought by many that the circuit of the sea, and by their account, it is the ancient Jericho stood in this direction ; indeed, not more than thirty miles in length:
the conjecture is highly probable, as Josephus says, I have visited many scenes of desolation, but " It stands in a plain, but a naked and barren this surpasses them all; yet this very spot, we mountain of very great length hangs over it.”are assured by Scripture, was once was the gar- There are several large tumuli. Near one of den of the Lord, like the land of Egypt." The them is a fine fountain of water, which there can sea is called in sacred writ, the Salt Sea, the Sea be little doubt is the same that Elisha purified, at of the Plain, and the East Sea. It occupies what the request of the sons of the prophets. Josephus was formerly the vailey of Siddim, in which stood says of this fountain, that "it arises near the old the five cities of the plain, Sodom, Gomorrah, Ad-city.” A tree spreads its branches over the wamah, Zeboim, and Bala. These guilty cities were ter, and it contains some small fishes. The stream utterly destroyed by the righteous vengeance of irrigates several acres of land, that produce doura the Lord, and their very sites have been hid from and other kinds of grain, and appear from their the face of heaven by waters that are alone among richness like an Oasis in the desert. It has forall the waters of the world. The awful prophecy merly been carried to considerable distances by of Moses must needs, when considered amid the aqueducts, of which there are still many remains, scene that here presents itself, bring fear to the and over a ravine near the camp is one of nine mind of the sinner, and conviction to that of the arches, that might still be used. The thorn is skeptic. “The stranger that shall come from a abundant, and atfords shelter for many small birds. far land shall say, when they see the plagues of We slept at night as before. Our servant having that land, and the sicknesses, which the Lord hath accidentally set fire to the dry grass, the flame lain upon it, and that the whole land thereof is spread several miles, and produced a fine effect. brimsione, and salt, and burning, that it is not The camp broke up about midnight to return sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth there- to Jerusalem. The few torches tended only to on, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, dazzle our sight, and render darkness visible. The Admah, and Zeboim, which the Lord overthrew road was dangerous by day, and to pass it in the in his anger and in his wrath; even all nations night seemed to be an absolute impossibility. I shall say, Wherefore hath the Lord done thus unto was afraid that the people would hurry forward, the land? What meaneth the heat of this great and not seeing what was before them, would preanger? Then men shall say, Because they have cipitate one another into the deep ravines. This forsaken the covenant of the Lord God of their was happily prevented by the narrowness of the fathers.” Deut. xxv. 22, 25. The Israelites re- road at the entrance, for as only one person could fused to listen to the warning voice, and the pro- pass at a time, the crowd was kept back, and as phecy has been fulfilled in the utmost force of its we were among the first, it was no hinderance to terrible import. “It is a fearful thing to fall into us, and the road was afterwards comparatively the hands of the living God.”
free. There was another stream of people that The guard hurred us away from the sea, as proceeded by a different range of hills, but we they pretended to be afraid of the Bedouins. We could hear their shouts, and see their torches returned by a different route. The surface of the across the dark valley between us. The Bedouins ground is a mere incrustation, and as the feet of had lighted a fire near the khan of the good Sa. our horses went through it, they were in constant maritan, round which many of them were sitting danger of a fall. There is a low shrub very com- upon parts of the ruins. When we approached, mon, much resembling thyme, with a beautiful as fuel was heaped on, and the flame rose for a small flower. It was not my good fortune to meet moment, we could trace their forms; and as we with any of the far-famed apples of Sodom, nor saw them in their wildness, with their firelocks in with any thing that I could suppose had given their hands, and the knives in their girdles reflectrise to the account. Nearer the camp the ground ing the flashes of the fire, we could not but feel is marked in a most singular manner by the ants, thankful that their obedience was secured. I was 80 as to resemble the lines and circles drawn in not sorry when daylight began to appear. plans of fortification. The pilgrims were all in The view of Bethany was pleasing, the sides of quietness by the time we joined them. I was de. the hill upon which it is situated being cultivated lighted, whilst reclining under the shade of a thorn in terraces. We went a little way from the road bush, to hear the voice of the cuckoo, after an in- to visit the tomb of Lazarus, a cave, and descended terval of years : it brought home-scenes very to it by twenty-five steps. The houses of Lazarus powerfully to my remembrance.
and Mary Magdalene are also shown. The idenTowards evening we took a walk upon the plain. I tity of those places may he fabulous, but it is no
fable that Jesus here wept, and that he is still The neighborhood of Bethlehem produces the moved with the same sympathy, mercy, and affec- olive and fig, in comparative abundance, with the tion. " For we have not an high-priest which trees planted in terraces. The situation of the cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmi- place would be agreeable, if the country over ties; but was in all points tempted like as we are, which it looks were brought under cultivation, or yet without sin. Let us, therefore, come boldly planted with trees. The valley around it is not unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain large, nor is the hill elevated upon which it stands, niercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” as it is in " the hill country," and the summits of Heb. iv. 15, 16. The village is now inconsidera- many other hills are seen from it, at nearly the ble, but the situation is most agreeable. The same elevation. view of Jerusalem, with which we were soon after. The interesting transactions related with so wards presented, was more imposing than usual, much simplicity in the book of Ruth, took place in as the rising sun was shining with great brilliancy this neighborhood. It was in the gate of Bethleupon the walls, domes, and minarets. The hills hem that Boaz sat, when his kinsman came by, were again covered with females to witness the unto whom he said, " Ho such a one, turn aside, return of the pilgrims ; but we turned off near sit down here: and he turned aside and sat down;" Siloam to avoid the confusion, and entered the city and then before ten men, elders of the city, he through the gate of Zion.
redeemed the possession of Naomi, and received with it the hand of Ruth, the affectionate Moabitess, who had said unto her mother-in-law, " Thy
people shall be my people, and thy God, my God." BETHLEHEM.
The sweet singer of Israel upon these hills tended
his flocks, and here have been heard the soft tones I AND my servant rode over to Bethlehem, April of his harp, and the glad breathings of his voice, as 20, a distance of about six miles. It was with he called upon all creation to praise the name of some difficulty that I made my way through the the Lord. It was in one of these valleys that the gate of the city, as the avenue leading to it was glory of the Lord appeared unto the shepherds by crowded by the horses and camels of the pilgrims, night, when they heard the rapturous music of the who were detained by the soldiers until their pass- heavenly host, as they ushered in the Saviour's ports could be examined. A Turk took hold of birth with a song, the appropriate burden of which my horse's bridle, and did all he could to assist me, was glory, and peace, and good-will. In all these perhaps with the expectation of receiving a pre- coasts mothers have wept over their murdered sent for his services. We crossed over the upper infants, refusing to be comforted, when the sword part of the valley of Gihon, and having ascended of Herod was red with blood, and every stain was the opposite hill by a rocky path, found ourselves from the blood of innocence. It is almost imposupon a cultivated plain, which extends about four sible to visit these scenes without referring back miles, and is the only pleasant portion of road I to the period when they afforded materials for had seen near Jerusalem, all the other paths being some of the most beautiful compositions ever writeither situated on a declivity, or obstructed by ten by man, even when under divine inspiration. rocks, or covered with Inose stones. There are The heavens, as before, declare the glory of God, many erections in the plain, well built, with large and the firmament, in characters as clear as ever, stones, some of them having ornamented windows: showeth his handy work; but it would be like a they might pass for watch-towers, or castles; but mockery of mirth to call upon these barren hills, I was told that they are all tombs. There are or desolate valleys, or deserted streams, now to others of a similar description in the plain on the rejoice, for if it were in their power to take to north of the city, but they are more ruinous. At themselves words and reply, they would answer, the convent of Mar Elias, near which the cultiva- “ How shall we sing the Lord's song under the tion ceases, there is a well of most excellent water, rule of the heathen oppressor?" The poetry of and the road then passes over surfaces of rock. the land has gone, but the voice of instruction has The mountains of Moab were seen upon our left, taken its place, and seems to say to the Christian, and between them and us the gloom indicated the in whose heart the Redeemer of Bethlehem again near position of the Dead Sea, but I could not tabernacles in mercy, · Let him that most assurfrom any part perceive its surface. We passed edly standeth, take heed lest he fall.” With these what is called the tomb of Rachael, which may events to reflect upon, I wanted no guide to excite possibly be the place of her interment, but the my smile, or perhaps my indignation, by some building is modern. There is a conical hill in the story as probable as a fairy tale; though even with direction of the sea, which is supposed by some these tales there is connected a melancholy intertravellers to have been a volcano, and the instru- est, from their having been repeated for ages, and ment by which the cities of the plain were des- believed by many thousands of deceived pilgrims troyed; but a friend of mine, who visited it, as- with as much confidence as the written word. sured me that there is no appearance of a crater The town is situated upon the summit of a hill, near it, and that on its summit there is a very stretching from east to west, and may contain ancient ruin. It may be the Massada of Josephus, about twelve hundred inhabitants, a good proporsituated on a steep rock, which was fortified by tion of whom are Christians. The convent built Jonathan, the Asmonean, and rendered impregna- over the supposed birth-place of our Lord is the ble by Herod. It was taken possession of by a most conspicuous object in the view, and with its noted band of assassins, and when they in their strong walls and massy buttresses appears to be turn were besieged, they slew each other by lot, little in accordance with the peaceable fruit of and the last survivor set fire to the castle. righteousness,” intended to be the consequence of
the Messiah's advent. I visited it with little inter- the cave of Macpelah, and other places of interest. est, having no faith in its pretensions. The low It is said by a recent traveller, that the water entrance-door opens upon an extensive church, the ascends in the water-courses of Solomon, though body of which is ornamented by two rows of Corin- it has been supposed that the principle in hydrauthian pillars on each side, ten in each row, and some lics by which fluids find their own level, was unof them have figures of saints painted upon the shaft. known to the ancients. From Bethlehem to BeerThe roof and walls are plain, and the edifice does sheba, the southern extremity of the promised not appear to be used at present for religious pur- land, is a distance of about thirty-four miles. poses. I was taken through a passage narrow and dark, I suppose for the sake of effect, and thence was ushered into a cave, illuminated with many lamps, the walls of which were hung with pictures,
GERIZIM.-SHECHEM. and the floor was paved with marble. The place of the birth of our Saviour is marked by an altar, We prepared for our departure from Jerusalem, under which is the inscription—" Hic de Virgine April 23, and bade farewell to the superior of the Maria Jesus Christus natus est;” and a few paces convent, after settling all demands. We went from it, cut out of the rock, is the manger in which first to the Damascus gate, as being the most the holy child Jesus was laid. The exact spot convenient, but were informed by the sentry that where the star stood to point out the place to the he could allow no one to pass, as he had received wise men from the east, is now occupied by a re-orders to that effect from the governor. We told presentation of the luminary, but it is not his star. him that we were English travellers, and the orThere are separate churches for the Latins, der had reference only to the pilgrims. “I Greeks, and Armenians ; the first is the most not help it,” said he, “ the English are not God.” splendid. I was shown the cave in which Jerome There being no remedy, we retraced our steps made the translation of the Scriptures into Latin, with some reluctarce, and made towards the Jatta known by the name of the Vulgate, and also that gate, which we were allowed to pass without a into which the bodies of the infants were thrown single inquiry. We crossed the bed of Kedron after the massacre, and different other tombs and on the north-eastern side of the plain, and had a sacred places ; but it was well that I was careless fine view of the city from an eminence, which has, about their history, as the old Arab who accom- in some respects, an advantage over that from panied me was not one of the most intelligent of mount Olivet. The bare aspect of the city is reguides.
lieved by the appearance of the hills, which, from The superior of the convent was at first a little the position we occupied, are a prominent object distant, as I had put on a coarse Arab dress that in the back ground, whilst the cupolas of the I might not attract attention, but he soon relaxed houses, the minarets of the mosques, and the forhis features into pleasantness, and ordered an ex- tified towers, were seen in a light more favorable cellent breakfast to be provided for me in the re- to effect; but although the city, as seen from this fectory, though it was a fast-day, consisting of place, presented a more perfect picture for the fried eggs, cheese, boiled beans, omelet, salad, and painter's hand—the poet, and I may say, the wine. I purchased a few of the curiosities made Christian too, will love to look upon it from a here in mother-of-pearl, brought from the Red Sea, situation where the different events connected and from the sale of which the people of the place with its history strike the mind with greater derive their principal support. They chiefly con- power, from the ease which the sites where these sist of rosaries, crucifixes, and scallop shells, carved events have taken place can be distinguished. I with devices from sacred history and the traditions here paused for a moment, and, turning my face of the saints. I was shocked to see many intended once more towards the holy place, bade it a long represontations of the Father, as the familiarity farewell
, probably for ever. “For my brethren with which the people are brought to regard these and companions' sake, I will now say, Peace be mysteries is too manifest in the levity with which within thee.” The road continued over slopes of they treat all sacred subjects. There was a school mountains, others of greater elevation being at a belonging to the convent, in which I was pleased little distance, formed in many parts of bare rock, to see about eighty boys learning to read and and in the cultivated patches covered with small write. In the valley there is a well, supposed by stones. We passed several villages. Towards Dr. E. D. Clarke, to be the same as that from evening we arrived at a pass between two mounwhich the three mighty men procured the water tains, the rocks on each side of which were high which David would not drink, but poured out and nearly perpendicular, yet some goats were before the Lord, because it was the blood of men fearlessly browsing on the verge of the abyss.that went in jeopardy of their lives; but the doc- We had from hence a view of a more romantic tor has been most unfortunate in nearly all his and better cultivated country than that through attempts to fix the localities of the Holy Land. which we had passed. We remained all night at The Bethlehemites are often at variance with the Ain Brood, and slept under an olive tree near the reigning power, which renders it impossible at well. The neighborhood does not enjoy a very tiines for travellers to visit the place, but they good reputation. Soon after it was dark, a man were then happily at peace with the men of Jeru- came towards us, under the pretence that he was salem, and we returned in safety. The country in search of some stray cows.
We were appreto the south of Bethlehem is well worthy of atten- hensive that, in reality, he had come to number tion, but it was in too disturbed a state to be our force, and see whether we were armed, but visited without danger. In this direction are the the angel of the covenant encamped about us, and pcols of Solomon, Hebron, the plain of Mamre, I we were safe. We had with us a German me
chanic, who had been in the employ of the pacha of the Jordan,—and when the men, women, chilof Egypt. He was now on his return home, and dren, and strangers, thinking on these things, with travelled in company with us that he might have one voice shouted Amen, the acclaim must have our protection. There is an appearance of indus- reverberated among the rocks around with true try about Ain Brood that is not common. The sublimity, and have swelled in majestic volume stones are all carefully gathered up from the towards heaven. The whole would form a fine ground, the vines are properly trained, and the scene for the pencil of Martin. gardens are protected by good walls. The site The hills are of equal height, about 600 feet, of BETHEL is not far distant, where Jacob saw the and are neither of them cultivated, but Gerizim vision of the angels, and Jeroboam set up the has the more pleasing appearance. From the top golden calves. The tribe of Benjamin extended of this mountain, Jotham addressed his fable of some miles further to the westward, eastward as the trees to the men of Shechem, when they made far as the Jordan, and southward as far as Jeru- Abimelech king. According to Josephus, the salem. In the time of the patriarchs these hills first temple erected here was by Manasseh, after probably belonged to the Jebusites.
the captivity: it was dedicated to the worship of We left the well about sunrise, April 24, and God in association with the worship of idols.the face of the country improved as we advanced.“
“ They feared the Lord, and served their own We passed many fertile valleys, with villages gods.". 2 Kings xvii
. 33. Upwards of 11,000 upon the hills. We had a steep descent to Khan Samaritans were here slain by Cerealis, comLebn, now a total ruin, and soon afterwards en- mander of the 5th Roman legion. tered upon a valley of greater extent, with the The ancient Shechem of the Old Testament, green corn moving in graceful waves from end to and Sychar of the New, stood near the site of the end when agitated by the gentle breeze. At noon present Nabloos, a corruption of Neapolis, in the we were upon an extensive bed of limestone, and same valley, under the northern side of Gerizim. the white ground reflected the rays of the sun so It may at present contain about 6,000 inhabitants : strongly as to render our eyes almost useless. soap is the principal manufacture, and cotton the Well wearied with our ride, after passing the re- principal product of the fields. The gardens by puted tomb of Joseph, we entered the pass that which it is surrounded had a richer appearance separates mount Gerizim from mount Ebal. It than any I had seen since leaving the valley of was here the affecting ceremony took place that the Nile. It was here that God first appeared to was commanded by Moses, carried into effect by Abraham after his entrance into Palestine, and Joshua, and never afterwards repeated. Six of " he huilded an alır unto the Lord, and called the tribes stood over against Gerizim to bless the upon the name of the Lord.” There are some people, and the other six upon Ebal to curse. It ancient sepulchres in the rocks of Ebal. Jacob would appear that the whole of the law was read bought here “a parcel of a field, where he had over by Joshua, and that the Levites spoke unto spread his tent," and erected an altar, and it was all the men of Israel with a loud voice the words the prince of this city who caused the destruction of the curse, to which the people answered, and of his people at the hands of Simeon and Levi, said, Amen. “And all Israel, and their elders, assisted probably by their own immediate serand officers, and their judges, stood on this side vants and friends, for the insult he had offered to the ark, and on that side before the priests the their sister Dinah. The bones of Joseph, which Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, the Lord, as well the stranger, as he that was were buried in the parcel of ground bought by his born among them; half of them over against father. Shechem was one of the cities of refuge. mount Gerizim, and half of them over against It was here that our Lord held the interesting mount Ebal; as Moses, the servant of the Lord, conversation with the woman of Samaria, in which had commanded before, that they should bless the this sublime truth was communicated to the world, people of Israel. And afterwards he read all the “God is a spirit: and they that worship him must words of the law, the blessings and the cursings, worship him in spirit and in truth.” John iv. 24. according to all that is written in the book of the There has been a great difference of opinion about law.”—Joskua vii. 33, 34; Deut. xxvii. 11. A the exact sites of all these places, and especially better situation could not be conceived for this about Jacob's well. Some of the wells are too purpose, as the hills are at such a distance from far from the city, others too near, and others not each ot!ier that the hosts of Israel might stand deep.” This is almost the only place I saw in between, and the voice from either side be heard Palestine where such a question could be enterdistinctly on a calm day throughout the whole as- tained, as a city thinks itself favored if it have one sembly. It must have been an imposing specta- good spring at a convenient distance, but here cle: the ark of the covenant in the centre, sur-there are several. A Jew informed us he had rounded by the elders, officers, and judges, with read in an old book that there are three hundred the venerable Joshua at their head, the banners springs near this place, which he regarded as a of the tribes marking their different positions as romance until a few winters ago, when there was appointed by God, which they were now to occu- a greater quantity of rain than usual, and springs py for the last time, and the millions of Israel ex- appeared in every direction. There is a well tending in firm phalanx as far as the eye could near the present road from Jerusalem, at the enreach: it must also be remembered that every trance of the valley, and nearly in the centre, the individual of that vast company had but a little situation of which answers better than that of any time before beheld the most striking wonders per- other to Jacob's well, but it is at present shallow, formed in their own behalf,—the falling down of and requires "nothing to draw with.” It has the walls of Jericho, and the dividing of the stream | been supposed by some high authorities that the