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oppression, as the pure descendants of the ancient penses of the war, proclaim that they are still dimiEgyptians do not at present amount to more than nished, and that their land is yet “the basest of the 200,000, at the highest computation. It is said kingdoms.” The Christian church is animated by the same prophet, “ It shall be the basest of in its efforts for the conversion of Egypt by the sure the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any prospect of a brighter day. There were dwellmore above the nations : for I will diminish them, ers in Egypt among the three thousand souls who that they shall rule no more over the nations.” gladly received the word at the first outpouring of Ezek. xxix. 15. It is also said, “There shall be the Spirit." In that day shall there be an altar no more a prince of the land of Egypt.” Ezek. to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and xxx. 13: and again, “The sceptre of Egypt shall a pillar at the border thereof unto the Lord..... depart away.” Zech. x. 11. The land of Egypt And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the rosa to great eminence at an early period; it Egyptians shall know the Lord in that day..... In ranks among the greatest of the nations, and in that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and some respects is to be placed at the head of all. with Assyria ; even a blessing in the midst of the She had no model that she could imitate, no foun- land : whom the Lord of hosts shall bless, saying, tain of knowledge previously flowing to which she Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work could resort, her polity was all her own. It is of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance."-because the records of her deeds are so scanty, Isaiah. xix. 1895. that she holds so inferior a place in the pages of the historian: she is obscure from the long vista of years through which alone we can examine her, and only appears diminutive because so dis
THE HOLY LAND. tant. Could we trace with minuteness the gradual rise of her kings to the full extent of their Thy country given to the Israelites by the ex. power, or the gradual progress of her arts to the press gift of God, is mentioned in the Scriptures erection of the pyramids and temples ; could we under different appellations, most of which are too relate the wars then waged by her warriors, or obvious in their origin to require explanation. the triumphis achieved by her men of science; The two names by which it is now most generally could we peruse the numbers of her poets, or liso known are both of very ancient usage. It is callten to the eloquence of her orators, or attend at ed “Palestina" by Moses, Ex. xv. 14, though the schools of her philosophers ; Greece would be this name, in strict propriety of speech, ought to robbed of many of its glories, and the majesty of be regarded as referring exclusively to the district imperial Rome would have a rival to dispute our inhabited by the Philistines. In the prophecy by homage. These distinctions have all passed Zechariah it is called “the Holy Land," chap. away, and it is most affecting to contrast its pre- ii. 12. It is situated in Asia, and nearly in the sent state with its ancient greatness: no nation so centre of the ancient world. It is bounded on the wise as this was once, ever became so base as north by Libanus and Anti-Libanus ; on the south this is now. The last prince of Egypt purely by the deserts of Arabia ; on the east by the denative was Psammeticus, who died B. c. 500 years: serts of Syria ; and on the west by the Mediter. and what is most remarkable, he was the next ranean sea. In size, it is less than England, bemonarch who ascended the throne after the utter- ing about 170 miles long, and 80 miles broad. It ance of the prediction by Ezekiel, if his accession has been calculated that it included about 26,000 was not indeed previous, as we do not know the square miles at the period of its greatest extent, exact year in which the prophecy was declared. a space sufficient for the support of several milThus there has been no native dynasty for the lions of men, if brought under proper cultivation. space of more than 2000 years. The land has The kingdom of David and Solomon extended far even been ruled by slaves, but still no native ever beyond the limits here named; but this was only dared to oppose their tyranny, and seat himself a “splendid parenthesis” in the historic page of upon the throne. It has been said that in the the Israelites. early ages the course of things shadowed forth the consequences that ensued, and that a wise foresight, taking advantage of these characteristic indices, ventured to foretell future events, and
BEIROUT. called its predictions the message of God. But we ask, what mind, however vast its capacity, or I LANDED at this place after a rough passago of quick its perception, could foresee that for so great three days from Alexandria, Mar. 25, and was a number of years there should be no native king received with great hospitality by the Rev. J. of a country over which a native monarchy had Bird, of the American Board of Missions. It is ruled with absolute power? a circumstance too an ancient city, and though not included within without a parallel among any other people in the the borders of the Holy Land, is supposed to be universe. No mind could have foreseen all this, referred to in Scripture ; but there is no other but one that was omniscient; the man who re- authority to identify it besides the similarity of vealed it must have been under the inspiration of sound in a name. The houses are better built Heaven, and the book in which it is contained than those of Egypt, in towns of the same impormust be the record of eternal truth. The victo- tance. The streets of all the Syrian cities are ries recently gained by Mahomet Ali form no ex- narrow, as they are surrounded by walls, and the ception to these conclusions, as the pacha is of inhabitants have been obliged to make the most foreign birth, and the groans of the Egyptians, in their power with the narrow compass by which robbed of their hard earnings to defray the ex-) they are limited. The pavement is of large ano
ven stones, and in the centre is a channel, which present engaged in a severe contest with the Rotakes away from the width of the streets, already man Catholics. The most hopeful of their contoo contracted, though it is conducive to cleanli- verts have been cut off by death, and one of them ness. The facing of the pier is almost entirely may be pronounced a martyr. They are obliged composed of ancient columns. The principal to proceed with great caution, from the extreme buildings are in ruins, but from the solidity of the jealousy of all the sects by whom they are surwalls, and the strength of the cement by which rounded. They have commenced a regular serthey are bound together
, it may yet be many vice in Arabic, at which the attendance is enyears before they fall into complete decay. The couraging. The beggars, who come for alms on use of the arch is so common that there is not a one particular morning of the week, are publicly single house that does not contain one in some addressed on the great truths of Christianity. shape or other : its intention is not, as with us, The mission-house seems to be considered almost the throwing of an extended span, but the saving as public property, as the people are permitted to of timber. Without the present walls, I traced enter it at their will, from the kind wish of its inthe foundations of an ancient street, with the chan- mates to conciliate them as far as possible, and nel in the centre, nearly perfect: there are also even the bed-rooms of the ladies are invaded with. many ancient cisterns, partly hewn out of the rock, out the least ceremony. with a small aperture at the top from whence to The usual mode of travelling is upon mules, draw the water. There are several inscriptions which were then so much in request for the use in the Greek character, but too much defaced to of the army, that it was with difficulty they could be read.
be procured. My servant, after much trouble, Berytus was celebrated under the Greek em- heard that there were some at a distance of three perors for the study of the law. It is sometimes hours, and having made a bargain with the mulecalled “the happy colony of Augustus." Herod, teer, I obtained, through the consul, a note from at this place, accused his two sons before an as the governor to free them from government duty; sembly of 150 judges. It must at that time have but when brought to the town they were instantly been a city of great importance, as it gave 1500 seized by the sentry at the gate, and we had great auxiliaries to Varus when he passed through it on difficulty in obtaining their release. I was ready his way to Jerusalem. A theatre was erected to commence my journey at sunrise, but in the here by Herod Agrippa, at the dedication of which night the animals had again been taken, and there 700 condemned malefactors were compelled to was another delay of nearly three hours, when fight to the death with an equal number of their they were once more returned, after which I had fellow prisoners.
no more annoyance. I travelled in company with The house of Mr. Bird commands an extensive the Rev. W. Thompson, of the American Board, view of the bay: the ships anchor in the winter who had recently arrived in the country, and the season at some distance, near the mouth of a Rev. J. Nicolaison, who has been stationed there small river. It is the principal port to Demascus; some years, and speaks fluently all the languages and if a passage to India could be accomplished required to be known. The mulberry trees ex. by the ancient route, it would soon rise to be a tend only a little way from the town, and we ther
. place of immense importance. There are a con- came to a desert of sand that is making encroach. siderable number of houses in the suburbs, that, ments upon the cultivation, and threatens in time appearing by themselves, each with its little gar- to overwhelm the city. On our left the ground den, present an idea of comfort and security that gradually declines for some distance, and on the is most rare in these unsettled lands. The prin- opposite side of the valley rises the first range of cipal occupation of the people appears to be the Lebanon. In the low ground olive trees are nu. production of silk, as the whole country is covered merous, and on the mountain's side are two smal with mulberry trees. The branches are cut down villages. The hills then approach nearer the sea, every year, leaving only the stem of the tree, and and are principally composed of bare rock, with the earth between them is dug in furrows, that patches of earth at intervals. We forded the the rain may be carried more equally to the roots. Radhir, or “the treacherous,” the bridge over The mountains of Lebanon are seen towards the which is broken down. There are stones near north, rising from the coast with great majesty, the road, that in many places bear evidence of in bold and extended masses. Their summits arrangement, as if there had at some period been were then covered with snow, a sight that afford- a paved way along the shore. After six hours is ed me the greater pleasure, as I had not for nine the village of Naba Yoonas, said to be the place years seen this grand spectacle of nature. It was where Jonah was thrown up by the fish. At a by the narrow pass between these mountains and little less than an hour from Sidon, we crossed the the sea that the first army of the crusaders enter- Owlah, over which there is a bridge and a khan ed the Holy Land, under Godfrey of Bouillon.- near it; the water turns a mill. From this place They afterwards proceeded along the same route to the town the country is occupied by mulberry to Jerusalem that was pursued by myself and my trees. The season was much later here than at companions.
Beirout, as the soil is of a colder description.The mission established here has recently re- The gates of all the towns in these countries are ceived a valuable reinforcement from America.— shut immediately after sunset, and I have seldom The missionaries were for a time obliged to flee watched its decline with greater anxiety than I from the country, owing to its dangerous and un- did this day. We were just in time to secure settled state during the war with Egypt; they an entrance, and had we been about a minute have now returned, with additional facilities for later, should have had to remain all night outside the promotion of the great cause. They are at the walls.
bered that I had been absent from Europe some
years. They had on the forehead an ornament This city, now called Saide, is supposed to have made of coins, something resembling the clasps been founded soon after the flood, by Sidon, the by which the helmets of the military are fastened. son of Canaan. So early as the time of Joshua The hair of some of the females is of a golden color, it is called “great Zidon.” It flourished during and appears as if it was dyed. There is a great many ages, and became one of the most extensive profusion of compliments among the people, pass. cities of ancient times. Its inhabitants are said ed with a gravity that to a stranger is quite amusto have been the inventors of crystal glass. “None ing. The servant, when he presented the coffee were skilled to hew timber like the Sidonians," and sherbet, repeated a form, and there was an and they assisted Solomon in his preparations for appropriate reply, and when we drank we had to the building of the temple. It is several times look at our host and nod, and stroke our breasts, mentioned by Homer. "The goddess of the Si- and give thanks. We visited the grave of Wirtidonians was Ashtoreth.
bet, an Armenian, one of the converts of the AmeThere is some approach towards magnificence rican mission, who died of cholera in September, in the distant view of the present city. It has a 1832, a man of great zeal, fervent piety, considercastle upon a rock in the sea, connected with the able talent, and valiant for the truth. The old main land by a bridge of several arches. There priest we saw in the morning came to our house, is another castle upon an eminence that commands and had some further conversation. He acknowthe town. The harbor is now of little use, and ledged that the priests of the country are like the had in it only one vessel. The streets are many Pharisees : they neither enter in themselves, nor of them more like courts, as the houses are built allow others. We had a visit from another priest, over them after the first story, and the wonder is, a Maronite, who complained that we have no pe. not that the plague sometimes effects an entrance, culiar dress : he said that he did not kiss my hand but that it is ever kept out. There is an aque- when he entered, as is the custom, because he duct of ancient construction from the river, in could not know that I was a minister. Several most places covered; and near the town the water persons meet together in the evenings, to read the rises into pillars, from whence it is conveyed to Scriptures, and the remarks they make give evithe different streets. The house we occupied has dence that their eyes are opening to receive the a cistern in the centre of the interior court, into light of heaven. The tracts that were distributed which a small stream is constantly running.- during our stay were received with great thankThere are also several public cisterns in the fulness. There were some Russians here, with a streets. Near the gate by which we entered, out- bishop, dissenters from the established church,who side the city, we observed a pavement of rude live by the labor of their own hands, but lay too mosaic, perhaps of some house or court; and co- much stress upon tradition. The eccentric lady lumns and other remains of ancient buildings are Hester Stanhope resides in this neighborhood. common. The coasts of Tyre and Sidon, though they formed part of the inheritance of Ashur, never appear to have been peopled or governed by the Israelites. In the reign of Solomon, the most pow
TYRE. erful of the monarchs of his race, Hiram, king of Tyre, was an independent prince. Our Lord vi- The road from Sidon to Tyre passes through a sited these coasts, and here it was that he healed rich valley, in many places more than a mile wide, the daughter of the woman of Canaan; but we do which requires only a little industry to render it not find that he ever entered into either of the extremely fertile ; and the glimpses with which cities. Sidon was visited by St. Paul, in one of we were favored into the interior, through the his journeys towards Jerusalem.
breaks in the chain of mountains, convinced us We remained here one day, as it was the Sab- that this valley is not alone in its fertility. Not bath. The place is said to contain 2000 Mahome- far from Sidon we saw a prostrate column, with a dans, as many Christians, and 200 Jews. The Latin inscription : my eye caught the names of Christians are nearly all of the Greek Catholic Septimus and Verus, as we passed, but I had not church. We visited some families upon the hills time to copy it. There are many towers along at a little distance from the town. Mr. N. had the coast, said to have been erected by the emcommenced the building of a house in this direc- press Helena, from Jerusalem to Constantinople, tion, but was ordered to desist by the emir of the that the finding of the true cross might be commumountains, at the instigation of the priests, until nicated by telegraph, with the least possible depermission was obtained from the pacha of Egypt, lay. We passed over a bridge, the arch of which before whom the case was then pending. The is composed of only one layer of stones. The site site commands a view of the town, sea, and the of SAREPTA is near, where Elijah dwelt with the valley on each side. Mr. N. had a long argument widow woman, blessing her barrel of meal that it with an Armenian, in whose heart, we trust, is did not waste, and her cruse of oil that it did not the beginning of good things. An old priest was fail, until the Lord restored plenty to the land. It present. The houses we entered were clean, with was the son of the same woman who was raised mats upon the floor, and one story. The roof from the dead by the instrumentality of the prois hung with dried fruits and herbs, and in one phet. We examined a number of cavities in the room I observed a clock, a common mirror, and sides of the hills, cut out of the rock with much the shelves were ornamented with bottles, glasses, care: they have each two or three little cells, and coarse earthenware. The children appeared scarcely so long as a man's body, with an arch to be remarkably pretty, but it must be remem- ) rising about three feet. We could not find any
inscriptions The rock is in some places embed- phers of Greece derived their most correet notions ded with small pieces of bone. Near them are of the attributes of God. The history of Tyre is evidently the remains of a considerable town, as more especially interesting to the Christian, from we saw columns, cisterns, and pieces of marble its connection with prophecy, and from the striking and glass. Eleven upright stones near the sea, eloquence with which inspiration has described the are said by a foolish tradition to have been as many majesty of its brighter days, and the impressive laborers, who blasphemed the Saviour when he circumstances of its destruction. It was also repassed the field in which they were at work, for ferred to by our Saviour, when he pronounced wo which they were immediately converted into stone, upon the inhabitants of Chorazin and Bethsaida, as a monument of the divine anger against them. because they had seen his mighty works and reIn the valley we observed several animals, rather pented not. Her merchants were princes, her traflarger than a gazelle : the dogs of the shepherds ficers the honorable of the earth. She heaped up drove the pretty creatures into the mountains, but silver as dust, and fine gold as the mire of the they were unable to come near them. This ani- streets. The boards of her ships were of the fire mal is probably the tzebi of Scripture, translated trees of Senir, her masts of the cedars of Lebanon, in our version, the roe. Some of the inspired al- her oars of the oaks of Bashan, her benches of the lusions to it, among which those in the Canticles ivory of Chittim, her sails of fine linen, broidered may be particularly noticed, are invested with a work from Egypt, and her awnings were of purple. great beauty to those who have seen it in its na. Her heart was lifted up, and she said, I am a god, tive freedom. The Kasmiye river, over which is I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas.a bridge, comes from near Baalbec, from whence Such is the description given in sacred writ of the it pursues its course between the two Lebanons. pride and magnificence of ancient Tyre. Now, in The khan near it is ancient, and is well situated. the language of the same authority, the noise of Some fine horses were grazing below, full of met- her songs is ceased, and the voice of her harps is tle and mischief.
no more heard : her walls are broken down, her We arrived at Tyre early, April 1, and took up pleasant houses are no more, she is made like the our abode at a Greek convent, but were miserably top of a rock, a place to spread nets upon : she is accommodated. The history of the city is most built no more. affecting, and it has been said with much force, The city consisted of two separate places, one that “the noble dust of Alexander, traced by the upon the continent, and the other upon an island ; imagination till found stopping a beer-barrel, would and the circumference of the whole is said by scarcely afford a stronger contrast of grandeur and Pliny to have extended 19 miles. Tyre upon the abasement than Tyre, at the period of being be- continent was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar 573 sieged by that conqueror, and the modern town of B. C., after a siege of 13 years, one of the longest reTsour erected on its ashes." It was probably a corded in history. The inhabitants then fled to colony of the Sidonians, as it is called “ the daugh- the island, about half a mile distant, and soon reter of Sidon.” From its present name appears to gained their former wealth and prosperity. The have been taken the general name of Syria. Its insular town was besieged by Alexander the Great, first inention is in Joshua, where it is called “the 3:32 B. c. To accomplish his designs he had to strong city Tyre.” At an early period it became make a mole from the continent to the island, the tlie inistress of the seas; traded even to Britain, career of his conquest was stayed, for the space of and planted colonies in different parts of the Medi. seven months his war-steed could only paw the terranean, among which Carthage became the ground in madness without power to pass onward, most celebrated. The costliness of the Tyrian and it was not before his army had had to suffer purple is well known. We have little insight into almost incredible toils that he effected an entrance i's private history, but in the prophecies that are into the place. It once more rose from the dust uttered agains: it a few things are said in its favor under the Grecian kings of Egypt, and was afterthat deserve our notice.-" Thou wert upon the wards invested by the Romans with the privileges holy mountain of God: thou hast walked up and of a city. It was more than once visited by Paul down in the midst of the stones of fire. Thou wert on his way to Jerusalem, and on one occasion “ he perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast tarried there seven days.” The shores had witcreated, till iniquity was found in thee.” From nessed many splendid spectacles, but none so beautheir proximity to the Israelites, the Tyrians must tiful as that which they presented upon his deparof necessity have had some knowledge of the one ture. “When we had accomplished those days, we true God; and it would appear from this declara- departed, and went our way; and the disciples all tion of the prophet, that for a time they reverenced brought us on our way, with wives and children, his laws, and walked according to the way of his till we were out of the city: and we kneeled down commandments. The mercy of God may thus be on the shore and prayed. And when we had taken seen in the state of commercial eminence to which our leave one of another, we took ship, and they this city and Sidon were raised. Their mariners returned home again.”—Acts xxi. 5, 6. It was a traded to all parts of the known world, their colo- metropolitan see at an early period, and possessed nies were extensively founded, and it is not impro- “a famous temple, builded with most gorgeous bable that by this means a knowledge of God was furniture,” erected by Paulinus. In praise of the often imparted to the heathen nations, and that by munificence of this prelate, Eusebius wrote “ a the beams thus carried from the fountain of divine solemn sermon,” which is yet extant. It was perlight, some semblance of the truth was preserved in haps at this period that the brighter predictions of lands that would otherwise have been for ages in the prophets received their accomplishment :the grossest darkness. It has been reasonably The daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift." supposed that it was from this source the philoso- --Psalın xlv. 12. “He that remaineth, even he,
shall be for our God.”—Zech. ix. 7. “Her mer- residence is the only respectable building. There chandize and her hire shall be holiness to the are many columns near the small harbor, and Lord.”—Isa. xxii. 18. The historian of Cæsarea others on the opposite side of the peninsula, but gives this delightful character of the church then there is no ruin of ancient date, the plan of which in existence: “Comely rites and ceremonies of can be traced. We saw in a garden a granite the church were celebrated; here, with psalmodies column of one block, that measured 30 feet in and other songs of praise delivered us from above; length, and the diameter was in proportion. The there, with divine and mystical ministry the secret eastern end of the cathedral is still standing. We pledges of the Lord's passion were solemnized; ascended to the top of the ruin by a spiral staircase, and withal, men and women of every age, with all and from thence had a view of the town. The the might that in them lay, with cheerful mind burial-ground is near. From this situation the and will
, in prayer and thanksgiving, honored God, houses had a singular appearance, as the roofs are the author of all goodness.” In the persecutions, all flat, and were then verdant with a rich covering many spirits fled triumphantly from Tyre to join of grass. Upon the plain there are the remains of “the noble army of martyrs. Under the crusa an extensive aqueduct. The mole appears like a ders, the first archbishop was an Englishman, mere collection of sand, but beneath there may be William of Tyre.
some construction of more enduring materials. The prophecies of Ezekiel are particularly de “Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is of finite :-“ Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I am ancient days? Who hath taken this counsel against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many na- against Tyre? The Lord of Hosts hath purposed tions to come up against thee, as the sea causeth it, to stain the pride of all glory, and to bring into his waves to come up: and they shall destroy the contempt all the honorable of the earth.”—Isa. walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers : 1 xxii. 7-9. The stirring scenes of a sea-port exhibit will also scrape her dust from her, and make her a picture of more constant excitement than can like the top of a rock : it shall be a place for the ever be presented by any other place. The arrispreading of nets in the midst of the sea; for I have val and discharge of ships ; the cries of the capspoken it, saith the Lord God.......I will make thee tains as they direct their ready mariners; the songs like the top of a rock: thou shalt be a place to of the boatmen, the dash of the oars, and the roll spread nets upon: thou shalt be built no more, of the sea; the solitary female, whose eye catches for I the Lord hath spoken it, saith the Lord God every speck that appears white in the horizon, and ........I will make thee a terror, and thou shalt be never leaves it till one after another of its inmates no more; though thou be sought for, yet shalt have been carefully numbered, that perchance she thou never be found again, saith the Lord God.” may discover among them the father of her disEzekiel xxvi. 3, 4, 5, 14, 21. The Saracens and consolate children; the faltering step of the aged Turks were the unconscious instruments who car- sailor, whose battles have been fought, and whose ried these prophecies into their fulfilment: they victories have been won; the tears of those who utterly destroyed Sidon and Tyre, that they might are bidding farewell, and the rapture of those not afford further refuge to the crusaders. There greeting the arrival of a long-absent friend; the were two harbors, formed by the island; one to- anxious assemblies of the merchants, either speakwards the north, and the other towards the south; ing of traffic, or proclaiming their good fortune, or and there was a passage between the island and lamenting the loss of some fair ship in a destructhe shore from the one to the other. The island tive gale; the reckless merriment of the seamen, is represented by Pliny as having been four miles as they enjoy upon land a little respite from their in circumference, but the peninsula upon which constant toils:-all these, and a thousand other the present town is situated, is of much less ex- scenes of noise, and joyousness, and wealth, have tent. It would therefore appear that it is built for been exhibited upon these shores. They have the most part upon the mole thrown up by Alex- passed away, like the feverish dream of a disturbander, including a small portion of the original ed sleep. Ships may be seen, but at a distance; island. There is thus enough of the rock left in no merchant of the earth ever enters the name of existence for the fishers to spread their nets upon, Tyre upon his books, and where thousands onco aswhile the principal area, once mantled with pa- sembled in pomp and pride, and there was beauty aces and alive with a busy population, has been and splendor, and dominion, I could discover only swept into “ the midst of the water," and can be a few children amusing themselves at play, and a built no more. The disappearance of the island party of Turks sitting in gravity, and sipping their has caused the destruction of the harbors; and a favorite coffee. With these reflections it was all protection to shipping is now taken away, Tyre impossible not to think of another people, still mure can never again rise to eminence as “the mart of favored in their privileges, and whose commercial nations." There are still two small rocks in the transactions are as extended as the world. Cities sea, to which the island probably extended; and of my country, shall it ever be said of you, that ye as the fishermen's boats can approach them in are no more? The patriot may sing exultingly calm weather, they seem to invite the spreading over his cups the praises of Britannia, ruler of the of nets upon their surface. I and my companions waves, but the Christian will fear and tremble, sailed over the present harbor in a small boat, to and offer up prayer to God, that what we deserve examine the columns that may clearly be seen in justice may be withheld from us in mercy. under the water on a fine day, but the sea was There was one sin chargeable against Tyre, from too rough to allow us to discover many of them. which England is now happily free: she dealt in The present town is walled, and is of very modern slaves. They have cast lots for my people, and date. The space inside is in a great measure have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for open, and the houses are mean. The governor's wine, that they might drink. Yea, and what have