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times expressed his thoughts with great force, and an elegant choice of language, the effect of which was aided by his having a loud voice and a slow deliberate utterance. In him were united a most logical head with a most fertile imagination, which gave him an extraordinary advantage in arguing: for he could reason close or wide, as he saw best for the moment. Exulting in his intellectual strength and dexterity, he could, when he pleased, be the greatest sophist that ever contended in the lists of declamation; and, from a spirit of contradiction and a delight in shewing his powers, he would often maintain the wrong side with equal warmth and ingenuity; so that, when there was an audience, his real opinions and consent made current in conversation." Bayle's account of Menage may also be quoted as exceedingly applicable to the great subject of this work."His illustrious friends erected a very glorious monument to him in the collection entitled Menagiana. Those who judge of things aright, will confess that this collection is very proper to shew the extent of genius and learning which was the character of Menage. And I may be bold to say, that the excellent works he published will not distinguish him from other learned men so advantageously as this. To publish books of great learning, to make Greek and Latin verses exceedingly well turned, is not a common talent, I own; neither is it extremely It is incomparably more difficult to find men who can furnish discourse about an infinite number of things, and who can diversify them an hundred ways. How many authors are there who are admired for their works, on account of the vast learning that is displayed in them, who are not able to sustain a conversation. Those who know Menage only by his books, might


could seldom be gathered from his talk; though when he was in company with a single friend, he would discuss a subject with genuine fairness; but he was too conscientious to make error permanent and pernicious by deliberately writing it; and, in all his numerous works he earnestly inculcated what appeared to him to be the truth; his piety being constant, and the ruling principle of all his conduct.

Such was SAMUEL JOHNSON, a man whose talents, acquirements, and virtues, were so extraordinary, that the more his character is considered, the more he will be regarded by the present age, and by posterity, with admiration and reverence.

think he resembled those learned men ; but if you shew the MENAGIANA, you distinguish him from them, and make him known by a talent which is given to very few learned men. There it appears that he was a man who spoke offhand a thousand good things. His memory extended to what was ancient and modern; to the court and to the city; to the dead and to the living languages; to things serious and things jocose; in a word, to a thousand sorts of subjects. That which appeared a trifle to some readers of the Menagiana, who did not consider circumstances, caused admiration in other readers, who minded the difference between what a man speaks without preparation, and that which he prepares for the press. And, therefore, we cannot sufficiently commend the care which his illustrious friends took to erect a monument so capable of giving him immortal glory. They were not obliged to rectify what they had heard him say; for, in so doing, they had not been faithful historians of his conversation." B.



ABERCROMBIE, JAMES, of Philadelphia, 248, "Adversaria," specimen of Johnson's, 67
Adye, see Adey

Abernethy, Dr., Life of, in "Biographia, Britan-"Agriculture, Farther Thoughts on," 102
nica," quoted, 629n.

Abington, Mrs., Johnson attends her benefit, 292,
293, 295; sups with, 303

Abreu, Marquis of, 118

Agutter, Rev. Mr., 635n.; preaches on John-
son's death, 689; letter to Boswell, 689n.
Aikin, Anna Letitia, 324; copies Johnson's style,


Abyssinia, voyage to, by Lobo, translated by Akenside, Mark, 120; criticized by Johnson,

Johnson, 23, 24, 354

Academia della Crusca, 99, 151

Academy, French, 61, 99, 100N.
Academy, Royal, origin of, 122

Academy, Royal Irish, transactions of quoted,

Adam, Robert and James, 294; "Works in
Architecture" referred to, 415
Adamites, the, 266

Adams, Dr., Master of Pembroke College,
Oxford, 20, 41, 58, 88, 166; describes Johnson
at Oxford, 13, 14, 19; discusses dictionary-
making with Johnson, 61; describes first repre-
sentation of "Irene," 64; advising Johnson as
to his projected Bibliothèque, 94; visited by
Johnson, 337, 634; letters to Boswell, 87, 670,

Adams, Miss, 634, 637

Adams, William, founder of Newport School,


Adams, Mr.; Johnson writes dedication for his
"Treatise on the Globes," 188

Addison, Joseph, 592., 103, 120, 268, 339n., 556,
563; tradition of his boyhood, 9n.; his style
compared with Johnson's, 74; Johnson discusses
him and his writings, 144, 250, 302, 311, 364,
443, 536, 561; said to have written for Budgell,
369; intemperate in use of wine, 680; saying
of, 488; quoted, 191, 301, 464; Johnson's Life
of, quoted, 546

"Address of the Painters to George III. on his
Accession," by Johnson, 118

"Address to the Reader," by Johnson, 44

231, 364; extracts from Johnson's Life of, 548
Akerman, Mr., keeper of Newgate, brave conduct

of, 522

Alberti, Leandro, 302
Alcibiades's dog, 443

Aldrich, Rev. Mr., of Clerkenwell, 137
Alexander the Great, 82, 243
Alfred, King, will of, 578n.

Allen, Edmund, printer, Johnson's landlord in
Bolt Court, 161, 301, 406, 408, 459, 477, 503,
561, 614; letter to, from Johnson, 613
Almack's, high play at, 360n.
Althorp, Lord, 5052., 520


Amanuenses employed on the Dictionary, list of,
American affairs, 282, 289, 290

Amyat, Dr., physician, tells anecdote of Johnson,

Andrews, Dr., Provost of Dublin University,

Angel, Captain, 117

Angel, Mr., asks Johnson to write him a preface,


Annales," by Johnson, 19

Anne, Queen, Johnson's recollection of, 8
"Annual Register," 274n.
Apicius, 339

Apollonius Rhodius, 96

"Appeal to the Public in behalf of the Editor,"
by Johnson, 44.

Appleby in Leicestershire, school offered to
Johnson at (?), 40n.

Arbuthnot, Dr., 311; praised by Johnson, 144

Adey, Mary, of Lichfield, 347, 516; letter to Argenson, Mr., visited by Johnson, 318
Boswell, 6

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Argyle, Archibald Duke of, 61, 635; suit against
Sir A. Maclean, 3142., 391; entertains Wilkes,
Argyle, Duchess of, 80

Aristotle, 642.; his doctrine of the purpose of

tragedy discussed, 367; saying of, quoted, Barnard, Dr., Bishop of Killaloe, 164, 287, 564;

Aristarchus, Greville's praise of, 642
Armstrong, Johnny, song of, quoted, 136
Arnaud, 491

Arnold, Thomas, M.D., his "Observations on
Insanity," 421

Articles, Thirty-nine, petition against subscription
to, 226

"Art of Living in London," by Johnson, 30
Ascham, Johnson's Life of, 159

Ashbourne, Johnson stays at, 22, 404, 418, 419,

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Aston, Molly, 22, 347, 548; epigram on, by
Johnson, 22n., 488

Aston, Mrs., 347, 349, 516; her illness, 403, 435
Aston, Sir Thomas, 22, 31n.
Athol, Earl of, tortured, 174
Athol porridge, 557.

Atterbury, Bishop, his sermons, 442, 450

447; his

Auchinleck in Ayrshire, visited by Johnson,
272; entail of estate, 325-330
Auchinleck, Lord, 248, 281, 437,
marriage, 389; his death, 585
Ayrshire, election petition in, 554

BACON, LORD, 72, 229; Johnson on, 429;
quoted, 4, 616

Bagshaw, Rev. Mr., Johnson's letters to, 269, 661
Baldwin, Mr., printer, 649
Ballow, Thomas, 360

Banks, Mr., of Dorsetshire, 46

Banks, Sir Joseph, 165, 224, 225n., 420n., 498, 499,
505n.; pall-bearer at Johnson's funeral, 688;
letter from Johnson, 223

Bannatine, George, 121

Barbauld, Mrs, see Aikin, Anna Letitia
Barber, Francis, Johnson's black servant, 5n.,
77, 173, 1832., 224, 251, 278, 313, 668, 671; his
early history, 78n.; his wife, 78; his account
of Johnson's grief for his wife, 79; serves in
the Navy, 117; goes to school, 194; receives
religious instruction from Johnson, 307, 687;
Johnson's liberal provision for, 681; letters
from Johnson, 194, 214

Barclay, A., "The Ship of Fools," 92
Barclay, Mr., of Oxford, answers Kenrick's
attack on Johnson, 171
Barclay, Mr., brewer, 571
Barclay, Robert, of Ury, 571

Baretti, Joseph, 86, 92, 1742., 195, 316, 340, 353,
358, 390, 415, 501; his history, 101; introduced
to Rev. T. Warton by Johnson, 111; praised
by Johnson, 193, arraigned at Old Bailey for
murder, acquitted, 205, 206; quarrels with
Davies, 248; writes against Mrs. Thrale in
"The European Magazine," 370; consultation
of his friends before trial, 650; his anecdote
of Mrs. Thrale, 659; Johnson's letters to, 121,
123, 124, 127; his Italian and English Diction-
ary, Johnson writes Dedication for, 118; "Easy
Lessons in Italian and English," Preface by
Johnson for, 280; "Frusta Letteraria," 420

tells anecdote of Johnson, 3on.; Johnson calls

on, 570; charade on, by Johnson, 600; verses
quoted, 570n.

Barnard, Dr., Dean of Kerry, 446
Barnard, Dr., Provost of Eton, 520
Barnard, Mr., King's librarian, 184, 187
Barnston, Letitia, 516

Barnes, Joshua, his Maccaronic verses, 465
Barretier, Philip, Johnson's Life of, 47
Barrington, Hon. Davies, 622; his essay against
migration of birds, 264; Johnson seeks his
acquaintance, 477

Barrow, Dr., his sermon quoted, 566n.
Barry, Sir Edward, Bart., his
Physic," 365

"System of
Barry, Mr., exhibition of pictures by, 612; letter
from Johnson to, 603

Barter, Mr., 232

Baskerville's edition of Virgil, Johnson presents
copy of to Trinity College, Oxford, 196; of
Barclay's "Apology," 343

"Bastard, The," a poem, 54

Bate, Rev. Henry, the "fighting parson," 639
Bateman, Mr., of Christchurch, Oxford, 20
Bath, visited by Johnson, 369
Batheaston Villa, near Bath, 298

Bathurst, Colonel, 78n.

Bathurst, Dr. Richard, 62, 77, 78n., 83, 84, 537;
death of, 79., 128

Bathurst, Lord, 48, 491, 512, 545

Baxter, Richard, 267; his "Anacreon," collated
by Lord Auchinleck with Leyden M.S., 618; his
"Call to the Unconverted," 624; his Erse ver-
sion of, presented by Johnson to Bodleian, 277;
Johnson commends his works, 612, 616 ̧
Bayle, Pierre, his "Dictionary," praised by
Johnson, 144; his account of Menage, applied
well, to Johnson, 692n.

Beattie, Dr. J., 243, 269, 272, 565, 652, 653; in-
troduced to Johnson, 222; his wife, 223, 225;
his college, 223; his popularity, 225, 271; letter
to Boswell, 225n. ; letter to, from Johnson, 523;
Johnson's admiration for his works, 246, 247,


Beauclerk, Lady Di, 261, 281; her bet with Bos-
well, 295

Beauclerk, Lord Sidney, 81n.
Beauclerk, Topham, 27, 81, 120, 125, 127, 146,
164, 184, 215, 257, 259, 261, 264n., 284, 291,
293, 301, 301n., 302, 314, 358, 430n., 435, 492,
494, 506, 518, 529, 536; entertains Johnson at
Windsor, 82; visits Cambridge with, 167;
witness at Baretti's trial, 206; called Beau, 269;
his illness, 281, 288, 392; his sayings, 306, 601;
anecdote told by, 323; his equable disposition,
353, 428; his account of play at Almack's, 360;
argues with Johnson, 463; quarrels with John-
son, 505; criticised by Johnson, 507; his death,
519, 520; Johnson's affection for him, 530; his
inscription under Johnson's portrait, 563, 595;
his library sold, 566; letter to, from Johnson,

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