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neoby author ; who, though he had forborne to Norfolciense, I have deferred inserting Sed a subscribe his name to the pamphlet, the it till now. I am indebted for it to Dr. " The vigilance of those in pursuit of him had Percy, the Bishop of Dromore, who perten by discovered ;” and we are informed, that mitted me to copy it from the original in

he lay concealed in Lambeth-marsh till his possession. It was presented to his

the scent after him grew cold. This, Lordship by Sir Joshua Reynolds, to ar bij however, is altogether without founda- whom it was given by the son of Mr.

tion; for Mr. Steele, one of the Richardson the painter, the person to of the Secretaries of the Treasury, who amidst a whom it is addressed. I have transcribed Shale variety of important business, politely it with minute exactness, that the peculiar

Escur obliged me with his attention to my in mode of writing, and imperfect spelling ncipe quiry, informed me, that “ He directed of that celebrated poet, may be exhibited pot every possible search to be made in the to the curious in literature. It justifies

records of the Treasury and Secretary of Swift's epithet of “paper-sparing Pope,”! State's Office, but could find no trace for it is written on a slip no larger than a whatever of any warrant having been common message-card, and was sent to

issued to apprehend the author of this Mr. Richardson, along with the imitation Hi pamphlet.”

of Juvenal. “Marmor Norsolciense” became ex

“This is imitated by one Johnson who put in ceedingly scarce, so that I, for many years for a Publick-school in Shropshire, 2 but was disendeavoured in vain to procure a copy of appointed. He ha; an infirmity of the convulsive it. At last I was indebted to the malice kind, that attacks him sometimes, so as to make of one of Johnson's numerous petty adver- This Work which was all the knowledge he had

Him a sad Spectacle. Mr. P. from the Merit of saries, who in 1775, published a new of Him endeavour'd to serve Him without his own edition of it, 16 with Notes and a application ; & wrote to my Ld. gore, but he did Dedication to SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.

not succeed. Mr. Johnson published afterwds.

another Poem in Latin with Notes the whole very by TRIBUNUS ;” in which some puny Humerous call’d the Norfolk Prophecy.

scribbler invidiously attempted to found 1:

upon it a charge of inconsistency against
its author, because he had accepted of a and Sir Joshua Reynolds informed him

Johnson had been told of this note ; pension from his present Majesty, and

of the compliment which it contained, had written in support of the measures of government. As a mortification to such but, from delicacy, avoided shewing him

the

When Sir Joshua impotent malice, of which there are so observed to Johnson that he seemed very many instances towards men of eminence, desirous to see Pope's note, he answered, I am happy to relate that this telum

“Who would not be proud to have such Her

imbelle did not reach its exalted object
till about a year after it thus appeared, about him?"

a man as Pope so solicitous in inquiring
when I mentioned it to him, supposing
that he knew of the republication. To my appeared to me also, as I have elsewhere

The infirmity to which Mr. Pope alludes, surprise, he had not yet heard of it. requested me to go directly and get it for “Get all your verses printed fair, him, which I did. He looked at it and

Then let them well be dried,

And Curll must have a special care laughed, and seemed to he much diverted

To leave the margin wide. with the feeble efforts of his unknown ad

Send these to paper-sparing Pope ; versary, who, I hope, is alive to read this

And when he sits to write, “Now, said be, “here is

No letter with an envelope

Could give him more delight.”. somebody who thinks he has vexed me

-Swift's Advice to Grub-street Writers. sadly; yet, if it had not been for you,

The manuscript of Pope's translations of the you rogue, I should probably never have Iliad and Odyssey, which are preserved in the seen it."

British Museum, is mostly written on the backs of As Mr. Pope's note concerning Johnson, alluded to in a former page, refers

Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, 3d edit. both to his “ London,” and his " Marmor p. 8. B.

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observed, to be of the convulsive kind, and execution of Dr. Cameron, for having of the nature of that distemper called St. taken arms for the House of Stuart in Vitus's dance ; and in this opinion I am 1745-6; and being a warm partisan of confirmed by the description which George the Second, he observed to Sydenham gives of that disease. “ This Richardson, that certainly there must have disorder is a kind of convulsion. It been some very unfavourable circummanifests itself by halting or unsteadiness stances lately discovered in this particular of one of the legs, which the patient draws case, which had induced the King to apafter him like an idiot. If the hand of prove of an execution for rebellion so long the same side be applied to the breast, or after the time when it was committed, as any other part of the body, he cannot this had the appearance of putting a man keep it a moment in the same posture, to death in cold blood,' and was very unbut it will be drawn into a different one like his Majesty's usual clemency. While by a convulsion, notwithstanding all his he was talking, he perceived a person efforts to the contrary.” Sir Joshua standing at a window in the room, shaking Reynolds, however, was of a different his head, and rolling himself about in å opinion, and favoured me with the follow- strange ridiculous manner. He concluded ing paper.

that he was an idiot, whom his relations

had put under the care of Mr. Richardson, Those motiors or tricks of Dr. Johnson are

as a very good man. To his great surimproperly called convulsions. He could sit motionless, when he was told so to do, as well as prise, however, this figure stalked forwards any other man. My opinion is, that it proceeded to where he and Mr. Richardson were from a habit which he had indulged himself in, sitting, and all at once took up the arguof accompanying his thoughts with certain untoward actions, and those actions always appeared ment, and burst out into an invective to me as if they were meant to reprobate some against George the Second, as one, who, part of his past conduct. Whenever he was not upon all occasions, was unrelenting and engaged in conversation, such thoughts were sure barbarous ; mentioning many instances, company, any employment whatever, he preferred particularly, that when an officer of high to being alone. The great business of his life, he rank had been acquitted by a Court Marsaid, was to escape from himself; this disposition tial, George the Second had with his own he considered as the disease of his mind, which hand struck his name off the list. nothing cured but company.

"One instance of his absence and particularity, short, he displayed such a power of as it is characteristic of the man, may be worth eloquence, that Hogarth looked at him relating. When he and I took a journey to with astonishment, and actually imagined gether into the West, we visited the late Mr. Banks, of Dorsetshire'; the conversation turning that this idiot had been at the moment upon pictures, which Johnson could not well see, inspired. Neither Hogarth nor Johnson he retired to a corner of the room, stretching out his right leg as far as he could reach before him,

1 Impartial posterity may, perhaps, be as little then bringing up his left leg, and, stretching his inclined as Dr. Johnson was, to justify the unright still further on. The old gentleman obsery

common rigour exercised in the case of Dr. ing him, went up to him, and in a very courteous Archibald Cameron. He was an amiable and manner assured him, though it was not a new truly honest man ; and his offence was owing to house, the flooring was perfectly safe. The Doctor started from his reverie, like a person Being obliged, after 1746, to give up his profession

a generous, though mistaken principle of duty. waked out of his sleep, but spoke not a word."

as a physician, and to go into foreign parts, he

was honoured with the rank of Colonel, both in While we are on this subject, my

the French and Spanish service. readers may not be displeased with of the ancient and respectable family of Cameron another anecdote, communicated to me by that brave clan, distinguished himself by moderathe same friend, from the relation of Mr. tion and humanity, while the Highland army Hogarth.

marched victorious through Scotland.

remarkable of this Chief, that though he had Johnson used to be a pretty frequent earnestly remonstrated against the attempt as visitor at the house of Mr. Richardson, hopeless, he was of too heroic a spirit not to venture author of “Clarissa,” and other novels of his life and fortune in the cause, when personally

asked by him whom he thought his Prince. extensive reputation. Mr. Hogarth came

See the Introduction to Redgauntlet Cameron one day to see Richardson, soon after the was executed June 7, 1753.

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were made known to each other at this At the same time that Mr. Garrick interview.

favoured me with this anecdote, he reIn 1740 he wrote for the “Gentleman's peated a very pointed epigram by Johnson Magazine " the “Preface,” + “ The Life on George the Second and Colley Cibber, of Admiral Blake, .* and the first parts of which has never yet appeared, and of those of “Sir Francis Drake,”* and which I know not the exact date. Dr. "Philip Barretier,' both which he Johnson afterwards gave it to finished the following year.

He also himself: wrote an “Essay on Epitaphs,' and

Augustus still survives in Maro's strain, an “Epitaph on Phillips, a Musician, And Spenser's verse prolongs Eliza's reign ; which was afterwards published, with Great George's acts let tuneful Cibber sing; some other pieces of his, in Mrs.

For Nature form'd the Poet for the King. Williams's Miscellanies. This Epitaph

In 1741 he wrote for the “Gentleman's is so exquisitely beautiful, that I remem- Magazine” the Preface, t, “Conclusion ber even Lord Kames, strangely pre- of his lives of Drake and Barretier, judiced as he was against Dr. Johnson,

A free translation of the Jests of was compelled to allow it very high Hierocles with an Introduction ;' + and, praise. It has been ascribed to Mr. I think, the following pieces : Debate Garrick, from its appearing at first with the signature G; but I have heard Mr. well, to

on the Proposal of Parliament to Crom

the Title of King, Garrick declare, that it was written by Dr. abridged, modified, and digested ;”+ Johnson, and give the following account “Translation of Abbé Guyon's Disserof the manner in which it was composed. tation on the Amazons ;" * ** Translation Johnson and he were sitting together; of Fontenelle's Panegyrick

Dr. when, amongst other things, Garrick Morin.”+ Two notes upon this appear repeated an Epitaph upon this Phillips to me undoubtedly his.

He this year, by a Dr. Wilkes, in these words :

and the two following, wrote the Parlia

He told me himself, Exalted soul! whose harmony could please

mentary Debates. The love-sick virgin, and the gouty ease ;

that he was the sole composer of them for Could jarring discord, like Amphion, move those three years only. He was not, howTo beauteous order and harmonious love; ever, precisely exact in his statement, Rest here in peace, till angels bid thee rise,

which he mentioned from hasty recolAnd meet thy blessed Saviour in the skies.

lection ; for it is sufficiently evident, that Johnson shook his head at these

his composition of them began November common-place funereal lines, and said to 19, 1740, and ended February 23, 1742-3. “I think, Davy; I can make a

It appears from some of Cave's letters better.”

Then stirring about his tea for to Dr. Birch that Cave had better assista little while, in a state of meditation, he ance for that branch of his Magazine, than almost extempore produced the following has been generally supposed; and that

he was indefatigable in getting it made as

perfect as he could. Phillips, whose touch harmonious could remove The pangs of guilty power or hapless love;

of fortune, Died in 1732." Mr. Garrick appears Rest here, distress'd by poverty no more,

not to have recited the verses correctly, the Here find that calm thou gav'st so oft before ;

original being as follows. One of the various

germ Sleep, undisturb'd, within this peaceful shrine, readings, is remarkable, as it is the Till angels wake thee with a note like thine!”

Johnson's concluding line :
Exalted soul, thy various sounds could please

The love-sick virgin, and the gouty ease ;
2. The epitaph of Phillips is in the porch of
Wolverhampton Church. The prose part of i!

Could jarring crowds, like old Amphion, move is curious: -"Near this place lies CHARLES

To beauteous order and harmonious love; CLAUDIUS PHILLIPS, Whose absolute contempt

Rest here in peace, till angels bid thee rise, of riches and inimitable performances upon the

And meet thy Saviour's consort in the skies." violin, made him the admiration of all that knew From a note contributed to the 3rd edition him. He was born in Wales, made the tour of by the Rev. J. B. Blakeway, of Shrewsbury. Europe, and, after the experience of both kinds | Consort would now be spelled concert.

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Thus, 21st July, 1735, “I trouble you having been the author of fictions, which with the enclosed, because you said you had passed for realities. could easily correct what is here given for He nevertheless agreed with me in Lord Chesterfield's speech. I beg you thinking, that the Debates which he had will do so as soon as you can for me, framed were to be valued as orations upon because the month is far advanced.” questions of public importance. They

And 15th July, 1737, “As you re- have accordingly been collected in member the Debates so far as to perceive volumes, properly arranged, and recomthe speeches already printed are not exact, mended to the notice of parliamentary I beg the favour that you will peruse the speakers by a preface, written by no enclosed, and, in the best manner your inferior hand.4 I must, however, observe, memory will serve, correct the mistaken that although there is in those Debates a passages, or add any thing that is omitted. wonderful store of political information, I should be very glad to have something and very powerful eloquence, I cannot of the Duke of Newcastle's speech, which agree that they exhibit the manner of each would be particularly of service.

particular speaker, as Sir John Hawkins “A gentleman has Lord Bathurst's seems to think. But, indeed, what speech to add something to.”

opinion can we have of his judgment, and And July 3, 1744, “You will see what taste in public speaking, who presumes to stupid, low abominable stuff is put upon give, the characteristics of your noble and learned friend's 2 charac- celebrated orators, “ The deep-mouthed ter, such as I should quite reject, and rancour of Pulteney, and the yelping perendeavour to do something better towards tinacity of Pitt.” 5 doing justice to the character. But as I This year I find that his tragedy of cannot expect to attain my desire in that IRENE had been for some time ready for respect, it would be a great satisfaction, the stage, and that his necessities made as well as an honour to our work, to have him desirous of getting as much as he the favour of the genuine speech. It is a could for it, without delay ; for there is method that several have been pleased to the following letter from Mr. Cave to Dr. take, as I could shew, but I think myself Birch, in the same volume of manuscripts under a restraint. I shall say so far, that in the British Museum, from which i I have had some by a third hand, which I copied those above quoted. They were understood well enough to come from the most obligingly pointed out to me by Sir first ; others by penny-post, and others by William Musgrave, one of the Curators the speakers themselves, who have been of that noble repository. pleased to visit St. John's Gate, and shew particular marks of their being pleased.”3

4 I am assured that the editor is Mr. George There is no reason, I believe, to doubt known and esteemed.

Chalmers, whose commercial works are the veracity of Cave. It is, however, 5 Hawkins's Life of Johnson, p. 100. B. The remarkable, that none of these letters are authorship of these debates was not known outin the years during which Johnson alone (Essay on the Life and Genius of Dr. Johnson)

side Cave's office, and according to Murphy furnished the Debates, and one of them was first avowed by Johnson himself at a dinner is in the very year after he ceased from given by Foote. The company were praising a that labour. Johnson told me, that as speech delivered by Pitt iowards the close of

Walpole's administration as equal to anything in soon as he found that the speeches were the orations of Demosthenes.

“ That speech, thought genuine, he determined that he said Johnson, "I wrote in a garret in Exeter would write no more of them ; “For he Street," and then proceeded to explain how it would not be accessory to the propagation of partiality, observing that he dealt out reason and

One of the company praised his imfalsehood." And such was the tenderness eloquence with an equal hand to both parties. of his conscience, that a short time before “That is not quite true," was the answer. his death, he expressed his regret for his that the Whig dogs

should not have the best of

appearances tolerably well; but I took care 1 I suppose in another compilation of the same it." According to Hawkins, the sale of The kind. B.

Gentleman's Magazine increased from 10,000 to 2 Doubtless, Lord Hardwicke.

15,000 copies a month while Johnson wrote the 9 Birch's MSS. in the British Museum, 4302. B. | Debates.

well

B.

“I

B.

JOHNSON AND THE BOOKSELLER

49

sons.

was

s, and

Sept. 9, 1741. accounts of books were written by him. "I HAVE put Mr. Johnson's play into Mr. He was employed in this business by Mr. Gray's 1 hands, in order to sell it to him, if he is Thomas Osborne the bookseller,5 who inclined to buy it, but I doubt whether he will purchased the library for 13,000l., a sum whatever advantage may be made by acting it. which Mr. Oldys says, in one of his Would your society, 2 or any gentleman, or body manuscripts, was not more than the of men that you know, take such a bargain? He binding of the books had cost ; yet, as and I are very unfit to deal with theatrical per- Dr. Johnson assured me, the slowness of

Fleetwood was to have acted it last season; the sale was such, that there was not much but Johnson's diffidence or

gained by it. It has been confidently I have already mentioned that“Irene” related, with many embellishments, that was not brought into publick notice till Johnson one day knocked Osborne down Garrick manager of Drury-lane in his shop, with a folio, and put his foot theatre.

upon his neck. The simple truth I had In 1742 he wrote for the “ Gentleman's from Johnson himself. Sir, he was Magazine” the Preface, * the "Parliamen- impertinent to me, and I beat him. But tary Debates, "* “Essay on the Account it was not in his shop : it was in my own of the Conduct of the Duchess of Marl- chamber.” borough, "* then the popular topic of A very diligent observer may trace him conversation. This Essay is a short but where we should not easily suppose him masterly performance. Wefind him in No. to be found. I have no doubt that he 13 of his “Rambler," censuring a profli- wrote the little abridgment entitled gate sentiment in that “ Account ; Foreign History,” in the Magazine for again insisting upon it strenuously in con- December. To prove it, I shall quote versation. + “An Account of the Life of the Introduction. “ As this is that season Peter Burman,”* I believe chiefly taken of the year in which Nature may be said from a foreign publication ; as, indeed, to command a suspension of hostilities, he could not himself know much about and which seems intended, by putting á Burman ; “ Additions to his Life of short stop to violence and slaughter, to Barretier ; "* " The Life of Sydenham,

»* afford time for malice to relent, and aniafterwards prefixed to Dr. Swan's edition mosity to subside ; we can scarce expect of his works; “ Proposals for printing any other account than of plans, negotiaBibliotheca Harleiana, or a Catalogue of tions, and treaties, of proposals for peace, the Library of the Earl of Oxford."* and preparations for war. As also this His account of that celebrated collection passage : “Let those who despise the of books, in which he displays the import- capacity of the Swiss, tell us by what wonance to literature, of what the French derful policy, or by what happy concilia‘call a catalogue raisonné, when the tion of interests, it is brought to pass, that subjects of it are extensive and various, in a body made up of different communiand it is executed with ability, cannot fail ties and different religions, there should to impress all his readers with admiration be no civil commotions, though the people of his philological attainments. It was are so warlike, that, to nominate and raise afterwards prefixed to the first volume an army is the same. of the Catalogue, in which the Latin I am obliged to Mr. Astle 6 for his

ready permission to copy the two following 1 A bookseller of London. B.

letters of which the originals are in his ? Not the Royal Society; but the Society for the encouragement of learning, of which Dr. possession. Their contents shew that they Birch was a leading member. Their object was to assist authors in printing expensive works. 5 See The Dunciad (ii. 167), and Lives of the existed from about 1735 to 1746, when, having in- Poets (Pope). Curred a considerable debt, it was dissolved. 6 Thomas Astle was for many years Keeper of

3 There is no erasure here, but a mere blank ; | the Records in the Tower, one of the Keepers of to fill up which may be an exercise for ingenious the Paper Office, and a Trustee of the British Conjecture. B.

Museum. Horace Walpole (Letters, vi. 299) calls Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, 3d edit. him, "A wight who lives like moths on old parchP. 167. B.

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