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No 136.

EDUCA

AUGUST

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NOILE

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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Some years ago, there existed in the East Indies, a Early in the morning, the Sheep-Eater, attended man with an appetite so voracious, and which was dis- by his Guru, or spiritual father, appeared in front of played in practices so revolting, as to procure for him the assembled crowd. He had with him two living the appellation of the cannibal. He exhibited his extra- sheep; and after a short harangue to the people, he ordinary propensities in various parts of India, and a commenced his attack on the first sheep, by seizing detailed account of one of his extraordinary exhibi- its fleece with his teeth; and having held it thus for tions, communicated to the Royal Asiatic Society, about a minute, he then, by a swing of his head, by Major-General Hardwicke, an eye-witness of the flung it on its back on the ground. In this position scene, is published in the Transactions of the Society he held the animal down till he tore it open, which for the year 1833. The following is the substance of he effected with his teeth only, by stripping off the that communication,

skin from the flank to the breast; he then removed Voi, V.

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the intestines, and thrust in his head to drink the The author of the Sketches of India, speaking of
blood. This employed him a minute or two, when this strange being, says, “A squalid emaciated ap-
he withdrew his head, besmeared with blood, and pearance was the characteristic of this cannibal, and
gazed around in expectation of applause, presenting with his diseased appetite, we may naturally infer,
a very savage appearance. He next proceeded to | that the quantity of food proved an obstacle to its
strip off the rest of the hide; separate the ribs, nourishing him."
disjoint the limbs, and detach the head from the
neck; after collecting these together, he rubbed every

An admirable instance of presence of mind was shown by part with a quantity of dust, by which means, he

a Highland lad, who, with a Lowland farmer, was crossing said, he dried up the blood, and enabled himself to

a mountain-stream, in a glen, at the upper end of which a tear the meat from the bones and sinews with greater water-spout had fallen. The Highlander had reached the ease. The quantity of dust which every portion opposite bank, but the farmer was looking about, and retained, he disregarded, swallowing one mouthful | loitering on the stones over which he was stepping, after another, with all the dirt adhering, without the

wondering at a sudden noise he heard, when the High

lander cried out, “ Help, help, or I am a dead man," and least hesitation. The concluding part of this per

fell to the ground. The farmer sprung to his assistance, formance, was the collecting a quantity of the leaves

and had hardly reached him, when the torrent came down, of the plant Madár*, of which he chewed a con sweeping over the stones, with a fury which no human siderable number, but swallowed only the milky force could have withstood. The lad had heard the roaring juice which flowed from them. While employed in this of the stream behind the rocks, which intercepted its view operation, which did not last many minutes, he was

from the farmer, and fearing that he might be panic-struck seated on the ground. He afterwards rose and ad

if he told him of his danger, took this expedient to save

him.-Burt's Letters. dressed the spectators, holding in his hand a branch of the Madár, as represented in the engraving, and “I RESOLVE," says Bishop Beveridge, “never to speak 'of offering to eat a second sheep.

la man's virtues before his face; nor of his faults behind The tall aged figure represented by his side, is his his back;" a golden rule ! the observation of which, would, spiritual father, or guru, with whom he had been at one stroke, banish flattery and defamation from the travelling for many years. They were both Hindús,

earth.-BISHOP HORNE. and natives of the province of Rájpútána. The old

Get upon a hill, if you can find one, in Suffolk or Norfolk; man was upwards of six feet in height, and slender ;

and you may find plenty in Hampshire, and Wiltshire, and the muscularity and fulness of his figure being worn Devonshire; look at the steeples, one in every four square down by age, which, according to his own statement, miles at the most, on an average. Imagine a man of some was upwards of one hundred years. He was very

learning, at the least, to be living in a commodious house, dark, considerably more so than the Sheep-Eater

by the side of one of these steeples; almost always with a

wife and family; always with servants, natives of the himself, and his hair almost white; that of his head

parish, gardener, groom, and all other servants. A huge he wore coiled into the shape of a turban, while his

farm-yard; barns, stables, thrashers, a carter or two, more beard, which was not the least remarkable peculiarity or less glebe, and of farming. Imagine this gentleinan about his person, when flowing loose, reached to the having an interest in the productiveness of every field in ground; but he generally kept it twisted, and carried his parish, being probably the largest corn-seller in the the lower end in one hand with a rosary of beads,

parish, and the largest rate-payer; more deeply interested

than any other man can possibly be, in the happiness, and in the other, a long walking-cane.

morals, industry, and sobriety of the people of his parish. The notoriety of the Sheep-Eater having reached

Imagine his innumerable occasions of doing acts of kind the city of Lucnow, an English gentleman, resident ness, his immense power in preventing the strong from at the court of the Nawab, was induced by the oppressing the weak; his salutary influence coming report of his extraordinary feats, to send a servant between the hard farmer, if there be one in his parish, and for him to that part of the country, in which he had

the feeble or simple-minded labourer. Imagine all this to for some time sojourned; and where, from his savage

exist, close alongside of every one of those steeples, and

you will at once say to yourself, “Hurricanes or earthpropensities, he was much dreaded by children, and

quakes must destroy this island, before that church can be by the timid amongst the natives of the place, who overset." And when you add to all this, that this gentlebelieved that when sheep were not to be had, he man, besides the example of good manners, of mildness, would devour a child, if he could steal one. He and of justice, that his life and conversation are constantly obeyed the summons, and was liberally provided for keeping before the eyes of his parishioners; when you the journey, as well as attended by the gentleman's

add to all this, that one day in every week, he has them

assembled together to sit in silence, to receive his advice, own servant; and on his arrival at Lucnow, à party

his admonitions, his interpretations of the will of God, as of more than fifty persons, ladies as well as gentle applicable to their conduct and their affairs, and that too, men, assembled to witness an exhibition of his dis in an edifice rendered sacred in their eyes, from their agreeable powers

knowing that their forefathers assembled there, in ages This monster commonly ate two of the small-sized | long passed, and from its being surrounded by the graves of

their kindred, when this is added, and when it is also sheep of the Doáb, the weight of which, when not stall

recollected, that the children pass through his hands at fed, did not exceed eight or nine pounds per quarter;

their baptism: that it is he who celebrates the marriages, on the present occasion, however, the sheep were pro and performs the last and sad service over the graves of vided for him; one of them was of a breed peculiar the dead: when you think of all this, it is too much, to to the country on the north side of the river Gogra, believe it possible that such a church can fall.-COBBETT. weighing from twelve to thirteen pounds per quarter. He carefully collected together the ill-picked

CONTENTMENT without the world is better than the world bones, sinews, and other fragments; and when asked

without contentment. what he intended to do with them, he replied, they

The human animal is the only one which is naked, and were to furnish him and his guru with a dinner in

the only one which can clothe itself. This is one of the the evening, and that he took his usual meals, properties which renders him an animal of all climates, whether he ate a sheep in the morning or not. and of all seasons. He can adapt the warmth or light! • The Asclepias gigantea of botanists. It is used by the natives

ness of his covering, to the temperature of his habitation. of India for many medicinal purposes: among the number, it is

Had he been born with a fleece upon his back, although he useful in removing warts and other excrescences. It is the milky might have been comforted by its warmth in high latitudes, juice they apply, which flows plentifully from all parts of the plant it would have oppressed him by its weight and heat, as the when broken or bruised; and on the present occasion, the Sheep- species spread towards the equator.-PALEY, Eater said he ate it to assist digestion.

JOHN W. PARKER Printer, West Strand London.

THE WELLINGTON SHIELD.

the river, and the French withdrew to Vittoria,

taking up a position in front of that city on the No. VIII. THE BATTLE OF VITTORIA.

night of the 19th of June. In this position, which The Campaign of 1813 was commenced under cir- extended about eight miles, they covered the three cumstances of a more promising nature for the great roads which radiate on Vittoria, and they also British army than any previous one. During the protected the main road to Bayonne, upon_which winter, supplies of every kind, together with large were seen immense convoys moving towards France, reinforcements, were received, and various changes “ with the best harvest and the last gleanings of were made in ‘ne equipments of the troops, not less their plunder.” The town itself was crowded with important to their efficiency than to their conve others waiting their turn to depart. nience. The infantry had suffered so much in their On the 20th, Lord Wellington halted his army for bivouacs, from exposure to the weather, that tents the purpose of closing up his columns, and prowere now provided, in the proportion of three for ceeded to reconnoitre the enemy's position, with the each company; and the heavy iron camp-kettles, view of attacking them on the following morning, if which had been heretofore transported by beasts of they should still remain in it. The strength of the burden, were exchanged for lighter vessels of tin, two armies was nearly equal, each having from which were carried by the soldiers themselves. At 70,000 to 75,000 men. the same time, the most unremitting exertions were On the morning of the 21st, the battle began. The bestowed upon the discipline and organization of the right of the British army, under Sir Rowland Hill, army, with the view of preventing the recurrence of was sent to attack the heights of La Puebla. Sir those disorders which had been practised in former Thomas Graham, with the left, was directed to turn campaigns, and which had, more than once, called the right of the French, and to intercept their retreat forth the severe reprehension of the commander-in by the road of Bayonne ; and it was the intention chief. Before the month of May these arrangements of Lord Wellington, to push forward with the centre were completed, and Lord Wellington was ready to at once upon the city. The attack was commenced take the field, ." and, for the first time," as Mr. by the Spaniards, under their leader, Murillo, and Southey observes, “ with such means as enabled the French troops, at La Puebla, after a short resisthim to act in full confidence of success.”

ance, were dislodged. The difficulties of the country On the other hand, the hopes of the French were retarded, for some time, the advance of the other greatly diminished. The winter, which had been columns to their stations; but at length they crossed turned to such profitable account by the British, had the Zadorra at different points, and then the British been productive of disasters and calamities to Buona centre advanced to attack the heights on which that parte such as he had never before experienced, and of the French was posted. The enemy, however, such as he never afterwards repaired. It was the abandoned his position in the valley, as soon as he period of his celebrated retreat from Russia, and the saw the disposition made by Lord Wellington for almost entire destruction of the great army, which attacking it, and commenced his retreat towards he had led to the invasion of that country. The Vittoria. The British troops continued to advance enormous losses which he then sustained, compelled in admirable order, notwithstanding the difficulties him to withdraw troops from Spain, though he still presented by the broken ground. left 140,000 men in that country.

In the mean time, while the right and centre of The French still occupied Madrid, but their the British army were thus pushing the enemy back arrangements were directed to one object, namely, on the city, the left, under Sir Thomas Graham, that of adopting the Douro as a line of defence, and having made a wide round, was moving upon Vittoria intrenching themselves behind its deep and rapid by the high road leading to it from Bilboa. A part stream. With this view they withdrew their inain of his troops turned the enemy's right, and gained force beyond that river, and throwing up works at some strong heights covering the village of Gamarra every assailable point on its right bank, trusted con- Mayor, which commanded the bridge over the Zadorra fidently to a position so strengthened by nature and at that place. This village was carried by storm at art, for interposing an effectual barrier to the advance the point of the bayonet, under a heavy fire from of the British.

the artillery and musketry of the French, who suffered But this arrangement was quickly disconcerted by severely, and lost three pieces of cannon. The the operations of Lord Wellington. Instead of possession of this and of another village cut off the advancing, as the French expected, with his whole enemy's retreat by the high road to Bayonne. They army to the left bank of the Douro, he moved the still, however, had on the heights on the left of the main body, under Sir Thomas Graham, across that Zadorra two divisions of infantry in reserve, and it river in Portugal, and, with only a small force, himself was impossible for Sir Thomas Graham to cross by proceeded towards Salamanca by the direct road. the bridges, until the troops from the centre and The French were completely surprised by this com- right had driven the enemy from Vittoria. This was bined movement. On the approach of Sir Thomas effected about six o'clock in the evening, and then Graham, the enemy abandoned the towns of Toro passing the river, he took possession of the road to and Zamora ; and, early in June, the whole of the Bayonne, and forced the French to retreat by that allied forces were united on the right bank of the leading to Pamplona. The whole of the army now Douro, having thus accomplished the first great object joined in the pursuit; and so complete was the rout of the campaign,

of the French, that they were unable to draw off Being thus driven from the Douro, the French their baggage and artillery.

their baggage and artillery. “I have reason to now endeavoured to occupy a position behind the believe,” says the Duke of Wellington in his despatch, Ebro, till they could collect reinforcements from the “that the enemy carried off with them one gun and north. But Lord Wellington, adopting the same one howitzer only;” and that solitary gun was tactics which were before so successful, had already captured before it could reach Pamplona. No less anticipated their design, by sending the left of his than 151 pieces of brass ordnance in travellingarmy to effect the passage of the Ebro, and by a road carriages fell into the possession of the British; with which had been heretofore deemed impracticable for 415 caissons, upwards of 14,200 rounds of ammucarriages. The whole allied force was soon across nition, nearly 2,000,000 musket-ball cartridges, and

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more than 40,000 pounds of powder. The loss on of confusion been witnessed as that which the roads the part of the allies was about 5000; the French leading from the field of battle presented; brokenacknowledged a loss of 8000 men.

down waggons stocked with claret and champagne, The description which Mr. Southey gives of the others laden with eatables dressed and undressed, scene after the fight is highly interesting. Joseph casks of brandy, apparel of every kind, barrels of Buonaparte, whom his brother, Napoleon, had foisted money, books, papers, sheep, cattle, horses and upon the throne of Spain, by virtue of his un- mules, abandoned in the flight. The baggage was principled invasion of that country, and “who now presently rifled, and the followers of the camp attired appears for the last time upon the stage of his ever- themselves in the gala dresses of the flying enemy. lasting infamy, narrowly escaped. The tenth hussars Portuguese boys figured about in the dress-coats of entered Vittoria at the moment that he was escaping French general officers; and they who happened to out of it in his carriage. Captain Wyndham with draw a woman's wardrobe in the lottery, converted one squadron pursued and fired into the carriage, and silks, satins, and embroidered muslins, into scarfs Joseph had barely time to throw himself on his horse, and sashes for their masquerade triumph. Some of and gallop off under the protection of an escort of the more fortunate soldiers got possession of the armydragoons. The carriage was taken, and in it the chest, and loaded themselves with money: 'let them,' most splendid of his trinkets, and the most precious said Lord Wellington, when he was informed of it; articles of his royal plunder. Marshal Jourdan's 'they deserve all they can find, were it ten times more.' staff was among the trophies of the field; it was rather “The camp of every division was like a fair ; benches more than a foot long, and covered with blue velvet, were laid from wagon to wagon, and there the on which the imperial eagles were embroidered; and soldiers held an auction through the night, and disit had been tipped with gold; but the first finder posed of such plunder as had fallen to their share to secured the gold for himself. The case was of red any one who would purchase it. Even dollars morocco, with silver clasps, and with eagles on it, and became an article of sale, for they were too heavy to at either end the marshal's name imprinted in gold be carried in any great numbers; eight were offered letters *. The spoils resembled those of an Oriental for a guinea, guineas which had been struck for the rather than of an European army; for the intruder, who payment of the troops in Portugal, and made current in his miserable situation had abandoned himself to there by a decree of the Regency, being gold currency. every kind of sensuality, had with him all his luxuries. The people of Vittoria had their share in the spoils, His plunder, his wardrobe, his larder, and his cellar, and some of them thus indemnified themselves, for fell into the conqueror's hands. The French officers what they had suffered in their property by the followed his example as far as their means allowed, enemy's exactions." and thus the finest wines and the choicest delicacies were found in profusion.

I highly approve the end and intent of Pythagoras' in“ The wives of the officers had gathered together junction; which is to dedicate the first part of life more to in one house, where they were safe, and from whence hear and learn, in order to collect materials, out of which they were sent in their own carriages, with a flag of w form opinions founded on proper lights, and well extruce to Pamplona. Poodles, parrots, and monkeys, amined sound principles, than to be presuming, prompt, were among the prisoners. Seldom has such a scene and flippant in hazarding one's own slight crude notions of

things: and then, by exposing the nakedness and emptiness • Lord Wellington sent home the trophy to the Prince Regent, of the mind, like a house opened to company before it is by whom he was immediately rewarded with the staff of a field fitted either with necessaries, or any ornament for their Marshal of the British army.

reception and entertainment.--LORD CHATHAM.

PROVERBS. IV.

praised; and whatever tends to subvert our nousehold feelings as Englishmen, should be instantly discouraged.

In unison with these sentiments are the following lines Had I known this before.

from GOLDSMITH's Traveller : This proverb teaches us to consider well before we The shuddering tenant of the frigid zone, act; to look before we leap; lest carelessness in this respect,

Boldly proclaims the happiest spot his own, should either frustrate our object, or occasion surprise and Extols the treasures of his stormy seas, disquiet, at every untoward event. We often exclaim,

And his long night of revelry and ease. “ Who would have thought it?" when, “I ought to have

The naked savage panting at the line, thought upon this!" would be more appropriate. Lord Bacon

Boasts of his golden sands, and palmy wine, says, “Things will have their First or SECOND agita

Basks in the glare, or stems the tepid wave, tion; if they be not tossed upon the arguments of counsel, And thanks his. gods for all the good they gave. they will be tossed upon the waves of fortune, and be full of

Nor less the patriot's boast, where'er we roam, inconstancy, doing and undoing, like the reeling of a

His first, best country, ever is AT HOME ! drunken man. It is good to commit the beginnings of all great actions to Argus with his hundred eyes, and the ends

39. Let every man praise the BRIDGE he goes over. to Briareus with his hundred hands: for the helmet of

That is, says Ray, "Speak not ill of him who hath Pluto, which maketh the politic man to go invisible, is

done you a courtesy, or whom you have made use of to secrecy in counsel, and celerity in execution."

your benefit." This adage, directed against ingratitude, is

not unlike the last. Burckhardt, in his collection of 36. Best to BEND, while it's a twig.

Arabic proverbs, gives the following, which derives addiHere is a word to parents and teachers. As Habit tional force and beauty from its eastern character. A well is a second nature, how important is it to correct evil dis- from which thou drinkest, throw not a stone into it. positions in children, before they become hardened; and 40. BIRTH is much, but breeding more. under God's blessing, to give a right direction to the branches of thought and feeling, lest these fix themselves

A maxim of powerful meaning. It bestows due

weight and consequence on noble birth ; but its object crookedly, and in time become too powerful to be subdued. Parental love, therefore, should ever be united with discre

also is to show, that though we may derive rank and titles tion; for “ A fond indulgence of children," says Archbishop

from our ancestors, yet, if we degenerate from their virtues, Tillotson, “is frequently their utter ruin, and in truth, is

we lose all claim to respect : station only makes worthlessnot love, but hatred." And we have an Italian proverb,

ness more conspicuous. Manners makyth man, quoth

William of Wykeham ; in illustration of which, we may He that cockers his child provides for his enemies. Elders ought, also, to remember, that youngsters are great copy

quote the glowing verses of Juvenal: ists; Little pitchers have great ears : and

Fond man! though all the heroes of your line Youth, like the softened wax, with ease will take

Bedeck your halls, and round your galleries shine

In proud display; yet take this truth from me, Those images which first impressions make.

VIRTUE ALONE IS TRUE NOBILITY! Aware of this truth, Sir Anthony Cooke, (preceptor to

41. They that are BOUND must obey. King Edward the Sixth,) used to observe, that there were two objects before whom he could never do any thing

A good lesson for those who have engaged themwrong: his conscience and his chiLDREN. A glance at selves in any service!

selves in any service to a master or superior. It is so his life, and that of his children, who were among the plain as to require no further comment. most exemplary characters of their age, will prove that his 42. A fool's bolt is soon shot. sentiment was as just as it is memorable.

This is said of careless and inconsiderate persons, 37. Sell not the Bear's skin before you have caught who: t

who, to use a foreign phrase for "speaking without think

ing," shoot without taking aim. Open and ingenuous him.

speech is one thing, but random talking is another; and he Young and inexperienced persons, are apt, as soon

who says all he has a mind to say, must expect to be told as they have formed a plausible plan, to begin to reckon

what he has no mind to hear. The following is a quaint their profits, and often to spend them too, forgetting that | Italian sentence:-Send him for an ass at a fair, who There's many a slip 'twirt the cup and the lip. This is

| talks much and knows little. what we call Building castles in the air; to which we

43. Abstain from BEANS. may add, not by way of discouragement, but as conveying the same friendly hint to the over-sanguine:-The corn

This curious caution requires an interpreter. It is

said to have originated with Pythagoras, who, as a teacher is yet but in the blade: You are counting your chickens before they are hatched : You are reckoning without your

of the absurd doctrine of the transmigration of souls, forhost; and spending your Michaelmas-rent in the Midsum

bade his followers the use, not only of all flesh, but of some mer-noon, not considering what may arise to mock your

sorts of vegetables, including beans. But whatever its present confidence. Some of our young readers will

| first intention may have been, the expression is now conremember the fable of the Milk-maid and her pail; and

strued as an admonition not to meddle with elections, white the amusing story of Alnaschar, the barber's brother,

and black beans having been made use of by the voters, “who, when full of idle visions of the future, unluckily

among the Athenians, in the choice of magistrates. It is gave such a kick to his basket and glasses, which were to

true that the election to places of honour or profit often make his fortune, that they were thrown down in the street

produces bad blood; and those who can shun such political and broken into a thousand pieces !"

or social contests, without compromising an obvious duty,

are wise in following the advice of the same philosopher:38. It's an ill Bird that bewrays its own nest.

when the wind rises, to worship the echo, that is, in times of And the French and Italians have proverbs to this

tumult and dissension, to retire into solitude, the seat of purport:- Every BIRD prefers his own nest; maxims

the echo. Yet this maxim must be qualified with some which reflect shame on him, who forgets what he owes,

grains of discretion. There are periods when a decisive in a social sense, to the interests of others with whom

and manly course, though it involves the risk of giving he is connected: whether as the member of a private

offence to some persons, is demanded of upright men, lest family; or of a profession or trade; or with reference to

the noisy and mischievous should have it all their own his country, as a citizen and a subject. These interests it

way. is a kind of treason to betray, either by word or deed : and, to attempt it, is a bad sign of general character.

44. He that lies long in bed, his estate feels it. Happily such instances are comparatively rare, so strong We know of few proverbs more valuable to the and affecting are the social ties. Home is home, though young, than those which inculcate the importance of early ever so homely. And, if the Latin proverb, quoted by

rising such as the above, and, Erasmus, be true, that Even the smoke of our own chimney

He who will thrive must rise at five , shines brighter than the fire of a stranger's, how attractive He who hath thriven may sleep till seven. must be

Early to bed and"early to rise, "The bonnie bright blink of our ain fire-side !"

Makes a man healthy, and wealthy and wise. To take the proverb in a wider sense, it seems the gift He who doth not rise early never does a good day's work. of a kind Providence, to have implanted in the human To impress this maxim on certain of our readers, we will breast a love of our native land. This disposition, when try not to be tedious in telling a story which we once heard it does not lead us to despise our neighbours, is to be in the country as a fact,

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