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Johnston, (by whom it was presented to the you, until your senses become not quite so cool and Society,) by one of the most learned of the Budd'hist collected as when you first entered, and you think priests on the island of Ceylon.
it high time to make your retreat into the hot and Fans made of these leaves, were conferred on dusty streets of Xeres. individuals as a mark of distinction ; in the maritime Each wine establishment is conducted by an overprovinces of Ceylon, they were allowed to have a seer, who is called the Capataz, and to whom is certain number of those which folded up; in the entrusted the purchasing of the different wines from inland provinces, they were formed into a circu- the grower, the selection, and the mixing of them, as lar shape, like shields, ornamented with talc and also the proving and tasting of the brandies required; peacocks' feathers, and mounted on thin poles ; | in all of which, considerable judgment, skill, and sinall ones of the latter description were commonly experience, are required. These men, who, with used by the priests. Specimens of all these different nearly all employed in the bodegas, come from the kinds, are among the curious oriental collections in mountains of Asturia, the Andalusians being too the Museum of the Royal Asiatic Society.
indolent, generally amass large fortunes by their The leaf, when cut off at the extremity of the care and frugality, and afterwards retire to their petioles, is said to be worn by persons travelling native province with the fruit of their industry. through the jungles, as a covering for the head : The interior of one of these large bodegas may be for this purpose only a part of the leaf is used; compared to an immense hospital filled with patients, it forms a sort of wedge, or inverted keel, and thus and the capataz or superintendent to the visiting enables the wearer to force aside the branches which physician. The former goes his daily round, accomimpede his path
panied by one of the superintendents of the bodega, whom we will call the apothecary. ' As he passes each
butt, he begins his inquiry into the state of his A SPANISH WINE-STORE.
patient; not by feeling his pulse, but by tapping, Nothing at Xeres so much surprises the stranger, which is immediately performed by his attendant, and is more worthy his inspection, than the Bodegas, who runs a spike into it, and presents him with a or wine-vaults. The vintage itself, though interesting, bumper of the contents. On tasting it, he may has nothing particularly striking or picturesque in it; probably find that the wine is sick, as it is called by and after having walked through the broiling vine the merchants, being usually the case with young yards, and seen the process of picking and pressing wines; a jar or two of brandy is therefore prescribed the grapes, the curiosity of the traveller will be for the invalid, and the dose is forth with administered. satisfied. There are few, however, who would not A second hutt may be found to be equally qualmish, feel inclined to repeat their visits more than once to and is relieved in the same manner. The body or the bodega. The term wine-vaults is ill suited to constitution of a third may probably be naturally convey an idea of these really splendid and extra weak and delicate; this is strengthened and improved ordinary establishments, which I should class among by being mixed with wine which is sounder and the things best worth seeing in Spain. Instead of stronger: while a fourth may be at the very last exdescending into a dark, low, grovelling, and musty tremity, so as to require the application of musk. magazine, like the London Dock wine-vaults, spacious Speaking, however, more seriously, the bodega as they are, you first pass through a street, one requires a great deal of skill, constant attention, a entire side of which, for the extent of a quarter of a nice taste, and a discriminating judgment in the mile, is occupied by one of these bodegas, and selection, not only of the wines, but of the brandies ; entering through large folding doors, you find your in the improving the delicacy and flavour of the self, to your astonishment, in what at first sight, former, increasing or diminishing the body, dryness, appears to be a church of considerable dimensions, and colour, and finally, giving such a variety of with a lofty roof, and divided into spacious aisles. shades and differences in flavour and price, as may
In the centre, you see in large characters, “ Bodega best suit the particular market, and gratify the taste of Jesus ;” and at the sides, "Nave of St. Andrew, and caprice of John Bull. St. Pedro, St. Jago.” Your eye soon runs along the With this I shall conclude the remarks I have been lower part of the building, and you see some making, merely observing that, however far we may thousand butts of wine ranged along the aisles, and be from drinking the sherry wine in its original state against the arched pillars. A delicious fragrance, in our own country, owing to the impossibility of which you easily recognise, soon convinces you, not preserving it without the addition of a spirituous withstanding the pious inscriptions you have been body, it is so very superior to the lighter kinals of reading, that you are in a place exclusively dedicated sherry which are drank in their pure state, and which to the enjoyments of the body.
supply the general consumption in the country, that On entering, you are waited upon by the super- the last-mentioned wines cannot be compared to it. intendent of the bodega, who accompanies you to the wealthy merchants and exporters of Xeres, through the different aisles, and who explains to you, we are, indeed, indebted for a wine, which, like port, on passing each barrel, the name, quality, age, and may be called a sound British wine, and which is far peculiar flavour of the wine within it; and, in order more suitable to an English constitution and climate, that you may understand it practically as well as than the lighter wines of France and the Rhine. theoretically, his observations are rendered clear and
[Sketches in Spain and Morocco, by Sir Arthur de CAPELL intelligible by a full glass of the delicious liquor.
Brooke, Bart.] You proceed thus slowly through the whole range of the bodega, occasionally reposing like Bacchus, A SLOWNESS to applaud betrays a cold temper, or an astride of a huge butt, and sipping bumpers of envious spirit. —H. More. luscious Paxareti, fragrant Muscatel, or dark creamy Sherry, half a century old. While on the outside, There is always some love in esteem, and some esteem in every thing is blazing with the intenseness of the love; some hatred in contempt, sume contempt in hatred.
-SKELTON. noon-tide heat; within, a delightful coolness and a soft mellow light prevail. In this manner you keep Where there is yet shame, there in time may be virtue. on quafling the nectar which is so liberally supplied -JOHNSON.
its external and internal embellishment, inferior only
to the chapel of Henry the Seventh at Westminster.” St. MARY'S CHURCH AND THE COUNTY-HALL.
This is high praise, but it may be safely pronounced WARWICK, the capital of the very important manu. that there are few finer examples of the architectural facturing county to which it gives its name, is a skill of our forefathers now in existence. This fabric place of high antiquity. By the Britons it was called was completed in the third year of the reign of Caer Guarvic; the Romans are supposed to have had Edward the Fourth, at a cost of 24811, 4s. 7}d., a fort or station here; and it appears to have been apparently an insignificant sum; but it must be strongly fortified by the Saxons at the period of the remembered, that wheat then sold at 3s. 4d. per Norman invasion. Its situation, indeed, on the quarter. summit of a freestone rock, at the foot of which After glancing at the exterior, which is enriched runs the river Avon, rendered it extremely well with an open-work parapet, and buttresses of great calculated for purposes of defence; and its castle, beauty, we enter the principal room, which is 58 feet which is still, perhaps, the most magnificent fortified long, 25 feet wide, and rises to a height of 32 feet. structure in this country, in former times was The roof is richly groined, and enriched with fanalmost impregnable.
tracery. In the centre stands the monument of the Warwick is situated in the midst of a pleasant founder, which has been pronounced by Mr. Britton, champaign country, and is approached by four great inferior to none in England except that of Henry roads, from the cardinal points, which are cut through the Seventh at Westminster Abbey. It is an altarthe free-stone rock. Our engraving affords a very tomb of gray marble, most elaborately enriched favourable idea of the street-scenery of this place. with niches, and various decorations in the purest In the distance is seen the beautiful tower of the taste; on the slab is a figure of the Earl of Warwick, church of St. Mary; the building in the centre is the one of the distinguished characters of the fifteenth County-Hall, and a portion of the County-Prison is century, in the proportions of life, composed of brass, seen on the extreme right. The streets are generally gilt. The splendid monument of another celebrated spacious and regular, and meet in the centre of the person, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester*, who town, which is divided into the parishes of St. Mary died in 1588, is an historical memento of high inand St. Nicholas, both in the diocese of Worcester. terest, especially to the readers of one of Sir Walter
A religious structure, dedicated to St. Mary, occu Scott's most touching stories, Kenilworth. The altarpied the same place as the present, previously to the screen of the chapel is adorned with a basso relievo Conquest. It was partly rebuilt subsequently to of the Annunciation of the Virgin; on either side of that period, and rendered collegiate in conformity which is “a shrine of the most delicate and elaborate with the will of Henry de Newburgh, Earl of War- workmanship.” The southern side of the apartment wick, when a dean and secular canons were established is richly worked in panels, and the east window therein. It was again rebuilt by Thomas Beauchamp, adorned with painted glass, the designs on which are Earl of Warwick, at the latter end of the fourteenth very curious, and include a portrait of the founder. century; and in the middle of the fifteenth century, An oratory, confessional, and other rooms well a chapel of extraordinary beauty, and richness of deserving of inspection, adjoin the edifice. architectural decoration was added to it, as a place To the north of the church, is a venerable building of sepulture for this munificent family.
called the chapter-house; which is appropriated to In 1694, however, the entire structure, with the the somewhat opposite purposes of a mausoleum, exception of the choir and the chapel alluded to, was and a national school; the latter being situated in destroyed by a disastrous fire, which consumed what was formerly a chapel, in the upper story of nearly the whole town of Warwick, and caused the edifice. St. Mary's is a vicarage, in the patronage damage to the extent of nearly £120,000. The of the crown; it is valued in the king's books at 201. church was
n a great measure rebuilt within ten a year. The parish church of St. Nicholas, which vears; but with the exception of the tower, which was rebuilt about half a century since, is distinguished gives an impressive effect to the edifice on a distant by a tower and spire, but it has no pretensions to view, the renovation was effected in the worst possible architectural beauty. taste. The building is cruciform; its extreme length The County Hall is situated in Northgate street. is 186 feet; its breadth 66 feet; and the transept The façade, which is constructed of freestone, is measures about 106 feet. The tower, which rises to enriched with Corinthian pilasters, with a central a height of 130 feet, springs from four pointed arches, portico of the same order, surmounted by a bold under which the pathway is carried, and rising in triangular pediment. The Hall, or principal room, several stages, terminates in six embellished pinnacles. is 110 feet in length, and 45 in width, and is very
The interior of the choir, which is in the most elegantly ornamented; the civil and criminal courts perfect state, is a very beautiful example of the are on either side; they are neat and commodious. decorated style of pointed (or English) architecture, The exterior of the County Gaol which adjoins the of which it forms one of the most florid of existing lall, is also of stone, but the order is Doric. The specimens. The stalls on either side,—the lofty and bridewell for the county, adjoins this edifice, its elaborately-finished stone ceiling,—the many highly internal arrangements and management are equally interesting monuments of one of the most illustrious deserving of commendation. The male prisoners are English families which adorn it; and the “ dim chiefly engaged in drawing and preparing wire, for religious light” which is shed over the whole, are well the manufacture of pins, which are headed by the calculated to elevate the thoughts to the contempla- boys and women. Amongst the curiosities of the tion of Him to whose honour it was built.
place, is a large oven, capable of baking 400 loaves The most interesting feature in the structure, and at one time. The Town Sessions-House (in which which alone ought to obtain for it extensive celebrity, are assembly-rooms,) in High-Street, is also a neat is the Chapel of our Lady, frequently called Beau- edifice, in the Grecian style of architecture, well champ's Chapel, after its founder, already alluded calculated for public purposes. Warwick was made to, of whose name, indeed, it is an honourable memo a corporate town in 1554; its population, according rial. This beautiful building, which adjoins the to the census of 1831, is 9109. south transept, has been pronounced to be, both "in
* See Saturday Magazine, Vol. I p. 101.
Few places of equal size, can boast of as many | with a loan of 1001. (to be repaid in nine years,) public charities as Warwick ; amongst other endow- on entering into business, is also to be found here. ments, are upwards of forty alms-houses, for aged Many very interesting events have occurred in the
The excellent charity of Sir Thomas White, history of Warwick; which has given birth to for the assistance of voung tradesmen, by aiding them several illustrious individuals; and its castle, which
adjoins the southern side of the town, is a striking, from its very high antiquity, some parts of the evidence of the magnificence of the nobles in feudal structure having been ascribed (though perhaps times, alone recalling a host of stirring historical erroneously,) even to Roman origin. We shall take recollections. It is remarkable also, not only from an early opportunity of making our readers better its great extent, and its almost perfect condition, but I acquainted with this splendid strong-hold.
ADVENTURES OF A BRITISH OFFICER on the watch, called out, “ The French, the French!" DURING THE PENINSULAR WAR.
and pointed to the rear, whence some dragoons came CAPTAIN Colquhoun Grant, a celebrated scouting galloping up. Grant and his follower instantly oflicer was sent by Lord Wellington to watch darted into the wood, for a little space, and then Marshal Marmont's proceedings. Attended by Leon, suddenly wheeling, rode off in a different direction, a Spanish peasant of great fidelity and quickness of yet at every turn new enemies appeared, and at last apprehension, who had been his companion on many the hunted men dismounted, and fled on foot through former occasions of the same nature, Grant arrived the thickest of the low oaks : but again they were in the Salamancan district, and passing the Tormes met by infantry, who had been detached in small in the night, remaineil, in uniform, for he never parties down the sides of the pass, and were directed assumed any disguise, three days in the midst of the in their chase, by the waving of the French officers' French camp:
Ile thus obtained exact information hats on the ridge above. At last Leon fell exhausted, of Marmont's object, and more especially of his and the barbarians who first came up, killed him, in preparations of provisions and scaling ladders, notes spite of his companion's intreaties. Grant himself, of which he sent to Lord Wellington, from day to they carried, without injury, to Marmont, who, day, by Spanish agents. However, on the third receiving him with apparent kindness, invited him to night, some peasants brought him a general order, dinner. The conversation turned upon the prisoner's addressed to the French regiments, and saying, that exploits, and the French marshal afirmed that he had the notorious Grant, being within the circle of their been for a long time on the watch, that he knew all cantonments, the soldiers were to use their utmost his haunts, and his disguises, and had discovered, efforts to secure him, for which purpose, also, guards that only the night before, he had slept in the French were placed in a circle round the army. Nothing head-quarters, with other adventures which had not daunted by this news, Grant consulted with the happened, for this Grant never used any disguise; peasants, and the next morning, before daylight, but there was another Grant, also very remarkable entered the village of Huerta, which is close to the in his way, who used to remain for months in the ford on the Tormes, and about six miles from French quarters, using all manner of disguises ; Salamanca. !lere was a French battalion, and on hence the similarity of names caused the actions of the opposite side of the river, cavalry videttes were both to be attributed to one, which is the only palliaposted, two of which constantly patrolled back and tion for Marmont's subsequent conduct. forward, for the space of three hundred yards, Treating his prisoner, as I have said, with great meeting always at the ford.
apparent kindness, the French general exacted from When day broke, the French battalion assembled him an especial parole, that he would not consent to on its alarm-post, and at that moment Grant was be released by the Patridas, while on his journey secretly brought with his horse behind the gable of a through Spain to France, which secured his captive, house, which hid him from the infantry, and was although Lord Wellington offered 2000 dollars to opposite to the ford. The peasants, standing on any Guerilla chief who should rescue him. The some loose stones, and spreading their large cloaks, exaction of such a parole, however harsh, was in covered lim from the cavalry videttes, and thus be itself a tacit compliment to the man; but Marmont calmly waited until the latter were separated to the also sent a letter, with the escort, to the governor of full extent of their beat; then putting spurs to his Bayonne, in which, still labouring under the error horse, he dashed through the ford between them, and that there was only one Grant, he designated his receiving their fire without damage, reached a wood captive a dangerous spy, who had done infinite mis. not very distant, where the pursuit was baffled, and chief to the French army, and whom he had only where he was soon rejoined by Leon, who in his not executed on the spot, out of respect to something native dress met with no interruption. Grant had resembling an uniform, which he wore at the time of already ascertained that the means of storming his capture. He therefore desired, that at Bayonne Ciudad Rodrigo were prepared, and that the French he should be placed in irons, and sent up to Paris. ollicers openly talked of doing so, but he desired still This proceeding was too little in accord with the further to test this project, and to discover if the honour of the French army to be supported, and, march of the enemy might not finally be directed by before the Spanish frontier was passed, "Grant, it the pass of Perales, towards the Tagus; he wished matters not how, was made acquainted with the conalso to ascertain more correctly their real numbers, tents of the letter. Now the custom at Bayonne, in and therefore placed himself on a wooded hill, near ordinary cases, was for the prisoner to wait on the Tamames, where the road branches off to the passes, authorities, and receive a passport to travel to Verdun, and to Ciudad Rodrigo. Here lying perdue, until and all this was duly accomplished; meanwhile, the the whole French army had passed, he noted every delivery of the fatal letter being, by certain means, battalion and gun, and finding that all were directed delaycd, Grant, with a wonderful readiness and towards Ciudad, entered Tamames after they had boldness, resolved not to escape towards the Pyrenees, passed, and discovered that they had left the greatest thinking he would naturally be pursued in that direcpart of their scaling-ladders behind, which clearly tion. He judged, that if the governor of Bayonne proved that the intention of storming Ciudad Rodrigo could not recapture him at once, he would, for his was not real. This allayed Wellington's fears for own security, suppress the letter, in hopes the matter that fortress. When Marmont afterwards passed the would be no farther thought of; judging, I say, in Coa, in this expedition, Grant preceded him, with this acute manner, he, on the instant, inquired at the intent to discover if his march would be by Guarda hotels, if any French officer was going to Paris, and upon Coimbra, or by Sabugal upon Castallo Branca. finding that General Souham, then on his return Upon one of the inferior ridges in the pass of from Spain, was so bent, he boldly introduced himPenamacor, this persevering officer placed himself, self, and asked permission to join his party. The thinking that the dwarf vaks, with which the hills other readily assented; and, while thus travelling, were covered, would effectually secure him from the general, unacquainted with Marmont's intentions, discovery; but from the higher ridge above, the often rallied his companion about his adventures, French detected all his movements with their glasses. little thinking he was then himself an instrument in In a few moments, Leon, whose lynx-eyes were always forwarding the most dangerous and skilful of them all.
In passing through Orleans, Grant, by a species of few hours they obtained a glimpse of her, and were intuition, discovered an English agent, and from him steering that way, when a shot from a coast-battery received a recommendation to another secret agent brought them to, and a boat with soldiers put off to in Paris, whose assistance would be necessary to his board them. The fisherman was true; he called final escape; for he looked upon Marmont's double-Grant his son, and the soldiers, by whom they exdealing, and the expressed design to take away his pected to be arrested, were only sent to warn them life, as equivalent to a discharge of his parole, which not to pass the battery, because the English vessel
moreover only given with respect to Spain. they were in search of, was on the coast. The old When he arrived at Paris, he took leave of Souham, man who had expected this, bribed the soldiers with opened an intercourse with the Parisian agent, from his fish, assuring them, he must go with his son or whom he obtained money, and, by his advice, avoided they would starve, and that he was so well acquainted appearing before the police, to have his passport with the coast, he could always escape the enemy. examined. He took a lodging in a very public His prayers and presents prevailed, he was desired to street, frequented the coffee-houses, and even visited wait under the battery till night, and then depart ; the theatres without fear, because the secret agent, but, under pretence of arranging his escape from the who had been long established, and was intimately English vessel, he made the soldiers point out her connected with the police, had ascertained that no bearings so exactly, that, when darkness came, he inquiry about his escape had been set on foot, ran her straight on board, and the intrepid officer
In this manner he passed several weeks, at the end stood in safety on the quarter-deck. of which the agent informed him, that a passport After this Grant reached England, and obtained was ready for one Jonathan Buck, an American, permission to choose a French officer, of equal rank who had died suddenly, the very day it was to have with himself, to send to France, that no doubt been claimed. Seizing this occasion, Grant boldly might remain about the propriety of his escape; and demanded the passport, with which he instantly great was his astonishment to find, in the first prison departed for the mouth of the Loire, because certain he visited, the old fisherman and his real son, who reasons, not necessary to mention, led him to expect had, meanwhile, been captured, notwithstanding a more assistance there than at any other port.
protection given to them for their services. Grant, However, new difficulties awaited him, and were whose generosity and benevolence were as remarkovercome by fresh exertions of his surprising talents, able as the qualities of his understanding, soon which fortune seemed to delight in aiding. He first obtained their release, and, having sent them with a took a passage for America in a ship of that nation, sum of money to France, returned himself to the but its departure being unexpectedly delayed, he Peninsula, and, within four months from the date of frankly explained his true situation to the captain, his capture, was again on the Tormes, watching Marwho desired him to assume the character of a dis- mont's army! This generous and spirited, yet contented seaman, and giving him a sailor's dress gentle-minded man, having served his country nobly · and forty dollars, sent him to lodge the money in and ably in every climate, died, not long since, exthe American consul's hands, as a pledge that he hausted by the continual hardships he had endured. would prosecute the captain for ill-usage, when he
[Napier's Peninsular War.]
OUR COUNTRY AND OUR HOME.
THERE is a land, of ev'ry land the pride, after waiting some days, Grant prevailed upon a Belov'd by heav'n, o'er all the world beside ; boatman, by a promise of ten Napoleons, to row him Where brighter suns dispense serener light, in the night towards a small island, where, by usage,
And milder moons emparadise the night; the English vessels watered unmolested, and in return,
A land of beauty, virtue, valour, truth, permitted the few inhabitants to fish and traffic without
Time-tutor'd age, and love-exalted youth :
The wand'ring mariner, whose eye explores
The wealthiest isles, the most enchanting shores,
Touch'd by remembrance, trembles to that pole.
For in this land of heaven's peculiar grace,
The heritage of nature's noblest race, striven in desperation to force fortune, and so have
There is a spot of earth supremely blest, perished ; the spirit of others would have sunk in
A dearer, sweeter spot than all the rest, despair : for the money he had promised, was all Where man, creation's tyrant, casts aside which remained of his stock, nd he boatman, not His sword and sceptre, pageantry and pride, withstanding his breach of contract, demanded the While in his soften'd looks benignly blend whole; but with inexpressible coolness and resolution,
The sire, the son, the husband, father, friend :
Here woman reigns; the mother, daughter, wife,
Strews with fresh flow'rs the narrow way of life;
Around her knees domestic duties meet, plainly, he would then denounce him as aiding the And fireside-pleasures gambol at her feet. escape of a prisoner of war, and adduce the great
“ Where shall that land, that spot of earth be found?”
Art thou a man ?-a patriot?-look around; price of his boat as a proof of his guilt !
0, thou shalt find, howe'er thy footsteps roam, This menace was too formidable to be resisted, and
That land thy country, and that spot thy home. Grant in a few days engaged an old fisherman, who
MONTGOMERY. faithfully performed his bargain. But now there were no English vessels near the island; however, the water-lily in the midst of waters, lifts up its broad the fisherman cast his nets and caught some fish, leaves, and expands its petals at the first pattering of the with which he sailed towards the southward, where shower, and rejoices in the rain with a quicker sympathy he had heard there was an English ship of war. than the parched shrub in the sandy desert.--COLERIDGE.