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nesbury. His first visit to Cornwall. Riots in

Staffordshire. Preaches for the last time before

Mr. Wesley's parentage. Mrs. Susanna Wes-

ley. Samuel Wesley, jr. Mr. Wesley at School

the University of Oxford. Correspondence with

the Rev. J. Erskine. His serinon on “A Catho-

and College. Religious Impressions and In-

lic Spirit." First Conference held. Remarkg. 30

quiries. Ordination. College Honors. Charles

Wesley's early life. Methodists at Oxford. Ori-


gin of the name Methodist...


Mr. Charles Wesley's labors in Cornwall,


Kent, Staffordshire, and the North of England.

Persecution at Devizes. Remarks. Mr. Wes-

The Wesleys at Oxford. Their efforts to do

ley at Newcastle. His Statement of the case be-

good. Opposition. Correspondence with Mr.

Wesley, sen. Mr. Samuel Wesley, and Mrs.

tween the Clergy and the Methodists. Remarks.

Labors in Lincolnshire, &c. Persecutions in

Wesley. Mr. John Wesley refuses to settle at


Cornwall. Count Zinzendorf. Dr. Doddridge.

Remarks. Death of Mr. Wesley,

The Wesleys engage to go out to Georgia.

Mr. Wesley a writer of Tracts. His sentiments

on Church Government. Extracts from the Mi.

Letter of Mr. Gambold..


nutes of the early Conferences. Remarks. Mr.


Wesley's labors in different parts of the King-

dom. His zeal to diffuse useful knowledge.

The Wesleys on their voyage. Intercourse Mobs in Devonshire. Visiis Ireland. Succeed-

with the Moravians. Conduct, Troubles, and ed there by his brother. Persecutions in Dublin. 37

Sufferings in Georgia. Affair of Miss Hopkey.

Mr. Wesley returns to England....



Labors of the Preachers. Doctrinal conversa-


tions of the Conferences. Justification. Repent-

Mr. Wesley's review of his religious Experi-

Faith. Assurance. Remarks. Fruits

Trouble of mind. Interview with Peter of justifying Faith. Sanctification. Witnces of

Bobler. Receives the doctrine of justification by the Spirit. Remarks. Spirit in which Mr. Wes-

Faith. Preaches it. Mr. Charles Wesley's reli ley sought truth. Miscellaneous extracts from

gious experience. Remarks...

15 the Minutes of the early Conferences. Notices of

the deaths of Preachers. Remarks...




State of ion in the Nation. Mr. Wesley's

visit to Germany. Return to England. His la-

Early List of Circuits. Mr. Charles Wesley

bors in London. Meets with Mr. Whitefield. in London. Earthquake there. Differences be-

Dr. Woodward's Societies. Mr. Charles Wes tween Mr. Charles Wesley and the Preachers.

ley's labors. Field Preaching. Remarks...... 19 Remarks. Respective views of the brothers.

Mr. Wesley's marriage. Mr. Perronet. Kings-


wood School. Remarks. Mr. Wesley visits

Scotland. Letters. Sickness. Mr. Whitefield's

Effect of the labors of the Messrs. Wesley

Letter to him in anticipation of his death. Mr.

and Mr. Whitefield at Kingswood. Mr. Wesley

Wesley's Remarks on Books. His address to the

at Bath. Statement of his doctrinal views. Se.

Clergy. Remarks. Hervey's Letters .


parates from the Moravians in London. Forma-

tion of the Methodist Society. Mr. Wesley's mo-


ther. Correspondence between Mr. John and

Mr. Samuel Wesley on Extraordinary Emotions, Methodism in America. Revivals of Religion.

and the doctrine of Assurance. Remarks. En Remarks. Mr. Wesley's labors. Notices of

thusiasm. Divine Influence. Difference be. books from his Journals. Minutes of the Con.

tween Mr. Wesley and Mr. Whitefield. Their ference of 1770. Remarks. Mr. Shirley's Cir-

reconciliation. Mr. Maxfield. Mr. Wesley's cular. Mr. Wesley's “ Declaration." Contro-

defence of his calling out Preachers to assist hiin versy respecting the Minutes. Remarks. In-

in his work. Remarks ....

23 crease of the Societies. Projects for the manage-

ment of the connection after Mr. Wesley's death. 63



Persecution in London. Institution of Classes.
Mr. Wesley charged with being a Papist. His Mr. Wesley's sickness in Ireland. Letter to
sabors in Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Lin the Commissioners of Excise. Visit to the Isle of
colnshire. Death of Mrs. Susanna Wesley. La Man. Opening of City-road Chapel. “Aripi-
vors and persecutions of Mr. Charles Wesley in nian Magazine.” Disputes in the society at Bath.
Staffordshire and Yorkshire. Increase of the So Mr. Wesley's Letter to a Nobleman. His visit to
cieties. Mr. Wesley's danger and escape at Wed-

Holland. * Deed of Declaration." Remarks.. 72

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Dependence upon Divine direction the best súp.

His parentage.

port in affliction. Forms some new connections.

Loss of his mother. Poetic

Becomes acquainted with the Unwin family.

description of her character. First school. Cru.

Happiness he experienced in their company.... 115

elly he experienced there. First serious im-
pressions. Is placed under the care of an emi.


nent oculist. Entrance npon Westminster School.

Character while there. Removal thence. En Cowper becomes an inmate of Mr. Unwin's

trance upon an attorney's office. Want of em family: Is much delighted with their society.

ployment there. Unfitness for his profession.

Describes the manner in which they spent their

Early melancholy impressions...

His opinion respecting the knowledge

which Christians will bave of each other in hea-


What will engage their thoughts there.

Just views of Christian friendship. Strength of

Entrance into the Temple. Employment there.

bis religious affections. Humbling views of him.

Depression of his mind. Religious impressions. self. Melancholy death of Mr. Unwin. Cow-

Visit to Southampton. Sudden renoval of sor.

per's reflections upon it. Mr. Newton's wex-

row. Death of his father. Appointment to the

pected but providential visit to Mrs. Unwin. Cow-

office of reading clerk in the House of Lords.

per's determination to remain with the family.

Dread of appearing in public. Consequent aban. Their removal from Huntingdon lo Olney...... 118

donment of the situation. Is proposed as clerk
of the Journals. Feelings on the occasion. Vi-


sit to Margate. Return to London. Preparation

for entering upon his office. Distressing sensa Commencement of Cowper's intimacy with

tions on the occasion. Is compelled to relinquish Mr. Newton. Pleasure it afiorded him. His

it for ever. Serious attack of depression. Visit charitable disposition. Means provided for its

of his brother.....

107 indulgence, by the muniticence of the late J.

Thornton, Esq. Mr. Thornton's death. Cowa


per's poetic tribute to his memory. Remarks on

His removal to St. Alban's. Painful state of

the insufficiency of earthly objects to afford peace

his mind there. Receives a visit from his brother.

to the mind. His great anxiety for the spiritual

Good effects of it. His recovery. How it was

welfare of his correspondents. Consolatory re-

effected. His subsequent happiness. Pleasing

marks addressed to his cousin. Severe affliction

conversation with Dr. Cotion. The delighiul

of his brother. Cowper's great concern on his

manner in which he now passed his time. De-

beball. Happy change that takes place in his

scription of his experience. His gratitude 10

brother's sentiments on religious subjects. His

God. Employs his brother to look ont for him a

death. Cowper's reflections on it.

Deep im-

new residence. Leaves St. Alban's. Feelings

pression it made npon his mind. Description of

on the occasion....


his brother's character. Engages with Mr. New-

ton to write the Olney Hymns. Cowper's severe




Removal to Huntingdon. Sensations there.


Engages in public worship for the first time after
his recovery. Delight it afforded him. Com. Great severity of Cowper's mental depression.
mences a regular correspondence with some of His presentiment of it Its consequences. Re-
his friends. Pleasure he experienced in writing marks upon its probable cause. Absurdity of at-
on religions subjects. Anxiety of his mind for tributing it, in any degree, to religion. Mrs. Un-
the spiritual welfare of his former associates. At win's great attention to him. His aversion to the
tributes their continuance in sin chiefly to infi company of strangers. Symptoms of his reco-
delity. Folly of this. Beauty of the Scriptures. very. Domesticates three leverets. Amuseinent
Absurdity of attributing events to second causes, they afford him. Mr. Newton's removal from
instead of to the overruling providence of God. Olney. Introduction of Mr. Bull lo Cowper:



His translation of Madame de la Guyon's poems, neral Cowper and the Rev. Dr. Bagot. Conso-
at Mr. Bull's request. Commences his original latory letter to the latter...


productions, at the suggestion of Mrs. Unwin.

Renews his correspondence with Mr. and Mrs.


Newton. Describes the state of his mind. ...... 126

Pleasure he enjoyed in his new residence. Sud-


den death of Mrs. Unwin's son. Cowper's dis-

tress on the occasion. Experiences a severe at-
Makes preparations for publishing his first von tack of illness. Is compelled to relinquish, for a
lume. Reasons assigned for it. Beneficial effects time, his labors of translation. Mr. Rose's first
of composition on his mind. His comparative visit to him. His sudden recovery. Manner of
indifference to the success of his volume. Great spending his time. Peculiarities of his case. Is
care, nevertheless, with which he composed it. dissuaded from resuming his translation. His de-
His readiness to avail himself of the assistance termination to persevere in it. Applies to it with
and advice of his friends. The interest which the utmost diligence. Great care with which he
Mr. Newton took in his publication. Writes the translated it. His admiration of the original.
preface for the volume. Cowper’s judicious re | Providential preservation of Mrs. Unwin. His
ply to some objections that had been made to it. painful depression unremoved...

... 150

Publication of the volume. Manner in which it

was received. Continuance of Cow per's depres-


Bion. State of his mind respecting religion. His

Pressing invitations of his friends to write a

warm attachment to the leading truths of the gos-

pel. Ardent desires to make his volume the

poem on the Slave Trade. Reasons for declining

means of conveying them to others...

it. Correspondence with Mrs. King. Particular


description of his feelings. Death of Sir Ashley


Cowper. Description of his character. Great

severity of Cowper's depression. Is again urged

Commencement of Cowper's acquaintance with to write on the Slave Trade. Again declines it.

Lady Austin. Pleasure it affords him. Poetic Assigns particular reasons for it. His indefa-

epistle to her. Her removal to Olney. Benefi. tigable application to Homer. Notice he took of

cial influence of her conversational powers on passing events. Mr. and Mrs. Newton's visit to

Cowper's mind. Occasion of his writing John Weston. The pleasure it afforded Cowper. Lady

Gilpin. Lines composed at Lady Austin's re Hesketh's visit. Completion of the Iliad, and

quest. Induced by her to commence writing 'The commencement of the Odyssey. His unwearied

'Task. Principal object he had in view in com. application to Homer not allowed to divert his at-

posing it.

Sudden and final separation from tention from religion. Occasional composition of

Lady Austin. Occasional severity of bis depres original poetry. Readiness to listen to any altera-

sive malady. Hopes entertained by his friends of tion that might be suggested in his productions.. 156

his ultimate recovery:

His own opinion upon it.

Pleasing proofs of the power of religion on bis


mind. Tenderness of his conscience. Serious Mrs. Unwin much injured by a fall. Cowper's

reflections. Aversion to religious deception and

anxiety respecting her. Continues incessantly

pretended piety. Bigotry and intolerance, with engaged in his Homer. Expresses regret that it

their opposite vices, levity and indifference, deplor.

should, in some measure, have suspended his cor-

ed. Sympathy with the sufferings of the poor.

Enviable condition of such of them as are pious,

respondence with his friends. Revises a small

compared with the rich who disregard religion... 134 Receives as a present from Mrs. Bodham, a por

volume of poems for children. State of his mind.


trait of his mother. Feelings on the occasion.

Interesting description of her character. His af-

Publication of Cowper's second volume of

fectionate attachment to her. Translates a series

poems. Manner in which it was received by the

of Latin letters from a Dutch minister of the gos-
public. His feelings on the occasion. Great self. pel. Continuance of his depression. Is attack-
abasement Renewal of his correspondence with

ed with a nervous sever. Completion of his trans-
Lady Hesketh. Acceptance of her proffered as-

lation. Death of Mrs. Newton. His reflections

sistance. Her projected visit to Olney. Cow on the occasion. Again revises his Homer. His

per's pleasing anticipations of its results. Her unalterable attachment to religion... .... 160

arrival. Cowper's removal from Olney to Weston.

His intimacy with the Throckmortons. Happi-


ness it afforded hiin......


Publication of his Homer. Anxiety respecting


it. To whom dedicated. Benefits he had derived

from it. Feels the want of employment. Pre-

Extracts from his correspondence. Description pares materials for a splendid edition of Milton's
of the deep seriousness that generally pervaded poetic works. Vindicates his character. Attempts
his mind. His remarks to justify his removal of his friends to dissuade him from his new en-
from Olney. Vindicates himself and Mrs. Un gagement. His replies. The commencement of
win from unjust aspersions. Reasons for under. his acquaintance with Mr. Hayley. Pleasure it af-
taking the translation of Homer. His opinion of forded Mr. llayley. Mrs. Unwin's first attack of
Pope's. Unremiting attention to his own. Im paralysis. Manner in which it affected Cowper.
mense pains he bestowed upon it. His readiness Remarks on Milton's labors. Reply to Mr. New.
to avail himself of the assistance of others. Ves. ton's letter for original composition. Continu-
ation he experienced from a multiplicity of critics. ance of his depression. First letter from Mr.
Just remarks upon criticism. Determination to Hayley. Unpleasant circumstances respecting it.
persevere in his work. Justifies himself for un. Mr. Hayley's first visit to Weston. Kind manner
dertaking it. Pleasure he took in relieving the in which he was received. Mrs. Unwin's second
poor. Renewal of his correspondence with Ge. severe paralytic attack Cowper's feelings on



the occasion. Mr. Hayley's departure. Cowper's kindly undertaken by Lady Hesketh. Mr. Hay.
warm attachment to him. Retlections on the re ley's anxieties respecting him. Is invited by Mr.
cent changes he had witnessed. Promises to visit Greathead to pay Cowper another visit. Com-
Eartham. Makes preparations for the journey. plies with the invitation. Arrival at Weston.
Peculiarity of his feelings on the occasion... 166 How he is received by Cow per. Inefficiency of

the means employed to remove bis depression.


Handsome pension allowed him by His Majesty.

Journey to Earthain. Incidents of it. Safe His removal from Weston to Norfolk, under the

arrival Description of its beauties. Employ. care of the Rev. J. Johnson. Death of Mrs. Un-

ment there. Reply to a letter from Mr. Hurdis, win. How it affected Cowper. Recovers sush-

on the death of his sister. State of Cowper's ciently to resume his application to Homer. Fi.

mind at Eartham. His great attention to Mrs. nishes his notes. Letter to Lady Hesketh, de-

Unwin. Return to Weston. Interview with Ge. scriptive of his feelings. Composes some origi-

neral Cowper. Safe arrival at their beloved re nal poems. Translates some of Gay's fables into

treat. Violence of his depressive malady. Re Latin. Rapid decay of his strength. Last illness.

grets the loss of his studious habit. Ineffectual Death ...


efforts to obtain it. Warmth of his affection for
Mr. Hayley. Dread of January. Prepares for


a second edition of Homer. Commences writing

notes upon it. Labor it occasioned him. His Description of his person, his manners, his dis-

close application. Continuance of his depres position, his piety. His attachment to the Esta-

sion. Judicious consolatory advice he gives to his blished Church. His attainments. Originality

friends. Letter to Rev. J. Johnson on his taking of his poetry. His religious sentiments. The

orders. Pleasure it afforded hiin to find that his warmth of his friendship. His attachment to the

relative entered upon the work with suitable feel. British constitution. His industry and persever-

ings. Reply to Mr. Hayley respecting a joint ance. Happy manner in which he could console

literary undertaking..

173(the afflicted. His occasional intervals of enjoy-

ment. Character as a writer. Powers of de.


scription. Beauty of his letters. His aversion

Mr. Hayley's second visit to Weston. Finds to flattery, to affectation, to cruelty. His love of

Cowper busily engaged. Great apprehensions liberty, and dread of its abuse. Strong attach-

respecting him. Mrs. Unwin's increasing infirmi ment to, and intimate acquaintance with the

ties. Cowper's feelings on account of it. Vigor Scriptures. Pleasure with which he sometimes

of his own mind at this period. Severe attack of viewed the works of creation. Contentment of

depression. Deplorable condition to which he his mind. Extract from an anonymous critic.

was now reduced. Management of his affairs Poetic tribute to his memory..



Mr. Spencer's parentage and early years. Love Liverpool. Preaches at Newington chapel. His

of learning. Religious impressions. His inclina popularity as a preacher. Correspondence. Re.

tion to the Christian Ministry. Apprenticed to turn to the academy. Invited by the congregation

a glover in London. Rev. Mr. Heward. AC of Newington to become their pastor. Calls from

quaintance with Thomas Wilson, Esq. commenc other congregations. Acceptance of the call from

ed, under whose patronage he enters upon bis Liverpool. Last sermon at Hoxton...... 223

preparatory studies with the Rev. Mr. Hordle, of

Harwich. Rapid progress in learning. Returns Mr. Spencer commences his pastoral labors at

to his father's residence in Hertford...

195 Newington chapel. Correspondence. Success

of his ministry. Lays the foundation stone of a

Mr. Spencer's return to Harwich. Resumes new chapel for his congregation. Correspond.
his studies. Interesting correspondence. Papers

Ordinatici. His first administration of

submitted by Mr. Spencer to the committee of the Lord's Supper. Death. Funeral. Sketch

Hoxton academy...

204 of his character...


Mr. Spencer's entrance at Hoxton. Diligence

APPENDII.-No. I. Hoxton academy. No. II.
În study. Vacation. Return to Hertford. First Mr. Spencer's early exercises in preaching.
Sermon. Continues to preach to the country

No. III. CHRIST AT EMMAUS--a sermon on Luke

people during his stray at Hertford. Hoxton. xxiv. 32. No. IV. Farewell sermon at Hoxton.

Christmas vacation. First sermon at llertford.

No. V. Address at laying the foundation stone of

Appointed to assist in the pulpit at Hoxton. At the new chapel. No. VI. Mr. Spencer's an.

the earnest entreaties of the people, allowed to swers to the questions proposed to him at his or.

preach. First sermon at Hoxton, in his seven dination, No. VII. Additional papers. No. VIII.

teenth year. His success and popularity. Itine.

Additional letters..


racy. Correspondence with Mr. John Haddon. 214

A Poem on the Death of Mr. Spencer, by

Mr. encer visits and preaches at ghton.

James Montgoinery..


Correspondence. Hoxton. Appointed to deli-

ver an oration at the academy. Correspondence, Reflections on Mortality. By Charles Buck 269

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Rise of the Sacramental Controversy. Death of

Muncer. Melancthon's excursion in Germany.

The Reformation. Luther. Birth of Melanc Death of Mosellanus. His Epitaph. Melanc.

thon. His education. Early proficiency. Re thon's iutroduction to the Landgrave of Hesse.

sidence at Pforzheim, Heidelberg and Tubingen. Death of Nesenus. His Epitaph. Death of Fre-

Takes his degree. Obtains an early and remark deric the Wise. Translated extracts from Me-

able celebrity. Honored by Erasmus and Bishop lancthon's Funeral Oration. His Epitaph. Lu-

Latimer. Édits Nauclerus. Renders assistance ther's marriage. Controversy with Erasmus.

to Capnio in his contention with the monks. His

Melancthon's visits to Nuremberg to found an

public lectures and literary zeal. His removal to

Academy. Translated extracts from his oration

a Greek Professorship in the University of Wit-

at the opening of the Institution. Publications. 309

temberg. Commencement of his friendship with





John succeeds his brother Frederic in the Eloc.

torate. Changes. Diet of Spires. Melancthon's

General Observations. Revival and purifica-

Memorial. The Landgrave of Hesse promotes

tion of the Peripatetic Philosophy by Melancthon.

the Reformation in his dominions. Melancthon's

His early labors at Wittemberg, and his increas-

“ Libellus Visitorius.” Commissioners appoint-

ing influence throughout Germany: Extracts

from his Oration “de Corrigendis Adolescentiæ

ed to inspect the Reformed Churches. Second

Diet of Spires. Anecdote of the Landgrave of


283 Hesse. Remarkable story of Grynæus. Me-

lancthon's visit to his mother. Continuance of


the Sacramental Controversy. Conference at

The State of Religion. Relics. Indulgences.

Marpurg Melancthon's Commentary on the


Tetzel. Progress of the Controversy with the

Epistle to the Colossians....

Court of Rome. Melancthon's Narrative of Lu-


ther. Public Disputation at Leipsic. Its Effects.

Paper war between Melancthon and Eckius.

Brief notice of general affairs. Appointment

Concise but satisfactory pamphlet and admirable

of the Diet of Augsburg. Translation of the

spirit of the former....


Augsburg Confession. Popish Confulation.


Subsequent proceedings. Melancthon's Apolo-

gy. Decree of the Diet. Deliberation of the

Melancthon's marriage. His domestic charac-

Reformers. Striking anecdote of Melancthon.

ter. His exemplary virtues.


His boundless li-

Anecdote of the Archbishop of Mente.

berality. Account of his favorite servant John.
Epitaph on his tomb stone. Candor of Melanc


thon. His meekness. Sympathy. Interesting

Smalcald. Unfavorable circumstances an-

Letter written to a friend, who had sustained a

painful family bereavement. His Piety. Sin-

nounced. The Emperor retracts at Ratisbon and

agrees to the suspension of all legal processes

cerity. Wit. Memory. Temperance. Modesty.

Humility. Parental conduct. His value for

against the Protestants. Death of the Elector

Time. Marriage and settlement of his two

John. Melancthon's Funeral Oration. His Epi-

daughters. Character of his sons-in-law, George

taph. Succeeded by John Frederic. The Em.

Sabinus and Casper Peucer. Notice of Thurzo,

peror urges on the Pope a general Council. Con-

Bishop of Breslaw...


tinuance of the Sacramental Controversy. Me.

lancthon and Buicer confer with the Landgrave.


A vain attempt at Leipsic to restore union between

contending parties. Francis I. urges Melancthon

The Pope's Bull against Luther. His retalia to repair to France. Their correspondence.

tion. Diet at Worms. Luther's seizure and im-

Entreaties of the Langæan family to the saino

prisonment at the Castle of Wartenberg. Feel purpose. Bellay_goes into Germany and invites

ings of Melancthon. Condemnation of Luther

Melancthon into France. The Elector interposes

by the Sorbonne. Melancthon's satirical re-

to prevent the journey. Henry VIII. invites

joinder. His publication under the feigned name

Melancthon into England. Their correspond-

of Didymus Faventinus. His declamation on the

ence. The King of England's eagerness in des-

study of Paul. Extracts from his Loci Com patching messengers to France, to prevent Me-

munes, or Theological Common Places. Trans-

lancthon's continuance there if he were arrived,

actions relative to the abolition of private Mas-

or otherwise to dissuade him from going. Curi-

300 ous original documents on the subject. A larger

commission sent into Germany. Melancthon'a


communication with Archbishop Cranmer. State

of his health. Takes a journey. Injurious re-

The Anabaptists. Disturbances of Carlostadt. ports circulated. Writes against the Anabaptists.

Luther's return to Wittemberg. Account of his Confercnces with Bucer and Capito.


German version of the Scriptures, with the as-
sistance of Melancthon and others. Luther's


conference with Stubner.

His letter of apology

for stealingMelancthon's MS. copy of his Com. A General Council proposed. Meeting at
mentary on the Romans. Extracts from that Smalcald. Melancthon writes on the Pope's Su-
Commentary. Progress of the Reformation.

premacy, and against the manner of appointing

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