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Society for the time being, are to be perpetual mem- cises and religious instruction are continued daily. bers of the board of trustees. The first topic of Several works have issued from the college press, disputation given in the college of Fort William, and others are in progress. Government allows was the following :-" It is easier to diffuse the lite- | 100 dollars a month in aid of this useful and interrature and science of the western nations among esting institution. Sir George Staunton, in addithe natives of India, by translating European books tion to his former munificent donation, has placed into their own tongue, than by instructing them in another sum at the disposal of Dr. Morrison. Some the European languages.” The rising college was of the students have executed translations of Chigreatly indebted to the personal cares of Milne, nese books into English, and of English works into who about this time received the gratuitous diploma their own language, which do them much credit. of D. D. from the University of Glasgow. At the “The students, in general," observes Morrison, laying of the foundation stone, he delivered an ad-“cheerfully read and commit to memory our books; mirable speech.

and when we go out to speak to the people, they In the year 1819, he had to mourn the loss of his beg to be permitted to accompany and assist us: wife: left alone with several children, he applied also, on the Thursday evenings, when we go to with increased ardor to his studies, as the best re- meet the people in the temple. Most of their leisure lief to sorrow. In this year he finished the transla- hours are spent with us. Should it please our gration of the historical books of the Old Testament. cious God to bring them to the knowledge of himHis health now began to decline: the directors self, what happy results might be expected from were desirous that he should seek a more propitious their labors !" In behalf of this institution, its climate; he took a voyage to the Prince of Wales' learned and disinterested founder appeals not only Island, where, finding the heat too oppressive, the to the public, but to men of science and literature: governor of Malacca sent the Nautilus to convey he justly considers it, not only as the chief agent to him home. He suffered extreme pain; but death promote the diffusion of Christianity in China, but came rapidly to his release, and, with great com- also to lay open the mine of the history, philosophy, posure of mind, he yielded his life at the age of 37. and literature of that country. "While the pro

After the decease of his friend, Dr. Morrison paid pagation of the principles of Divine revelation is a visit to England, where he earnestly sought to its final object, it is hoped that, by promoting the promote the cultivation of the Chinese language intellectual intercourse of Europe and eastern Asia, and literature, and gave instruction to several stu- the temporal happiness of man will be advanced." dents. The prosperity of the Anglo-Chinese col. The amount of subscriptions received in England lege, was the fervent desire of this learned and emi- for its support, in 1828, was £1202. nent man, who is considered to be the first Chinese There are also two schools at Malacca, one Mascholar of his day. “The gospel,” he observes in lay and one Tamul, under the care of the missionhis address to the British public, “ can be preached aries: both are supported by government. In the to this people, where tens and hundreds of thou- native female school, opened by Miss Newell, there sands of them dwell under Christian Protestant are twenty pupils: under her excellent care, there governments, and under Malayan governments, is also a free school, which is patronized by Lady which do not interfere to prevent instruction being Garling, and contains seventy girls. This young given to the Chinese. In Java, there is a large po- lady, a relative probably of Harriet Newell, has pulation of the latter; as well as in the British set- published “An Abstract of Geography" for the use ilements, and at Rhio, Borneo, and other places in of her schools: she has also prepared twelve disthe archipelago. It is not a field of labor that is courses, adapted to the circumstances and feelings wanting, but reapers to enter into, and labor in that of Indian children. field. The late Dr. Milne proved at Malacca, what Singapore is a station, where there is a chapel, has been proved every where else, that prejudices and regular preaching to the Malays and Chinese: will give way to sincere benevolence, persevered in the teachers enter the houses, temples, &c. and a The Chinese in Malacca, now allow their sons to spirit of inquiry is excited among the people; one be taught the principles of the Christian religion; of them, Mr. Tomlin, lately made a journey to Banand were proper teachers to make the experiment, kok, the capital of Siam, where he was well rethey would allow their daughters also to receive in-ceived: crowds of people thronged his apartments, struction from Christian females. Reading, to a to procure copies of the Chinese Scriptures and certain extent, may be considered as a common at-tracts, in his possession. tainment throughout the whole of China, and in At Penang' and Java, two promising stations, the colonies; also in Corea, Japan, Loochoo, and there is a general demand for the Scriptures in va Cochin-China: this fact makes the press an im- rious languages-Arabic, Persian, &c. A fresh portant instrument."

supply of Malay Bibles and Testaments was sent On his return to China, this most valuable man out. The Malay services on the Sabbath, and the resumed his various labors : he composed and print- schools, were well attended. The lithographic press, ed three volumes, viz. an Introduction to the Read- to which Mr. Medhurst has paid much attention, ing of the Scriptures; an Epitome of Church his- as being in every respect preferable to any cler tory and Prophecy; and Aids to Devotion, taken for works in the Eastern language, is now at work. from the English Liturgy. He has also undertaken At this press, some thousands of books have already a dictionary of the provincial dialect of Canton, been printed. A fount of Javanese types has also which is now printing at the Honorable Company's been executed, the expense of which was defrayed press. Leang-a-fa, the native convert and preacher, by Mr. Bruckner, formerly a missionary of the Sohas removed to a village 100 miles from Canton, ciety. The Ultra-Ganges mission, as it is called, where he seeks every opportunity to be useful to his has thus a very wide and arduous field of exertion, countrymen.

hitherto untried by any laborer. The Anglo-Chinese college at Malacca has now While the life of Morrison is spared to this mistwenty-six Chinese students; the senior students sion, a high and increasing interest will attend its apply to Christian theology, mathematics, geogra- progress: the zeal of his companions in the cause, phy, and the English language; there are eight is great—the success is slow, and painfully won: candidates for admission: the usual literary exer- I a few have followed Milne to an early grave.







Very pleasant hast thou been unto me!

And yet once more I trust to bavc
Full sight of thee in heaven!





When the subject of the following memoir was the eye on the brilliancy of mental powers of unuremoved from all earthly intercourse, it became un- sual magnitude, he might suspect that his reader consciously the purpose of the writer, as soon as would be content to admire what he despaired to his mind could come to the employ, and before any imitate. But as there is nothing to captivate the of the lighter passages in the history should be lost, thoughts from the chief object, as there is nothing to bring together whatever might best illustrate her extraordinary but what is attainable, he would hope estimable character. Such a record seemed neces- that the reader will readily feel, that what the desary to himself, since he could not allow any thing ceased became he may be; and that, if he is not, it valuable to fade from his memory connected with a will be, not his fate, but his fault. name so sacred to his thoughts; and it appeared The author was convinced, that in portraying desirable for his children, as he hoped it might sup- such a life, it would be utterly useless merely to py them in future time with a fine example of ex- make a chronological record of events and actions, cellence, and a strong relative motive to copy it into or even to do no more than faithfully describe the their lives and deportment.

leading features of character. He has been conIf it is asked why the original purpose is now cerned to subordinate dates and occurrences to their carried out into an act of publication, the author moral effect; to trace the influence of circumstances acknowledges that he has been influenced in coming on the passions and the judgment; to show, not only to this decision, generally, by the opinion of those what the individual became, but to mark, step by on whose opinion he can well rely; and especially step, the way in which she reached her spiritual by the hope that it might contribute to accomplish elevation. And this object was not to be effected more extensively the earnest and latest desire of his by a hasty sketch, or a few powerful strokes of the beloved relation. Without the most distant antici- pencil. Patient exertion was indispensable. There pation of the measure now adopted, it was parti- must be stroke upon stroke, line upon line, touch cularly her prayer, that her death might be made use- upon touch, to reach progressively the full expresful; and in fervently seeking to give the fullest sion of a character at once energetic and delicate effect to her devout wishes, he knew not of any In fulfilling his design, it was unavoidable that means better suited to the object, than placing un- allusion should be made to living names, and espeder the eye of others a correct delineation of her cially to the members of his family. He hopes, character

however, that though he has not written with the Let it be understood, however, that the history is eye of the public upon him, he has in no case exentirely of a domestic class. The author has no ceeded the limits of propriety. He can sincerely splendid incidents, no improbable reverses, no ex- say he has always made such reference with reluctraordinary circumstances to excite curiosity and tance, and never except where it appeared neceshold attention. The life he records, if interesting sary to put the subject of his memoir in interesting at all, must be so, noi from its dissimilarity, but from and useful lights. Had he taken more liberty in this its resemblance to our own; the occurrences which way, the narrative would certainly have approached vary it are of that simple and sober kind, that they nearer to what he desired to render it. After this abound in our daily enjoyments, and are familiar statement, he is ready to believe every candid mind to our common existence. The same observation will justify his intentions, even if it should be should be applied to the character he would de- thought in the fulness of the heart, more has been scribe. It is not intellectual so much as moral; and said than is meet. if intellectual, the mental endowments are only He now commits his little work to the hands of such as are ordinary and general, while they are those with whom he has found favor beyond his successfully directed to high and extraordinary highest expectations; anxiously breathing at the moral attainments.

footstool of Him who has all hearts in his disposal, If these explanations are given to prevent disap- the prayer of his relativethat He would render pointment, the writer does not state them as disad- her life and her death usefuleminently useful. Parvantages. They are rather, he conceives, favorable ticularly he commends it to the kindly notice of to his design. His memoir may not make so deep those who are of the same sex and similar impression, but it may make a better one. Were Their character is soon formed: much depends on it his duty to record the most striking incidents, he how it is formed. Woman, like the snow from might well fear lest, in the excitation and develop-heaven, is the fairest thing we know when fair; ment of an intricate story, the lessons inseparable the toulest when debased and polluted. from it should be neglected. Were he about to fix


have received from my sister's own conduct, wera 'INFANCY. 1793–1800.

entirely favorable to those I had derived from her

birth, and are connected with the second and third READER—Permit the writer to detain your atten- years of her life. About this time, our parents tion one moment. He is unwilling that your eye judged it necessary, for the preservation of our should pass to the ensuing narrative with the indif- health, to remove us from their habitation, which ference of a stranger, or the cold curiosity of a was in the confined neighborhood of Temple-bar, critic. He is about to introduce you, more or less, before the adoption of the recent improvements. to a retired domestic circle, and especially to an ac- We were therefore placed at Highgate, under the quaintance with one of its members, with whom care of a nurse; who, like most of her class, was he is disposed to think you cannot have communion notable, industrious, and attentive to the outward without being made the wiser and the happier. In wants and comforts of her children; but who, with thus welcoming you as an inmate of his humble intervening fits of fondness, was really sharp-temfamily, and placing before you whatever in the pered; and who, whether kind or severe, was never character and life of a beloved relative, may con- prepared to exercise, what children most need, and tribute to gratify or to benefit, he affords a sincere in the end most desire, impartial justice. Her treatpledge of his friendship; and, in return, he anx- ment was never the fruit of reflection on the differiously solicits the exercise of a kindly sympathy ent characters and tempers of children; it sprang and reposing confidence. Perhaps you possessed a from the caprice of the moment, or from the settled treasure as dear to you as his, and have lost it; or preferences of a selfish attachment. perhaps you still hold such a one, and tremble at

It happened, from whatever cause, that my sister ihe idea of its removal: in either case the sympathy succeeded in gaining the partialities of this good he desires will already have existence. And though, woman; and, of course, I lost them. I was not long by a mere possibility, neither circumstance may in painfully ascertaining the extent of my loss. apply to you, the pleadings of our common human- We were constantly put in opposition to each other. ity will be, he would think, too powerful to with. She was the "good girl," and I was "the troublehold confidence where confidence is given, or to some, mischievous boy."' I was sometimes correctdisrespect those sufferings which sooner or latered on her account, when my heart told me I was not "all flesh is heir to.” In this assurance, then, he in fault; and she was caressed unduly, that I might will pour his words as into the ear of a friend, ex- feel more the bitterness of neglect. I was unipecting friendship for friendship, joy for joy, and formly made subservient to her; if she cried, I was tear for tear.

forced to amuse her; if she desired my toys, I was My dear sister was born on the 2d of June, 1793, obliged 10 surrender them; if any thing was to be and named Martha, after the late Mrs. Hamilton, enjoyed, she was to be first and chiefly consulted; of Brighton; a lady endeared to my mother by the till I was in danger of concluding, that in order to intimacies of a lengthened friendship, and who was make her happy, it was necessary to render me so happy in conciliating general opinion, that her miserable. friends were accustomed to say, by a forced appli To those who are interested in the education of cation of Scripture, she was obnoxious to that wo, children, it will at once appear that our moral diswhich is expressed against those who are followed positions were placed, at this early period, in a peby the voice of universal approbation.

rilous state of trial. I had hitherto considered my At this time I was somewhat more than five years sister as a part of my happiness, as an enlargement of age; and was well prepared to receive my new of myself; and my enjoyments, of whatever kind, relation with open arms of love. I had, about a had seldom yielded me their full amount of plcatwelvemonth previously, lost an infant brother, who sure, unless she was made, as she could, to particj. had been so repeatedly talked of by my parents, in

pate. But now the thoughtless conduct of our terms of tenderness and regret, that I felt as if I nurse awakened within me passions, of which I had had lost every thing in losing him. When, there- not been conscious. I was disposed to look on my ore, "a little sister" was announced to me, I seem- sister's gratifications with jealnusy, as they usually ed restored to a world of happiness; and I was robbed me of mine. Her interests and mine apmost earnest in begging to see and possess my un-peared, not only separate, but contrary. I felt undefined treasure.

easy in the society of her I loved abuve all human At length I was told that my prayer was granted beings; and to avoid rebukes, and sacrifices, and -that I was to see my sister ; an assurance capable humiliations, I was inclined, though reluctantly, to of producing such powerful emotions, as subsided avoid her. in an impression of the event which my memory Happily, my sister seemed more prepared to meet still retains, and will ever retain. The very attempt this little crisis in our infantile friendship than my, to record it, brings it to my mind with a vividness self. On a temper more vain, or more selfish, it and a force, which for many years I have not realiz- might undoubtedly have produced the most baneful ed. I am carried back to an apartment familiar to effects; but her affection supplied her already with a my days of childhood. I appear to see the door weapon to resist and subdue them. My previous open, and the nurse enter with her tender charge fondness towards her, had sunk into her susceptible resting on her bosom. I follow her to her seat, heart; and as soon as she perceived that her pleaand take my place at her knees, impatient to behold sures were to be purchased at the price of my coman object of which I had I know not what concep-fort, she began to hesitate in demanding them.tions. What sensations I felt, as the nurse prepar- Nothing the nurse could do to gratify her at my ed to unfold the delicate coverings in which it was expense, would secure her approbation, or infnence wrapped! With what a full heart of satisfaction I her to abandon her brother in sorrow and disgrace. first looked on its half hidden face! How I trem- She would often restore the toy which, at her own bled as I pressed the soft and unresisting flesh of its hasty request, had been too rudely snatched away; little arm!

she would take her little stool, and seat herself The earliest impressions which I remember to quietly by me when I was in distress, and refused to


be comforted, unless I was to be comforted likewise; or after," in the plenitude of enjoyment the present she would gaze on my face, and, throwing her moment bestowed. arms round my neck, would kiss away the tear It may readily be supposed that this entire com. which hung on my cheek; she would boldly plead munity of thought, occupation, and amusement was my cause against her friend and my judge; and in- of advantage to us both. Separate from its opening sist again and again with her sweet lisping tongue, to us a fund of pleasure for the passing time, it (I think I hear it now!) that I was a good boy. In placed us in the most attractive lights to each other. these generous exercises, she preserved my affec- It gave us each an object to love; and furnished, tion and strengthened her own; and though it was however unconsciously, the opportunity and means very undesirable, that so early our loves should be of establishing our atfection. thus exposed to trial, certainly it ended in mutual What was the full amount of benefit arising to advantage.

my sister from this intercourse must be inferred The eye of a parent is remarkably searching from her general history, rather than from any parThere was nothing in the treatment we received ticular illustrations; of the benefits derived from which a general observer would not have approved her character and attachment to myself I think I -nothing of which our parents could decidedly can speak with greater precision. How high socomplain; yet there was enough to cherish uneasi- ever the gratifications we found in our innocent, ness and dissatisfaction. There was not that ap- healthful, and sometimes pensive amusements, I am pearance of content, and cheerfulness, and uncon- conscious of having possessed a higher and deeper strained familiarity which they had been accustom- source of pleasure in my love of her. Frequently ed to see in us. The uneasiness of the child was in the very hey-day of my enjoyments, I have inquickly communicated to the heart of the parent. voluntarily paused to gaze on her with a heart full Confidence in our nurse was shaken; and we were of sweet sentiments. Memory still supplies me with restored to the society of our natural and best pro- the image of what she then was. Her lively and

affectionate blue eyes, her rosy and smiling cheeks, When Mariha was about five years of age, it her open and fair countenance, her golden locks was again found desirable to afford us the advan- resting on her shoulders-her whole form, ornatage of a freer and purer air. We were therefore mented with the white frock and streaming broad situated with a friend at Mitcham in Surrey, with sash, such as I have seen it tripping over the green, whom, excepting some intervals in the winter sea- or reposing in the shadow of a tree, is still before sons, we continued for a considerable time. I have me! a distinct remembrance of the days that passed I can imagine, likewise, that her greater suscepover us at this place; childhood can have few to tibility, arising partly from her character and partly boast of happier than they.

from her sex, was equally advantageous. The boy We were no longer in circumstances to tempt the who associates only with boys, is in danger of bebad passions into exercise. The hours not engaged coming cruel and obstreperous. The mother and by the duties of our separate schools, were spent the sister are wisely prepared to soften and restrain together; we were nearly each other's sole compa- the manly propensities from running into vicious nions. Martha naturally looked to me as her bro- excess. This influence is rather uniform than ther and senior. She thought herself safe in my striking-rather effectual than palpable! but as my protection, and aspired to partake of my more ro- memory supplies me with an instance, which may bust amusements. With me she spun the top, trun- assist me in throwing out the character I am seekdled the hoop, and taught the kite to fly on the wings ing to delineate, I do not scruple to record it. of the wind. With me she chased the butterfly, I was not long mixed with the school boys of a surmounted the stile and hedge, and wandered country village, before I acquired a taste for birdsfrom cornfield to cornfield, collecting gay flowers; nesting; a taste in the mind of an active and inquiand at last returning home, each other's king and sitive boy, remarkably keen and powerful. At first, queen, crowned with the garlands our busy fingers I did not think of rifling the nest; the discovery of hac weaved.

an object so artfully concealed was abundant gratiFancy, too, had her reign; and active pursuits fication; afterward the eggs, so beautifully colored would be resigned for those which were more pen- and marked, became an overpowering temptation; sive. When the summer shower has been falling, while I satisfied myself in this trespass, by vowing we have sat gazing up into heaven, till we thought I would never commit the greater offence of diswe saw it sprinkled from the hands of angels, and turbing a nest of young and helpless birds. When have run out to the garden that it might fall on us. I had advanced so far, I was anxious to divide this Often have we sat beneath the ela trees, while the pursuit, as I did every other, with my sister; but glorious sun was setting, imagining his rays, broken could never succeed. Her discountenance made as they were by the branches and foliage, to be a mne think, and whenever I thought about it I felt, it thousand separate stars, and amused ourselves in a was a needless cruelty. vain attempt to number them. We have wandered It happened, however, in one of our rambles, that far from home; and penetrating the copse-wood, my eye fell upon a nest without seeking it. There and burying ourselves in the leaves, have represent were several young ones in it. I thought of nothing ed the babes in the wood, till we reproached the but showing them to my sister. I seized the nest, birds for not brioging us blackberries. We have scrambled down through the bushes, and held it made to ourselves wings, and flown to every part before her. She was not pleased, as I expected; she of the earth with which we had any acquaintance; could not help admiring them; but the tear stood in we travelled to the edge of the world (which we her eyes; she blamed me, and entreated me to recould never think of but as a plain,) and have store them. I assured her, as I believed, that the shuddered to look down into nothing. We told parent birds would never return to them, and that over again the tales of the nursery, and have it would be cruel to expose them to starve. We, invented, if possible, many things more marvel therefore, carried them home, determined to do our lous.

very best for their preservation. But the little creaWhat joys have been ours in the midst of these tures were now dependent on skilless though kind childish engagements! Free from care and from protectors. They languished and died; but her fear, we desired nothing, we regielted nothing. We distress and her kindness, through this little event, were a little world to ourselves, and were happy in made one of those deep impressions on my heart mutual possession. We forgot "all that was before which contribute so largely to the formation of

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