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. .. • .»,'•. ''..'MAT, v, 19.

.whosoever Therefore Shall Break One Of These Least Commandments,''And Shall Teach Men So, He Shall Be Called The' Least In'The Kingdom Of Heavtfn. 'i: '"•.'"'

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.fiMONGST those many points, that our Saviour handles in this his Sermon omtheiMount, one is thestabiiity and permanency of the Moral Law; the.'.obligation of which, he affirms to be as perpetual as heaven and earth: v. 18. Verily I say ikiifd yt'u, Till heaven and earth pass, one jbt «r One tittle shall in no wise pass from the Law}till all be fulfilled* ;;.tjc1 .d ii\.;ini si iudl/

This assertion Christ lays down, in opposition to the common and corrupt doctrine of the Scribes and Pharisees, the Jewish teachers; who, by their traditions sought to make'voktfthe Law of God. Now, says Christ, unless they can remove the earth, and roll up the heavens, and carry the^worM withoutnthevworld, it is bdfc'a vain attempt; for1 ie is decreed in heaven^faatV/// heaven' and earth pass, not 'a.tittle of the^Zjaw shall {sA;'hat\aU shaHbefu/JXkdiW'l '."'« '. > \il..ii".ic. aril r.. u r'".s.9i:o

As it is in this lower World *> notwithstanding it is maintained by a continoal'flux and viciss^ude^'by the perpetual change of one being into' another? oneLcoWilpting, and another rising up in «,ne'w>ifi§ftn'fettd shape out of its .ruins ;'%nd yet not the least dust bferhatrer fe'br can be consumed, but the same maMerarid the sabie tjnarrfity still continue which were at first created: so is it with'the Law of God: let Scribes and Pharisees corrupt it by their.erroneous glosses and false interpretations, putting what forms and shapes they please upon it; yet, as it is in the corruption of earthly bodies, not the least piece of matter'can perish or be annihilated, so neither in their corrupting afc.tbje Law, shall one jot or tittle of it fail. Not but that'the;liaw did fail of its observation: never'yet vi;as it exactlyand^pHnctuaily fulfilled by any, except by our Lord Jesus Christ? btrt, y«ty'*b* obligation and binding power of it is everlasting, and shall continue while there is an earth and men upon it, yea while there is a heaven and glorified saints in it. For the Moral Law is of an eternal validity: on earth, it is a perfect rule, set down in the word: in heaven, it is a perfect nature,'implanted in the blessed; from which all their actions shall flow, and by which they shall all be guided to eternity.

This assertion being laid down, our Saviour proceeds to draw an inference from it. And that he doth in the words of the text. If every jot and tittle of the Law be of such a permanent and everlasting obligation; then, whosever shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called, that is, he shall be, or he deserves to be, the least in the Kingdom of Heaven.

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'''-i%. And, here, before we can arrive at the full and practical sense of the words, we must ENQUIRE INTO TWO

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What is here meant by the Least Commandment. What is meant by being least in the Kingdom of Heaven. i. 'y ••' v'i a r:.i.'j. ..i|'j': ii .\:-«t.i-/ , i-.n.!'! :.>.'•i ,<''.--' .. i.• For the Fisrt of these*: !,.-< -••;\; i o:,-,, ,-iS „•- r.-.y;

1. When Christ speaks here of the Least Commandment, it must not be so understood, as if one Commandment were less necessary observed than aMothfiTv bn . ,--- si..:

God's. Commands are all alike i necessary.: and that, with a twofold necessity yneHessitate prtectpti, and necessitate medii. The one ariseth from the authority of the Lawgiver: the other, from the requistteneis&.of obediejiqe; to eternal life. t:;

One Command, therefore, is not.J/^s than another:(1) In respect of the Authority enjoining them. The same holy and just God, who hath commanded us to love and fear him with all our souls and with all our might, hath also commanded us to abstain from every vain thought, and from every idle and superfluous,,word- The L*aikGpPUnand hath power to bind the conscience to obedience, as well as the greatest; because the least is enacted by that Sovereign God, to whom all souls and'consciences are subject, as well as the greatest. It is not the greatness or smallness of the coin, but the image of the king stamped upon it, that authorizes it, and makes it current: so, truly, the holiness and purity of God's nature once imprinted upon the Least Command, make it fully

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