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B. X.

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK X

Χ.

ME

IQ

Eanwhile the heinous and despiteful act

Of Satan done in Paradise, and how
He in the serpent had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in heav'n; for what can ’scape the eye 5
Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart
Omniscient? who in all things wise and just,
Hinderd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of man, with strength entire, and free will arm'd,
Complete to have discover'd and repuis'd
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend..
For still they knew, and ought to have still remember'd
The high injunction not to taste that fruit,
Whoever tempted; which they not obeying,
Incurr'd (what could they lefs?) the penalty, 15
And manifold in fin, deserv'd to fall.

Up into Heav'n from Paradise in hafte
Th' angelick guards ascended, mute and fad
For man ; for of his ftate by this they knew,
Much wond'ring how the subtle fiend had stol'n
Entrance unfeen. Soon as th? unwelcome news
From earth arrix'd at heaven gate, displeas’d
All were who heard : dim sadness did not spare.
That time celestial visages, yet mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.

25 About the new arriv'd in multitudes

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Th'ethereal people ran, to hear and know
How all befel : they tow'ards the throne supreme
Accountable made hafte, to make appear
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance ;
And easily approv'd: when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice:

Afsembled angels, and ye pow'rs return'd
From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd,
Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth,
Which your fincerest care could not prevent,
Foretold so lately what would come to pass,
When firkt thiş tempter cross”d the gulf from hell.
I told ye then he should prevail and speed
On his bad errand ; man should be feduc'd
Aud flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Against his Maker: no decree of mine
Concurring to neceffitate his fall,
Or touch with lightest moment of impulse
His free will, to her own inchining left
In even scale. But fall’n he is ; and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass
On his tranfgreftion, death denounc'd that day?
Which he presumes already vain and void,
Because not yet inflicted, as he feard,
By some immediate stroke ; but foon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.
But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee,
Vicegerent Son ? to thee I have transferr'd
:111 judgment, whether in heav'n, or earth, or hell.
Easy it may be seen that I intend

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L. 53. Forbearance. no acquittance.] These proverbial expreffions are very improper any where in an epick poem, but much more when they are made to proceed from the mouth of God himself. Newton.

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Mercy collegue with justice, sending thee,
Man's friend, his mediator, his defign'd

60 Both ransom and redeemer voluntary, And destin'd man himself to judge man fall’n.

So fpake the Father, and unfolding bright Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son, Blaz’d forth onclouded deity : he full

65 Resplendent all his Father manifeit Express’d, and thus divinely answer?d mild:

Father Elernal, thine is to decree;
Mine both in heaven and earth to do thy will
Supremes, that thou in me thy Son belov'd.
Mayft ever reft well pleas'd. I go to judge
On cartb these thy transgressors; but thou know'ft,
Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light,
When time shall be ; for so I undertook
Before thee'; and not repenting, this obtain
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom,
On me deriv'd : yet I shall temper so.
Justice with mercy', as may illustrate noft
'Them fully satisfy’d, and thee appease.
Attendance none Thall need, por train, w

where
Are to behold the judgment; but the judg'd,
Those two; the third beft absent is condemn’d,
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law :
Convi&ion to the ferpent none belongs.

Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose
Of high collateral glory': him thrones, and pow'rs,
Princedoms, and dominations miniftrant.
Accompanied to heaven-gate, from whence
Eden and all the coaft io prospect lay.

L. 60. Mediator.) Fr. Ital. Span. from the Lat. i. c. one that is in the middle between two different perfons; a manager between perfans at variance : an interceßor, a peace-maker. Before fin, Adam had free access to God; but it made him so abominable and odious to the infinite holiness of the Deity, that he could not be acceptable without an advocats and intercellor,

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Down he descended ferait ; the speed of gods
Time counts not, though with swiftest minutes wing'd.
Now was the sun in western cadence low
From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour
To fan the earth now wak'd, and usher in
The ev'ning cool; when he, from wrath more cool, 95
Came, the mild judge and interceffor both,
To sentence man. The voice of God they heard
Now walking in the garden, by soft winds
Brought to their ears, while day declin'd; they heard,
And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickelt trees, both man and wife ; till God
Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud:

Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet
My coming feen far off? I miss thee here,
Not pleas'd, thus entertain'd with solitude,

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Where obvious duty' erewhile appear'd unsought :
Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
Absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth.

He eame, and with him Eve, more loath, though first To' offend; discount'nanc'd both, and discompos'd : Love was not in their looks, either to God Or to each other ; but apparent guilt, And shame, and perturbation, and despair, Anger, and obstinacy', and hate, and guile. Whence Adam falt'ring long, thus answer'd brief: 115.

I heard thee in the gard'en, and of thy voice Afraid, being naked, hid myself. To whom The gracious judgie without revile reply'd :

My voice thou oft haft heard, and hast not fear'd, But still rejoicd; how is it now become

120. So dreadful to thee? that thou art naked, who Hath told thee? haft thou eaten of the tree, Whereof I

gave

thee charge thou shouldst not eat? To whom thus Adam sore beset reply'd : Q heav'n! in evil. Arait this day I ftand.

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