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BROWN, J. MACMILLAN. The Dutch East: Sketches and Pictures.
CHAPIN, F. STUART. An Introduction to the Study of Social Evolu-
tion. F. H. Hankins.....
DowD, JEROME. The Negro Races, a Sociological Study.
EDWARDS, ALBERT. The Barbary Coast..
ELLIS, GEORGE W. Negro Culture in West Africa.
FIELDING-Hall, H. The Passing of Empire.....
FISCHER, EUGEN. Die Rehobother Bastards und das Bastardierungs-
problem beim Menschen..
FULLER, SIR BAMPFYLDE. The Empire of India..
FURLONG, CHARLES WELLINGTON. The Gateway to the Sahara.. 468-469
VAN GENNEP, ARNOLD. En Algérie...
GULICK, SIDNEY L. The American Japanese Problem.
HARADA, Tasuky. The Faith of Japan....
HEADLAND, Isaac TAYLOR. Home Life in China..
JONES, GEORGE HEBER. One of Japan's Great Problems.
JONES, LIVINGSTON F. A Study of the Thlingets of Alaska..
JUNOD, HENRI A. The Life of a South African Tribe..
KAWAKAMI, Kıyoshi K. Asia at the Door...
LAZAROVICH-HREBELANOVICH. The Orient Question, Today and
Low, SIDNEY. Egypt in Transition..
MABIE, HAMILTON WRIGHT. Japan, Today and Tomorrow.
RUSSELL, John H. The Free Negro in Virginia....
STARR, FREDERICK. Liberia:History, Description, Problems.
WEEKS, John H. Among Congo Cannibals.....
WESTERMARCK, EDWARD. Marriage Ceremonies in Morocco..
WIRTH, ALBRECHT. Rasse und Volk..
Battleship. "Rivadaira," formerly member of the Argen-
LOUIS N. WILSON, Publiator
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GEORGE H. BLAKESLDE, Ph.D.
President G. STANLEY HALL, LL.D.
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...Columbia University Professor W. I. CHAMBERLAIN, Ph.D.....
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Copyright, 1914, Clark University.
THE JOURNAL OF
CONTRASTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONALITY IN THE ANGLO- AND LATIN
By Señor Don Federico A. Pezet, Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary from Peru
I have chosen as my subject, a question that is most important at this time, when there is a growing tendency to know better and understand the peoples of the LatinAmerican nations; to get closer to them by establishing bonds of friendship through commercial relations based on mutual respect and confidence, as is evidenced by this conference, and by the recent utterances of the President of the United States in his memorable declarations at Mobile.
In order to determine properly the relative positions and conditions of the two great groups of individuals that people this American world, north and south of the Rio Grande and Gulf of Mexico, we must first study the contrasts in the development of nationality in these two groups that, for expediency, I shall denominate or class as“Anglo-American,” and “Latin-American."
No man can truly appreciate another, if he does not know him. No nation can feel friendship towards another if it does not know it. But to know, should imply understanding, without which there can be nothing in common, and understanding is an essential to draw individuals together, and so it is with nations.
International relations are necessary, they are cultivated for many reasons, but they do not necessarily mean friendship. Nations, like individuals, live on good terms with their neighbors because it behooves them to do so, but this
THE JOURNAL OF RACE DEVELOPMENT, VOL. 5, NO. 1, 1914
does not imply that they are friends, that there is any closer relation between them, other than one of courteous deference towards each other.
Such neighbors, whether they be individuals or nations, do not know each other, much less do they understand each other. There is consequently, no true friendship between them; no bond of union. Therefore, if such people wish to become friendly they must begin by knowing each other, becoming acquainted through intercourse and thus, discover their respective traits and characteristics, so that, in course of time, a sentiment of understanding is born, which, being reciprocal, eventually gives way to friendship, and in like manner to amity between nations.
Therefore, as a first essential to the study of the subject matter of these remarks, we must place ourselves in a position to perfectly understand the very peculiar conditions of settlement and growth of Latin America, before we can hope to obtain any fair estimate of present day Latin America.
These conditions were very different to those that have been found in Anglo America. This is a most important point and one that should be made clear to all who in this nation and elsewhere are trying to know and understand Latin America and its people.
When this point becomes apparent to all, then I shall expect to see another attitude towards our people. I contend, that the average Anglo-American does not appreciate us because he invariably wants to measure us by his own standards, regardless of the fact that those standards do not happen to fit our special type of humanity.
Physically, we are more or less similar, but in a moral sense, each has special traits of character that mark the peculiar idiosyncrasies in each. Therefore, if we reverse the process and we Latin-Americans measure you AngloAmericans by our standards, we likewise would find you as below par, according to our estimate, which proves my premises, that, firstly, secondly and lastly, we have to thoroughly understand each other, if there is to be any reciprocal appreciation, and it behooves us to be forebearing, generous