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Evolution by Coöperation. By HERMANN REINHEIMER. New

York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1913. A volume devoted to a study and interpretation of the coordinated relationships in the plant and animal world. Just as human society rests upon coöperation both direct and indirect, teleological and fortuitous, so in the biological world "everything is complemental to something else.” This bio-economic relationship of mutual dependence is well-illustrated by the bee and the flower. Symbiosis, cross-fertilization, seed-distribution by birds and animals, grass consumption and fertilization, the support of the fauna by the flora of a region-all these are phenomena of biological reciprocity. Parasitism on the one hand and predatory plundering on the other are phenomena of degeneration. The author elevates nutrition to a principle of the first order in the explanation of survival and evolution. He attributes to the Malthus-Darwin theory only a negative value in vaguely pointing to necessity as a factor in evolution. He holds that far greater importance is to be attached to "the pressure which constrains organisms in hundreds of ways to remain physiologically and biologically coöperative, under penalty of a variety of more or less painful and more or less chronic reactions." Bioeconomic coöperation thus becomes the key to evolution in the plant and animal worlds, rather than natural selection; workpeaceful, mutual, dependent, coördinated usefulness-replaces struggle or death as the chief factor in the process of perfecting life.

The author has written a suggestive book. The student of society must be struck by this new emphasis upon coöperation, social coördination and social solidarity, at a time when competition-the counterpart of the struggle for existence

is being vigorously attacked from so many different angles.

F. H. HANKINS.

Latin America: Addresses delivered at Clark University. Edited

by GEORGE H. BLAKESLEE. New York: G. E. Stechert and

Company, 1914. Appearing at this juncture the twenty-nine papers in this volume are of absorbing interest. They have appeared in the pages of the JOURNAL OF RACE DEVELOPMENT during the year, but it is good to see them in book form. The articles treat of “The Mexican Situation,” “The Monroe Doctrine," "Trade and Business Relations," "International Relations," and "Education and General Matters." We see from these papers how much closer our relations are today with the peoples to the south of us than they have been in the past and we learn how important our future relations may be if we take pains to study the Latin-American countries and their needs. If this volume helps a few people to understand these countries a little better it will render a distinct public service.

Louis N. WILSON.

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Directory of American Psychological Periodicals

American Journal of Psychology-Worcester, Mass. : Florence Chandler.

Subscription $5. 600 pages annually. Edited by G. Stanley Hall.

Quarterly. General and experimental psychology. Founded 1887. Pedagogical Seminary_Worcester, Mass.: Florence Chandler.

Subscription $5. 575 pages annually. Edited by G. Stanley Hall.

Quarterly. Pedagogy and educational psychology. Founded 1891. Psychological Review-Princeton, N. J.: Psychological Review Company.

Subscription (with Psychological Bulletin) $s. 480 pages annually.

Bi-monthly. General. Founded 1894. Edited by John B. Watson. Psychological Bulletin--Princeton, N. J.: Psychological Review Company.

Subscription $2.75. 480 pages annually. Psychological literature.

Monthly. Founded 1904. Edited by Shephard I. Franz. Psychological Monographs-Princeton, N. J.: Psychological Review Company.

Subscription $4.500 pages per volume. Founded 1895. Edited by James R. Angell.

Published without fixed dates, each issue one or more researches. Psychological Inder-Princeton, N. J.: Psychological Review Company,

Subscription $1. 200 pages. Founded 1895. Edited by Howard C. Warren.

An annual bibliography of psychological literature. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods--New York:

Science press. Bi-weekly. 728 pages per volume. Founded 1904.

Subscription $3. Edited by F. J. E. Woodbridge and Wendell T. Bush. Archives of Psychology-Substation 84 N. Y.: Archives of Psychology.

Subscription $5. 600 pages annually. Founded 1906. Edited by R. S. Woodworth.

Published without fixed dates, each number a single experimental study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology-Boston: Richard G. Badger.

Subscription $4. 480 pages annually. Edited by Morton Prince.

Bi-monthly. Entire field of abnormal psychology. Founded 1906. Psychological Clinic-Philadelphia: Psychological Clinic Press.

Subscription $1.50. 280 pages annually. Edited by Lightner Witmer.

Monthly (9 numbers). Orthogenics, psychology, hygiene. Founded 1907. Training School Bulletin-Vineland, N. J.: The Training School.

Subscription $1. 160 pages annually. Edited by E. R. Johnstone. Founded 1904.

Monthly (10 numbers). Psychology and training of defectives.
Journal of Religious Psychology-Worcester, Mass.: Louis N. Wilson.

Subscription $3. 480 pages annually. Founded 1904. Edited by G. Stanley Hall.

Published without fixed dates. 4 numbers constitute a volume. Journal of Race Development-Worcester, Mass.: Louis N. Wilson,

Subscription $2.460 pages annually. Founded 1910. Quarterly.

Edited by George H. Blakeslee and G. Stanley Hall.
Journal of Educational Psychology-Baltimore: Warwick & York.

Subscription $2.50.600 pages annually. Founded 1910.
Monthly (10 numbers). Managing Editor, J. Carleton Bell.
(Educational Psychology Monographs. Edited by Guy M. Whipple.

Published separately at varying prices. Same publishers.)
Journal of Animal Behavior. Cambridge, Mass.: Emerson Hall.

Subscription $3, foreign $3.50. 450 pages annually. Founded 1911.

Bi-monthly. Robert M. Yerkes, Managing Editor.
The Behavior Monographs-Cambridge, Mass.: Emerson Hall.

Subscription $3. 450 pages per volume. Edited by John B. Watson.
Published without fixed dates, each oumber a single research.

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOROCCO
By Perceval Dodge, Former American Minister to Mo-

125

rocco

THE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS OF MOROCCO

By Talcott Williams, LL.D., Dean, Pulitzer School of Journalism, Columbia University....

133 An ANCIENT RACE BLENDING REGION IN THE PACIFIC

By J. Macmillan Brown, LL.D., Christ Church, New
Zealand

151 SOME FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS OF CHINESE CULTURE

By Berthold Laufer, Ph.D., Associate Curator of Asiatic
Ethnology, Field Museum, Chicago ..

.. 160 OUR DUTY TOWARD MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA

By Theodore Paschke, Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers.

.. 175 THE ADAPTABILITY OF THE WHITE MAN TO TROPICAL AMERICA

By Ellsworth Huntington, Ph.D., Assistant Professor
of Geography, Yale University. .

185 MORAL AND RACIAL PREJ UDICE

By Wilson D. Wallis, University of Pennsylvania ...... 212 NOTES AND REVIEWS.

230

CLARK UNIVERSITY

WORCESTER, MASS.
LOUIS N. WILSON, Publisher

ISSUED QUARTERLY

$2.00 A YEAR

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