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how to strengthen the various points of their little sea-girt isle; and made them proud of their efficiency as militia, appointing as their inspector his nephew and godson Col. John Milley Doyle. He then turned his attention to the civil state of the island, with the native ruling powers of which he became as popular as with the army. Among other objects a primary one was the state of the roads, which remained as they had been for two centuries, marring not only the beauties which nature had every where spread over the territory, but the usefulness of the farmer and gardener. Even the capital, St. Peter's Port, which presented in its fine and safe pier, extensive quay, and light range of warehouses, with the shipping before them, all the aspects of wealth, was deformed by narrow and steep roads that obstructed commerce, and produced much danger. Still, a sort of Indian prejudice had resisted improvement. The Governor conquered it; and no better proof can be given of his tact than the speech made by him in St. Peter's Church, which obtained the assent of the parish that would be most burdened by a rate, previous to its introduction to the island states, where he was certain of a majority.

In October, 1805, he was created a Baronet of the United Kingdom, and received his Majesty's royal license to wear the order of the Crescent, given him by the Grand Seignior, and to bear supporters to his arms, and an additional crest. In April, 1808, he was promoted to the rank of LieutenantGeneral, and in 1812 he was created a Knight of the Bath.

Sir John Doyle was selected to organise and command the Portuguese army; but the despatch ordering him to report himself for that purpose to the Secretary of State was prevented reaching him by a gale of wind that lasted for twenty-eight days, and another officer was of course sent upon that service, which did not admit of further delay.

Whilst the sovereign and the government were thus marking their approbation of his services, the inhabitants of the island of Guernsey, whose government he had so long administered, were not slow in manifesting their gratitude for

the benefits they derived from his fostering care. The states of the island voted him an address of thanks under their great seal, and presented him with a splendid piece of plate in form of a vase, with suitable inscriptions. Their example was followed by the militia and other public bodies with similar valuable and elegant tokens of affection; and such was the confidence established between the Governor and the governed, that they granted him supplies beyond the accumulated grants of a century, amounting to not less than 30,000l., a circumstance totally unknown before his administration; and, finally, when he was recalled in consequence of the reduction of the staff on the peace, they unanimously petitioned the Prince Regent that they might retain their Lieutenant-Governor, and voted the erection, nearly in the centre of the island, of a granite pillar, at the public expense, as a memorial of their appreciation of the services he had rendered to the inhabitants. The inscription on this pillar is simply

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In 1819 Sir John Doyle attained the rank of full General; and subsequently received the almost honorary appointment of Governor of Charlemont. From the preceding statements it appears that he served in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. He was present at twenty-three general actions, besides innumerable affairs of posts : he received seven wounds, and the public, thanks upon nine different occasions, including those of both Houses of Parliament. His affection for his regiment was not satisfied till he obtained for its colours the inscription of the places in which it had distinguished itself. On an occasion of its passing near the capital, he met and addressed his men with the fondness of a father.

With the exception of public festivals, to most of which he was invited, and those of the Freemasons', St. Patrick's, and other charities, where he was always an eloquent advocate, Sir John Doyle retired to the bosom of his family of nephews and nieces; for he was never married. In the

latter part of his life he was solaced by an event of a very pleasing nature. He had long promised the people of Guernsey to visit them; and he determined to fulfil his promise. The people who so many years before had parted from him with sorrow, and erected a memorial of their gratitude, prepared to greet him with affectionate testimonials of respect. He was received with honours and acclamation, and so accompanied to his hotel: the members of the state were, however, absent, yet they were sitting. “ What could this mean?” was on every tongue. In two hours they arrived in his presence, and apologised, by informing him that when he landed they were occupied on a road bill, and they thought he would be more gratified by their leaving him to the congratulations of the people until they should be enabled to say they had decided in its favour, it being the final completion of his own plan.

There is reason to believe that the anxiety attending the imprisonment of his nephew, Sir John Milley Doyle, in Portugal, by the orders of Don Miguel, and other subsequent occurrences, shook his powers, for they were weakened considerably before his death, which was fully expected; and he was resigned to the care of his affectionate niece, Miss Doyle. He died on the 8th of August, 1834, in Somerset Street, Portman Square, in the 78th year of his age.

No man ever lived more universally esteemed and beloved than this gallant officer.

His baronetcy has of course become extinct. His nephew, Sir Francis Hastings Doyle, was advanced to the same dignity in 1828.

From - The United Service Journal,” and “ The Gentleman's Magazine."

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258

No. XX.

THE RIGHT REV. ROBERT GRAY, D.D.

LORD BISHOP OF BRISTOL, ETC. ETC.

The late Bishop of Bristol, Dr. Robert Gray, was born in London in the year 1762. He was the contemporary and friend of Porson at Eton, and kept up, in after life, an intimate friendship with that distinguished scholar. Shortly fter leaving Eton, he entered at St. Mary Hall, Oxford, and in due course of time took his several degrees at that University

In the year 1790 he published the “ Key to the Old Testament and Apocrypha, or an Account of their several Books, their Contents and Authors, and of the Times in which they were respectively written,” which at once established his reputation as a scholar and a divine. This work has gone through nine editions, with increased reputation : it is a text book at the universities, and with candidates for orders, and is one of the many standard works in which our church glories. In 1796 he preached and published his Bampton Lecture Sermons, in which he elucidated and defended the principles of the Reformation of the Church of England.

At this time he held the vicarage of Farringdon in Berkshire, to which he had been presented by his friend Mr. Hallett. His reputation attracted the notice of that munificent patron of merit, Dr. Barrington, the late Bishop of Durham; and at his request Mr. Gray took charge of his nephews, the late Sir William and Sir Thomas Clarges, then about to enter at Christ Church. In the year 1802 the Bishop presented him to the rectory of Craike in Yorkshire, and in the year 1804 to the seventh stall in the cathedral

church at Durham, which he retained up to the day of his deatu. Upon the demise of the celebrated Dr. Paley in the year 1805, the same munificent patron removed him from Craike to the valuable living of Bishop Wearmouth in the county of Durham.

In this important post he was zealous in the promotion of every good work, in opening schools, and introducing the Madras system of education, to which public attention was then first drawn by the celebrated Dr. Bell, in the establishment of an auxiliary Bible Society, in the institution of a savings' bank, in the building of chapels to meet the increased population of the parish, and of an infirmary, which was inuch needed in that populous and commercial district. His benevolent heart and liberal hand were ever active in labours of love, in relieving the temporal necessities, and administering to the spiritual wants, of his parishioners.

As a preacher, he set forth the great doctrines of Christianity with the force and energy of truth, and illustrated them with the rich treasures of a scholar's mind. Many sermons are in print which were written by him when at Wearmouth upon occasions of national and individual joy and

He seized the opportunities which the events of public and private life offered to impress on the minds of men that here they have no abiding place, and to warn them of judgment to come.

In the year 1808 he published “ The Theory of Dreams,” in which an enquiry is made into the powers and faculties of the human mind, as they are illustrated in the most remarkable dreams recorded in sacred and profane history. In 1819 his work entitled “ The Connection between the Sacred Writings and the Literature of Jewish and Heathen Authors, particularly that of the Classical Ages, illustrated, principally with a View to Evidence, in Confirmation of the Truth of Revealed Religion," upon which he had been engaged for some years, appeared before the public, and placed the author still higher in public estimation as a scholar and divine. When at Wearmouth he had the singular good fortune to

woe.

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