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doing equal honour to the arrangements of the commanding officer, and the devoted zeal of the corps, in surmounting every obstacle, as far as the objects of the expedition were persevered in.
At no previous period had the resources of Sir John Macleod's mind been more necessarily exerted, than in the gigantic outfit and pursuit of the objects of this expedition. But the war now assumed a character that called for still increasing energy and thought, to meet the demands and casualties of the service, multiplied by the extension of our arms throughout every part of the world; by a constantly accumulating correspondence from every quarter; and above all, by the hourly increasing importance of the war in the Peninsula, where the vigour of the struggle between the two great contending nations seemed actually to grow with its duration. Sir John Macleod possessed, and fortunately knew how to employ, abilities equal to the growing emergencies of the service, which seemed but to give new life to his ardent and energetic exertions.
Before the close of the war, the three corps of artillery, organised by Sir John Macleod, amounted to upwards of 26,000 men, and near 14,000 horses. The recruiting branch of the service alone, to keep up such a legion, in men and horses, had become a source of great and anxious solicitude ; and formed in itself an overwhelming mass of business to powers of less resource and experience than his own. From the commencement of the revolutionary war, there had been an almost constant succession of foreign expeditions, the arrangement and equipment of which devolved upon him. The principal of these were, the continental, in 1793; the West Indies, in 1794; the Cape of Good Hope, in 1795; the Helder, in 1799; Egypt, in 1800; Cape of Good Hope, in 1896; Buenos Ayres, in 1807; the Mediterranean, throughout the war; Spain and Portugal, in 1808: Walcheren, in 1809; Holland, in 1813; and, finally, the Netherlands and France, in 1815.
On the 25th of October, 1809, he attained the rank of
Major-General ; and on the 4th of June, 1814, the rank of Lieutenant-General in the army.
The battle of Waterloo, at length, gave peace to Europe; and on the recall of the British Army of Occupation from France, Sir John Macleod was employed in making luctions in the artillery similar to those which took place in the other branches of the service. He had now attained a rank which, from the reduced number of the corps, would in future prevent his employment in the duties he had fulfilled during the war.
It was on this occasion he received a letter from the Duke of Wellington, offering him the situation of Director-General of Artillery. A mind like that of Sir John Macleod could not with indifference quit a post at which he may be said to have formed the corps, to whose name and welfare he was, in every sense and feeling, enthusiastically devoted ; and the considerate kindness with which the Duke's proposal was addressed to him was never forgotten by him. He continued to fulfil the duties of Director-General of Artillery to the close of his life; and even throughout his last illness he would never consent to any respite from the details and duties of his trust.
If we revert to the services of Sir John Macleod throughout the eventful and protracted war, during which he was employed in the most confidential and important duties an officer can fulfil, it would be difficult to distinguish what might properly be termed the most conspicuous period of his career; but it may, perhaps, be considered to be that between the interval commencing with the chivalrous and enterprising advance of Sir John Moore into Spain, and the brilliant succession of events that followed without intermission till the final close of operations in the Peninsula : at which time the nature and responsibility of the duties he controlled bad acquired an extent, variety, and importance quite unequalled in our service.
In 1820 his late Majesty, desirous of marking his sense of such long and important services, commanded his attendance at the Pavilion at Brighton; where, under circumstances of
peculiar kindness and distinction, he conferred on him the honour of knighthood; and created him Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order.
Sir John Macleod was married, in the year 1783, to Lady Amelia Kerr, second daughter of the fourth Marquis of Lothian, and had a family of four sons and five daughters.
It may be permitted here briefly to advert, with his own, to services which were fostered by him, and which, during the period of the war, bore no common character in the army. His sons were all early taught by him to look up to the service of their sovereign. Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Macleod, who fell while leading on the 43d regiment in the assault on Badajoz, had, from the period of his first entering the army, given constant proofs of his ardent attachment to the service, and a promise of the fame and rare distinction that marked the close of his brilliant career. His services commenced under his father's friend, Lord Cornwallis; he was with him in India when he died, and was the bearer of the despatches to England announcing that melancholy event. He was next employed at Copenhagen, and, finally, in the Peninsula. His character and services are best recorded in the words of the illustrious Commander, who, together with the glory of his own deeds, has transmitted the name of Colonel Charles Macleod to posterity. The following is an extract from the Duke of Wellington's despatch, announcing the fall of Badajoz, in 1812:
“ In Lieutenant-Colonel Macleod, of the 43d regiment, who was killed in the breach, his Majesty has sustained the loss of an officer who was an ornament to his profession, and was capable of rendering the most important services to his country.”
Every soldier will understand, that if any thing could have afforded consolation to Sir John Macleod, on the loss of such a son, it would have been a tribute of this nature from such
Even under the weight of such a blow, it bad its influence: the patriot father bowed in submission to his
heavy affliction, and buried his private griefs for ever in his own breast. *
Sir John Macleod's second son, George, commenced his service in the navy, under the late Lord Hugh Seymour, and afterwards obtained a commission in the engineers. a most zealous officer, and distinguished himself at the siege of Scylla Castle, at the siege of Ciudad Roderigo, and at that of Badajoz, where he unfortunately received a wound from which he has never ceased to suffer.
His third son, James, was, in the first instance, in the artillery, and employed at Copenhagen, at Walcheren, and throughout a great part of the peninsular campaigns. In 1823 he quitted the artillery, and joined the 41st regiment, and was employed in the active operations carrying on in India, when he fell a victim to the climate at Rangoon, in 1824.
Henry, Sir John Macleod's fourth son, commenced his services likewise in the artillery, and served in that corps in the battle of Talavera, and the early campaigns of the peninsular war. On the death of Colonel Charles Macleod, the Duke of York offered him a commission in the Line ; and it was while he was serving at the siege of Dantzic, where he had been sent on a special duty, that he was recalled, in order to join the 35th regiment, then with the force under Lord Lynedoch's command in Holland. He was next employed on the staff of the Duke of Wellington's army in the Netherlands, and was severely wounded at Quatre-Bras, in the enemy's attack of the 16th of June. He proceeded subsequently to Canada, on the personal staff of the late Duke of Richmond ; and, like his elder brother, it was his misfortune to have to bear to England the despatches announcing his friend and patron's death. He is, at present, on the staff of the army in Jamaica, where he has been employed since 1825.
• The officers of the 43d regiment, anxious to record their respect and attachment to their lamented commander, erected a monument to his memory in Westminster Abbey.
From the general outline that has been given of Sir John Macleod's services, some faint impression may be formed of his character by those who did not know him. The nature of those services does not afford extensive subject for narrative. It will have been seen that he was the spring of action in others, more than a partaker in events that prospered chiefly from his judgment: his was the anxious charge of responsibility, foresight, and superintending control, more than of active participation in what emanated from him; and his services are better recorded in the successes and rewards of others, and in the high name and public estimation of his corps, than in details relating merely personally to himself.
His earliest services commenced in command, and are those which partake most of active character; and drawing public notice and distinction on him, even at that early period of his life, afforded a sure and unerring earnest of those superior qualities that marked his subsequent career. The period at which he served was that of most importance in his country's annals; and his was a mind not to bear an undistinguished part in the records of the time. An unprecedented war, in power and duration, had opened a field for the full developement and exertion of its superior and peculiar qualities. The leading feature of his character was the confidence he inspired in others, and the unbounded trust they reposed in him; and thus, whether called on for counsel, or to act under unforeseen or sudden emergencies of service, he was ever ready and prepared to meet its exigencies. His watchfulness seemed never to sleep, but to be in anticipation of what might occur; and to forestall events by securing means to meet them. “ His whole soul,” to use a common-place expression, was in his profession. Of every soldier he made himself the friend. To his equals in rank, he was a brother; to those beneath him, a father in kindness and in counsel; and to the private soldier a benefactor, ever watching over his comfort and his welfare. To all he had a ready ear to listen, and a heart and hand to act in their behalf. Throughout his long career he was never known to